Year 2021, Volume 11 , Issue 2, Pages 1183 - 1193 2021-06-01

Çimlenmiş Tohumların Ekmeğin Beslenme ve Teknolojik Özellikleri Üzerine Etkileri
The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread

Hatice TOK [1] , Nilgün ERTAŞ [2]


Bu çalışmada buğday, çavdar ve yeşil mercimek farklı sürelerde (1, 3 ve 5 gün) çimlendirilmiş, kuturulmuş ve un haline getirilmiştir. Çimlenmiş tohum unları ekmeğin besinsel ve fonksiyonel özelliklerini geliştirmek amacıyla buğday unu yerine farklı oranlarda (% 0, 5, 10 ve 15) yer değiştirilerek kullanılmıştır. Çimlenme süresi arttıkça çimlenmiş tohum unu L * değerleri azalırken a *, b * ve chroma değerleri artmıştır. En yüksek protein değeri çimlendirilmiş yeşil mercimeklerde gözlenmiştir. Artan çimlenme süresi, kül ve mineral değerlerinde (kalsiyum, magnezyum ve demir) artmaya, fitik asit değerinde ise azalmaya sebep olmuştur. Ekmek örneklerinde artan çimlenmiş tohum unları ile parlaklık ve hue angle değerlerinde bir azalma, kırmızılık, sarılık ve saturation index değerlerinde bir artış gözlenmiştir. %15 çimlenmiş tohum unu içeren ekmek örneklerinde daha düşük 3. gün sertlik değeri elde edilmiştir. En yüksek fitik asit değeri kontrol örneğinde belirlenmiştir. Ekmek formülasyonuna çimlenmiş tohum unu ilavesi ile kontrol örnekten daha yüksek toplam fenolik madde içeriği elde edilmiştir. En yüksek kalsiyum, magnezyum ve fosfor değeri çavdar içeren ekmek örneklerinde belirlenirken en yüksek demir ve potasyum değeri yeşil mercimek unu ilavesiyle bulunmuştur. Ekmek hacim ve spesifik hacim değerleri açısından değerlendirildiğinde %5 kullanım oranı kabul edilebilir olarak belirlenmiştir.
In this study, wheat, rye and green lentil seeds were germinated at different germination period (1, 3 and 5 days), dried and ground into flour. Germinated seed flours were substituted for wheat flour at different ratios (0, 5, 10 and 15%) in bread making; it was carried out in order to increase nutritional and functional properties of bread. As the germination period increased, L* values of germinated seed flour decreased, a*, b* and chroma values increased. The highest protein value was observed in germinated green lentils. Increase germination time resulted in increase in the ash content and minerals (calcium, magnesium and iron) and decrease in phytic acid. Increase in the level of supplementation of germinated flour in bread making, decrease in L* and hue angle values, increase in a*, b* and saturation index values were observed. Soft bread crumb were observed at the 3rd day hardness with using 15% germinated seed flour. The highest phytic acid value among the bread samples was observed with control bread samples. Using all germinated flours in formulation led to a higher total phenolic content than control sample. Among the bread samples, the highest calcium, magnesium and phosphorus values of bread samples were obtained with germinated rye flour addition. The highest iron and potassium values were observed with green lentil flour addition. The 5% substitution rate was defined as an acceptable value in terms of bread volume and specific volume values.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Food Science and Technology
Published Date Haziran-2021
Journal Section Gıda Mühendisliği / Food Engineering
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8982-6428
Author: Hatice TOK
Institution: Necmettin Erbakan University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0671-2485
Author: Nilgün ERTAŞ (Primary Author)
Institution: NECMETTİN ERBAKAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK VE MİMARLIK FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Necmettin Erbakan University Research Foundation
Project Number Project number 61319017
Thanks This study was supported by the Necmettin Erbakan University Research Foundation (Project number: 161319017).
Dates

Application Date : November 3, 2020
Acceptance Date : January 10, 2021
Publication Date : June 1, 2021

Bibtex @research article { jist820631, journal = {Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology}, issn = {2146-0574}, eissn = {2536-4618}, address = {}, publisher = {Igdir University}, year = {2021}, volume = {11}, pages = {1183 - 1193}, doi = {10.21597/jist.820631}, title = {The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread}, key = {cite}, author = {Tok, Hatice and Ertaş, Nilgün} }
APA Tok, H , Ertaş, N . (2021). The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology , 11 (2) , 1183-1193 . DOI: 10.21597/jist.820631
MLA Tok, H , Ertaş, N . "The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread" . Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 11 (2021 ): 1183-1193 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jist/issue/61423/820631>
Chicago Tok, H , Ertaş, N . "The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 11 (2021 ): 1183-1193
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread AU - Hatice Tok , Nilgün Ertaş Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.21597/jist.820631 DO - 10.21597/jist.820631 T2 - Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1183 EP - 1193 VL - 11 IS - 2 SN - 2146-0574-2536-4618 M3 - doi: 10.21597/jist.820631 UR - https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.820631 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Iğdır Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread %A Hatice Tok , Nilgün Ertaş %T The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread %D 2021 %J Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology %P 2146-0574-2536-4618 %V 11 %N 2 %R doi: 10.21597/jist.820631 %U 10.21597/jist.820631
ISNAD Tok, Hatice , Ertaş, Nilgün . "The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread". Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology 11 / 2 (June 2021): 1183-1193 . https://doi.org/10.21597/jist.820631
AMA Tok H , Ertaş N . The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread. Iğdır Üniv. Fen Bil Enst. Der.. 2021; 11(2): 1183-1193.
Vancouver Tok H , Ertaş N . The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread. Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology. 2021; 11(2): 1183-1193.
IEEE H. Tok and N. Ertaş , "The Effects of Germinated Seeds on Nutritional and Technological Properties of Bread", Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 1183-1193, Jun. 2021, doi:10.21597/jist.820631