Yıl 2020, Cilt 28 , Sayı 43, Sayfalar 277 - 294 2020-01-25

Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği
Desired Labour Supply of the Unemployed in Turkey

İsmail ŞENTÜRK [1]


Bu çalışmada Türkiye’de işsiz bireylerin arzu ettikleri emek arzını etkileyen faktörler incelenmiştir. Çalışmada Türkiye genelinde işsiz bireylerle yüz yüze gerçekleştirilen anket çalışması ile elde edilen veriler kullanılmıştır. İstatistiksel olarak oluşturulan 12 bölgenin her birinde, bölgeyi temsil edebilecek en az bir ilde, anket gerçekleştirilmiştir. Her bölgedeki erkek ve kadın işsiz sayısına oranlanarak anket sayısı belirlenmiştir. Böylece toplam 2162 işsiz bireye ulaşılmıştır. Anket çalışması işsizlerle işverenlerin bağlantı kurması için kurulmuş olan Türkiye İş Kurumunda gerçekleştirilmiştir. Sıralı Probit yöntemi sonuçlarına göre; yaşlı bireyler, kadınlar, evli erkekler, fiziksel engeli olanlar, eğitim düzeyi yüksek olanlar daha düşük çalışma süresini arzu etmektedirler. Beklenen ücretteki artış, ücret dışı gelirdeki artış, küçük çocuk sahibi olma ve ailede bakıma muhtaç bireyin bulunması ise daha fazla emek arz etme isteği oluşturmaktadır. Cinsiyet, eğitim durumu, fiziksel engel ve yaşa göre farklı çalışma saatleri sunulması gerekliliği tespit edilmiştir. İşsizlik süresindeki artışın kadınları emek piyasasından uzaklaştırdığı belirlenmiştir. Devletin bakıma muhtaç bireylere bakım hizmeti vermesinin emek arzı isteğine olumlu etkisi olduğu görülmüştür.
This study examines factors affecting desired labour supply of unemployed individuals. Study relies on data obtained from survey that is conducted by face-to-face interview with unemployed people throughout Turkey. The survey has been carried out in minimum one city representative of each statistically designed twelve region. Number of this survey has been determined according to the unemployment rate of both men and women in each of these regions. Accessing 2162 unemployed people, survey has been implemented at Turkish Employment Agency, which is designated for enacting communication between employers and unemployed people. The results obtained from Ordered Probit method show that women, married men and older, disabled, high-educated people demand lower levels of working hours. On the other hand, higher levels of desired labour supply arise from increases in expected levels of wage, non-labour income and existence of a small child or a dependent person in the family. Therefore, the study explores the necessity of differentiating working hours according to sex, education, physical disability and age. It has been discovered that women recede from labour market in case of an increase in their unemployment duration. Besides, the study reveals the positive impact of government nursing services for dependent persons on the desired labour supply.
  • Adkins, C.L. & S.F. Premeaux (2012), “Spending time: The Impact of Hours Worked on Work-Family Conflict”, Journal of Vocational Behavior, 80(2), 380-389.
  • Armstrong, G.S. & C.A. Atkin-Plunk & J. Wells (2015), “The Relationship Between Work-Family Conflict, Correctional Officer Job Stress, and Job Satisfaction”, Criminal Justice and Behavior, 42(10), 1066-1082.
  • Bell, D.N.F. & R.A. Hart (1995), Working Time in Great Britain, 1975-1990, <https://ideas.repec.org/p/stl/stlewp/95-9.html>, 10.09.2018.
  • Biernat, M. & C.B. Wortman (1991), “Sharing of Home Responsibilities between Professionally Employed Women and Their Husbands”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60(6), 844-860.
  • Bloemen, H.G. (2008), “Job search, Hours Restrictions, and Desired Hours of Work”, Journal of Labor Economics, 26(1), 137-179.
  • Bollé, P. (1997), “Part-Time Work: Solution or Trap?”, International Labour Review, 136(4), 557-579.
  • Borjas, G.J. (1980), “The Relationship between Wages and Weekly Hours of Work - The Role of Division Bias”, Journal of Human Resources, 15(3), 409-423.
  • Böheim, R. & M.P. Taylor (2004), “Actual and Preferred Working Hours”, British Journal of Industrial Relations, 42(1), 149-166.
  • Charles, K.K. & P. Decicca (2007), “Hours Flexibility and Retirement”, Economic Inquiry, 45(2), 251-267.
  • Clark, A.E. (1996), “Job Satisfaction in Britain”, British Journal of Industrial Relations, 34(2), 189-217.
  • Clark, A.E. (2001), “What Really Matters in a Job? Hedonic Measurement Using Quit Data”, Labour Economics, 8(2), 223-242.
  • Clarkberg, M. & P. Moen (2001), “Understanding the Time-Squeeze - Married Couples’ Preferred and Actual Work-Hour Strategies”, American Behavioral Scientist, 44(7), 1115-1136.
  • Coltrane, S. (2000), “Research on Household Labor: Modeling and Measuring the Social Smbeddedness of Routine Family Work”, Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62(4), 1208-1233.
  • Courtemanche, C. (2009), “Longer Hours and Larger Waistlines? The Relationship between Work Hours and Obesity”, Paper presented at the Forum for Health Economics & Policy.
  • Euwals, R. (2001), “Female labour supply, flexibility of working hours, and job mobility”, Economic Journal, 111(471), C120-C134.
  • Euwals, R. & A. Van Soest (1999), “Desired and Actual Labour Supply of Unmarried Men and Women in the Netherlands”, Labour Economics, 6(1), 95-118.
  • Falzone, J.S. (2000), “Labor Market Decisions of Married Women: With Emphasis on Part-time Employment”, International Advances in Economic Research, 6(4), 662-671.
  • Fan, P.L. & M.M. Marini (2000), “Influences on Gender-Role Attitudes During the Transition to Adulthood”, Social Science Research, 29(2), 258-283.
  • Fedakova, D. & A. Veira (2010), “Women’s Working Time and Its Determinants”, Človek a spoločnosť. Internetový časopis pre pôvodné teoretické a výskumné štúdie z oblasti spoločenských vied, 3(13), 27-42.
  • Gielen, A.C. (2009), “Working Hours Flexibility and Older Workers Labor Supply”, Oxford Economic Papers-New Series, 61(2), 240-274.
  • Gielen, A.C. & J.C. van Ours (2006), “Age-specific Cyclical Effects in Job Reallocation and Labor Mobility”, Labour Economics, 13(4), 493-504.
  • Golden, L. (2001), “Flexible Work Schedules: Which Workers Get Them?”, American Behavioral Scientist, 44(7), 1157-1178.
  • Greenhalgh, C. (1980), “Participation and Hours of Work for Married-Women in Great-Britain”, Oxford Economic Papers-New Series, 32(2), 297-318.
  • Greenhaus, J.H. & N.J. Beutell (1985), “Sources of Conflict between Work and Family Roles”, Academy of Management Review, 10(1), 76-88.
  • Gustman, A.L. & T.L. Steinmeier (2004), Minimum Hours Constraints, Job Requirements and Retirement, NBER Working Paper, No: 10876.
  • Heckman, J. (1974), “Shadow Prices, Market Wages, and Labor Supply”. Econometrica, 42(4), 679-694.
  • Hutchens, R. & K. Grace-Martin (2006), “Employer Willingness to Permit Phased Retirement: Why Are Some More Willing than Others?”, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 59(4), 525-546.
  • Kalleberg, A.L. & J. Reynolds (2003), “Work Attitudes and Nonstandard Work Arrangements in the United States, Japan, and Europe”, in: S.N. Houseman & M. Ōsawa (eds.), Nonstandard work in developed economies: Causes consequences, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, Michigan, 423-476.
  • Kaufman, B.E. (1999), “Expanding the Behavioral Foundations of Labor Economics”, Industrial & Labor Relations Review, 52(3), 361-392.
  • Kaufman, G. & P. Uhlenberg (2000), “The Influence of Parenthood on the Work Effort of Married Men and Women”, Social Forces, 78(3), 931-947.
  • Layard, R. & M. Barton & A. Zabalza (1980), “Married Women’s Participation and Hours”, Economica, 47(185), 51-72.
  • Machado, C.S. & M. Portela (2014), “Hours of Work and Retirement Behaviour”, IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 3(1), 16.
  • Main, B.G.M. & B. Reilly (1994), “Married Women’s Hours and Participation Revisited”, Applied Economics, 26(3), 277-281.
  • McKelvey, R.D. & W. Zavoina (1975), “A Statistical Model for the Analysis of Ordinal Level Dependent Variables”, The Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 4(1), 103-120.
  • Nakata, A. (2011), “Effects of Long Work Hours and Poor Sleep Characteristics on Workplace Injury Among Full‐Time Male Employees of Small‐and Medium‐Scale Businesses”, Journal of Sleep Research, 20(4), 576-584.
  • Penner, R.G. & P. Perun & E. Steuerle (2002), “Legal and Institutional Impediments to Partial Retirement and Part-Time Work by Older Workers”, Research Report, Urban Institute, Washington.
  • Perry-Jenkins, M. & R.L. Repetti & A.C. Crouter (2000), “Work and Family in the 1990s”, Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(4), 981-998.
  • Reynolds, J. (2003), “You can’t Always Get the Hours You Want: Mismatches between Actual and Preferred Work Hours in the US”, Social Forces, 81(4), 1171-1199.
  • Reynolds, J. (2004), “When Too Much is not Enough: Actual and Preferred Work Hours in the United States and Abroad”, Sociological Forum, 19(1), 89-120.
  • Ridgeway, C.L. & S.J. Correll (2004), “Motherhood as a Status Characteristic”, Journal of Social Issues, 60(4), 683-700.
  • Shank, S.E. (1986), “Preferred Hours of Work and Corresponding Earnings”, Monthly Labor Review, 109(11), 40-44.
  • Sousa‐Poza, A. & F. Henneberger (2000), “Work Attitudes, Work Conditions and Hours Constraints: An Explorative, Cross‐national Analysis”, Labour, 14(3), 351-372.
  • Stewart, M.B. & J.K. Swaffield (1997), “Constraints on the Desired Hours of Work of British Men”, Economic Journal, 107(441), 520-535.
  • Şentürk, İ. (2015), “Determinants of Expected Wages of Unemployed Workers in Turkey”, Modern Economy, 6(7), 808-815.
  • Tarkowska, E. (2002), “Intra-Household Gender Inequality: Hidden Dimensions of Poverty among Polish Women”, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 35(4), 411-432.
  • Valcour, M. (2007), “Work-Based Resources as Moderators of the Relationship between Work Hours and Satisfaction with Work-Family Balance”, Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(6), 1512-1523.
  • Wadensjö, E. (2006), “Part-time Pensions and Part-time Work in Sweden”, IZA Discussion Paper no: 2273.
  • Williams, R. (2012), “Using the Margins Command to Estimate and Interpret Adjusted Predictions and Marginal Effects”, Stata Journal, 12(2), 308-331.
  • Yamamoto, T. & V.N. Shankar (2004), “Bivariate Ordered-Response Probit Model of Driver’s and Passenger’s Injury Severities in Collisions with Fixed Objects”, Accident Analysis & Prevention, 36(5), 869-876.
Birincil Dil tr
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7330-6690
Yazar: İsmail ŞENTÜRK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 25 Ocak 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { sosyoekonomi510775, journal = {Sosyoekonomi}, issn = {1305-5577}, address = {}, publisher = {Sosyoekonomi Derneği}, year = {2020}, volume = {28}, pages = {277 - 294}, doi = {10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.01.16}, title = {Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği}, key = {cite}, author = {ŞENTÜRK, İsmail} }
APA ŞENTÜRK, İ . (2020). Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği. Sosyoekonomi , 28 (43) , 277-294 . DOI: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.01.16
MLA ŞENTÜRK, İ . "Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği". Sosyoekonomi 28 (2020 ): 277-294 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/sosyoekonomi/issue/52077/510775>
Chicago ŞENTÜRK, İ . "Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği". Sosyoekonomi 28 (2020 ): 277-294
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği AU - İsmail ŞENTÜRK Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.01.16 DO - 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.01.16 T2 - Sosyoekonomi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 277 EP - 294 VL - 28 IS - 43 SN - 1305-5577- M3 - doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.01.16 UR - https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.01.16 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Sosyoekonomi Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği %A İsmail ŞENTÜRK %T Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği %D 2020 %J Sosyoekonomi %P 1305-5577- %V 28 %N 43 %R doi: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.01.16 %U 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.01.16
ISNAD ŞENTÜRK, İsmail . "Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği". Sosyoekonomi 28 / 43 (Ocak 2020): 277-294 . https://doi.org/10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2020.01.16
AMA ŞENTÜRK İ . Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği. Sosyoekonomi. 2020; 28(43): 277-294.
Vancouver ŞENTÜRK İ . Türkiye’de İşsizlerin Emek Arzı İsteği. Sosyoekonomi. 2020; 28(43): 294-277.