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Examining the Concept of Maladaptive Daydreaming Using Film Analysis Method

Yıl 2021, Cilt 13, Sayı Ek 1, 27 - 39, 29.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.877490

Öz

The aim of this study was to examine the concept of maladaptive daydreaming, defined by Eli Somer, with the method of film analysis and to concretize it with case studies. Maladaptive daydreaming is defined as the daydreaming behaviors that prevent individuals from focusing on their job and academic studies and that negatively affect interpersonal social relations. In the study, the movie The Sleep Science was analyzed in terms of maladaptive daydreaming. In this study, document analysis method, which is one of the qualitative research methods, was used. Accordingly, some scenes of the film concerned were examined in terms of maladaptive daydreaming behaviors. On the other hand, it has been tried to reveal what kind of difficulties the maladaptive daydreamers experience in their daily lives by analyzing the sample scenes. Considering the experiences of Stephane, the protagonist of the film, it is clear that maladaptive daydreaming has negative effects on the lives of individuals. It is noteworthy that the concept of maladaptive daydreaming is a situation that may have a negative impact on individuals' well-being, mental activities, academic and social lives.

Kaynakça

  • Aka BT, Gençöz F (2010) The effect of cinematherapy on perfectionism and related schemas. Turkish Journal of Psychology, 25(65): 69-77.
  • Bigelsen J, Schupak C (2011) Compulsive fantasy: Proposed evidence of an under-reported syndrome through a systematic study of 90 self-identified non-normative fantasizers. Conscious Cogn, 20: 1634-1648.
  • Bigelsen J, Lehrfeld, JM, Jopp, DS, Somer E. (2016). Maladaptive daydreaming: Evidence for an under-researched mental health disorder. Conscious Cogn, 42: 254-266. Buckner RL, Andrews-Hanna JR, Schacter DL (2008). The brains default network. Ann NY Acad Sci, 1124(1): 1-38.
  • Büyüköztürk Ş, Çakmak, EK, Akgün, ÖE, Karadeniz Ş, Demirel F (2017) Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayınları.
  • Dujić G, Antičević V, Mišetić I (2020) Contribution of Maladaptive Daydreaming to the Level of Psychological Distress and Coping Strategies. Social Psychiatry, 48 (1):3-19.
  • Freud S (1962) Creative writers and daydreaming. J. Strachey (editor).The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud. London: Hogarth, 1962: 141-154.
  • Gervasi S, Santoro G, Schimmenti A (2019). Maladaptive daydreaming: theory, research, and clinical implications of daydreaming. Psichiatria & Psicoterapia, 38(4):237-249.
  • Goodson I, Walker R (1998) Putting life into educational research. RR Sherma, RB Webb (editor). Qualitative research in education: focus and methods. London: Routledge, 108-122.
  • Gök F, Taycan O, Çalışkan M (2016) Maladaptive Daydreaming. Bir Olgu Sunumu. Türk Psikiyatri Derneği 20. Yıllık Toplantısı ve Klinik Eğitim Sempozyum Özet Bildiriler Kitabı. Hartman H (1958) Ego psychology and the problem of adaptation. New York: International Universities Press.
  • Hankir A, Holloway D, Agius M, Zaman R (2015) Beyond a beautiful mind: film as an educational and therapeutic tool. Eur Psychiatry, 30: 1901-1912.
  • Klinger E (1990) Daydreaming: Using waking fantasy and imagery for self-knowledge and creativity. Los Angeles: J.P. Tarcher.
  • Koch G, Dollarhide CT (2000) Using a popular film in counselor education: good will hunting as a teaching tool. Counselor Education and Supervisio, 39(3):203-210.
  • Lieberman MD (2015) Social - why our brains are wired to connect. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Morsünbül Ü (2015) Analyzing honey (bal), milk (süt) and egg (yumurta) movies in terms of erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. Elementary Education Online, 14(1): 181-187.
  • Ross CA, West M, Somer E (2018) Self-reported medication and recreational drug effectiveness ın maladaptive daydreaming. J Nerv Ment Dis, 208(1): 77-80.
  • Schimmenti A, Somer E, Regis M (2019) Maladaptive daydreaming: Towards a nosological definition. Ann Med Psychol, 177: 865-874.
  • Singer JL (1975) The inner world of daydreaming. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.
  • Soffer-Dudek N, Somer E (2018) Trapped in a daydream: Daily elevations in maladaptive daydreaming are associated with daily psychopathological symptoms. Front Psychiatry, 9(194).
  • Somer E (2002) Maladaptive daydreaming: A qualitative inquiry. J Contemp Psychother ,32(2): 195-210.
  • Somer E, Somer L, Jopp SD (2016) Parallel lives: A phenomenological study of the lived experience of maladaptive daydreaming. J Trauma Dissociation, 17(5):561-576.
  • Somer E, Herscu O (2017) Childhood trauma, social anxiety, absorption and fantasy dependence: Two potential mediated pathways to maladaptive daydreaming. J Addict Behav Ther Rehabil, 6(3):1-5.
  • Somer E (2018) Maladaptive daydreaming: Ontological analysis, treatment rationale and a pilot case report. Frontiers in the Psychotherapy of Trauma and Dissociation, 1(2): 1-22.
  • Somer E, Abu-Rayya HM, Schimmenti A, Metin B, Brenner R, Ferrante E, Göçmen B, Marino A (2020) Intensified maladaptive daydreaming is associated with COVID-19 social distancing, pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses, and worsening of psychological dysfunction indices in a large multi-country sample. Front Psychiatry, 11: 587455.
  • Uslu H (2015) Understanding The Relationship Between Media Use And Maladaptive Daydreaming. Undergraduate Thesis, Washington, DC, USA: Georgetown University, Faculty of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
  • Witkin M (2019) Maladaptive daydreaming: Is it a "real thing"? The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behaviour Letter, 35(2):1-6.
  • Yılmaz, H (2018) The Relationship Between Maladaptive Daydreaming, Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity, Psychological Well-Being And Academic Performance. An Undergraduate Thesis, İstanbul: Maltepe University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.

Uyumsuz Hayal Kurma Kavramının Film Analizi Yöntemiyle İncelenmesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 13, Sayı Ek 1, 27 - 39, 29.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.18863/pgy.877490

Öz

Bu araştırmada Eli Somer tarafından tanımlanan uyumsuz hayal kurma kavramını film analizi yöntemiyle incelenmek ve örnek olaylarla somutlaştırmak amaçlanmıştır. Uyumsuz hayal kurma bireylerin işlerine, akademik çalışmalarına odaklanmalarını engelleyen ve kişilerarası sosyal ilişkileri olumsuz etkileyecek şekilde ortaya çıkan hayal kurma davranışları olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Bu araştırmada orijinal adı The Sleep Science olan Türkçe’ye Rüya Bilmecesi olarak çevrilen film uyumsuz hayal kurma davranışları açısından analiz edilmiştir. Yapılan bu çalışmada nitel araştırma yöntemlerinden biri olan doküman analizi yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Bu doğrultuda ilgili filmin bazı sahneleri uyumsuz hayal kurma davranışları açsından incelemiştir. Diğer açıdan uyumsuz hayalperestlerin günlük yaşamlarında ne gibi zorluklar yaşadığı örnek sahneler analiz edilerek ortaya konulmaya çalışılmıştır. Filmin baş kahramanı Stephane'nin deneyimlerine bakıldığında uyumsuz hayal kurmanın bireylerin yaşamları üzerinde olumsuz etkileri olduğu açıktır. Uyumsuz hayal kurma kavramının bireylerin iyi oluşları, zihinsel aktiviteleri, akademik ve sosyal yaşantıları üzerinde olumsuz etkisi olabilecek bir durum olduğu dikkati çekmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Aka BT, Gençöz F (2010) The effect of cinematherapy on perfectionism and related schemas. Turkish Journal of Psychology, 25(65): 69-77.
  • Bigelsen J, Schupak C (2011) Compulsive fantasy: Proposed evidence of an under-reported syndrome through a systematic study of 90 self-identified non-normative fantasizers. Conscious Cogn, 20: 1634-1648.
  • Bigelsen J, Lehrfeld, JM, Jopp, DS, Somer E. (2016). Maladaptive daydreaming: Evidence for an under-researched mental health disorder. Conscious Cogn, 42: 254-266. Buckner RL, Andrews-Hanna JR, Schacter DL (2008). The brains default network. Ann NY Acad Sci, 1124(1): 1-38.
  • Büyüköztürk Ş, Çakmak, EK, Akgün, ÖE, Karadeniz Ş, Demirel F (2017) Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayınları.
  • Dujić G, Antičević V, Mišetić I (2020) Contribution of Maladaptive Daydreaming to the Level of Psychological Distress and Coping Strategies. Social Psychiatry, 48 (1):3-19.
  • Freud S (1962) Creative writers and daydreaming. J. Strachey (editor).The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud. London: Hogarth, 1962: 141-154.
  • Gervasi S, Santoro G, Schimmenti A (2019). Maladaptive daydreaming: theory, research, and clinical implications of daydreaming. Psichiatria & Psicoterapia, 38(4):237-249.
  • Goodson I, Walker R (1998) Putting life into educational research. RR Sherma, RB Webb (editor). Qualitative research in education: focus and methods. London: Routledge, 108-122.
  • Gök F, Taycan O, Çalışkan M (2016) Maladaptive Daydreaming. Bir Olgu Sunumu. Türk Psikiyatri Derneği 20. Yıllık Toplantısı ve Klinik Eğitim Sempozyum Özet Bildiriler Kitabı. Hartman H (1958) Ego psychology and the problem of adaptation. New York: International Universities Press.
  • Hankir A, Holloway D, Agius M, Zaman R (2015) Beyond a beautiful mind: film as an educational and therapeutic tool. Eur Psychiatry, 30: 1901-1912.
  • Klinger E (1990) Daydreaming: Using waking fantasy and imagery for self-knowledge and creativity. Los Angeles: J.P. Tarcher.
  • Koch G, Dollarhide CT (2000) Using a popular film in counselor education: good will hunting as a teaching tool. Counselor Education and Supervisio, 39(3):203-210.
  • Lieberman MD (2015) Social - why our brains are wired to connect. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Morsünbül Ü (2015) Analyzing honey (bal), milk (süt) and egg (yumurta) movies in terms of erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. Elementary Education Online, 14(1): 181-187.
  • Ross CA, West M, Somer E (2018) Self-reported medication and recreational drug effectiveness ın maladaptive daydreaming. J Nerv Ment Dis, 208(1): 77-80.
  • Schimmenti A, Somer E, Regis M (2019) Maladaptive daydreaming: Towards a nosological definition. Ann Med Psychol, 177: 865-874.
  • Singer JL (1975) The inner world of daydreaming. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.
  • Soffer-Dudek N, Somer E (2018) Trapped in a daydream: Daily elevations in maladaptive daydreaming are associated with daily psychopathological symptoms. Front Psychiatry, 9(194).
  • Somer E (2002) Maladaptive daydreaming: A qualitative inquiry. J Contemp Psychother ,32(2): 195-210.
  • Somer E, Somer L, Jopp SD (2016) Parallel lives: A phenomenological study of the lived experience of maladaptive daydreaming. J Trauma Dissociation, 17(5):561-576.
  • Somer E, Herscu O (2017) Childhood trauma, social anxiety, absorption and fantasy dependence: Two potential mediated pathways to maladaptive daydreaming. J Addict Behav Ther Rehabil, 6(3):1-5.
  • Somer E (2018) Maladaptive daydreaming: Ontological analysis, treatment rationale and a pilot case report. Frontiers in the Psychotherapy of Trauma and Dissociation, 1(2): 1-22.
  • Somer E, Abu-Rayya HM, Schimmenti A, Metin B, Brenner R, Ferrante E, Göçmen B, Marino A (2020) Intensified maladaptive daydreaming is associated with COVID-19 social distancing, pre-existing psychiatric diagnoses, and worsening of psychological dysfunction indices in a large multi-country sample. Front Psychiatry, 11: 587455.
  • Uslu H (2015) Understanding The Relationship Between Media Use And Maladaptive Daydreaming. Undergraduate Thesis, Washington, DC, USA: Georgetown University, Faculty of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
  • Witkin M (2019) Maladaptive daydreaming: Is it a "real thing"? The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behaviour Letter, 35(2):1-6.
  • Yılmaz, H (2018) The Relationship Between Maladaptive Daydreaming, Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity, Psychological Well-Being And Academic Performance. An Undergraduate Thesis, İstanbul: Maltepe University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Davranış Bilimleri
Bölüm Araştırma
Yazarlar

Faruk Caner YAM (Sorumlu Yazar)
GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ADALET MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU, HUKUK BÖLÜMÜ, ADALET PR.
0000-0001-8392-9576
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Aralık 2021
Kabul Tarihi 3 Haziran 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 13, Sayı Ek 1

Kaynak Göster

AMA Yam F. C. Uyumsuz Hayal Kurma Kavramının Film Analizi Yöntemiyle İncelenmesi. pgy. 2021; 13(Ek 1): 27-39.

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