Special Issue

Issue: 7 - Kamu Diplomasisi ve Ülke Markalama Özel Sayısı, 6/14/22

Year: 2022

Research Articles


Communication and Diplomacy- İ&D began publication in 2013, took a break after its third issue and a special issue, and resumed publication in 2021. Our journal aims to publish high-quality national and international research in the domains of communication, media, public diplomacy, and international relations, as well as to contribute to the academic field.

It is an international peer-reviewed, open access print and electronic journal published by The Presidency's Directorate of Communications twice a year in July and December. The journal publishes original research, reviews, case reports, translated articles, book reviews, and articles produced from expertise theses of the staff working in the Directorate of Communications which deal with communication and international relations issues from various angles. It is open to contributions from sociology, cultural studies, history, political science, psychology, and other fields, which include in-depth comments on communication, media, public diplomacy, and international relations.

Scientific articles submitted for publication in the journal must be in Turkish or English. The articles are subjected to double-blind peer review process. Academics, politicians, researchers, professionals, students, and related vocational, academic institutions and organizations comprise the journal's target audience. 

All expenses of the journal are covered by the Presidency's Directorate of Communications. There are no expenses involved with the publication or processing of articles in our journal. No processing fees or submission fee are requested for articles submitted to the journal or accepted for publication.

Communication and Diplomacy (İ&D) is scanned by Asos Index, Research Bible and Idealonline.

The articles published in the journal do not necessarily reflect the official view of the Presidency's Directorate of Communications; the responsibility for views and opinions expressed in articles rests solely with their authors.

Authors whose studies are published in I&D receive two copies of the issues to which they contribute. 

Publication Policy

1. Articles submitted for review to the Communication and Diplomacy journal should be written in appropriate academic language, have a distinct theoretical and methodological background and these aspects should be articulated in a systematic manner within the text.

2. The following sections should be included in articles: a Turkish title, an English title, a Turkish abstract (200-220 words), Turkish keywords (5 words), an English abstract (200-220 words), English keywords (5 words), an introduction, conceptual background, method, analysis/discussion of findings, a conclusion, acknowledgements, and references.

3. Before the introduction, an extended English abstract of 600-800 words should be included.

4. A cover page is not required for articles. The article should start with Turkish and English titles and move on to abstracts and key words. The authors’ names should be written below the titles.

5. The authors’ institutional/corporate information, mail addresses, e-mail addresses, and ORCID IDs should be indicated in a footnote for the author names below the title on the first page of the article.

6. If the article was produced from a dissertation or a conference communiqué, this should explicitly be mentioned in acknowledgements.

7. Articles produced from dissertations can be submitted to our journal. These articles are published in accordance with the referee reviews and editor decisions, just like other articles.

Referees or editors may request that the article be revised. Revision requirements must be met to ensure that the dissertation-based articles are published.

Spelling Rules  

1. Articles should be written on one side of an A4-format paper with a line spacing of 2.5 cm from the top, bottom, right, and left edges in a Microsoft Word document using Times New Roman, font size of 12, and line spacing of 1.5. The first line of the paragraphs should be 1 cm indented.

2. The total length of an article, including the Turkish abstract, English abstract, keywords, footnotes, acknowledgments, and bibliography, should not exceed 7,000 words.

3. Articles can be submitted in Turkish or English.

4. Authors who plan to submit an article in English must obtain the necessary editing assistance and ensure that their texts have a good command of language and expression before sending them to the journal. English articles that do not meet the requirements of language and expression are not accepted for the publication and are returned.

5. The total length of reviews and commentaries on current developments, including footnotes and bibliography, should not exceed 3,000 words.

6. The author/authors in the papers should be highlighted with a single quotation mark; and italics should only be used in the names of books, movies and newspapers. Quotations exceeding 40 words should be indented, single spaced and without quotation marks.

7. While submitting articles, authors are also required to upload the "Copyright Transfer Form."


In-text Citations

-It is essential to cite the primary sources. However in cases where primary sources are unavailable, secondary sources are cited
-In the text, necessary explanations should be included as footnotes that are numbered. Double quotation marks (“ ”) should be used in the text to indicate direct quotations from the source. If a quotation is longer than 40 words, it should be placed in a distinct paragraph in the text, without quotation marks.

-The references used are indicated by the author's name, publication year and page numbers in parentheses. (Last name, Year of Publication, p. Page Number)

-(Foucault, 1977, p. 25)

-In cases where multiple pages are cited:

-(Foucault, 1977, pp. 25-26)

-Only the year of publication and page number of the source are written in parentheses if the author's name appears in the text: (1977, p. 25)

-In references with two authors, both authors' last names are used: (Horkheimer & Adorno, 1972, p. 122), if the same source is cited later in the text: (Horkheimer et al., 1972, p. 122). If two or more works by the same author in the same year are used, they are differentiated by adding a, b, c, etc. to the year of publication: (Foucault, 1977a; 1977b).

-For citing multiple sources on the same subject in the text, sources must be differentiated by a semicolon: (Foucault, 1977, pp. 25-26; Mitchell, 2007, p. 90)

References Format
-References must be listed alphabetically at the end of the paper.


-Foucault, M. (1977). Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison. London: Penguin Books.

-Horkheimer, M. & Adorno, T. W. (1972). Dialectic of enlightenment. New York: Herder and Herder.

Journal Articles

-Mitchell, J. P. (2007). A fourth critique of the enlightenment: Michel de Certeau and the ethnography of subjectivity. Social         Anthropology, 15(1), 89-106.

-Yurdakul, N. B., Dinçer, M. K. & Coşkun, G. (2011). Belediyelerde halkla ilişkiler yönetimi: İzmir ili belediyelerine yönelik bir         araştırma. Akademik Yaklaşımlar, 2(2), 198-229.

-Solmaz, B & Görkemli, H. N. (2012). Büyükşehir belediyeleri ve sosyal medya kullanımı. Akdeniz İletişim Dergisi, 18, 9-20.

Translated Books
Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Translation). New York, NY: Dover. (The         original work’s publication date: 1984)

Edited Books

-Jensen, K. B. (2002). (Ed.). A handbook of media and communication research: Qualitative and quantitative methodologies. London:         Routledge.

Articles in Edited Books

-O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In         B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender Issues Across The Life Cycle (ss. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.

Unpublished Doctoral Dissertations

-Demir, M. (2008). Sinemada ‘öteki’ [‘Other’ in Movies]. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Istanbul: Marmara University Institute of         Social Sciences.

-Sezgin, M. (2007). Türkiye’deki belediyelerde halkla ilişkiler faaliyetleri ve bir model önerisi. Unpublished Doctoral         Dissertation. Konya: Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü.

Newspaper Articles

-Internet pioneer to oversee network redesign. (2007, 28 Mayıs). The Canberra Times, s. 15.

Electronic Sources

-OECD (2005). Modernising government the way forward. Retrieved from https://www.ntpu.edu.tw/~pa/course/syllabus/herman/96-2Modernising%20gov.pdf.
-Bernstein, M. (2002). 10 tips on writing the living web. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, 149. Retrieved from         https://www.alistapart.com/articles/writeliving
Spotlight Resources. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/about_the_owl/owl_information/spotlight_resources.html

Research Ethics

-The journal adheres to the highest standards in research ethics and adopts international research ethics principles outlined below. The authors are responsible for the articles' conformity with the rules.

- Principles of integrity, quality, and transparency should be followed throughout the research design, design

- The confidentiality of information provided by research participants as well as the confidentiality of respondents should be ensured. Research should be designed in such a way that participants' autonomy and dignity are protected. review, and implementation of the research.

- A firm stance should be taken on research independence. If there is a conflict of interest, it should be stated.

- For experimental studies, written informed consent should be obtained from participants who choose to take part in the research. For children, as well as those who are under the guardianship or have been diagnosed with a mental illness, the approval of legal guardians should be sought.

- If the study is to be conducted in an institution or organization, that institution or organization's approval should be sought.

-  In human studies, it should be indicated in the “methods” that an “informed consent” was taken from the participants and that the ethical board’s approval was obtained from the institution where the study was conducted.

- Participants in the research should agree to participate voluntarily and should not be coerced.

Responsibility of Authors 

The authors are responsible for the articles' conformity with scientific and ethical rules. The author should guarantee that the article is original, has not been published elsewhere and is not evaluated for publication elsewhere in another language. Copyright laws and agreements in place should be taken into account. Materials protected by copyright (for instance tables, figures or major citations) should be used with necessary permission and acknowledgment. Other authors' and contributors' studies, as well as any literature used, should be properly used and cited.

All authors should make a direct academic and scientific contribution to the submitted article. Therefore, an author is viewed as someone who expressly contributes to the conceptualization and design of the published research, to the acquisition of data, analysis, or interpretation of the research; and someone who takes part in the writing of the article or critical review of the article. Other requirements for authorship include planning or conducting the work in the article and/or revising it. The provision of funds, collection of data or the overall organization of the research group does not entitle authorship. All individuals cited as authors should meet the criteria listed previously and every individual who meets the outlined criteria can be author. The order of the names of the authors should be agreed upon by all. With their signatures, all authors must specify the order of authors on the Copyright Agreement Form. 

All authors should declare any financial relationships, conflict of interest and competition of interest that might affect the conclusions of research or scientific assessment. If an author identifies an obvious error or flaw in his or her published article, he or she is responsible for immediately contacting the editor for correction or withdrawal and collaborating with the editor.

Responsibilities of Editors and Referees

The editorial board evaluates the article irrespective of authors’ ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, nationality, religious belief, and political philosophy. It ensures that the article submitted for publication is fairly subjected to double-blind peer review. It guarantees that all the information regarding the submitted articles will be kept confidential until the article is published. The editor in chief is responsible for the publication’s content and overall quality. When necessary, it should publish the error page or make corrections.

The owner of the publication prohibits the conflict of interest among authors, editors and referees. He/she has complete authority to appoint referees, and is ultimately responsible for making decisions about articles to be published in the journal. 

Referees should have no conflict of interest with authors and/or financial supporters of the research. They should arrive at an objective conclusion as a result of their evaluations. They should ensure that all the information pertaining to articles is kept confidential, and they should report to the editor if they find any violation of copyright and plagiarism by the author. 

If the referee does not feel qualified to evaluate the subject of the article or it does not appear possible to provide timely feedback, he or she should inform the editor and request that he or she not be included in the refereeing process.

The editor clearly explains during the review process that the articles, submitted for evaluation to the referees, are the authors' private property and that this is a privileged communication process. Referees and members of the publication board are not permitted to discuss articles with others. The referees’ identities should be kept strictly confidential. With the editor's decision, the relevant referees’ comments for the article can sometimes be shared with other referees who commented on the same document, ensuring that referees are kept informed throughout the process.

All expenses of the journal are covered by the Presidency's Directorate of Communications. There are no expenses involved with the publication or processing of articles in our journal.
No processing fees or submission fee are requested for articles submitted to the journal or accepted for publication.