Yıl 2019, Cilt 10 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 104 - 113 2019-08-19

EVALUATION OF OVERREACHING BY PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS OF ELITE CYCLIST AND TRIATHLETES IN TRAINING SEASON
ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

Zekine PÜNDÜK [1] , Seda ÖZTÜRK [2]


In this study, we aimed to evaluate overreaching symptoms by physical performance test parameters of cyclist and triathletes in training season. Elite cyclist (n=9) and triathletes (n=10) participated in the study. The physical performance parameters were followed during the training session of the athletes. Athletes performed incremental maximal cycling test and 10 km time trial test every 8 weeks during the training season. The data were evaluated by using descriptive statistics on computer. As a result of the 10 km time trial test, maximal heart rate of the cyclist decreased, although end of the season value was not significant; however it was significantly decreased in the triathletes (p=0.02). Maximal speed, average speed and maximal watt were found to increase in cyclists at the end of the season (p=0.03, p=0.01, p=0.03, respectively).These parameters were not found to change significantly in triathletes. In the incremental maximal cycle test, parameters of the maximal heart rate, aerobic power, and relative maximal watt were not significantly different during the season for both athlete groups. In triathletes, the maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) was decreased at the end of the season, although not significantly. In conclusion, this study results indicated that the 10 km time trial performance test results showed better performance improvement than the incremental maximal performance cycling test. Therefore, 10 km time trial test may give more useful results than the incremental maximal performance cycling test. The maximal heart rate and VO2 max level were found to decrease at the end of the season in triathletes; and this may indicate functional overreaching of the athletes. 

Bu araştırma, dayanıklılık sporu yapan bisikletçi ve triatletlerde antrenman sezonu süresince yapılan fiziksel performans test parametreleriyle aşırı yüklenme belirtilerini değerlendirmek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Çalışmaya, bisikletçi (n=9) ve triatloncu (n=10) olmak üzere düzenli antrenman yapan toplam 19 sporcu katılmıştır. Sporcular antrenman sezonu içinde 8 haftalık periyodlarla 10 km zamana karşı maksimal bisiklet testi ve kademeli artan maksimal bisiklet testleri yapılarak takip edilmiştir. Veriler bilgisayar ortamında tanımlayıcı istatistikler kullanılarak değerlendirilmiştir. 10 km zamana karşı yapılan bisiklet testi sonucunda, bisikletçilerde maksimal nabız sezon sonu değeri anlamlı olmasa da düşmüş, ancak triatletlerde bu düşüş anlamlı düzeyde olmuştur (p=0,02). Maksimal hız, ortalama hız ve maksimal watt bisikletçilerde sezon sonunda artmıştır (p=,03, p=0,01, p=0,03, sırasıyla). Bu parametreler, triatloncularda anlamlı düzeyde değişmemiştir. Maksimal bisiklet testi değerlendirmesinde maksimal nabız, aerobik güç, göreceli hesaplanan maksimal watt her iki grup sporcu için sezon içinde anlamlı değişiklik göstermemiştir. Göreceli hesaplanan maksimal oksijen tüketimi (VO2max) triatletlerde anlamlı olmasa da sezon sonu değeri düşmüştür. Sonuç olarak, performans gelişimini 10 km zamana karşı bisiklet testi, kademeli artan maksimal bisiklet testine göre daha iyi gösterdi. Dolayısıyla, 10 km zamana karşı bisiklet testi performans değerlendirmesinde daha faydalı sonuçlar verebilir. Maksimal kalp atım sayısı ve göreceli hesaplanan VO2max sezon sonu değerleri triatletlerde düşmüştür, bu durum fonksiyonel aşırı yüklenmeye işaret edebilir.  

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Hareket ve Antrenman Bilimleri
Yazarlar

Yazar: Zekine PÜNDÜK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: BALIKESİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR YÜKSEKOKULU
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Seda ÖZTÜRK
Kurum: BALIKESİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, BEDEN EĞİTİMİ VE SPOR YÜKSEKOKULU
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 19 Ağustos 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { omuspd464119, journal = {Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {1309-5110}, eissn = {1309-8543}, address = {}, publisher = {Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {10}, pages = {104 - 113}, doi = {10.17155/omuspd.464119}, title = {ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ}, key = {cite}, author = {PÜNDÜK, Zekine and ÖZTÜRK, Seda} }
APA PÜNDÜK, Z , ÖZTÜRK, S . (2019). ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ. Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi , 10 (2) , 104-113 . DOI: 10.17155/omuspd.464119
MLA PÜNDÜK, Z , ÖZTÜRK, S . "ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ". Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi 10 (2019 ): 104-113 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/omuspd/issue/47908/464119>
Chicago PÜNDÜK, Z , ÖZTÜRK, S . "ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ". Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi 10 (2019 ): 104-113
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ AU - Zekine PÜNDÜK , Seda ÖZTÜRK Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17155/omuspd.464119 DO - 10.17155/omuspd.464119 T2 - Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 104 EP - 113 VL - 10 IS - 2 SN - 1309-5110-1309-8543 M3 - doi: 10.17155/omuspd.464119 UR - https://doi.org/10.17155/omuspd.464119 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ %A Zekine PÜNDÜK , Seda ÖZTÜRK %T ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ %D 2019 %J Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi %P 1309-5110-1309-8543 %V 10 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17155/omuspd.464119 %U 10.17155/omuspd.464119
ISNAD PÜNDÜK, Zekine , ÖZTÜRK, Seda . "ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ". Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi 10 / 2 (Ağustos 2019): 104-113 . https://doi.org/10.17155/omuspd.464119
AMA PÜNDÜK Z , ÖZTÜRK S . ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ. Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2019; 10(2): 104-113.
Vancouver PÜNDÜK Z , ÖZTÜRK S . ELİT BİSİKLETÇİ VE TRİATLONCULARDA ANTRENMAN SEZONUNDA FİZİKSEL PERFORMANS PARAMETRELERİYLE AŞIRI YÜKLENMENİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ. Spor ve Performans Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2019; 10(2): 113-104.