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Gençlik Liderlik Özellikleri Ölçeği: Güvenirlik ve Geçerlik Çalışması

Year 2016, Volume 1, Issue 1, 19 - 39, 14.12.2016

Abstract

Bu araştırmada, ortaöğretim öğrencilerinin gençlik liderlik özelliklerini belirlemeye yönelik geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracının geliştirilmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırma İstanbul ilinde, 2014-2015 eğitim öğretim yılında 1123 öğrenciye uygulanmıştır. Ölçeğin yapı geçerliliği için Açımlayıcı Faktör Analizi (AFA)  ve Doğrulayıcı Faktör Analizi (DFA)  yapılmıştır. Analiz sonuçlarına göre, ölçeğin 40 maddeden ve 7 faktörden oluştuğu belirlenmiştir. Bu faktörler,  mücadele isteği ve hedef koyma, iletişim kurabilme,  grup becerileri, güven duyma ve güvenilir olma, karar verme becerileri, problem çözme becerileri ve sorumluluk olarak belirlenmiştir. Ölçeğin tamamına ilişkin güvenirlik için hesaplanan Cronbach’s Alpha iç tutarlık katsayısı. 92 olarak belirlenmiştir. Faktörlerin güvenirliklerine dair hesaplanan  Cronbach’s Alpha iç tutarlık  katsayılarının .70 ve .80 arasında değiştiği görülmüştür.  Daha sonra yedi faktörlü yapının Doğrulayıcı Faktör Analizi (DFA) ile doğrulandığı görülmüştür. Bu çalışma kapsamında geliştirilen Gençlik Liderlik Özellikleri Ölçeğinin geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı olduğu görülmüştür.

References

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Year 2016, Volume 1, Issue 1, 19 - 39, 14.12.2016

Abstract

References

  • ACUI [Association of College Unions International]. (2005, March), “Task Force on the Development of Core Competencies in the College Union and Student Activities Profession.” http://www.acui.org/uploadedFiles/ About_ACUI/ taskforce_report_corecomp.pdf (Erişim tarihi 20.06.2014).
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  • Adair, J. (2010), Decision Making And Problem Solving Strategies, London Philadelphia, New Delhi: KoganPage.
  • Adair, J.(2011), The John Adair Lexicon of Leadership : The Definitive Guide To Leadership Skills And Knowledge, London : Kogan Page Limited.
  • Addison, L. (1985), “Leadership skills among the gifted and talented”, (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED262511).
  • Amirianzadeh, M. M. (2012), “Hexagon theory-student leadership development”, Procedia - Social And Behavioral Sciences, 31.
  • Anderson, J. C., ve Gerbing, D. (1984), “The Effect Of Sampling Error On Convergence, İmproper Solutions, And Goodness-Of-Fit İndices For Maximum Likelihood Confirmatory Factor Analysis”, Psychometrika, 49, 155-173.
  • Anyon,Y., Brink, K., Crawford, M., Fernández, M., Hofstedt, M., Osberg, J., ve Strobel, K.(2007), “A Handbook For Program Staff , Teachers, And Community Leaders(2nded.)”, http://jgc.stanford.edu/our_work/yell/ YELL.0712. Intro. final. pdf, (Erişim tarihi 20.10.2014).
  • Aydın, M. (2007), Eğitim Yönetimi, Ankara: Hatipoğlu Yayınları.
  • Babacan, H. (2008), Demeter kırsal alan liderlik programı, Yayımlanmamış yüksek lisans tezi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Kocaeli.
  • Balcı, A. (2003), “Eğitim Örgütlerine Yeni Bakış Açıları: Kuram-Araştırma İlişkisi”, Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi, 25(1), 27-45.
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  • Bennis, W. (2009), On Becoming A Leader, NY: Perseus Books Group.
  • Burnett, T. A. (2005), The characteristics of high school student leaders attending hugh O'brian youth leadership seminars as perceived by themselves (Order No. 3213226), ProQuest Dissertations ve Theses Global, (305347880).
  • Cansoy, R., Dincel, S. ve Türkoğlu , M.E. (2013, Kasım), Öğrencilerin Liderlik Algıları: Türk Kültürüne Uyarlama Çalışması, 8. Ulusal Eğitim Yönetimi Kongresi bildiri kitabı, Marmara Üniversitesi, İstanbul.
  • Carlyle, T. (1916, original work published 1841), Heroes and Hero Worship, Boston: Adams.
  • Chan, D. W. (2000), “Assessing Leadership Among Chinese Secondary Students in Hong Kong: The Use Of The Roets Rating Scale For Leadership”, Gifted Child Quarterly, 44(2), 115-122.
  • CMU[Central Michigan University]. (2004), “Leadership Competency Model”, http://www.chsbs.cmich.edu/leader_model/ CompModel/EDUMAIN.htm, (Erişim tarihi 2.10.2014).
  • Conner, J. O., ve Strobel, K. (2007), “Leadership Development: An Examination Of İndividual And Programmatic Growth”, Journal of Adolescent Research, 22(3), 275-297.
  • Council for the Advancement of Standards [CAS] (2009), “CAS Learning And Development Outcomes. In Council For The Advancement Of Higher Education (Ed.), CAS Professional Standards For Higher Education (7th Ed.). Washington, DC: Author”, http://www.cas.edu/learningoutcomes, (Erişim tarihi 20.1.2014).
  • Cole, D. A. (1987), “Utility Of Confirmatory Factor Analysis in Test Validation Research” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 1019-1031.
  • Çelik, C., ve Sünbül, Ö.(2008), “Liderlik Algılamalarında Eğitim ve Cinsiyet Faktörü: Mersin İlinde Bir Alan Araştırması”, Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi,13( 3), 49-66.
  • Day, D. (2000), “Leadership Development: A Review in Context”, Leadership Quarterly, 11(4), 581-613.
  • Derks, J., Lee, N. C., ve Krabbendam, L. (2014), “Adolescent Trust And Trustworthiness: Role of Gender And Social Value Orientation”, Journal of Adolescence, 37(8), 1379-1386.
  • Drum, J.(1988), “Youth Leadership. Insights İnto Isues İn Education”, Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, Iowa. http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED314357.pdf, (Erişim tarihi 12.10.2014).
  • Durmuş, Ö. (2011), İlköğretim ve lise öğrencilerinde görülen liderlik davranışlarının araştırılması, Yayımlanmamış yüksek lisans tezi, Çanakkale 18 Mart Üniversitesi.
  • Dugan, J. P., ve Komives, S. R. (2007), “Developing Leadership Capacity İn College Students: Findings From A National Study. A Report From The Multi-Institutional Study Of Leadership. College Park, MD: National Clearinghouse For Leadership Programs”, https://nclp.umd.edu/include/pdfs/MSLReport-FINAL.pdf, (Erişim tarihi 09.08.2014).
  • Edelman, A., Gill, P., Comerford, K., Larson, M. ve Hare, R.(2004), “Youth Development And Youth Leadership: A Background Paper. Institute For Educational Leadership, National Collaborative On Workforce And Disability Foryouth, Washington,DC” http://www.state.nj.us/dcf/documents/ behavioral/ providers / YouthDevelopment.pdf, (Erişim tarihi 20.08.2014).
  • Fertman, C. I., ve Long, J. A. (1990), “All students are leaders”, School Counselor, 37(5), 391-396.
  • Fertman, C. I., ve VanLinden, J.A. (1999), “Character Education For Developing Youth Leadership”, The Education Digest, 65(4), 11-16.
  • Henderson, K. A., Whitaker, L. S., ve Bialeschki, M. D. (2007), “Summer Camp Experiences: Parental Perceptions Of Youth Development Outcomes”, Journal of Family Issues, 28(8), 987.
  • Hindes, Y. (2011), Examining youth leadership through the development and validation of a self-report measure: The youth leadership questionnaire, Doctoral dissertation, Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, (UMI No. NR75511).
  • Horstmeier, R. P., ve Ricketts, K. G. (2009), “Youth Leadership Development Through School-Based Civic Engagement Activities: A Case Study”, Journal of Leadership Education, 8(2), 238-253.
  • Hoy, W. K.. ve Miskel, C. G. (2010), Eğitim Yönetimi. (S. Turan, Çev.), Ankara: Nobel.
  • [ILA](International Leadership Association2009). “ILA Guiding Questions: Guidelines for Leadership Education Programs.” College Park, Md: Author. Retrieved june 15, 2014 from www.ila-net.org/communities/LC/ GuidingQuestionsFinal.pdf.
  • Joy, D. M., Yang, Y., ve Farzanehkia, F. (2000), “Service-Learning Leadership Development For Youths”, Phi Delta Kappan, 81(9), 678-680.
  • Jöreskog, K., ve Sörbom, D. (2001), LISREL 8.51, Mooresvile: Scientific Software.
  • Kabakçı, Ö.F. (2013), Karakter güçleri açısından pozitif gençlik gelişiminin incelenmesi, Yayımlanmamış doktora tezi, Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Ankara.
  • Karnes, F. A., ve Bean, S. M. (1990), Developing leadership in gifted youth (report no. EDO-EC-90-4). Washington, DC: Office of Educational Research and Improvement.
  • Karnes, F. A., ve Bean, S. M. (1996), “Leadership And Thegifted”, Focus On Exceptional Children, 29(1),1.
  • Klau, M. (2006), “Exploring Youth Leadership in Theory And Practice”, New Directions for Youth Development, 2006(109), 57-87.
  • Kline, R. B. (2005), Principle And Practice Of Structural Equation Modeling. New York, NY: Guilford.
  • Kosutic, I. (2010), Constructing youth leadership, Doctoral dissertation, Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, (UMI No. 3464339).
  • Kouzes, J. M., ve Posner, B. Z. (2007), The Leadership Challenge, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Kouzes, J.M. ve Posner, B.Z. (2005), Student Leadership Practices inventory: Self, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Komives, S., Lucas, N., ve McMahon, T. (2007), Exploring Leadership: For College Students Who Want To Make A Difference (2nd ed.), San Francisco: JosseyBass.
  • Kress, C. A. (2006), “Youth Leadership And Youth Development: Connections And Questions”, New DirectionsforYouth Development, 2006(109), 45-56.
  • MacNeil, C. A. (2006), “Bridging Generations: Applying “Adult” Leadership Theories To Youth Leadership Development”, New Directions for Youth Development, 2006(109), 27-43.
  • McCauley, C. D., Velsor, E. V., ve Ruderman, M. (2010), The Center for Creative Leadership Handbook of Leadership Development, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Meadows, F. M. (2012), No student leader left behind: Developing student leadership programs for marginalized students in secondary schools, Doctoral dissertation, Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, (UMI No. 3551715).
  • Meyer, E.D. (1995), Leadership academy: Effectiveness of leadership skills development in eighth-grade students, Doctoral dissertation, Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, (UMI No. 9704261).
  • Morris, G. B. (1991), “Perceptions Of Leadership Traits: Comparison of Adolescent And Adult School Leaders”, Psychological Reports, 69(7), 723.
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Details

Subjects Social
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Ramazan CANSOY>
KARABUK UNIV
0000-0003-2768-9939
Türkiye


Selahattin TURAN>

Türkiye

Publication Date December 14, 2016
Published in Issue Year 2016, Volume 1, Issue 1

Cite

APA Cansoy, R. & Turan, S. (2016). Gençlik Liderlik Özellikleri Ölçeği: Güvenirlik ve Geçerlik Çalışması . Türkiye Eğitim Dergisi , 1 (1) , 19-39 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/turkegitimdergisi/issue/27078/284908