Writing Rules

CALESS uses double-blind peer review technique.

The studies submitted to the CALESS should not have been previously published and should not be in the process of evaluation in another journal. The authors assume full responsibility for this issue. 

The submissions are reviewed by the editorial board in terms of form and shape properties. While the studies that do not possess the requisite qualification are sent back to authors, the evaluation process is started for the ones approved by the editorial board.

The studies which are in the process of evaluation are sent to at least two independent reviewers in the relevant field. While assigning reviewers, both double-blind review and external review process are followed. Special attention is paid to the fact that the reviewers are not from the same institution as the author (s) who submitted the study.In line with the double-blind peer review, the identities of the reviewers and the author (s) are hidden from each other. Signs that may reveal the identity of the reviewer or author (s) are hidden. The documents submitted by the author (s) and reviewers are subject to preliminary review by the editorial board and the traces on the documents are removed.

After the Article Evaluation Process, the studies are;

  • published if both reviewers report "CAN BE PUBLISHED".
  • sent back to authors for making revisions stated by reviewer/s if one or both of the reviewers report "CAN BE PUBLISHED WITH REVISION".
  • sent to the third reviewer if one of the reviewers reports "CAN NOT BE PUBLISHED" and evaluation process is carried out based on the report of this reviewer.
Click here for English Article Template 

Writing Rules

The format and shape properties for the studies sent to the  International Journal of Current Approaches in Language, Education and Social Sciences (CALESS) should be as follows: 

Page Format: A4 Vertical, Margins (Normal), Justified, Line spacing 1,15

Font properties:  Font type: Palatino Linotype; Font sizes: 12 (bold) for Main titles,12 for text .

Text properties: Indents should not used in text. 6 nk space should be left before and after the paragraphs. 

Tables and Figures:  Tables and figures should be prepared according to  the updated APA Citation Guide.  Titles of the tables should be italicised

Main Title and Author Information: The main title of the study: Palatino Linotype, 12 (font size), capitalised each letter, centred and written bold. 

Author information: Name-surname (11-font size) and centred. If there are more than one author, their names should be written side by side according to their contribution to the study.  Footnote: affiliation, university, department-division, city, country and e-mail address

Special cases: If the study was presented as a proceeding in any scientific organisation, it should be stated below the first page of the article by placing im (*) in the title of the article.

The studies sent to the journal should include the following titles:


The title of manuscripts should reflect the content clearly. 


It should cover the purpose of the study, its method, significant features and results briefly and clearly. It should be approximately 150-250 words. 


Minimum 3, maximum 5 keywords that reflect the scope of the study should be selected.


It should include summary for the state of research problem. It should be supported with the studies in the relevant literature.


The method of the study should include the following sub-titles : Research Design, Study Group (Population-Sampling), Data Collection Tools (Research Data), Data Collection Process and Data Analysis. 


The findings should be presented by using quantitative, qualitative or mixed method analysis techniques based on the predetermined purposes of the study. 


The obtained findings of the study should be explained.


The obtained findings should be discussed with the relevant literature and author's comments.


In accordance with the conclusion and discussion sections of the study, suggestions should be put forth for practitioners, program developers, researches etc. 


References should be prepared according to the updated APA Citation Guide (7th Ed.) and should be listed in alphabetical order.

* The titles (Conclusion, Discussion and Suggestions) can be given either together or separately. 

**In cases where the appendices are given,  they should be given in headings as others. 

*** The studies written in English do not need to add an abstract in other languages.



Yıldız, Ü. (2010). Applied Turkish 3. Asar Publishing.

In-text citation: Yıldız (2010), (Yıldız,2010), (Yıldız,2010:45)

Edited Book

Hacker Hughes, J. (Ed.). (2017). Military veteran psychological health and social care: Contemporary approaches. Routledge.

In-text citation: Hacker Hughes (2017), (Hacker Hughes, 2017), (Hacker Hughes, 2017: 48)

Chapter in an Edited Book

Balsam, K. F., Martell, C. R., Jones, K. P., & Safren, S. A. (2019). Affirmative cognitive behavior therapy with sexual and gender minority people. In G. Y. Iwamasa & P. A. Hays (Eds.), Culturally responsive cognitive behavior therapy: Practice and supervision (2nd ed., pp. 287–314). American
Psychological Association.

In-text citation: Aktay (2015), (Aktay, 2015), (Aktay, 2015:428)

Translated Book

Lewis, B. (2000). Emergence of modern Turkey (M. Kıratlı, Trans.).Turkish Historical Society.

In-text citation: Lewis (2000), (Lewis, 2000), (Lewis, 2000;34)

Journal Article (Electronic)

Nikishova, A., & Kryvonosova, E. (2020). Design and implementation of technologies for professionally oriented adult education. International Journal of Current Approaches in Language, Education and Social Sciences, 2(1), 413-424.https://doi.org/10.35452/caless.2020.20

In-text citation: Nikishova and Kryvonosova (2020), (Nikishova & Kryvonosova, 2020), (Nikishova & Kryvonosova, 2020: 418)

Note: For articles that are electronic but do not have a DOI number, a link to the article should be provided in the DOI number field.

Journal Article (Printed)

Nikishova, A., & Kryvonosova, E. (2020). Design and implementation of technologies for professionally oriented adult education. International Journal of Current Approaches in Language, Education and Social Sciences, 2(1), 413-424.

In-text citation: Nikishova and Kryvonosova (2020), (Nikishova & Kryvonosova, 2020), (Nikishova & Kryvonosova, 2020: 418)

Thesis (M.A./PhD.)

Asma, B. (2018). Examining the relationship between English admission test (LYS-5) and four language skills of undergraduate students [Unpublished master's thesis]. Akdeniz University Graduate School of Educational Sciences.

In-text citation: Asma (2018), (Asma, 2018), (Asma, 2018:15)


Williams, J., & Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.

In-text citation: Williams and Seary (2010), (Williams & Seary, 2010), (Williams & Seary, 2010:92)

Web Page

World Health Organisation. (2020). Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. https://covid19.who.int/

In-text citation: World Health Organisation (2020), (World Health Organisation, 2020)