Yıl 2020, Cilt 10 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 373 - 388 2020-09-30


Ekmel GEÇER [1] , Nur FADİLLAH [2]

This paper, in comparison with a Western/European approach, aims to briefly explain the role of the media as a tool for creating and rising a political image in Indonesia. In the presidential election of 2014, Indonesia had two candidates. One of them named Mr. Joko Widodo also known as Jokowi. During his campaigns, he offered policies that try to respond to civil demands while his physical appearance also claimed to be a cool one by his supporters. Detik.com, as one of the electronic mediums, uses this circumstance to generate the news about Jokowi's personality positively for him to gain public sympathy. Methodologically this study uses discourse analysis and documentation as the data collecting technique. The main research platform here is detik.com, an online news site allegedly pro-Jakowi. We have here taken 50 news items as the analysis unit on the period time started from 5 June to 4 July 2014. The results of this study indicate that detik.com as an Indonesian media course tries to support and represent Jokowi’s political image as a populist and ideal figure who could symbolize the public interest in the Republic of Indonesia.
Medya, popülizm, politik imaj ve psikoloji, Endonezya
  • Adam, A. (2018, February Friday). 8 Konglongmerat Media di Indonesia Via Jalur Media TV&Cetak. Retrieved from Tirto.id: https://tirto.id/8-konglomerat-media-di-indonesia-via-jalur-media-tv-amp-cetak-cEv7
  • Aji, N. (2018). Behind The Jokowi's Victory: Did Economic Voting Matter In The 2014 Indonesian Presidential Election? Research Gate, 1-11.
  • Alexa. (2018, December Tuesday). How Popular is detik.com ? Retrieved from Alexa.com: https://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/detik.com
  • APJII. (2017). Penetrasi & Perilaku Pengguna Internet Indonesia. Teknopreneur, 1-39.
  • Aspinall, E. (2015). Oligarchic Populism: Prabowo Subianto's Challenge to Indonesian Democracy. Southeast Asia Program Publications At Cornell University, 1-28.
  • Aspinall, E., & Mietzner, M. (2014). Indonesian Politics in 2014: Democracy’s Close Call. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 347-369.
  • Asyari, R. (2015). Indonesian Television Journalists' Perspective On News Bias And Media Owner Intervention During Indonesia's 2014 Presidential Election. University of Sheffield, 1-5.
  • Balbi, G. (2015). Old And New Media. Theorizing Their Relationship In Media Historiography. Herbert Von Halem Verlag, 231-249.
  • Barner , M. (2011). Media And Politics. In G. Lozanov, & O. Spassov, Media And Politics (p. 4). Sofia: Foundation Media Democracy .
  • BBC. (2014, July Tuesday). KPU Tetapkan Jokowi Menang di Pilpres. Retrieved from bbc.com: https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/berita_indonesia/2014/07/140722_kpu_hasil_pilpres
  • Cambaridge, D. (2018, December Tuesday). Meaning of New Media in the English Dictionary. Retrieved from Dictionary.cambridge.org: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/new-media
  • Coronel, S. S. (2003). The Role of The Media in Deepening Democracy. NGO Media Outreach, 1-23.
  • Craig, G. (2004). The Media, Politics and Public Life. Australia: Allen & Unwin Academic.
  • Danesi, M. (2013). Encyclopedia of Media and Communication. Canada: University of Toronto Press.
  • Dhani, R., Lee, T., & Fitch, K. (2015). Political Public Relations in Indonesia: A History of Propaganda And Democracy. Asia Pacific Public Relations Journal, 23-36.
  • Dijk, T. A. (2015). Critical Discourse Analysis. In D. Tannen, H. Hamilton, & D. Schiffrin, The Handbook of Discourse Analysis (pp. 466-486). Chichester: Blackwell Publishers.
  • Dimitrova, D., Nord, L., & Stromback, J. (2014). The Effects of Digital Media on Political Knowledge And Participation in Election Campaigns: Evidence From Panel Data. Reseach Gate, 95-118.
  • Dumitrescu, D., & Mughan, A. (2010). Mass Media and Democratic Politics. In K. T. Leicht, & J. C. Jenkins, Handbook of Politics: State and Society in Global Perspective (pp. 477-493). London: Springer.
  • Ekstrom, M. (2017). Research On Media And Democracy: Reflections On Changes And Challenges. Research Gate, p.45.
  • Fortunato , J. A., & Martin, S. E. (2017). The Intersection Of Agenda-Setting, The Media Environment, And Election Campaign Laws. Penn State University Perss, 129-153.
  • Gazali, E. (2009). Political Communication In Indonesia: Media Performance In Three Eras. Research Gate, 112-149.
  • Hamid, A. (2014). Jokowi's Populism in the 2012 Jakarta Gubernatorial Election. Journal of Current Southasian Affairs, 85-109. Hara, A. E. (2018). Populism In Indonesia And Its Threats to Democracy. Atlantis Press, 106-111.
  • Jamil, S. (2018). Politics In A Digital Age: The Impact of New Media Technologies on Public Participation And Political Campaign in Pakistan's 2018 Election- A Case Study of Karachi. Global Media Journal, 1-9.
  • Johansson, A. C. (2016). Social Media And Politics in Indonesia. Stockholm China Economic Research Institute, 1-44.
  • Kakiailatu, T. (2007). Media in Indonesia: Forum for political change and Critical Assessment. Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 60-71.
  • Khosravinik, M. (2017). Right Wing Populism In The West : Social Media Discourse And Echo Chambers. Research Gate, 53-68.
  • Kutseva, G. (2011). New Realities: 'Mediatization' of Politics or 'Politicization'of Media Content. In G. Lozanov, & O. Spassov, Media And Politics (pp. 147-162). Sofia: Foundation Media Democracy.
  • Lister, M., Dovey, J., Giddings, S., Grant, I., & Kelly, K. (2003). New Media: a critical Introduction. Abingdon: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.
  • Menkominfo. (2018, January Monday). Menkominfo: Baru 100 Portal Berita Online Terverifikasi. Retrieved from Kominfo.go.id: https://kominfo.go.id/content/detail/12345/menkominfo-baru-100-portal-berita-online-terverifikasi/0/berita_satker
  • Mietzner, M. (2014). Indonesia's 2014 Election: How Jokowi Won And Democracy Survived. Journal of Democracy, 111-125. Morgenthau, H. J. (1948). Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. Alfred A. Knopf, 13-21.
  • Morissan. (2017). The Influence of Politicians on Television Content in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Gajah Mada, 204-220.
  • Mukrimin, M. (2013). The Influence of Mass Media In Political Change In Indonesia. Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik Universitas Diponegoro, 57-67.
  • Mukrimin, M. (2013). The Influence Of Mass Media In Political Change in Indonesia. Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik Universitas Diponegoro, 57-67.
  • Nugroho, Y., Putri, D. A., & Laksmi, S. (2012). Mapping The Landscape of The Media Industry in Contemporary Indonesia.
  • Research collaboration of Center For Innovation Policy and Governance and HIVOS Regional Office Southeast Asia, Funded by Ford Foundation, 1-4.
  • Nugroho, Y., Putri, D. A., & Laksmi, S. (2012). Mapping The Landscape of The Media Industry In Contemporary Indonesia.
  • Research collaboration of Center For Innovation Policy and Governance and HIVOS Regional Office Southeast Asia, Funded by Ford Foundation, 81-98. Retrieved from P.86
  • Nugroho, Y., Putri, D. A., & Laksmi, S. (2012). Mapping The Landscape Of The Media Industry In Contemporary Indonesia.
  • Research collaboration of Center For Innovation Policy and Governance and HIVOS Regional Office Southeast Asia, Funded by Ford Foundation, 81-98.
  • Pahdepie, F. (2015). Media As The Battleground For Politics: The Relations Between Politicians And Media Barons In Indonesia Politics. International Journal of Nusantara Islam, 1-10.
  • Perbawani, P. S., Rahayu, & Anshari, I. N. (2018). Online Political Participation And Netizen Anonymity In Indonesia's Digital Democracy. PCD Journal, 185-212.
  • Peters, G. (2004). Politics Is About Governing. In A. Leftwich, What Is Politics: The Activity And Its Study (pp. 23-41). UK: Polity Press.
  • Prabawati, V. A. (2017, March Friday). Kunci Keberhasilan Detik.com Sebagai Media Online Nasional Terbesar. Retrieved from Dictio.id: https://www.dictio.id/t/kunci-keberhasilan-detik-com-sebagai-media-online-nasional-terbesar/7075
  • Prokurat, S. (2014). Indonesian parliamentary and presidential elections in 2014. The electoral. Research Gate, 197-210.
  • Putra, G. E. (2014). Bingkai Media Terhadap Pemberitaan Capres Jokowi Pada Pilpres 2014. University of Diponegoro, 1-10.
  • Stats, I. W. (2017, December Monday). Top 20 Countries In Internet Users Vs. Rest of The World. Retrieved from Internetworldstats.com: https://www.internetworldstats.com/top20.htm
  • Strömberg, D. (2015). Media And Politics. The Annual Review of Economics, 173-205.
  • Susilo, D. (2017). Facing The Indonesian Media Conglomeration: Action of Preservation on Political Interest. Research Gate, 42-49.
  • Tapsell , R. (2015). Indonesia's Media Oligarchy And The Jokowi Phenomenon. Southeast Asia Program Publications at Cornell University, 29-50.
  • Willis, J. (2007). Politicians and Journalists: A Symbiotic Relationship. In J. Willis, The Media Effect: How the News Influences Politics and Government (pp. 93-105). London: Praeger Publishers.
  • Willis, J. (2007). The Media as the Fourth Estate. In J. Willis, The Media Effects: How The News Influences Politics And Governments (pp. 137-147). London: Praeger Publishers.
  • Willis, J. (2007). The Media Effect: How The News Influence Politics And Government. London: Praeger publishers.
  • Zaller, J. (1999). A Theory of Media Politics. University of Chicago Press, 1-5.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler

Orcid: 0000-0003-3367-2236
Yazar: Ekmel GEÇER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0002-9464-4522
Ülke: Turkey


Başvuru Tarihi : 6 Temmuz 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 2 Eylül 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Eylül 2020

APA Geçer, E , Fadillah, N . (2020). CREATING A POPULIST POLITICAL FIGURE: AN INDONESIAN CASE . The Turkish Online Journal of Design Art and Communication , 10 (4) , 373-388 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tojdac/issue/56985/764601