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Year 2021, Volume 10, Issue 1, 27 - 42, 30.06.2021

Abstract

References

  • Addison, N. (2011). Confronting culture and ideology in ELT. Reitaku Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 19(2), 57-74.
  • Akmajian, A., Farmer, A. K., Bickmore, L., Demers, R. A., & Harnish, R. M. (2017). Linguistics: An introduction to language and communication. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • Allen, D. (2016). Education and equality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Apple, M. W. (1979). Ideology and curriculum. London, New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  • Bakari, M. E. K. (2014). Sustainability’s inner conflicts: from ‘ecologism’to ‘ecological modernization’. Journal of Sustainable Development Studies, 6(1), 1-28.
  • Baker, W. (2016). Culture and language in intercultural communication, English as a lingua franca and English language teaching: points of convergence and conflict. Retrieved on the 22nd of November, 2020 from https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/387047/
  • Ball, T., Dagger, R., & O’Neill, D. I. (2016). Political ideologies and the democratic ideal. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Baradat, L. P., & Phillips, J. A. (2016). Political ideologies: Their origins and impact. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Barcena, I., Ibarra, P., & Zubiaga, M. (2000). 21. The evolution of the relationship between ecologism and nationalism. The International Handbook of Environmental Sociology. Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Berlin, J. (1988). Rhetoric and ideology in the writing class. College English, 50(5), 477-494.
  • Bershady, H. J. (2017). Ideology and social knowledge. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Bhaduri, A., & Marglin, S. (1990). Unemployment and the real wage: the economic basis for contesting political ideologies. Cambridge journal of Economics, 14(4), 375-393.
  • Billig, M. (1991). Ideology and opinions: Studies in rhetorical psychology. The USA: Sage.
  • Björkman, B. (2014). Language ideology or language practice? An analysis of language policy documents at Swedish universities. Multilingua, 33 (3-4), 335–363.
  • Blommaert, J. (Ed.). (2010). Language ideological debates (Vol. 2). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Boudon, R., & Bourricaud, F. (2002). Ideologies. In A Critical Dictionary of Sociology. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Bovin, E. (2015). Content and Language Ideology in Textbooks: How English Language Textbooks Reflect the Syllabi for English Teaching in Sweden. Retrieved on the 25th of February, 2018 from https://lup.lub.lu.se/student-papers/search/publication/8599586
  • Brewster, K. L., & Padavic, I. (2000). Change in gender‐ideology, 1977–1996: The contributions of intracohort change and population turnover. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(2), 477-487.
  • Butler, D. M., Volden, C., Dynes, A. M., & Shor, B. (2017). Ideology, learning, and policy diffusion: Experimental evidence. American Journal of Political Science, 61(1), 37- 49.
  • Carlbom, A. (2004). The imagined versus the real other: Multiculturalism and the representation of Muslims in Sweden. Retrieved on the 25th of February, 2018 from https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=5968174
  • Chomsky, N. (2015). On power and ideology: The Managua lectures. Chicago: Haymarket Books.
  • Clark, J. C. D., & Clark, J. C. D. (2000). English society, 1660-1832: Religion, ideology and politics during the ancien regime. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Curdt-Christiansen, X. L., & Weninger, C. (Eds.). (2015). Language, ideology and education: The politics of textbooks in language education. New York: Routledge.
  • Davis, S. N., & Greenstein, T. N. (2009). Gender ideology: Components, predictors, and consequences. Annual review of Sociology, 35, 87-105.
  • Dawson, M. C. (2003). Black visions: The roots of contemporary African-American political ideologies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Dendrinos B. (1992) The EFL Textbook and Ideology. Athens: N.C. Grivas Publications.
  • DeMaris, A., & Longmore, M. A. (1996). Ideology, power, and equity: Testing competing explanations for the perception of fairness in household labor. Social Forces, 74, 1043–1071.
  • Dobson, J. (1986). The Hidden Hand: Subversion of Cultural Ideology in Three Mid- Nineteenth-Century American Women's Novels. American Quarterly, 38(2), 223- 242.
  • Dollimore, J. (2010). Radical tragedy: religion, ideology and power in the drama of Shakespeare and his contemporaries. New York: Macmillan International Higher Education.
  • Duckitt J. 2001. A cognitive-motivational theory of ideology and prejudice. In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, ed. MP Zanna, pp. 41–113. San Diego, CA: Academic.
  • Eagleton, T. (1991). Ideology: An Introduction. London: Verso.
  • Eagleton, T. (2014). Ideology. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Ellis, R. (1989). Understanding second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Ellis, Eccleshall, R., Kenny, M., & Geoghegan, V. (1994). Political ideologies: an introduction. Abingdon: Psychology Press.
  • Fischer-Tiné, H., Fischer-Tiné, H., & Mann, M. (Eds.). (2004). Colonialism as civilizing mission: Cultural ideology in British India. London: Anthem Press.
  • Freeden, M. (1998). Is nationalism a distinct ideology? Political studies, 46(4), 748-765.
  • Friedrich, P. (1989). Language, ideology, and political economy. American anthropologist, 91(2), 295-312.
  • Fotopoulos, N., Karra, V., & Zagkos, C. (2017). Education, Ideology and Social Effigies: Exploring Facets from the English Course Books of the Greek State Primary Education. International Journal of Education, 9(3), 48-59.
  • Garza, A. V., & Crawford, L. (2005). Hegemonic multiculturalism: English immersion, ideology, and subtractive schooling. Bilingual Research Journal, 29(3), 599-619.
  • Geertz, C. (2014). 16 Ideology as a Cultural System. Ideology, 44. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Giddens, A., Duneier, M., Appelbaum, R. P., & Carr, D. S. (2016). Introduction to sociology. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
  • Gieve, S. (1999). Learning the culture of language: Intercultural communication and second and foreign language learning. The IATEFL Newsletter, 18(3), 25-40.
  • Goodman, J. (2009). From global justice to climate justice? Justice ecologism in an era of lobal warming. New Political Science, 31(4), 499-514.
  • Greenstein, T. N. (1996). Gender ideology and perceptions of the fairness of the division of household labor: Effects on marital quality. Social forces, 74(3), 1029-1042.
  • Hamid, M. O., Mundy, K., Green, A., Lingard, B., & Verger, A. (2016). The politics of language in education in a global polity. The handbook of global education policy, 259-274. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Heywood, A. (2017). Political ideologies: An introduction. New York: Macmillan International Higher Education.
  • Hunter, K., & Cook, C. (2018). Role‐modelling and the hidden curriculum: New graduate nurses’ professional socialisation. Journal of clinical nursing, 27(15-16), 3157-3170.
  • Ingber, S. (1989). Religion or Ideology: A Needed Clarification of the Religion Clauses. Stanford Law Review, 41 (2), 233-333.
  • Irvine, J. T., Gal, S., & Kroskrity, P. V. (2009). Language ideology and linguistic differentiation. Linguistic anthropology: A reader, 1. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Jakubowicz, A. (1981). State and Ethnicit: Multiculturalism as Ideology. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology, 17(3), 4-13.
  • Kallen, E. (1982). Multiculturalism: Ideology, policy and reality. Journal of Canadian Studies, 17(1), 51-63.
  • Karim, S., & Haq, N. (2014). Culture of language learning: A comparative study of English language textbooks used in Pakistan. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 10(2), 157-168.
  • Kauff, M., Asbrock, F., Thörner, S., & Wagner, U. (2013). Side effects of multiculturalism: The interaction effect of a multicultural ideology and authoritarianism on prejudice and diversity beliefs. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39(3), 305-320.
  • Krueger, R. L. (2005). Women readers and the ideology of gender in Old French verse romance (Vol. 43). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Lantolf, J. P., Poehner, M. E., & Swain, M. (Eds.). (2018). The Routledge Handbook of Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Development. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Lavee, Y., & Katz, R. (2002). Divison of labor, perceived fairness, and marital quality: The effect of gender ideology. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64(1), 27-39.
  • LeVine, R. A. (2014). Attachment theory as cultural ideology. Different faces of attachment: Cultural variations on a universal human need, 50-65. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Levy, R. (1991). Structure-blindness: a non-ideological component of false consciousness. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 11(6/7/8), 61-74.
  • Lippi-Green, R. (1994). Accent, standard language ideology, and discriminatory pretext in the courts. Language in society, 23(2), 163-198.
  • Lippi-Green, R. (2012). English with an accent: Language, ideology and discrimination in the United States. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Liu, Y. (2005). Discourse, cultural knowledge and ideology: A critical analysis of Chinese language textbooks. Pedagogy, Culture & Society, 13(2), 233-264.
  • Luke, T. W. (2009). An apparatus of answers? Ecologism as ideology in the 21st century. New Political Science, 31(4), 487-498.
  • Macedo, D., Dendrinos, B., & Gounari, P. (2015). Hegemony of English. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Macridis, R. C., & Hulliung, M. (1989). Contemporary political ideologies: Movements and regimes. Retrieved on the 25th of February, 2018 from https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Contemporary-Political-Ideologies%3A-Movements-and- Macridis/f05d50ebdb2c81b34a68f330f3074b7012fda76c?p2df
  • Mannheim, K. (2013). Ideology and utopia. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Marcus, G. E., & Fischer, M. M. (2014). Anthropology as cultural critique: An experimental moment in the human sciences. Chicago: University of Chicago press.
  • Martikainen, T., Woodhead, L., & Gauthier, F. (2016). Introduction: Consumerism as the Ethos of Consumer Society. In Religion in Consumer Society (pp. 19-42). Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Marx, K., & Engels, F. (1970). The german ideology (Vol. 1). The USA: International Publishers Co.
  • Moodley, K. (1983). Canadian multiculturalism as ideology. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 6(3), 320-331.
  • Mouffe, C. (2014). Hegemony and ideology in Gramsci. In Gramsci and Marxist Theory (RLE: Gramsci) (pp. 178-214). Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Mitchell, W. T. (2013). Iconology: image, text, ideology. The USA: University of Chicago Press.
  • Mullins, W. A. (1972). On the concept of ideology in political science. American Political Science Review, 66(2), 498-510.
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Developing the Inventory of Ideological Components in Language Learning through Factor Analysis

Year 2021, Volume 10, Issue 1, 27 - 42, 30.06.2021

Abstract

Specific ideologies may be transmitted to learners in foreign language settings through course books, teachers, curriculums, or any other related course components. The present paper focuses on the components of ideology by illustrating the construction of the Inventory of Ideological Components which was developed by the researchers. The first version of the 5-scale Likert type inventory which was comprised of 60 items was administered to 900 respondents at two state universities in Turkey during the winter term of 2018-2019 academic year. Reduction and classification of the items were executed by factor analysis and reliability of the scale was measured. The overall results illustrated Cronbach’s alpha reliability of .93 for the scale. Therefore, researchers in the related area may utilize the instrument to diagnose the ideological components being contained in language teaching curriculum and course books.

References

  • Addison, N. (2011). Confronting culture and ideology in ELT. Reitaku Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 19(2), 57-74.
  • Akmajian, A., Farmer, A. K., Bickmore, L., Demers, R. A., & Harnish, R. M. (2017). Linguistics: An introduction to language and communication. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • Allen, D. (2016). Education and equality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Apple, M. W. (1979). Ideology and curriculum. London, New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  • Bakari, M. E. K. (2014). Sustainability’s inner conflicts: from ‘ecologism’to ‘ecological modernization’. Journal of Sustainable Development Studies, 6(1), 1-28.
  • Baker, W. (2016). Culture and language in intercultural communication, English as a lingua franca and English language teaching: points of convergence and conflict. Retrieved on the 22nd of November, 2020 from https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/387047/
  • Ball, T., Dagger, R., & O’Neill, D. I. (2016). Political ideologies and the democratic ideal. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Baradat, L. P., & Phillips, J. A. (2016). Political ideologies: Their origins and impact. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Barcena, I., Ibarra, P., & Zubiaga, M. (2000). 21. The evolution of the relationship between ecologism and nationalism. The International Handbook of Environmental Sociology. Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Berlin, J. (1988). Rhetoric and ideology in the writing class. College English, 50(5), 477-494.
  • Bershady, H. J. (2017). Ideology and social knowledge. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Bhaduri, A., & Marglin, S. (1990). Unemployment and the real wage: the economic basis for contesting political ideologies. Cambridge journal of Economics, 14(4), 375-393.
  • Billig, M. (1991). Ideology and opinions: Studies in rhetorical psychology. The USA: Sage.
  • Björkman, B. (2014). Language ideology or language practice? An analysis of language policy documents at Swedish universities. Multilingua, 33 (3-4), 335–363.
  • Blommaert, J. (Ed.). (2010). Language ideological debates (Vol. 2). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
  • Boudon, R., & Bourricaud, F. (2002). Ideologies. In A Critical Dictionary of Sociology. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Bovin, E. (2015). Content and Language Ideology in Textbooks: How English Language Textbooks Reflect the Syllabi for English Teaching in Sweden. Retrieved on the 25th of February, 2018 from https://lup.lub.lu.se/student-papers/search/publication/8599586
  • Brewster, K. L., & Padavic, I. (2000). Change in gender‐ideology, 1977–1996: The contributions of intracohort change and population turnover. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(2), 477-487.
  • Butler, D. M., Volden, C., Dynes, A. M., & Shor, B. (2017). Ideology, learning, and policy diffusion: Experimental evidence. American Journal of Political Science, 61(1), 37- 49.
  • Carlbom, A. (2004). The imagined versus the real other: Multiculturalism and the representation of Muslims in Sweden. Retrieved on the 25th of February, 2018 from https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=5968174
  • Chomsky, N. (2015). On power and ideology: The Managua lectures. Chicago: Haymarket Books.
  • Clark, J. C. D., & Clark, J. C. D. (2000). English society, 1660-1832: Religion, ideology and politics during the ancien regime. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Curdt-Christiansen, X. L., & Weninger, C. (Eds.). (2015). Language, ideology and education: The politics of textbooks in language education. New York: Routledge.
  • Davis, S. N., & Greenstein, T. N. (2009). Gender ideology: Components, predictors, and consequences. Annual review of Sociology, 35, 87-105.
  • Dawson, M. C. (2003). Black visions: The roots of contemporary African-American political ideologies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Dendrinos B. (1992) The EFL Textbook and Ideology. Athens: N.C. Grivas Publications.
  • DeMaris, A., & Longmore, M. A. (1996). Ideology, power, and equity: Testing competing explanations for the perception of fairness in household labor. Social Forces, 74, 1043–1071.
  • Dobson, J. (1986). The Hidden Hand: Subversion of Cultural Ideology in Three Mid- Nineteenth-Century American Women's Novels. American Quarterly, 38(2), 223- 242.
  • Dollimore, J. (2010). Radical tragedy: religion, ideology and power in the drama of Shakespeare and his contemporaries. New York: Macmillan International Higher Education.
  • Duckitt J. 2001. A cognitive-motivational theory of ideology and prejudice. In Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, ed. MP Zanna, pp. 41–113. San Diego, CA: Academic.
  • Eagleton, T. (1991). Ideology: An Introduction. London: Verso.
  • Eagleton, T. (2014). Ideology. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Ellis, R. (1989). Understanding second language acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Ellis, Eccleshall, R., Kenny, M., & Geoghegan, V. (1994). Political ideologies: an introduction. Abingdon: Psychology Press.
  • Fischer-Tiné, H., Fischer-Tiné, H., & Mann, M. (Eds.). (2004). Colonialism as civilizing mission: Cultural ideology in British India. London: Anthem Press.
  • Freeden, M. (1998). Is nationalism a distinct ideology? Political studies, 46(4), 748-765.
  • Friedrich, P. (1989). Language, ideology, and political economy. American anthropologist, 91(2), 295-312.
  • Fotopoulos, N., Karra, V., & Zagkos, C. (2017). Education, Ideology and Social Effigies: Exploring Facets from the English Course Books of the Greek State Primary Education. International Journal of Education, 9(3), 48-59.
  • Garza, A. V., & Crawford, L. (2005). Hegemonic multiculturalism: English immersion, ideology, and subtractive schooling. Bilingual Research Journal, 29(3), 599-619.
  • Geertz, C. (2014). 16 Ideology as a Cultural System. Ideology, 44. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Giddens, A., Duneier, M., Appelbaum, R. P., & Carr, D. S. (2016). Introduction to sociology. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
  • Gieve, S. (1999). Learning the culture of language: Intercultural communication and second and foreign language learning. The IATEFL Newsletter, 18(3), 25-40.
  • Goodman, J. (2009). From global justice to climate justice? Justice ecologism in an era of lobal warming. New Political Science, 31(4), 499-514.
  • Greenstein, T. N. (1996). Gender ideology and perceptions of the fairness of the division of household labor: Effects on marital quality. Social forces, 74(3), 1029-1042.
  • Hamid, M. O., Mundy, K., Green, A., Lingard, B., & Verger, A. (2016). The politics of language in education in a global polity. The handbook of global education policy, 259-274. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Heywood, A. (2017). Political ideologies: An introduction. New York: Macmillan International Higher Education.
  • Hunter, K., & Cook, C. (2018). Role‐modelling and the hidden curriculum: New graduate nurses’ professional socialisation. Journal of clinical nursing, 27(15-16), 3157-3170.
  • Ingber, S. (1989). Religion or Ideology: A Needed Clarification of the Religion Clauses. Stanford Law Review, 41 (2), 233-333.
  • Irvine, J. T., Gal, S., & Kroskrity, P. V. (2009). Language ideology and linguistic differentiation. Linguistic anthropology: A reader, 1. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • Jakubowicz, A. (1981). State and Ethnicit: Multiculturalism as Ideology. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology, 17(3), 4-13.
  • Kallen, E. (1982). Multiculturalism: Ideology, policy and reality. Journal of Canadian Studies, 17(1), 51-63.
  • Karim, S., & Haq, N. (2014). Culture of language learning: A comparative study of English language textbooks used in Pakistan. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 10(2), 157-168.
  • Kauff, M., Asbrock, F., Thörner, S., & Wagner, U. (2013). Side effects of multiculturalism: The interaction effect of a multicultural ideology and authoritarianism on prejudice and diversity beliefs. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39(3), 305-320.
  • Krueger, R. L. (2005). Women readers and the ideology of gender in Old French verse romance (Vol. 43). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Lantolf, J. P., Poehner, M. E., & Swain, M. (Eds.). (2018). The Routledge Handbook of Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Development. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Lavee, Y., & Katz, R. (2002). Divison of labor, perceived fairness, and marital quality: The effect of gender ideology. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64(1), 27-39.
  • LeVine, R. A. (2014). Attachment theory as cultural ideology. Different faces of attachment: Cultural variations on a universal human need, 50-65. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Levy, R. (1991). Structure-blindness: a non-ideological component of false consciousness. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 11(6/7/8), 61-74.
  • Lippi-Green, R. (1994). Accent, standard language ideology, and discriminatory pretext in the courts. Language in society, 23(2), 163-198.
  • Lippi-Green, R. (2012). English with an accent: Language, ideology and discrimination in the United States. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Liu, Y. (2005). Discourse, cultural knowledge and ideology: A critical analysis of Chinese language textbooks. Pedagogy, Culture & Society, 13(2), 233-264.
  • Luke, T. W. (2009). An apparatus of answers? Ecologism as ideology in the 21st century. New Political Science, 31(4), 487-498.
  • Macedo, D., Dendrinos, B., & Gounari, P. (2015). Hegemony of English. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Macridis, R. C., & Hulliung, M. (1989). Contemporary political ideologies: Movements and regimes. Retrieved on the 25th of February, 2018 from https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Contemporary-Political-Ideologies%3A-Movements-and- Macridis/f05d50ebdb2c81b34a68f330f3074b7012fda76c?p2df
  • Mannheim, K. (2013). Ideology and utopia. Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Marcus, G. E., & Fischer, M. M. (2014). Anthropology as cultural critique: An experimental moment in the human sciences. Chicago: University of Chicago press.
  • Martikainen, T., Woodhead, L., & Gauthier, F. (2016). Introduction: Consumerism as the Ethos of Consumer Society. In Religion in Consumer Society (pp. 19-42). Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Marx, K., & Engels, F. (1970). The german ideology (Vol. 1). The USA: International Publishers Co.
  • Moodley, K. (1983). Canadian multiculturalism as ideology. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 6(3), 320-331.
  • Mouffe, C. (2014). Hegemony and ideology in Gramsci. In Gramsci and Marxist Theory (RLE: Gramsci) (pp. 178-214). Abingdon: Routledge.
  • Mitchell, W. T. (2013). Iconology: image, text, ideology. The USA: University of Chicago Press.
  • Mullins, W. A. (1972). On the concept of ideology in political science. American Political Science Review, 66(2), 498-510.
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Language and Linguistics
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Dinçay KÖKSAL
CANAKKALE ONSEKIZ MART UNIVERSITY
0000-0001-7685-6356
Türkiye


Ömer Gökhan ULUM (Primary Author)
MERSİN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7685-6356
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2021
Application Date November 23, 2020
Acceptance Date December 8, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 10, Issue 1

Cite

APA Köksal, D. & Ulum, Ö. G. (2021). Developing the Inventory of Ideological Components in Language Learning through Factor Analysis . ELT Research Journal , 10 (1) , 27-42 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/eltrj/issue/63041/829848