Yıl 2021, Cilt 13 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 354 - 382 2021-06-30

Lifespan Development of Gender Roles
Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi

Bahar BAHTİYAR SAYGAN [1] , Nilay PEKEL ULUDAĞLI [2]


Today, almost every child is born into a society where gender roles are socially built and grows in such a gender-segregated world. With the influence of factors such as family, friends, and media, which play a role in the socialization process during infancy and childhood, children learn about gender roles determined by the society. In this context, from the perspective of gender differences, girls face more oppressive approaches and are expected to behave submissively, be more easy going, complier, relational, and show their emotions more deeply compared to their male peers. On the other hand, boys are rared as strong, independent, less emotional, and they are expected to behave in this way under all circumstances. Children who are socialized with these teachings from infancy to adolescence are also strongly influenced by the gender roles displayed by their parents and ultimately internalize those gender roles which has a lifetime effect on them. It is known that gender stereotypes cause pressure and stress on both women and men both concurrently and in the long-run, and the need to adapt to the gender-based expectations of the society adversely affects their psychological health. Although social consciousness about gender equality has increased in recent years, it is known that gender inequality still continues in many countries. As a result, psychology of gender affects each individual at every stage of their lives, as stated consistently in the related literature, which clearly demonstrates the importance of policies for gender equality.
Günümüzde hemen hemen her çocuk, cinsiyet rollerinin sosyal olarak inşa edildiği bir topluma doğmakta ve bu roller bazında ayrıştırılmış bir dünyada büyümektedir. Bebeklik ve çocukluk dönemi boyunca sosyalleştirme sürecinde rol oynayan aile, arkadaş, medya gibi faktörlerin etkisiyle çocuklar, toplum tarafından belirlenen ve uyum göstermeleri beklenen cinsiyet rollerini öğrenmektedir. Bu doğrultuda cinsiyet farklılıklarına bakıldığında, kız çocukları daha baskıcı yaklaşımlarla karşılaşmakta ve onların, oğlan çocuklarına göre daha uysal, boyun eğen, uyumlu, duygularını gösteren, ilişkilere önem veren bir biçimde davranmaları istenmektedir. Öte yandan oğlan çocukları ise baskın, güçlü, bağımsız ve duygu kontrolüne sahip olarak yetiştirilmekte ve her koşulda bu doğrultuda davranmaları beklenmektedir. Bebeklikten ergenliğe bu öğretilerle sosyalleştirilen çocuklar, kendi ebeveynlerinin sergilediği cinsiyet rollerinden de güçlü bir şekilde etkilenerek, toplumsal cinsiyet rollerini içselleştirmektedir. İçselleştirilmiş bu cinsiyet rollerinin etkisi yaşam boyu sürmektedir. Cinsiyet kalıpyargılarının hem kadınlar hem de erkekler üzerinde kısa ve uzun vadede baskı ve strese neden olduğu bilinmekte, toplumun cinsiyet bazlı beklentilerine uyum gösterme ihtiyacı bireylerin psikolojik sağlığını olumsuz yönde etkilemektedir. Son yıllarda cinsiyet eşitliği konusunda toplumsal farkındalık artsa da halen birçok ülkede pek çok alanda cinsiyet eşitsizliğinin sürdüğü bilinmektedir. Sonuç olarak, ilgili alan yazında tutarlı bir şekilde belirtildiği gibi, toplumsal cinsiyet psikolojisi her iki cinsiyeti de yaşamlarının her döneminde etkilemekte ve bu da cinsiyet eşitliğine yönelik politikaların önemini açıkça ortaya koymaktadır.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Gelişim Psikolojisi
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-6711-1165
Yazar: Bahar BAHTİYAR SAYGAN
Kurum: Atılım Üniversitesi Psikoloji Bölümü
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3886-1821
Yazar: Nilay PEKEL ULUDAĞLI (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ACIBADEM MEHMET ALİ AYDINLAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ PSİKOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 16 Eylül 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Haziran 2021

Bibtex @derleme { pgy789615, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {}, publisher = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2021}, volume = {13}, pages = {354 - 382}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.789615}, title = {Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi}, key = {cite}, author = {Bahtiyar Saygan, Bahar and Pekel Uludağlı, Nilay} }
APA Bahtiyar Saygan, B , Pekel Uludağlı, N . (2021). Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar , 13 (2) , 354-382 . DOI: 10.18863/pgy.789615
MLA Bahtiyar Saygan, B , Pekel Uludağlı, N . "Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi" . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 13 (2021 ): 354-382 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pgy/issue/58189/789615>
Chicago Bahtiyar Saygan, B , Pekel Uludağlı, N . "Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 13 (2021 ): 354-382
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi AU - Bahar Bahtiyar Saygan , Nilay Pekel Uludağlı Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.789615 DO - 10.18863/pgy.789615 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 354 EP - 382 VL - 13 IS - 2 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.789615 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.789615 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi %A Bahar Bahtiyar Saygan , Nilay Pekel Uludağlı %T Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi %D 2021 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 13 %N 2 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.789615 %U 10.18863/pgy.789615
ISNAD Bahtiyar Saygan, Bahar , Pekel Uludağlı, Nilay . "Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 13 / 2 (Haziran 2021): 354-382 . https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.789615
AMA Bahtiyar Saygan B , Pekel Uludağlı N . Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi. pgy. 2021; 13(2): 354-382.
Vancouver Bahtiyar Saygan B , Pekel Uludağlı N . Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar. 2021; 13(2): 354-382.
IEEE B. Bahtiyar Saygan ve N. Pekel Uludağlı , "Yaşam Boyu Toplumsal Cinsiyet Rollerinin Gelişimi", Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar, c. 13, sayı. 2, ss. 354-382, Haz. 2021, doi:10.18863/pgy.789615