Year 2017, Volume 42 , Issue 4, Pages 422 - 430 2017-05-13

KINETICS OF ANTHOCYANINS, PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS AND ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY CHANGES OF MAHALEB PUREE IN INFRARED DRYING PROCESS
MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ

İzzet Türker [1] , Hilal İşleroğlu [2]


In this study, the kinetics of total anthocyanins, total phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity changes in mahaleb puree were determined during an infrared drying process at different temperatures. Reaction rate constants, half-life times (t1/2) and activation energies (Ea) for total anthocyanins, phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity were calculated using first order reaction kinetics at 50-90°C. Additionally, color changes of the samples dried at different conditions were determined and correlated with the total anthocyanins, phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity changes. According to the results, the reaction rate constants (k, min-1) for total anthocyanins, phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity were calculated in the range of 0.003-0.021, 0.001-0.006 and 0.0009-0.005 min-1, respectively. It was observed that the half-life times of anthocyanin degradation reactions were lower than that of the phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity. Activation energies for the total anthocyanins, phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity were determined as 48.46, 41.86 and 37.42 kJ/mol, respectively.

Bu çalışmada, mahlep püresi farklı sıcaklıklarda kızılötesi ışınım ile kurutularak toplam antosiyanin, toplam fenolik madde ve antioksidan kapasitenin kuruma işlemi sırasında değişim kinetiği belirlenmiştir. Toplam antosiyanin, fenolik madde ve antioksidan kapasite için birinci derece reaksiyon kinetiği oluşturularak reaksiyon hız sabitleri (k, dak-1) 50-90°C sıcaklık aralığında belirlenmiş, yarı ömür süreleri (t1/2) ve aktivasyon enerjileri (Ea) hesaplanmıştır. Ayrıca farklı koşullarda kurutulan örneklerin renk değişimleri belirlenerek toplam antosiyanin, fenolik madde ve antioksidan kapasitedeki değişim ile ilişkilendirilmiştir. Elde edilen verilere göre toplam antosiyanin, fenolik madde ve antioksidan kapasite için hız sabitleri sırasıyla 0.003-0.021, 0.001-0.006 ve 0.0009-0.005 dak-1 aralığında hesaplanmıştır. Toplam antosiyanin parçalanma reaksiyonlarının yarı ömür sürelerinin, fenolik madde ve antioksidan kapasite yarı ömür sürelerinden daha düşük olduğu belirlenmiştir. Aktivasyon enerjileri ise toplam antosiyanin, fenolik madde ve antioksidan kapasite için sırasıyla 48.46, 41.86 ve 37.42 kJ/mol olarak tespit edilmiştir. 

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Subjects Science
Other ID GD17034
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: İzzet Türker
Institution: GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK VE DOĞA BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, GIDA MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Author: Hilal İşleroğlu
Institution: GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK VE DOĞA BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ, GIDA MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : May 13, 2017

Bibtex @research article { gida300710, journal = {Gıda}, issn = {1300-3070}, eissn = {1309-6273}, address = {}, publisher = {Gıda Teknolojisi Derneği}, year = {2017}, volume = {42}, pages = {422 - 430}, doi = {}, title = {MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Türker, İzzet and İşleroğlu, Hilal} }
APA Türker, İ , İşleroğlu, H . (2017). MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ. Gıda , 42 (4) , 422-430 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gida/issue/28257/300710
MLA Türker, İ , İşleroğlu, H . "MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ". Gıda 42 (2017 ): 422-430 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/gida/issue/28257/300710>
Chicago Türker, İ , İşleroğlu, H . "MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ". Gıda 42 (2017 ): 422-430
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ AU - İzzet Türker , Hilal İşleroğlu Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - Gıda JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 422 EP - 430 VL - 42 IS - 4 SN - 1300-3070-1309-6273 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Gıda MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ %A İzzet Türker , Hilal İşleroğlu %T MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ %D 2017 %J Gıda %P 1300-3070-1309-6273 %V 42 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD Türker, İzzet , İşleroğlu, Hilal . "MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ". Gıda 42 / 4 (May 2017): 422-430 .
AMA Türker İ , İşleroğlu H . MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ. GIDA. 2017; 42(4): 422-430.
Vancouver Türker İ , İşleroğlu H . MAHLEP PÜRESİNİN KIZILÖTESİ IŞINIM İLE KURUTULMASI İŞLEMİNDE ANTOSİYANİN, FENOLİK MADDE VE ANTİOKSİDAN KAPASİTE DEĞİŞİM KİNETİĞİ. Gıda. 2017; 42(4): 430-422.