Yıl 2019, Cilt 2 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 15 - 35 2019-02-01

Türkiye’de Yanık Tedavisinde Geleneksel Olarak Kullanılan Bitkiler
Plants Traditionally Used in the Treatment of Burns in Turkey

FATMA GÖÇ [1] , AFİFE MAT [2]


Yanık, hayati tehlikelere varabilen ciddi ve acı veren bir yaralanmadır. Yanık yarasına ilk müdahale ve yara bakımı önemlidir. Çağlar boyunca yanık tedavisinde kullanılan birçok farklı yöntem arasında yer alan ve halk arasında yoğun kullanımı olan bitkilerin günümüzde de tedavi amaçlı kullanımı devam etmektedir. Bu çalışmada Türkiye’nin etnobotanik araştırmaları incelenerek halkın yanık tedavisinde kullandığı doksan yedi tür bitki tespit edilmiştir. Bu bitkilerin yanık ve yara iyileştirici aktivitelerinin ya da bu iyileşmeyi destekleyici olabilecek farmakolojik ve biyolojik aktivitelerinin yer aldığı araştırmalar derlenmiştir. Özellikle Hypericum perforatum, Sesamum indicum, Brassica oleracea, Plantago major, Sambucus nigra, Aloe vera gibi bazı türlerin içerdikleri fitokimyasallar sebebiyle antimikrobiyal, antienflamatuvar, antioksidan, antinosiseptif, analjezik, astrenjan aktivite göstermek suretiyle yara kontraksiyonu, hücre proliferasyonu, mikrosirkülasyon ve perfüzyonu arttırarak belirgin yanık iyileştirici aktivitelerinin ortaya konulduğu çalışmalar mevcuttur. Elde edilen veriler, bu bitkilerin yanık tedavisinde etkili kabul edildiklerini göstermektedir.
Burn is a serious and painful injury, which can be fatal. First aid to burn and its care is of most significance. Plants that are among the many different methods used in the treatment of burn throughout the ages are still being used by people. In this study, Turkey ethnobotanical researches have been examined and found ninety-seven species of plants that people use for burn healing. Researches on burn and wound healing activity of these plants or supportive healing process with pharmacological and biological activities were compiled. There are studies showing that burn healing activities are increased by enhancing wound contraction, cell proliferation, microcirculation and perfusion by demonstrating antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antinociceptive, analgesic, and astringent activity of phytochemicals in species especially Hypericum perforatum, Sesamum indicum, Brassica oleracea, Plantago major, Sambucus nigra, Aloe vera. The obtained data indicate that these plants are considered effective in the treatment of burns
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Birincil Dil tr
Bölüm Research Article
Yazarlar

Yazar: FATMA GÖÇ
Kurum: Ecz., İstanbul Üniversitesi, Eczacılık Fakültesi, Farmakognozi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye

Yazar: AFİFE MAT
Kurum: Prof. Dr., İstanbul Üniversitesi, Eczacılık Fakültesi, Farmakognozi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul, Türkiye

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Şubat 2019

APA GÖÇ, F , MAT, A . (2019). Türkiye’de Yanık Tedavisinde Geleneksel Olarak Kullanılan Bitkiler. Sağlık Bilimlerinde İleri Araştırmalar Dergisi , 2 (1) , 15-35 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/sabiad/issue/48227/610564