Yıl 2020, Cilt 3 , Sayı S1, Sayfalar 1 - 13 2020-05-15

COVID-19 Epidemiyolojisi
Epidemiology of COVID-19

Halim İŞSEVER [1] , Tuğçe İŞSEVER [2] , Gözde ÖZTAN [3]


31 Aralık 2019'da Dünya Sağlık Örgütü (WHO), Çin'in Hubei Eyaleti, Wuhan Şehrinde tespit edilen nedeni bilinmeyen pnömoni vakalarından oluşan bir küme hakkında bilgilendirildi. 12 Ocak 2020'de vakalardan elde edilen örneklerde yeni bir koronavirüs tespit edildiği ve virüs genetik dizi analizi sonucunda, salgının virüs nedenli olduğunu açıklandı. Bu virüs SARS-CoV-2 ve buna bağlı hastalık COVID-19 olarak adlandırıldı. 26 Nisan 2020 itibariyle, Dünya genelinde 210 Ülke 203 binden den fazla ölümle birlikte 2.9 milyondan fazla vaka teşhis edilmiştir. Ülkemizde Sağlık Bakanlığı yoğun çalışmaları neticesinde vakaların izolasyonu ve yakın temaslıların karantinası ile birlikte epidemiyolojik araştırmalar yoluyla COVID-19'un yayılmasını kontrol altına almaya çalışmaktadır. Bununla birlikte, olası yayılma derecesini belirlemek için yetersiz epidemiyolojik veriler çalışmalar süreci zorlaştırmaktadır. Olası bulaşma noktaları epidemiyolojik araştırmalarla retrospektif olarak tanımlansa bile, epidemiyolojik araştırmaların desteklenmesinde kullanımını göstermede önemli bir rol oynamıştır. Korunma ve hafifletme önlemleri yoğunlaşırken, hastalığın tedavisi konusunda farmakolojik bileşikler geliştirilirken, COVID-19 yayılmaya devam etmektedir. Bu makalede COVID-19 ile ilgili güncel verilerin tanımlayıcı araştırmalar çerçevesinde kişi yer, zaman özellikleri açısından kısa bir incelemesi sunulmaktadır.
On December 31, 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) was informed about a cluster of unknown causes of pneumonia detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. On January 12, 2020, a new coronavirus was detected in samples from cases, and the first analysis of virus genetic sequences suggested that this was the cause of the epidemic. This virus was called SARS-CoV-2 and associated disease COVID-19. As of April 26, 2020, more than 2.9 million cases were identified, with more than 203 000 deaths from 210 countries worldwide. As a result of the intensive studies of the Ministry of Health in our country, it is trying to control the spread of COVID-19 through the isolation of cases and quarantine of close contacts, through epidemiological research. However, insufficient epidemiological data to determine the degree of possible spread make studies more difficult (complicate the studies) . Although possible points of contamination have been identified retrospectively by epidemiological research, they have played an important role in demonstrating their use in supporting epidemiological research. COVID-19 continues to spread, while pharmacological compounds are being developed in the treatment of the disease, and while prevention and mitigation measures are intensifying. In this article (research), a brief review of current data about COVID-19 in terms of person-place and time characteristics is presented within the framework of descriptive studies
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Diş Hekimliği, Eczacılık, Farmakoloji ve Eczacılık, Toksikoloji, Temel Bilimler, Tıp
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-5435-706X
Yazar: Halim İŞSEVER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9059-8709
Yazar: Tuğçe İŞSEVER
Kurum: TUSEB, Türkiye Sağlık Enstitüleri Başkanlığı
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2970-1834
Yazar: Gözde ÖZTAN
Kurum: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 15 Mayıs 2020

APA İŞSEVER, H , İŞSEVER, T , ÖZTAN, G . (2020). COVID-19 Epidemiyolojisi. Sağlık Bilimlerinde İleri Araştırmalar Dergisi , 3 (S1) , 1-13 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/sabiad/issue/54344/738096