Year 2019, Volume , Issue 40, Pages 139 - 150 2019-07-30

INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA
SEÇİM SINIRLARININ DEĞİŞTİRİLMESİ YOLUYLA TÜRKİYE'DE YENİDEN MERKEZİLEŞME: ANKARA ÖRNEĞİ

Suat TUYSUZ [1] , Recep GÜLMEZ [2]


The aim of this research is to demonstrate empirically that gerrymandering takes place specifically in the municipal elections which first started by the law 6360 in 2012 and not only leads to expansion of the political power’s hegemony while limiting the opposition party’s electoral boundary but also centralization. In order to prove this argument, civil voluntarism model, which deals with the relationship between electoral behaviors and voter’s profile, was used. We use data on voter qualifications and election results from the Turkish Statistical Institute (TSI) and the Supreme Electoral Board (SEB), two state institutions. And we also used an economic data we created from a real estate website. The findings show that the areas dominated by the opposition party are shrinking. Furthermore, the findings show that the ruling party that made this regulation tended to be centralized to the extent that it did not leave its domination areas to their local representatives. In this case, the regulation cannot be seen as a simple arrangement about only expanding of electoral boundaries. It also shows that mobilizes the dynamics of recentralization in Turkey. And the place is instrumentalized for this purpose 

Bu araştırma, 2012 yılında yapılan 6360 sayılı kanunla yapılan düzenlemeyle gerçekleşen yerel seçim sınırlarına ilişkin düzenlemenin yeniden merkezileşmeye yol açtığını iddia etmekte ve bunu ampirik olarak kanıtlamaktadır. Bu argümanları kanıtlamak için seçim davranışı ile seçmen profili arasındaki ilişkiyi ele alan sivil gönüllülük modeli kullanılmıştır. Araştırmada kullanılan veriler Yüksek Seçim Kurulu (YSK) ve Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu (TÜİK) ile bir gayrimenkul internet sitesi kullanılarak oluşturulan verilerden oluşmaktadır. Bulgular, muhalefet partisinin hâkim olduğu alanların daralmakta olduğunu, bunun da ötesinde söz konusu düzenlemeyi yapan siyasi iktidarın çeperde yer alan kendi egemenliğindeki alanları dahi yereldeki temsilcilerine bırakmayacak kadar merkezden idare etme eğilimine girdiğini göstermektedir. Bu durum seçim sınırlarına ilişkin yapılan düzenlemenin siyasal iktidarın hakimiyet alanını genişletmesinin ötesinde hegemonik bir biçimde Türkiye’de merkezileşme dinamiklerini yeniden harekete geçirdiğini ve bunun gerçekleşmesi için mekanın araçsallaştırıldığını göstermesi açısından önemlidir. 

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Primary Language en
Journal Section RESEARCH ARTICLE
Authors

Author: Suat TUYSUZ (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5073-5051
Author: Recep GÜLMEZ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : July 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { igge560990, journal = {lnternational Journal of Geography and Geography Education}, issn = {}, eissn = {2630-6336}, address = {}, publisher = {Marmara University}, year = {2019}, volume = {}, pages = {139 - 150}, doi = {10.32003/iggei.560990}, title = {INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA}, key = {cite}, author = {TUYSUZ, Suat and GÜLMEZ, Recep} }
APA TUYSUZ, S , GÜLMEZ, R . (2019). INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA. lnternational Journal of Geography and Geography Education , (40) , 139-150 . DOI: 10.32003/iggei.560990
MLA TUYSUZ, S , GÜLMEZ, R . "INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA". lnternational Journal of Geography and Geography Education (2019 ): 139-150 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/igge/issue/47105/560990>
Chicago TUYSUZ, S , GÜLMEZ, R . "INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA". lnternational Journal of Geography and Geography Education (2019 ): 139-150
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA AU - Suat TUYSUZ , Recep GÜLMEZ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.32003/iggei.560990 DO - 10.32003/iggei.560990 T2 - lnternational Journal of Geography and Geography Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 139 EP - 150 VL - IS - 40 SN - -2630-6336 M3 - doi: 10.32003/iggei.560990 UR - https://doi.org/10.32003/iggei.560990 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 lnternational Journal of Geography and Geography Education INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA %A Suat TUYSUZ , Recep GÜLMEZ %T INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA %D 2019 %J lnternational Journal of Geography and Geography Education %P -2630-6336 %V %N 40 %R doi: 10.32003/iggei.560990 %U 10.32003/iggei.560990
ISNAD TUYSUZ, Suat , GÜLMEZ, Recep . "INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA". lnternational Journal of Geography and Geography Education / 40 (July 2019): 139-150 . https://doi.org/10.32003/iggei.560990
AMA TUYSUZ S , GÜLMEZ R . INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA. IGGE. 2019; (40): 139-150.
Vancouver TUYSUZ S , GÜLMEZ R . INSTRUMENTALISATION OF GERRYMANDERING IN RECENTRALIZATION IN TURKEY: THE CASE OF ANKARA. lnternational Journal of Geography and Geography Education. 2019; (40): 150-139.