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Nematicidal effect of chitosan on Meloidogyne incognita in vitro and on tomato in a pot experiment

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 3, 410 - 416, 23.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.3.10

Abstract

The present study investigated to evaluate the potential of liquid chitosan of three concentrations (0.5, 1 and 2%) on Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White, 1919) Chitwood, 1949 in vitro and on tomato under controlled conditions ((24 ± 1 °C, 60 ± 5% humidity). In vitro assay, the effect of the liquid chitosan concentrations on suppressing of hatching from eggs and second juvenile larvae (J2) mortality was determined. The reducing effect of the concentrations on the number of gall and egg mass on tomato roots and the J2 density in the soil was evaluated under controlled conditions. All concentrations suppressed hatch and increased J2 mortality more than control in vitro. The most effective concentration was found at 2% in vitro and its nematicidal effect on egg and J2 was over 70%. The results demonstrated that 0.5, 1 and 2% concentrations were significantly decreased gall/root, egg mass/root and J2 in soil compared to negative control under controlled conditions. No statistically significant difference was found between the nematicidal effects of the concentrations on the gall and egg mass (P≤0.05). It has been determined that 1 and 2% concentrations better suppress the J2 in soil than 0.5%. Although the nematicidal effect of 2% concentration was high in vitro and under controlled conditions, it was determined that it negatively affected plant biomass. Also, only 1% concentration of chitosan application controlled M. incognita on tomato by 58%. The present results show that the use of 1% liquid chitosan concentration against M. incognita will be more effective.

References

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Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 3, 410 - 416, 23.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2022.3.10

Abstract

References

  • Agrinos, (2014). HYT-C: Bioquitina. Retrieved from http://www.agrinos.com.mx/reporteco/upload/procesos/HYTc%20BioQuitina.pdf Accessed on October 29, 2014
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  • Asif, M., Ahmad, F., Tariq, M., Khan, A., Ansari, T., Khan, F., Siddiqui, A.M., (2017). Potential of chitosan alone and in combination with agricultural wastes against the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita infesting eggplant. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 57 (3): 288-295. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/jppr-2017-0041
  • Aydınlı, G. (2018). Detection of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne luci Carneiro et al., 2014 (Tylenchida: Meloidogynidae) in vegetable fields of Samsun Province, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Entomology, 42 (3): 229-237. Doi: https://doi.org/10.16970/entoted.409941
  • Aydınlı, G., Mennan, S., Devran, Z., Širca, S., Urek, G. (2013). First report of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne ethiopica on tomato and cucumber in Turkey. Plant Disease, 97 (9): 1262-1262. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-01-13-0019-PDN
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  • Castro, L., Flores, L., Uribe, L. (2011). Efecto del vermicompost y quitina sobre el control de Meloidogyne incognita en tomate a nível de invernadero. Agronomía Costarricense, 35 (2): 21–32. ISSN:0377-9424 / 2011
  • Cetintas, R. and Cakmak, B. (2016). Meloidogyne species infesting tomatoes, cucumbers and eggplants grown in Kahramanmaraş Province, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Entomology, 40 (4): 355-364. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.16970/ted.40839
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  • Coolen, W.A. and D'herde, C.J. (1972). A method for the quantitative extraction of nematodes from plant tissue. Publication of the State Nematology and Entomology Research Station, Merelbeke, Belgium, 77 p.
  • De-Jin, R., Suh, J., Park, R., Kim,Y. (2005). Effect of chitin compost and broth on biological control of Meloidogyne incognita on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Nematology, 7 (1): 125–132. Retrieved from https://brill.com/view/journals/nemy/7/1/article-p125_13.xml
  • El Hadrami, A., Adam, L.R., El Hadrami, I., Daayf, F. (2010). Chitosan in plant protection. Marine Drugs, 8 (4): 968-987. Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/md8040968
  • El-Ashry, R.M., El-Saadony, M.T., El-Sobki, A.E., El-Tahan, A.M., Al-Otaibi, S., El-Shehawi, A.M., Elshaer, N. (2022). Biological silicon nanoparticles maximize the efficiency of nematicides against biotic stress induced by Meloidogyne incognita in eggplant. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 29 (2): 920-932. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.10.013
  • Elkelany, U.S., El-Mougy, N.S., Abdel-Kader, M.M. (2020). Management of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita of eggplant using some growth-promoting rhizobacteria and chitosan under greenhouse conditions. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 30 (1): 1-7. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41938-020-00334-w
  • El-Sayed, S.M. and Mahdy, M.E. (2015). Effect of chitosan on root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica on tomato plants. International Journal of ChemTech Research, 7 (4): 1985-1992. Retrieved from http://sphinxsai.com/2015/ch_vol7_no4/5/(1985-1992)%20V7N4.pdf
  • Fan, Z., Qin, Y., Liu, S., Xing, R., Yu, H., Li, K., Li, P. (2022). Fluoroalkenyl-Grafted Chitosan Oligosaccharide Derivative: An Exploration for Control Nematode Meloidogyne incognita. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 23 (4): 2080. Doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23042080
  • Goverse, A. and Smant, G. (2014). The activation and suppression of plant innate immunity by parasitic nematodes. Annual review of phytopathology, 52: 243-265. Retrieved from https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/epdf/10.1146/annurev-phyto-102313-050118
  • Goy, R.C., Morais, S.T., Assis, O.B., et al. (2016). Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of chitosan and its quaternized derivative on E. coli and S. aureus growth. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, 26 (1): 122-127. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjp.2015.09.010
  • Gürkan, B., Çetintaş, R., Gürkan, T. (2019). Determination of Root-Nematode species (Meloidogyne spp.) and some nematode population races in vegetable areas of Gaziantep and Osmaniye. KSU J. Agric Nat, 22 (Suppl 1): 113-124. (in Turkish with abstract in English). Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18016/ksutarimdoga.v22i49073.551240
  • Hashem, M., Moharam, A.M., Zaied, A.A., Saleh, F.E.M. (2010). Efficacy of essential oils in the control of cumin root rot disease caused by Fusarium spp. Crop Protection, 29 (10): 1111-1117. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2010.04.020
  • Hirano, S., Nagamura, K., Zhang, M., Kim, S.K., Chung, B.G., Yoshikawa, M., Midorikawa, T. (1999). Chitosan staple fibers and their chemical modification with some aldehydes. Carbohydrate polymers, 38 (4): 293-298. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0144-8617(98)00126-X
  • Hussain, F., Shaukat, S.S., Abid, M., Usman, F., Akbar, M. (2013). Control of Meloidogyne javanica and Fusarium solani in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) with the application of chitin. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 31 (2): 165-170.
  • İmamoğlu, Ö. (2011). The use of chitosan as a biological control remedy. Turkish Bulletin of Hygiene & Experimental Biology, 68 (4): 215-222. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5505/TurkHijyen.2011.55376
  • İmren, M., Özarslandan, A., Kasapoğlu, E.B., Toktay, H., Elekcioğlu, İ.H. (2014). Morphological and molecular identification of a new species Meloidogyne artiellia (Franklin) on wheat fauna in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Entomology, 38 (2): 189-196. Doi: https://doi.org/10.16970/ted.69266
  • Jaber, N., Al-Akayleh, F., Abdel-Rahem, R.A., Al-Remawi, M. (2021). Characterization ex vivo skin permeation and pharmacological studies of ibuprofen lysinate-chitosan-gold nanoparticles. Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology, 62: 102399. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jddst.2021.102399
  • Jatala, P. (1986). Biological control of plant-parasitic nematodes. Annual Review Phytopathology, 24: 453–489. Retrieved from https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev.py.24.090186.002321
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Plant Science
Published Date September 2022
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Fatma Gül GÖZE ÖZDEMİR> (Primary Author)
ısparta uygulamalı bilimler üniversitesi
0000-0003-1969-4041
Türkiye


Hacer ÇEVİK>
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9948-1179
Türkiye


Jean Claude NDAYIRAGIJE>
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-0013-9590
Türkiye


Tuğçe ÖZEK>
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-6529-2591
Türkiye


İsmail KARACA>
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-0975-789X
Türkiye

Thanks Olympos Seedling Production Facility and Agricultural Engineer Tuğçe OKUMUŞ EROL are thanked for providing tomato seedlings. Thank you to Kıtosan A.Ş. for providing the main material.
Publication Date September 23, 2022
Application Date July 5, 2022
Acceptance Date July 21, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 3

Cite

APA Göze Özdemir, F. G. , Çevik, H. , Ndayıragıje, J. C. , Özek, T. & Karaca, İ. (2022). Nematicidal effect of chitosan on Meloidogyne incognita in vitro and on tomato in a pot experiment . International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 6 (3) , 410-416 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2022.3.10


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