Yıl 2021, Cilt 13 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 707 - 725 2021-12-25

A Systematic Review of Body Image and Related Psychological Concepts: Does Ethnicity Matter?
Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir?

Kardelen ÇAKICI [1] , Zühra MERCAN [2] , Merve DENİZCİ NAZLIGÜL [3]


Body image is defined as one’s own attitudes toward own body, and it is one of the current topics examined in the literature. The aim of this study is to evaluate and systematically review studies about the relationship between ethnicity and body image. A total of 795 studies were found in the initial literature search through EBSCO, PubMed, Wiley Online Library, PsycARTICLES, and DergiPark. Full-text studies written in English and Turkish from 2010 to 2021 were included in the study. During the screening period, studies were excluded that were not in article format, were not relevant to the study focus, used a qualitative method, and showed no importance to the ethnic differences across cultures. After the screening period, 12 studies were selected and reported through PRISMA criteria. Results revealed that 6 studies showed that people from collectivistic cultures showed higher body dissatisfaction; 3 studies showed that people from individualistic cultures showed higher body dissatisfaction; 1 study compared only collectivistic cultures; 1 study did not show conclusive differences toward one culture and 1 study did not find any ethnic differences. General direction of the studies indicated that people from collectivistic cultures have higher body dissatisfaction. Moreover, overall findings suggested that females have more body dissatisfaction than males. However, in Asian cultures males have poorer body images than males from Western cultures. In addition, ethnic differences in body image are influenced by peer-relationship.
Alanyazında sıklıkla çalışılan güncel konulardan biri olan beden imajı, kişinin kendi bedenine yönelik tutumları olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Bu sistematik derleme etnik köken ve beden imajı arasındaki ilişkiyi inceleyen çalışmaları gözden geçirmeyi amaçlamıştır. EBSCO, PubMed, Wiley Online Library, PsycARTICLES ve DergiPark aracılığıyla yapılan ilk alanyazın taramasında toplam 795 çalışma bulunmuştur. Çalışmaya dahil etme kriteri 2010-2021 yılları arasında İngilizce veya Türkçe yazılmış tam metin çalışmalar iken, tarama sürecinde makale formatında olmayan, araştırma odağıyla ilgili olmayan, nitel bir yöntem kullanan ve kültürler arası etnik farklılıklara önem vermeyen çalışmalar derlemeye dahil edilmemiştir. Tarama sonucunda elde edilen 12 çalışma PRISMA kriterlerine göre rapor edilmiştir. Sonuçlara bakıldığında, 6 çalışmaya göre kolektivist toplumlarda yaşayan bireylerin, 3 çalışmaya göre ise bireysel toplumlarda yaşayanların beden memnuniyetsizliğinin daha fazla olduğu görülmüştür. Bu çalışmaların yanı sıra, 1 çalışma sadece kolektivist toplumları karşılaştırmıştır. Ayrıca incelenen 1 çalışmada belirli bir kültüre yönelik farklılıklara dair nihai bir sonuca varılamamışken, 1 çalışmada da bireylerin beden algısında herhangi bir etnik farklılık bulunmamıştır. Derlenen çalışmaların bulgularına genel olarak bakıldığında, kolektivist toplumlarda yaşayan bireylerin beden memnuniyetsizliğinin daha yüksek olduğu görülmüştür. Bununla birlikte, ortaya çıkan bulgulara göre kadınlar erkeklerden daha fazla beden memnuniyetsizliği yaşamaktadırlar. Ancak Asya kültürlerinde erkekler batı kültürüne kıyasla daha zayıf beden imajına sahiptirler. Ek olarak, beden imajı ile ilgili ortaya çıkan etnik farklılıklar akran ilişkilerinden etkilenmektedir.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Psikoloji
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7834-6907
Yazar: Kardelen ÇAKICI
Kurum: YEDITEPE UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4597-1797
Yazar: Zühra MERCAN
Kurum: YEDİTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6516-7341
Yazar: Merve DENİZCİ NAZLIGÜL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: YEDİTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Kabul Tarihi : 26 Mart 2021
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 25 Aralık 2021

Bibtex @derleme { pgy869244, journal = {Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar}, issn = {1309-0658}, eissn = {1309-0674}, address = {}, publisher = {Lut TAMAM}, year = {2021}, volume = {13}, pages = {707 - 725}, doi = {10.18863/pgy.869244}, title = {Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir?}, key = {cite}, author = {Çakıcı, Kardelen and Mercan, Zühra and Denizci Nazlıgül, Merve} }
APA Çakıcı, K , Mercan, Z , Denizci Nazlıgül, M . (2021). Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir? . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar , 13 (4) , 707-725 . DOI: 10.18863/pgy.869244
MLA Çakıcı, K , Mercan, Z , Denizci Nazlıgül, M . "Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir?" . Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 13 (2021 ): 707-725 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/pgy/issue/58191/869244>
Chicago Çakıcı, K , Mercan, Z , Denizci Nazlıgül, M . "Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir?". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 13 (2021 ): 707-725
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir? AU - Kardelen Çakıcı , Zühra Mercan , Merve Denizci Nazlıgül Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.869244 DO - 10.18863/pgy.869244 T2 - Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 707 EP - 725 VL - 13 IS - 4 SN - 1309-0658-1309-0674 M3 - doi: 10.18863/pgy.869244 UR - https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.869244 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir? %A Kardelen Çakıcı , Zühra Mercan , Merve Denizci Nazlıgül %T Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir? %D 2021 %J Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar %P 1309-0658-1309-0674 %V 13 %N 4 %R doi: 10.18863/pgy.869244 %U 10.18863/pgy.869244
ISNAD Çakıcı, Kardelen , Mercan, Zühra , Denizci Nazlıgül, Merve . "Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir?". Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar 13 / 4 (Aralık 2021): 707-725 . https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.869244
AMA Çakıcı K , Mercan Z , Denizci Nazlıgül M . Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir?. pgy. 2021; 13(4): 707-725.
Vancouver Çakıcı K , Mercan Z , Denizci Nazlıgül M . Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir?. Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar. 2021; 13(4): 707-725.
IEEE K. Çakıcı , Z. Mercan ve M. Denizci Nazlıgül , "Beden İmgesi ve İlişkili Psikolojik Kavramlar Üzerine Sistematik Bir Derleme: Etnik Köken Önemli midir?", Psikiyatride Güncel Yaklaşımlar, c. 13, sayı. 4, ss. 707-725, Ara. 2021, doi:10.18863/pgy.869244