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The impact of climate change on climatological, meteorological, and hydrological disasters in Iran

Yıl 2022, Cilt , Sayı 80, 97 - 114, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.17211/tcd.1085714

Öz

Climate change adversely affects the environment and human life in many respects. The evidence
for climate change on earth is quite solid and convincing. Observable rises in sea levels,
melting of a glacier’s ice, the regression of the glacial areas, critical changes in annual precipitation
patterns, and global warming increases are specific evidence of climate change. Scientific
studies and experimental findings indicate the role of human effects as a primary reason
for the changes since the middle of the 20th century. The disproportionate use of fossil fuels
resulted in the rapid increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Without a significant
decrease in greenhouse gas levels, predictions demonstrate that the World’s average temperature
increase may reach 6.4 °C by 2100, and the associated disaster hazards will gradually
increase. Iran is among the countries that experience significant increases in climate change
effects on the environment and society. Between 1900-and 1980, the number of reported
disasters per year was below 100, whereas the annual number of disasters reached 400 between
2000 and 2019. Studies show that climate change is the main reason for disasters such
as floods, storms, droughts, land subsidence, and wildfires in Iran. With approximately 687
million tons of CO2 production, Iran ranks first country responsible for climate change in the
Middle East and the sixth country in the World. It is noted that without necessary precautions,
the increase in climate-related disasters will be much higher in the next ten years.

Kaynakça

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İran’da iklim değişikliğinin, klimatolojik, meteorolojik ve hidrolojik afetlere etkisi

Yıl 2022, Cilt , Sayı 80, 97 - 114, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.17211/tcd.1085714

Öz

İklim değişikliği, çevreyi ve insan yaşamını pek çok bakımdan olumsuz etkilemektedir. Yerkürede
iklim değişikliğinin kanıtları yeterince kuvvetli ve ikna edicidir. Deniz seviyelerinin yükselmesi,
buzulların erimesi ve buzul alanlarının gerilemesi, yıllık yağış düzenlerinde ciddi değişimlerin
görülmesi ve küresel ısınmadaki artışlar belli başlı belirtilerdir. Araştırma bulguları ve tespitler
20. yüzyılın ortalarından bu yana değişimlerin temel nedeninin insan etkileri olduğunu ortaya
koymaktadır. Fosil yakıtların orantısız kullanımı atmosferdeki sera gazlarının hızlı artışına neden
olmuştur. Sera gazı seviyelerinde düşüş olmaz ise 2100 yılına kadar Dünya’nın ortalama sıcaklık
artışının 6.4 °C’ye ulaşabileceği ve ilişkili afet tehlikelerinin giderek artacağı yönünde sonuçlar
belirtilmektedir. İran, iklim değişikliğinin çevre ve toplum üzerindeki etkilerini ciddi artışlarla yaşayan
ülkeler arasındadır. 1900-1980 yılları arasında yılda gerçekleşen afet sayısı 100’ün altında
rapor edilmişken, 2000-2019 yılları arasında afet olayı sayısı yılda 400’e ulaşmıştır. Araştırmalar,
İran’da meydana gelen sel, fırtına, kuraklık, yer çökmesi ve orman yangınları gibi afet olaylarının
temel nedeninin iklim değişikliği olduğunu göstermektedir. İran, yaklaşık 687 milyon ton CO2
üretimi ile Orta Doğu’da iklim değişikliğinden sorumlu birinci, Dünya’da ise altıncı ülke sıralamasında
yer almaktadır. Gereken önlemlerin alınmaması durumunda önümüzdeki on yıl içerisinde
iklim ile ilişkili afetlerdeki artışın çok daha yüksek olacağına dikkat çekilmektedir.

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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Yerbilimleri, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Marjan TOURANİ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Fen bilimleri
0000-0003-3965-2244
Türkiye


Ayşe ÇAĞLAYAN Bu kişi benim
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ, JEOLOJİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ, JEOLOJİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ PR.
0000-0002-4549-3262
Türkiye


Veysel IŞIK>
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ, JEOLOJİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ, JEOLOJİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ PR.
0000-0003-0296-8237
Türkiye


Reza SABER>
ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ, JEOLOJİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ, JEOLOJİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ PR.
0000-0001-6173-0793
Türkiye

Teşekkür Yazarlar, titiz ve düzenli editörlüğü için dergi editörü Doç. Dr. Cihan BAYRAKDAR ile makaleye yapıcı önerileri ve değerli katkıları nedeniyle isimlerini belirtmeyen tüm hakemlere teşekkürü borç bilirler.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt , Sayı 80

Kaynak Göster

APA Tourani, M. , Çağlayan, A. , Işık, V. & Saber, R. (2022). İran’da iklim değişikliğinin, klimatolojik, meteorolojik ve hidrolojik afetlere etkisi . Türk Coğrafya Dergisi , (80) , 97-114 . DOI: 10.17211/tcd.1085714