Volume: 93 - Issue: 1, 1/15/22

Year: 2022

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Case Report

INVITED PAPER / REVIEW

Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of the Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) is an international peer-reviewed open-access journal dedicated to publish evidence- based, scientific research articles from various disciplines of the veterinary medical sciences that will contribute to the international literature. The Journal covers scientific and technological aspects of major veterinary medical sciences such as veterinary biomedical sciences, veterinary patho-biology and preventive medicine, veterinary humanities and social sciences, and veterinary complementary and alternative medicine.

Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of the Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) has been the official and scientific publication of the Turkish Veterinary Society (Veteriner Hekimler Derneği) since 1930. It is published two times a year on January and June. The journal publishes original clinical and experimental articles, case reports, board-invited papers, technical notes covering all fields of the Veterinary Medicine in Turkish and English. Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of the Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) welcomes article submissions and does not charge a publication fee. The journal provides open access to all scientific publications which can be accessed immediately after the publication of the journal without any request for an institutional fee. 

Instructions to Authors 

1.  Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of the Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) is published biannually (January, June) and its abbreviation is “Vet Hekim Der Derg”.

2.  The language of the journal is Turkish or English.

3.  The Editorial Board makes a decision on whether to publish the paper, taking into account peer reviews, scientific significance, and manuscript quality. 

4.  Manuscripts should be prepared using "this template". The template includes all information about manuscript layout including "use of references, in-text citations, nomenclature and units, tables, figures etc." After preparing the manuscript according to the template; the author(s) are expected to upload 5 documents via Dergipark submission system (1 Full text, 1 Additional manuscript file, 1 Ethical statement file, 1 Copyright Release form, 1 Authors' Contribution file):     

        (a) A word document file including author names, tables, figures, and references (file name: nameofthearticle-withauthor.docx) (should be uploaded as Supporting file)
        (b) A pdf-converted version of the manuscript without author information (including tables, figures, and references). (file name: nameofthearticle-withoutauthor.pdf) (should be uploaded asFull text")
        (c) Ethics Committee Approval File (or Ethical statement form (click here to download) if ethics approval is not necessary for the study) (should be uploaded as Ethics Committee Approval file)

        (d) Authors' Contribution form (click here to download) (should be uploaded as "Authorship Contributions")
        (e) Copyright release form (click here to download) (should be uploaded as "Copyright Form")

5.  All manuscripts must be submitted with a copyright release form filled and signed by all authors. This form is provided inside the manuscript submission system. Manuscripts including figures and tables should not exceed 15 pages for original research articles, 10 pages for review articles, 5 pages for case reports and 3 pages for short communications.

6.  Manuscript title should be short and clear; the first letter should be in capital letters and the rest in small letters (e.g. “Uterine pathologies in cats and dogs”). If needed, the explanation regarding the study should be indicated as footnotes.

7.  Name and surnames of the authors should be written under the article title; their addresses and titles must be placed in the first page as a footnote.

8.  Abstract should be short, plain and include the most important parts of the manuscript. The English abstract must be at least 200, at most 300 words. At least 3, at most 5 English keywords should be selected in accordance with MeSH and written alphabetically. Researchers whose native language is not Turkish do not have to write an abstract in Turkish. 

9.  The introduction should include the literature reviews related to the study and the aim/s should be indicated in the last paragraph. The introduction should not exceed 2 pages.

10.  Material and methods should be written in a clear and understandable manner without any unnecessary details.

11.  In results, the data should be shortly explained. Repetition of data given in tables should be avoided.

12.  Titles must be centered and written boldly with the first letter of each word capitalized. Second-degree subtitles must be left-justified with only the first letter capitalized. Third-degree subtitles must be at the beginning of the paragraph and written Italic with only the first letter capitalized.

13.  Table and figure titles must be written both in Turkish and in English. Vertical lines should not be used in the tables. If horizontal is needed, they may only be used under the first and last lines of the table.

14.  Authors must place the extension of abbreviations in the first use in the text. Genus and species names in Latin must be written in Italic. All measurements must be indicated according to Systeme Internationale (SI) units.

15.  In discussion and conclusion, the data should be interpreted with other study results indicated in the reference list.

16.  Journal uses the Vancouver citation style. Details about how to cite a study are given below. Click here to download the Endnote style appropriate for this journal

Example of Reference used in the text: Each piece of work that is cited in your text should have a unique number, assigned in the order of citation. If, in your text, you cite a piece of work more than once, the same citation number should be used. You can write the number in brackets. If you want to cite several pieces of work in the same sentence, you will need to include the citation number for each piece of work. A hyphen should be used to link numbers that are inclusive, and a comma used where numbers are not consecutive.
The following is an example where works 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, and 15 have been cited in the same place in the text.
"In previous studies (6-9,13,15) discussed the effect of prebiotics on growth performance in poultry."
You can use the author’s name in your text, but you must insert the citation number as well.
"Watkins et al. (2) showed in their study that FOS had a significant effect on growth performance in broilers."
If a work has more than one author and you want to cite author names in your text, use ‘et al.’ after the first author.
Some books may contain chapters written by different authors. When citing work from such a book, the author who wrote the chapter should be cited, not the editor of the book.

Representation in the references section: Only commas should be placed between the names of the authors in studies with multiple authors. References should be listed and numbered, taking into account the index in which the reference is first made in the text.
In reference writing, the names of the authors and the title of the subject should be written in normal font. The first letter of the Author Surnames should be capitalized, the following letters should be written in lowercase, and only the initials of the names should be written in capital letters without a dot in between. Abbreviations of journal names should be used and the abbreviated names of journals should be based on the latest edition of "Periodical Title Abbreviations: By Abbreviation". The period should not be used in the abbreviation of the journal. All the names of the authors mentioned in the source should be given, only if there are more than 6 authors, et al. or et al. abbreviation should be used.

Example of various references

If the reference is a Journal article:

Kasperowicz A, Michalowski T. Assessment of the fructanolytic activities in the rumen bacterium Treponema saccharophilum strain S. J Appl Microbiol 2002;92:140–146.

Christy RC, Thirunavukkarasu M. Emerging importance of animal health economics: A note. Turk J Vet Anim Sci 2006;2(3):113–117.

Russell FD, Coppell AL, Davenport AP. In vitro enzymatic processing of radiolabelled big ET-1 in human kidney as a food ingredient. Biochem Pharmacol 1998;55:697-701.

If the reference is a book:

Lodish H, Baltimore D, Berk A, Zipursky SL, Matsudaira P, Darnell J. Molecular cell biology. 3rd ed. New York: Scientific American; 1995.

Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ, Wilson JD, Martin JB, Kasper DL, et al, editors. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. 14th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, Health Professions Division; 1998.

If the reference is a book chapter:

Porter RJ, Meldrum BS. Antiepileptic drugs. In: Katzung BG, editor. Basic and clinical pharmacology. 6th ed. Norwalk (CN): Appleton and Lange; 1995. p. 361-80.

If the reference is a conference paper:

Kimura J, Shibasaki H, editors. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology; 1995 Oct 15-19; Kyoto, Japan. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1996.

If the reference is electronic, it must be written together with the access date;

Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious disease. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 1995 Jan-Mar [cited 1999 Dec 25]; 1(1):[24 screens]. Available from:URL: http://www/cdc/gov/ncidoc/EID/eid.htm

Garfinkel PE, Lin E, Goering P. Should amenorrhoea be necessary for the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa? Br J Psych [serial online] 1996 [cited 1999 Aug 17]; 168(4):500-6. Available from: URL:http://biomed.niss.ac.uk

National Organization for Rare Diseases [Online]. 1999 Aug 16 [cited 1999 Aug 21]; Available from: URL:http://www.rarediseases.org/

18. Address of correspondence should be given at the end of the research. In researches with more than one author, only the corresponding author’s name should be given as correspondence address.

19.  In researches based on animal experiences which are to be published in the Journal of Turkish Veterinary Medical Society should include an approval statement from the Ethical Committee. A copy of Ethical Committee’s approval statement might be requested for accepted manuscripts at review stage.

20.  The tradenames of products which are subjects of study should not be used.

21.  Authors are fully responsible for the article published in the journal. 

22.  The articles received are subjected to review according to their arrival dates and are published consistent with the decision of the Editorial Board. After the article is published, the rights of publication belong to the journal.

23.  If any citation is made from the journal, the journal name must be shown.


Editorial Policy

The editorial and publication processes of the journal are shaped in accordance with the guidelines of the International Council of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), the Council of Science Editors (CSE), the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the European Association of Science Editors (EASE), and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The journal conforms to the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing (doaj.org/bestpractice).

Originality, high scientific quality, and citation potential are the most important criteria for a manuscript to be accepted for publication. Manuscripts submitted for evaluation should not have been previously presented or already published in an electronic or printed medium. The journal should be informed of manuscripts that have been submitted to another journal for evaluation and rejected for publication. The submission of previous reviewer reports will expedite the evaluation process. Manuscripts that have been presented in a meeting should be submitted with detailed information on the organization, including the name, date, and location of the organization.

Peer-Review Policy

Manuscripts submitted to Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) will go through a double-blind peer-review process. Each submission will be reviewed by at least two external, independent peer reviewers who are experts in their fields in order to ensure an unbiased evaluation process. The editorial board will invite an external and independent editor to manage the evaluation processes of manuscripts submitted by editors or by the editorial board members of the journal. The Editor in Chief is the final authority in the decision-making process for all submissions.

Ethical Principles

An approval of research protocols by the Ethics Committee in accordance with international agreements (World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki “Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects,” amended in October 2013, www.wma.net) is required for experimental, clinical, and drug studies. If required, ethics committee reports or an equivalent official document will be requested from the authors. For manuscripts concerning experimental research on humans, a statement should be included that shows that written informed consent of patients and volunteers was obtained following a detailed explanation of the procedures that they may undergo. For studies carried out on animals, the measures taken to prevent the pain and suffering of the animals should be stated clearly. Information on patient consent, the name of the ethics committee, and the ethics committee approval number should also be stated in the Materials and Methods section of the manuscript. It is the authors’ responsibility to carefully protect the patients’ anonymity. For photographs that may reveal the identity of the patients, signed releases of the patient or of their legal representative should be enclosed.
Additionally;
The journals should state that they comply with the rules regarding "Publication Ethics", "Research Ethics" and "Obtaining a Legal / Special Permit Certificate" by referring to international standards and by opening a separate title for each one on both the web page and in the printed journal.
The issue of compliance with publication ethics should not only be left to the responsibility of the authors, but the path to be followed regarding the publication ethics should be clearly defined.
In the articles to be published in the journals, it should be stated in the article whether the ethical committee permit and/or legal/special permission should be obtained. If these permits are required, it should be clearly presented from which institution, on which date, and with which decision or number the permission was obtained.
If the study requires the use of human and animal test subjects, it should be declared that the study was carried out in accordance with international declaration, guidance etc.

Compliance with the Helsinki Declaration Principles is mandatory in all clinical studies.
(http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html).

In such studies, the authors are expected to state that they conducted the study in the method section in accordance with the principles and that ethical councils and other persons participating in the study received an "informed consent form".
In experimental animal studies, authors should protect animal rights and obtain ethical committee approval in accordance with the principles of the Laboratory Animals Care and Use Guide. (http: //www. nap.edu/catalog/5140.html).

Informed consent forms of the patient should be obtained in case reports.
Ethics committee approval information should be specified in the method section, along with the name, date and number of the committee.
In addition, this journal is compatible with all content specified by the "SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND PUBLISHING ETHICS DIRECTIVE for COUNCIL of HIGHER EDUCATION". In case of any incompatibility, the responsibility belongs to the authors regarding the study.
https://www.yok.gov.tr/Sayfalar/Kurumsal/mevzuat/bilimsel-arastirma-ve-etik-yonetmeligi.aspx


Plagiarism

All submissions are screened by a similarity detection software (iThenticate by CrossCheck) at any point during the peer-review or production process. Even if you are the author of the phrases or sentences, the text should not have an unacceptable similarity with the previously published data.
When you are discussing others' (or your own) previous work, please make sure that you cite the material correctly in every instance.
In the event of alleged or suspected research misconduct, e.g., plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, the Editorial Board will follow and act in accordance with COPE guidelines.

Editor (s) Responsibilities

Publication Decisions; The editor is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editor can guide the journal's editorial board's policies and then be restricted by the legal requirements in force regarding defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism. The editor can meet with other editors or Reviewers while making this decision.
Objective Evaluation; Studies will be evaluated according to their qualifications, regardless of nationality, ethnicity, religious beliefs, gender, sexual preferences, citizenship, and the author's political opinion.
Privacy; Editor or any of the editorial staff should not share any information about the submitted work with anyone other than the responsible author, Reviewers, potential Reviewers, other editorial advisers and the publisher.
Conflicts of Interest; Unpublished material in a submitted work should not be used in the editor's own work without the written consent of the author.

Reviewer Responsibilities

Contribution to Editorial Decisions; The peer review supports the editor in publishing decisions and at the same time, the editorial communication between the Reviewer and the author enables the author to improve the work.
Punctuality; Reviewers who do not find themselves appropriate in reviewing a reported study or who think it is not possible to review within the given time should inform the editor about this and ask him to exempt him from the review process.
Privacy; All studies taken under review should be perceived as confidential documents. It should not be shown or talked about to anyone who is not authorized by the editor.
Objectivity Standards; Reviews must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Reviewers must express their views with evidence that clearly supports them.
Confirming Resources; Reviewers should indicate relevant published work not cited by the authors. Relevant citation of any previously reported observations, conclusions, or statements of opinion should be provided. The Reviewer should also warn the editor about articles in the evaluation process that are substantially similar or overlap with other articles they personally know.
Conflicts of Interest; Privileged information or opinions obtained during the arbitration process must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not consider texts in which they feel conflicts of interest arising from competition, association, or other relationship with any author, company or institution associated with the work.
(https://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts/turkish-all-flowcharts)
(https://static1.squarespace.com/static/53e16b74e4b0528c244ec998/t/543acda6e4b094d04bcacacd/1413139878532/IAVE-AuthorGuidelines.pdf)
(http://www.veteditors.org/consensus-author-guidelines-on-animal-ethics-and-welfare-for-editors)

Authorship

Each individual listed as an author should fulfill the authorship criteria recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE - www.icmje.org). The ICMJE recommends that authorship be based on the following 4 criteria:

1) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
2) Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
3) Final approval of the version to be published; AND
4) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

In addition to being accountable for the parts of the work he/she has done, an author should be able to identify which co-authors are responsible for specific other parts of the work. In addition, authors should have confidence in the integrity of the contributions of their co-authors.

All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged in the title page of the manuscript.

Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) requires that each author's contribution be indicated on the bottom of the manuscript (mentioned in the template) in order to take action during the initial application process. If the editorial board suspects a case of “gift authorship,” the submission will be rejected without further review. As part of the submission of the manuscript, the author should declare that he / she assumes full responsibility for authorship during the upload and review of the manuscript. The responsible author has accepted all the rules.

Conflict of Interest

Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) requires and encourages the authors and the individuals involved in the evaluation process of submitted manuscripts to disclose any existing or potential conflicts of interests, including financial, consultant, and institutional, that might lead to potential bias or a conflict of interest. Any financial grants or other support received for a submitted study from individuals or institutions should be disclosed to the Editorial Board. Cases of a potential conflict of interest of the editors, authors, or reviewers are resolved by the journal’s Editorial Board within the scope of COPE and ICMJE guidelines.

The Editorial Board of the journal handles all appeal and complaint cases within the scope of COPE guidelines. In such cases, authors should get in direct contact with the editorial office regarding their appeals and complaints. When needed, an ombudsperson may be assigned to resolve cases that cannot be resolved internally. The Editor in Chief is the final authority in the decision-making process for all appeals and complaints.

Article Processing Fee (APC) and Article Submission Fee (ASC)

The journal welcomes article submissions and does not charge any product processing fee (APC) and article submission fees (ASC). All the articles published in this journal are free to access immediately from the date of publication. There is no embargo period. The journal does not require users to register to read the content. 


Open Access Policy & Copyright and Licensing

Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi is loyal to open access, defined in Budapest Open Access Initiative. The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship. A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in LOCKSS (or Global LOCKSS Network) to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.

Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) requires each submission to be accompanied by a Copyright License Agreement (available on the main page). By signing the Copyright License Agreement, authors agree that the article, if accepted for publication by the Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi, will be licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC-BY-NC). This allows for the reproduction of articles, free of charge, for non-commercial use only, and with the appropriate citation information. All authors publishing with Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi accept these as the terms of publication.

Author rights

The rights that authors have when they publish in Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) are mentioned below. These also apply to the corresponding author and all co-authors.

-Retain the rights to use research data freely without any restriction
-Receive proper attribution and credit for their published work
-Re-use their own material in new works without permission or payment (with full acknowledgment of the original article):
a. Extend an article to book-length
b. Include an article in a subsequent compilation of their own work
c. Re-use portions, excerpts, and their own figures or tables in other works.
-Use and share their works for scholarly purposes (with full acknowledgment of the original article):
a. In their own classroom teaching. Electronic and physical distribution of copies is permitted
b. If an author is speaking at a conference, they can present the article and distribute copies to the attendees
c. Distribute the article, including by email, to their students and to research colleagues who they know for their personal use
d. Include in a thesis or dissertation (provided this is not published commercially)
-Publicly share the preprint on any website or repository at any time.
-Publicly share the final published article

Disclaimer

Statements or opinions expressed in the manuscripts published in Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) reflect the views of the author(s) and not the opinions of the editors, the editorial board, or the publisher; the editors, the editorial board, and the publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials. The final responsibility in regard to the published content rests with the authors.

Article Processing Fee (APC) and Article Submission Fee (ASC)

The journal welcomes article submissions and does not charge any product processing fee (APC) and article submission fees (ASC). All the articles published in this journal are free to access immediately from the date of publication. There is no embargo period. The journal does not require users to register to read the content.

Open Access Policy & Copyright and Licensing

Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi is loyal to open access, defined in Budapest Open Access Initiative. The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship. A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in LOCKSS (or Global LOCKSS Network) to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving.

Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi (Journal of Turkish Veterinary Medical Society) requires each submission to be accompanied by a Copyright License Agreement (available on the main page). By signing the Copyright License Agreement, the authors agree that the article, if accepted for publication by the Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi, will be licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC-BY-NC). This allows for the reproduction of articles, free of charge, for non-commercial use only, and with the appropriate citation information. All authors publishing with Veteriner Hekimler Derneği Dergisi accept these as the terms of publication.

Journal of the Turkish Veterinary Medical Society publishes fully open access articles, which means that all articles are available on the internet to all users immediately upon publication.