Research Article
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Natural parasitism of maize stemborers, Sesamia spp. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) eggs by Trichogramma evanescens (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in Southeastern Turkey

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2, 197 - 202, 28.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.2.9

Abstract

Maize, Zea mays L., is currently among the leading cultivated crops in Turkey. Several lepidopteran stemborer species especially, Sesamia nonagrioides Lefèbvre and S. cretica Lederer (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) may cause high maize yield losses. This study is the first to report parasitism of Sesamia spp. eggs by Trichogramma evanescens (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in Southeastern Turkey. During our extensive 3-years region-wide survey program (2018-2020), we collected Sesamia spp. eggs laid between leaf sheets and cobs/stalks. T. evanescens adults hatched from the host eggs collected from two locations in Diyarbakır: one in the central county (L10) and the other in Bismil county (L11). The discovery efficiency, parasitism efficiency, and parasitoid impact indexes of T. evanescens were 77.5%, 38.92%, and 32.87% in L10 and 50.0%, 33.45%, and 12.42% for L11, respectively. Sesamia spp. eggs collected from other counties of Diyarbakır province and other provinces such as Batman, Mardin, and Şanlıurfa did not yield in T. evanescens emergence. To our best knowledge, this study is the first to report the presence of T. evanescens in Southeastern Turkey. Possible factors involved in the restriction of T. evanescens are discussed. Special attention should be devoted to increase the potential of conservative biological control strategies to support egg parasitoids.

References

  • Adıgüzel, N. and Ergül, S. (1969). Akdarıda zarar yapan (Sesamia cretica Led.) üzerinde araştırmalar. Bitki Koruma Bülteni 9(4): 238-294.
  • Avantaggiato, G., Quaranta, F., Desiderio E., and Visconti A. (2003). Fumonisin contamination of maize hybrids visibly damaged by Sesamia. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 83:13–18. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1272
  • Bayram, A. (2003). Mısır Koçankurdu, Sesamia nonagrioides Lefebvre (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’in ekonomik zarar düzeylerinin belirlenmesi ve yumurta parazitoidi Telenomus busseolae (Gahan) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae)’nın bazı biyolojik özellikleri üzerine araştırmalar. Doktora tezi, Çukurova Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Tez Kod No:767, 102 sayfa.
  • Bayram, A. and Tonğa, A. (2016). First report of Chilo partellus in Turkey, a new invasive maize pest for Europe. Journal of Applied Entomology 140(3):236-240.
  • Bedford., H. M. (1935). Report on work carried out by staff of the section during the season 1934-1935. Rep. Agric. Res. Serv. Sudan. 63-96.
  • Bin, F., Vinson, S.B., (1990). Efficacy assessment in egg parasitoids (Hymenoptera): proposal for a unified terminology. In: Wajnberg, E., Vinson, S.B. (Eds.), Trichogramma and Other Egg Parasitoids. INRA, Paris, France, pp. 175–180.
  • van Dijken, M. J., & Waage, J. K. (1987). Self and conspecific superparasitism by the egg parasitoid Trichogramma evanescens. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata, 43(2), 183-192. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.1987.tb03604.x
  • Doyon, J., and Boivin, G. (2005). The effect of development time on the fitness of female Trichogramma evanescens, Journal of Insect Science, 5(1), 4, https://doi.org/10.1093/jis/5.1.4
  • Fergusson, N. D. M. (1983) A review of the genus Platytelenomus Dodd (Hym., Proctotrupoidea). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 119,199-206.
  • Fox, J. and Weisberg, S. (2019). An R Companion to Applied Regression, Third Edition, Sage. Thousand Oaks CA. https://socialsciences.mcmaster.ca/jfox/Books/Companion/.
  • Hafez, M., A.H. El-Kifl and Fayad, Y.H. (1977). On the bionomics of Platytelenomus hylas Nixon, an egg parasite of Sesamia cretica Led. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, 16: 161-178.
  • Harris, K. M. (1962). Lepidopterous stem borers of cereals in Nigeria. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 53(1), 139-171.
  • Köppen, W. (1936). Das geographisca System der Klimate. In: Handbuch der Klimatologie. W. Köppen and G. Geiger, Eds. 1. C. Gebr, Borntraeger. pp. 1–44.
  • Lancashire, P. D., Bleiholder, H., Boom, T. V. D., Langelüddeke, P., Stauss, R., WEBER, E., and Witzenberger, A. (1991. A uniform decimal code for growth stages of crops and weeds. Annals of Applied Biology 119(3):561-601. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1991.tb04895.x
  • Lenth, R.V. (2016). Least-Squares Means: The R Package lsmeans. Journal of Statistical Software, 69(1), 1-33. doi:10.18637/jss.v069.i01
  • Moutia, L., and Courtois, C. (1952). Parasites of the Moth-Borers of Sugar-cane in Mauritius. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 43(2), 325-359. doi:10.1017/S0007485300040529
  • Muli, B. K., Schulthess, F., and Van den Berg, J. (2010). Performance of Trichogrammatoidea sp. nr lutea Girault (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) collected from Mussidia spp. in Kenya on eggs of six lepidopteran hosts. Journal of Applied Entomology, 134(6), 521-530. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.2009.01474.x
  • Nagarkatti, S., and Nagaraja, H. (1977). Biosystematics of Trichogramma and Trichogrammatoidea species. Annual Review of Entomology, 22(1), 157-176. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.22.010177.001105
  • Nixon G. E. J. (1935). A revision of the African Telenominae. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 83(1):73-103.
  • Özdemir, N., ve Uzunali, S. (1981). Noctuid species causing damage to maize in Turkey1. EPPO Bulletin, 11(2), 97-99.
  • Özpınar, A., Uzun, S., & Hassan, Ş. A. (1996). Bolu-Sakarya Yöresinde Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner yumurtalarından toplanan Trichogramma evanescens Westwood' in bazı biyolojik özelliklerinin araştırılması, Türkiye 3. Entomoloji Kongresi, 663-667, 24-28 Eylül, Ankara, 1996.
  • Öztemiz, S., (2007). Trichogramma Species Egg Parasitoids of Lepidoptera in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey, Proc. Entomol. Soc. Washington, 109, 718–720.
  • Öztemiz, S., Ercan, F. S., and Tunçbilek, A. Ş. (2008). Türkiye’de Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) türleri, konukçuları ve sistematiğindeki son gelişmeler. Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 29(3).
  • R Core Team, (2021). R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, 2021, version 4.0.4. Retrieved February 28, 2021. Available from http://www.R-project.org/
  • Scheibelreiter, V. G. (1980). Sugarcane stem borers (Lep.: Noctuidae and Pyralidae) in Ghana. Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie, 89(1‐5), 87-99.
  • Sedighi, L., Ranjbar Aghdam, H., Imani, S., and Shojai, M. (2017). Age-stage two-sex life table analysis of Sesamia nonagrioides (Lep.: Noctuidae) reared on different host plants. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 50(9-10), 438-453.
  • Sertkaya, E. and Kornoşor, S. (2002). Sesamia nonagrioides Lef. (Lep.: Noctuidae) yumurtaları üzerinde Trichogramma evanescens West. (Hym. Trichogrammatidae)’in bazı biyolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi. Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 7 (1-2): 73-80.
  • Sertkaya, E., (1999). Çukurova’da Mısır Koçankurdu, Sesamia nonagrioides Lefevbre (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae)’in doğal düşmanlarının saptanması ve yumurta parazitoidleri Platytelenomus busseolae (Gahan) (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae) ve Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae) ile arasındaki ilişkilerin araştırılması. Doktora Tezi, Ç.Ü. Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, No: 494, Adana, 90 s.
  • Soltani Orang, F., Ranjbar Aghdam, H., Abbasipour, H., and Askarianzadeh, A. (2014). Effect of temperature on developmental rate of Sesamia cretica (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) immature stages. Journal of Insect Science, 14(1).
  • Tonğa, A., Ataş, M., and Bayram, A., (2021). Maize (Zea mays L.) as a new host plant for the Naked grass-mealybug, Heterococcus nudus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Entomological News, 129(4), 386-394. https://doi.org/10.3157/021.129.0406
  • TUIK (2020). Annual maize cultivation and production in Southeastern Turkey. Turkish Statistical Institute. https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/medas/?kn=92&locale=tr (Accessed on 20/03/2020).
  • Weber, E. and Bleiholder, H. (1990). Explanations of the BBCH decimal codes for the growth stages of maize, rape, faba beans, sunflowers and peas-with illustrations. Gesunde Pflanzen 42(9):308-321.

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2, 197 - 202, 28.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2021.2.9

Abstract

References

  • Adıgüzel, N. and Ergül, S. (1969). Akdarıda zarar yapan (Sesamia cretica Led.) üzerinde araştırmalar. Bitki Koruma Bülteni 9(4): 238-294.
  • Avantaggiato, G., Quaranta, F., Desiderio E., and Visconti A. (2003). Fumonisin contamination of maize hybrids visibly damaged by Sesamia. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 83:13–18. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1272
  • Bayram, A. (2003). Mısır Koçankurdu, Sesamia nonagrioides Lefebvre (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)’in ekonomik zarar düzeylerinin belirlenmesi ve yumurta parazitoidi Telenomus busseolae (Gahan) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae)’nın bazı biyolojik özellikleri üzerine araştırmalar. Doktora tezi, Çukurova Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Tez Kod No:767, 102 sayfa.
  • Bayram, A. and Tonğa, A. (2016). First report of Chilo partellus in Turkey, a new invasive maize pest for Europe. Journal of Applied Entomology 140(3):236-240.
  • Bedford., H. M. (1935). Report on work carried out by staff of the section during the season 1934-1935. Rep. Agric. Res. Serv. Sudan. 63-96.
  • Bin, F., Vinson, S.B., (1990). Efficacy assessment in egg parasitoids (Hymenoptera): proposal for a unified terminology. In: Wajnberg, E., Vinson, S.B. (Eds.), Trichogramma and Other Egg Parasitoids. INRA, Paris, France, pp. 175–180.
  • van Dijken, M. J., & Waage, J. K. (1987). Self and conspecific superparasitism by the egg parasitoid Trichogramma evanescens. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata, 43(2), 183-192. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.1987.tb03604.x
  • Doyon, J., and Boivin, G. (2005). The effect of development time on the fitness of female Trichogramma evanescens, Journal of Insect Science, 5(1), 4, https://doi.org/10.1093/jis/5.1.4
  • Fergusson, N. D. M. (1983) A review of the genus Platytelenomus Dodd (Hym., Proctotrupoidea). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 119,199-206.
  • Fox, J. and Weisberg, S. (2019). An R Companion to Applied Regression, Third Edition, Sage. Thousand Oaks CA. https://socialsciences.mcmaster.ca/jfox/Books/Companion/.
  • Hafez, M., A.H. El-Kifl and Fayad, Y.H. (1977). On the bionomics of Platytelenomus hylas Nixon, an egg parasite of Sesamia cretica Led. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique d'Egypte, 16: 161-178.
  • Harris, K. M. (1962). Lepidopterous stem borers of cereals in Nigeria. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 53(1), 139-171.
  • Köppen, W. (1936). Das geographisca System der Klimate. In: Handbuch der Klimatologie. W. Köppen and G. Geiger, Eds. 1. C. Gebr, Borntraeger. pp. 1–44.
  • Lancashire, P. D., Bleiholder, H., Boom, T. V. D., Langelüddeke, P., Stauss, R., WEBER, E., and Witzenberger, A. (1991. A uniform decimal code for growth stages of crops and weeds. Annals of Applied Biology 119(3):561-601. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1991.tb04895.x
  • Lenth, R.V. (2016). Least-Squares Means: The R Package lsmeans. Journal of Statistical Software, 69(1), 1-33. doi:10.18637/jss.v069.i01
  • Moutia, L., and Courtois, C. (1952). Parasites of the Moth-Borers of Sugar-cane in Mauritius. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 43(2), 325-359. doi:10.1017/S0007485300040529
  • Muli, B. K., Schulthess, F., and Van den Berg, J. (2010). Performance of Trichogrammatoidea sp. nr lutea Girault (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) collected from Mussidia spp. in Kenya on eggs of six lepidopteran hosts. Journal of Applied Entomology, 134(6), 521-530. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.2009.01474.x
  • Nagarkatti, S., and Nagaraja, H. (1977). Biosystematics of Trichogramma and Trichogrammatoidea species. Annual Review of Entomology, 22(1), 157-176. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.22.010177.001105
  • Nixon G. E. J. (1935). A revision of the African Telenominae. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 83(1):73-103.
  • Özdemir, N., ve Uzunali, S. (1981). Noctuid species causing damage to maize in Turkey1. EPPO Bulletin, 11(2), 97-99.
  • Özpınar, A., Uzun, S., & Hassan, Ş. A. (1996). Bolu-Sakarya Yöresinde Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner yumurtalarından toplanan Trichogramma evanescens Westwood' in bazı biyolojik özelliklerinin araştırılması, Türkiye 3. Entomoloji Kongresi, 663-667, 24-28 Eylül, Ankara, 1996.
  • Öztemiz, S., (2007). Trichogramma Species Egg Parasitoids of Lepidoptera in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey, Proc. Entomol. Soc. Washington, 109, 718–720.
  • Öztemiz, S., Ercan, F. S., and Tunçbilek, A. Ş. (2008). Türkiye’de Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) türleri, konukçuları ve sistematiğindeki son gelişmeler. Erciyes Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 29(3).
  • R Core Team, (2021). R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing, R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria, 2021, version 4.0.4. Retrieved February 28, 2021. Available from http://www.R-project.org/
  • Scheibelreiter, V. G. (1980). Sugarcane stem borers (Lep.: Noctuidae and Pyralidae) in Ghana. Zeitschrift für angewandte Entomologie, 89(1‐5), 87-99.
  • Sedighi, L., Ranjbar Aghdam, H., Imani, S., and Shojai, M. (2017). Age-stage two-sex life table analysis of Sesamia nonagrioides (Lep.: Noctuidae) reared on different host plants. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 50(9-10), 438-453.
  • Sertkaya, E. and Kornoşor, S. (2002). Sesamia nonagrioides Lef. (Lep.: Noctuidae) yumurtaları üzerinde Trichogramma evanescens West. (Hym. Trichogrammatidae)’in bazı biyolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi. Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 7 (1-2): 73-80.
  • Sertkaya, E., (1999). Çukurova’da Mısır Koçankurdu, Sesamia nonagrioides Lefevbre (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae)’in doğal düşmanlarının saptanması ve yumurta parazitoidleri Platytelenomus busseolae (Gahan) (Hymenoptera, Scelionidae) ve Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae) ile arasındaki ilişkilerin araştırılması. Doktora Tezi, Ç.Ü. Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, No: 494, Adana, 90 s.
  • Soltani Orang, F., Ranjbar Aghdam, H., Abbasipour, H., and Askarianzadeh, A. (2014). Effect of temperature on developmental rate of Sesamia cretica (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) immature stages. Journal of Insect Science, 14(1).
  • Tonğa, A., Ataş, M., and Bayram, A., (2021). Maize (Zea mays L.) as a new host plant for the Naked grass-mealybug, Heterococcus nudus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Entomological News, 129(4), 386-394. https://doi.org/10.3157/021.129.0406
  • TUIK (2020). Annual maize cultivation and production in Southeastern Turkey. Turkish Statistical Institute. https://biruni.tuik.gov.tr/medas/?kn=92&locale=tr (Accessed on 20/03/2020).
  • Weber, E. and Bleiholder, H. (1990). Explanations of the BBCH decimal codes for the growth stages of maize, rape, faba beans, sunflowers and peas-with illustrations. Gesunde Pflanzen 42(9):308-321.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Agriculture
Published Date June 2021
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Adil TONĞA (Primary Author)
Diyarbakır Plant Protection Research Institute
0000-0001-7485-8411
Türkiye


Ahmet BAYRAM
DICLE UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-4532-3527
Türkiye

Publication Date June 28, 2021
Application Date March 3, 2021
Acceptance Date May 12, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 2

Cite

APA Tonğa, A. & Bayram, A. (2021). Natural parasitism of maize stemborers, Sesamia spp. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) eggs by Trichogramma evanescens (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) in Southeastern Turkey . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 5 (2) , 197-202 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2021.2.9