Yıl 2019, Cilt 17 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 508 - 516 2019-12-31

Benin’de Süt ve Süt Ürünleri Üretimi
Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin

Eudes Landry Anihouvi [1] , Hanaa Salih [2] , Victor B. Anihouvi [3] , Harun KESENKAŞ [4]


Değer zinciri yaklaşımına öncelik veren tarım sektöründeki iyileştirme stratejisi, hayvancılığı geliştirme politikası çerçevesinde hem süt üretimine hem de işlenmesine olan ilginin yeniden canlandırılmasına yol açmıştır. Benin büyük bir sığır yetiştiricisi olmamasına rağmen yerel olarak üretilen inek sütünün tüketimi son yıllarda önemli ölçüde artmıştır. Süt ve süt ürünlerinin pastoral toplulukların diyet ve ekonomisindeki rolü iyi bilinmektedir. Bununla birlikte, ülkede süt üretimi hala düşüktür ve genetik veya birçok diğer faktöre bağlıdır. Benin süt endüstrisinin ekonomik ve besleyici önemine rağmen hala zanaatkâr olmasının nedeni ise budur. Benin’deki süt endüstrisi, toplumun besinsel ihtiyaçlarının karşılanmasına yardımcı olan; yerel bir peynir olan "Wagashi" ve yerel bir içecek olan "Degue" gibi ürünlerin pazarlanmasını sağlamaktadır. Diğer unsurların yanı sıra, üretim koşulları ile işleme ve muhafaza uygulamalarındaki standardizasyon eksikliği, Benin’de üretilen süt ürünlerinin tüketiminden kaynaklanan riskleri haklı kılan kritik noktalardır. Benin’de son yıllarda ithal edilen süt ve süt ürünlerinin miktarındaki düşüş, yerel ürünlerin önemli bir rol oynadığı süt ürünleri piyasasının bölünmesine yol açmıştır; bu nedenle süt üretim potansiyeli ile tüketiminden kaynaklanan risklerin, tüketicinin sağlık güvenliğine odaklanmış bir sanayileşme açısından değerlendirilmesi gerekmektedir. Bu derlemede, Benin’deki süt ve süt ürünlerinin diyetteki önemi, süt üretimine katılan hayvan ırkları ve performansları ile Benin'de üretilen süt ürünlerinin tüketimine ilişkin riskler tartışılmıştır.
The recovery strategy for agricultural sector, which gives priority to the value chain approach, renewed interest in both milk production and processing within the framework of livestock development policy. The consumption of locally produced cow’s milk has grown considerably in recent decades, despite the fact that Benin isn’t a major producer of cattle. The role of milk and milk products in the diet and economy of pastoral communities is well established. However, milk production is still weak and depends on genetic and many other factors. That’s is the reason why, despite its economic and nutritional importance, the Beninese dairy industry is still artisanal. Dairy industry in Benin ensures the marketing of derived products like a local cheese “Wagashi” and a local beverage “Degue”: two derivative products helping to meet the nutritional needs of the population. The production conditions as well as the lack of standardization of the processing and preservation practices are, among other things, critical points justifying the risks associated with the consumption of derived dairy products in Benin. The decline in quantity of domestic imports of milk and milk products in recent decades has led to a segmentation of the dairy markets where local products play an important role. Hence, the need to evaluate the potential of milk production as well as the risks related to the consumption of this with a view to an industrial valorisation involving consumer health safety. The importance of milk and dairy products in the diet, the cattle breeds involved in milk production and their performance and the risks linked to the consumption of dairy products produced in Benin are discussed in this review.
  • [1] FAO (2015). FAO Stat, faostat.fao.org/site/613/ DesktopDefault. aspx?PageID=613#ancor, (Viewed 18/12/2017).
  • [2] MAEP. (2011). Stratégie de croissance pour la réduction de la pauvreté. Rapport d’activité 2011-2015, Direction de l’élevage du Benin, 100p.
  • [3] PAFILAV. (2014). Rapport synthèse définitif sur l’étude des filières lait et viande au Bénin, 213p.
  • [4] FAO (2013). Country Stat, www.countrystat.org/home. aspx?c=ben&ta=053SPD135&tr=21, (Viewed 18/12/2017).
  • [5] Wattiaux, M.A. (1997). Dairy essentials (1st edition): Lactation and milking. The Babcock Publications, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 73-100.
  • [6] Dossou, J., Adote, S., Soulé, H. (2006). Fiche technique de production et transformation du lait frais en fromage peulh au Bénin. Guide de Bonnes Pratiques, 33p.
  • [7] Chapon, M., Tourette I. (2011). Filière Lait Local en Afrique de l’Ouest, rôle des OPR, des petits et moyens éleveurs dans la pleine expression de son potentiel. Actes de l’atelier tenu à Bamako du 15 au 17 septembre 2010, 70p.
  • [8] Noblet, B. (2012). Le lait: produits, composition et consommation en France. Cahiers de Nutrition et de Dietetique, 47(5), 242-249.
  • [9] Ogodja, J.O., Hounsou-Ve, G., Dehoux, J.P. (1991). Rôle et activité de la femme peulh dans son ménage dans le Sud Borgou au Bénin. Part1.
  • [10] Corniaux, C., Lesnoff, M., Ickowicz, A., Hiernaux, P., Diawara, M.O., Sounon, A., Aguilhon, M., Dawalak, A., Manoli, C., Assani, B., Jorat, T., Chardonnet, F. (2012). Dynamique des cheptels de ruminants dans les communes de Tessékré (Sénégal), Hombori (Mali), Dantiandou (Niger) et Djougou (Bénin). Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR), Elevage Climat et Société (ECLiS), 43p.
  • [11] Sessou, P., Farougou, S., Azokpota, P., Youssao, I., Yèhouenou, B., Ahounou, S., Sohounhloué, D.C.K. (2013). Endogenous methods for preservation of Wagashi, a Beninese traditional cheese. Academic Journals, 8 (31), 4254-4261.
  • [12] Dossou, J., Atchouké, G.D., Dabadé, D.S., Azokpota, P., Montcho, J.K. (2016). Évaluation Comparative De La Qualité Nutritionnelle Et Sanitaire Du Lait De Différentes Races De Vaches De Quelques Zones D’élevage Du Bénin. European Scientific Journal, 12(03), 141-159.
  • [13] Fadéby, M.G., Assongba, H., Assogba, G.M. (2017). Evaluation of the microbiological quality of the cheese-based of cow's milk sold in the markets of Porto-novo (Benin). The International Journal of Science & Technoledge, 10(1), 210-217.
  • [14] Youssao, A.K.I. (2015). Programme National d’Amélioration Génétique. Projet d’Appui aux Filières Lait et Viande (PAFILAV), Bénin, 344p.
  • [15] Aumaitre, A. (1999). Quality and safety of animal products. Livestock Production Science, 59, 113–124.
  • [16] Farougou, S., Kpodékon, T.M., Sessou, P., Youssao, I., Boko, C., Yèhouenou, B., Sohounhloué, D. (2011). Qualité microbiologique du lait cru de vache élevée en milieu extensif du Bénin. Actes du 3ème Colloque des Sciences, Cultures et Technologies de l’UAC-Bénin.
  • [17] Aboh, A.B., Mekhtoub, K., Ouedraogo, S., Pham, T.H.R., Rivera, A.M. (2001). Importance, contraintes et voies de développement des élevages urbains et périurbains dans la Région Sud du Bénin. Série de Documents de Travail N° 96 Bénin-2001, 146p.
  • [18] Tir, Elhadj, Bounoua, S., Heddar, M., Bouklila, N. (2015). Etude de la qualité physico-chimique et microbiologique de laits crus de vache dans deux fermes de la wilaya de Tissemsilt (Algérie). ElWahat pour les Recherches et les Etudes, 8(2), 26–33.
  • [19] Alkoiret, I.T., Yari, H.M., Gbangboché, A.B., Lokossou, R. (2011). Reproductive performance and milk production of Girolando cows in the ranch of Kpinnou, South-West of Benin Republic. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 10(19), 2588-2592.
  • [20] Mama Sombo, A. (2013). Programme d’actions détaillé du développement de la filière lait en zone UEMOA. Rapport final CIRAD étude filière lait, Bénin, 44p.
  • [21] Youssao, A.K.I., Dahouda, M., Attakpa, E.Y., Koutinhouin, G.B., Ahounou, G.S., Toléba, S.S., Balogoun, B.S. (2013). Diversité des systèmes d’élevages de bovins de race bovine Borgou dans la zone soudanienne du Bénin. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 7(1), 125-146.
  • [22] Ministère de l’Agriculture, de l’Elevage Et de la pêche Bénin (MAEP). (2007). Rapport annuel d’activité 2006, Direction de l’élevage du Benin.
  • [23] Adjou Moumouni, P.F. (2006). Evaluation zootechniques des performances des bovins de race Borgou en sélection à la ferme d‘élevage de l’Okpara-Bénin. Thèse de Doctorat de Médecine Véterinaire, Ecole Inter-Etats des Sciences et Medecine Veterinaires (Eismv), Dakar, 20p.
  • [24] Youssao, A.K.I., Koutinhouin, G.B., Kpodekon, T.M., Yacoubou, A., Bonou, A.G., Adjakpa, A., Ahounou, S., Taiwo, R. (2009). Amélioration génétique des performances zootechniques du porc local Béninois par croisement avec le Large White. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 3(4), 653-662.
  • [25] Meyer, C., Denis, J.P. (1999). Elevage de la vache laitière en zone tropicale. Edited by C. Meyer, J.P. Denis, Cirad, Montpellier, 314p.
  • [26] Diao, X., Hazell, P., Resnick, D., Thurlow, J. (2006). The role of agriculture in development: implications for Sub-Saharan Africa. International Food Policy Research Institute, 112p.
  • [27] Tchekessi, C.K.C., Bokossa, Yaou, I., Banon, J., Agbangla, C., Adeoti, K., Dossou-Yovo, P., Assogba, E. (2013), Caractérisations physico-chimiques et microbiologiques d’une pâte traditionnelle “gowé” fabriquée à base de maïs au Bénin. Journée Recherches des Sciences Universitaires, Lomé (Togo), Série A, 15(2), 377-387.
  • [28] Deteurtre, G., Corniaux, C., Boutonnet, J-P. (2003). Baisse de la consommation des produits laitiers en Afrique subsaharienne: mythe ou réalité? Rencontre Recherche Ruminants, 10, 321-326.
  • [29] FAO (2017). Services statistiques de la FAO. www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data, Viewed 20/02/18.
  • [30] Belemsaga, D., M., A. (2000). Contribution à l’analyse d’échantillons biologiques par des méthodes physico-chimiques et nucléaires. Thèse du 3ème cycle: Physique Nucleaire, Dakar, Sénégal, 170p.
  • [31] Kassa, K., Ahounou, S., Guiguigbaza-Kossigan, D., Salifou, C., Issifou, M.T., DOTCHÉ, I., Gandonou, P.S., Yapi-Gnaoré, V., Koutinhouin, B., Mensah, A.G., Youssao, A.K.I. (2016). Performances de production laitière des races bovines de l’Afrique de l’Ouest. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Science 10(5), 2316-2330.
  • [32] Kassa, K., Moutouama, V. (2009). Productivité de la race bovine Somba dans le département de l’Atacora: cas de la commune de Boukombé. Mémoire de Licence Professionnelle en Production et Santé Animales. Département de Production et Santé Animales. Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Bénin, 49p.
  • [33] Gbangboché, A.B., Alkoiret, T.I. (2011). Reproduction et production de lait des bovins de race Borgou et N’Dama au Bénin. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 46, 3185–3194.
  • [34] Gbodjo, Z.L., Sokouri, D.P., Bi, S.G., N’Goran, K.E., Fofana, I.J., Soro, B., N’Guetta, A.S.P. (2014). Potentialities of Dairy Production of Local Cattle Raised in Rural Environment in Northern Ivory Coast. Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research, 2(3), 260-269.
  • [35] Cissé, S. (2000). Stratégie nationale en matière de diversité biologique. Tome 1: situation générale de la diversité biologique au Mali, 122p.
  • [36] Ouédraogo, A. (2013). Etude des performances laitières des vaches zébus et de la croissance pondérale des veaux des noyaux de Ouagadougou et Komsilga. Mémoire d’Ingénieur de Conception en Vulgarisation Agricole, Institut du Développement Rural, Université Polytechnique de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina-Faso, 76p.
  • [37] Meyer, C. (2018). Dictionnaire des Sciences Animales [Online]. Cirad, Montpellier, France. www.dico-sciencesanimales. cirad.fr, Viewed 02/01/2018.
  • [38] Assani, S., Assogba, B., Toukourou, Y., Alkoiret, I.T. (2015). Productivity of Gudali cattle farms located in the commons of Malancity and Karimama extreme north of Benin. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 27(7), 1-9.
  • [39] Doko, A.S., Gbégo, Tossa, I., Tobada, P., Mama, Yari, H., Lokossou, R., Tchobo, A., Alkoiret, T.I. (2012). Performances de reproduction et de production laitière des bovins Girolando à la ferme de Kpinnou au Sud-Ouest du Bénin. Bulletin de la Recherche Agronomique du Bénin (Numéro spécial Elevage & Faune), 36-47.
  • [40] PDE. (2008). Rapport annuel d’activités du Projet de Développement de l’Elevage, 97p.
  • [41] Aïsso, R.C.B., Aïssi, V.M., Youssao, A.K.I., Soumanou, Mohamed, M. (2015). Caractéristiques physico-chimiques du fromage Peulh produit dans les conditions optimales de coagulation à partir du lait de deux races de vaches du Bénin. Revue «Nature & Technologie». B- Sciences Agronomiques et Biologiques, n° 14/ Janvier 2016, 37-43.
  • [42] Kees, M. (1996). Le fromage peulh : facile à produire et bien apprécié, une technologie à vulgariser. Rapport de recherche GTZ, Université Eschborn, 8-25.
  • [43] Aïssi, V.M., Soumanou, M.M., Bankolé, H., Toukourou, F., De Souza, C.A. (2009). Evaluation of hygienic and mycological quality of local cheese marketed in Benin. Australian Journal of Basic Applied Sciences, 3(3), 2397-2404.
  • [44] Kèkè, M., Yèhouénou, B., Dahouénon, E., Dossou, J., Sohounhloué, D.C.K. (2008). Contribution à l’amélioration de la technologie de fabrication et de conservation du fromage peulh waragashi par injection de Lactobacillus plantarum. Annales des Sciences Agronomiques du Bénin, 10(1), 73-86.
  • [45] D’aoust, Y.L. (1991). Pathogenicity of food borne Salmonella. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 12, 17–40.
  • [46] Steele, M.L., Mcnab, W.B., Poppe, C., Griffiths, M.W., Chen, S., Degrandis, S.A., Fruhner, L.C., Larkin, C.A., Lynch, J.A., Odumeru, J.A. (1997). Survey of Ontario bulk tank raw milk for food-borne pathogens. Journal of Food Protection, 60, 1341–1346.
  • [47] Headrick, M.L., Korangy, S., Bean, N.H., Angulo, F.J., Altekruse, S.F., Potter, M.E., Klontz, K.C. (1998). The epidemiology of raw milk-associated foodborne disease outbreaks reported in the United States, 1973 through 1992. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1219–1221.
  • [48] Farhan, M., Salik, S. (2007). Evaluation of Bacteriological Contamination in Raw (Unprocessed) Milk Sold in Different Regions of Lahore (Pakistan). Journal of agriculture and social sciences, 3, 104–106.
  • [49] Lechevallier, M.W., Werch, N.J., Smith, D.B. (1996). Full-scale studies of factors related to Coliform regrowth in drinking water. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 62, 689–93.
  • [50] Jacques, V., Charles, D., Laurence, N., François, M., Claude, J., Emile, P., Mohamed, EL, L., Jacques D. (1998). Qualité microbiologique des fromages artisanaux fabriqués au lait cru en Région wallome. Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement, 2, 248-255.
  • [51] Stark, K.D. (2000). Food safety achieved through herd management. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd, 142, 673–678.
  • [52] Mennane, Z., Ouhssine, M., Khedid, K., EL Yachioui, M. (2007). Hygienic quality of raw cow’s milk feeding from domestic waste in two regions in Morocco. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 9, 46–48.
  • [53] Adesiyun, A.A., Webb, L., Rahaman, S. (1995). Microbiological quality of raw cow’s milk at collection centers in Trinidad. Journal of Food Protection, 58, 139–146.
  • [54] Chye, F., Abdullah, A., Ayob, M. (2004). Bacteriological quality and safety of raw milk in Malaysia. Food Microbiology, 21, 535–541.
  • [55] Degbey, C., Makoutode, M., Agueh, V., Dramaix, M., De Brouwer, C. (2011). Facteurs associés à la qualité de l'eau de puits et prévalence des maladies hydriques dans la commune d'Abomey-Calavi (Bénin). Cahier Santé, 21, 47-55.
  • [56] Beal, C., Sodini, I. (2003). Fabrication des yaourts et des laits fermentés. Techniques de l’ingénieur, F6 315-7, 31p.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
Bölüm Derleme Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-0786-1837
Yazar: Eudes Landry Anihouvi (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: EGE UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT OF DAIRY TECHNOLOGY
Ülke: Benin


Orcid: 0000-0001-7104-8982
Yazar: Hanaa Salih
Kurum: EGE UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT OF DAIRY TECHNOLOGY
Ülke: Benin


Orcid: 0000-0002-2609-3837
Yazar: Victor B. Anihouvi
Kurum: University of Abomey-Calavi, Department of Nutrition and Food Science
Ülke: Benin


Orcid: 0000-0003-0837-1183
Yazar: Harun KESENKAŞ
Kurum: EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ SÜT TEKNOLOJİSİ BÖLÜMÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @derleme { akademik-gida667265, journal = {Akademik Gıda}, issn = {1304-7582}, eissn = {2148-015X}, address = {Fevzipaşa Bulv. Çelik İş Merkezi, No: 162, Kat: 3, D:302, Çankaya, İzmir}, publisher = {Sidas Medya Ajans Tanıtım Danışmanlık Ltd. Şti.}, year = {2019}, volume = {17}, pages = {508 - 516}, doi = {10.24323/akademik-gida.667265}, title = {Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin}, key = {cite}, author = {Landry Anihouvi, Eudes and Salih, Hanaa and Anihouvi, Victor B. and KESENKAŞ, Harun} }
APA Landry Anihouvi, E , Salih, H , Anihouvi, V , KESENKAŞ, H . (2019). Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin. Akademik Gıda , 17 (4) , 508-516 . DOI: 10.24323/akademik-gida.667265
MLA Landry Anihouvi, E , Salih, H , Anihouvi, V , KESENKAŞ, H . "Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin". Akademik Gıda 17 (2019 ): 508-516 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/akademik-gida/issue/51394/667265>
Chicago Landry Anihouvi, E , Salih, H , Anihouvi, V , KESENKAŞ, H . "Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin". Akademik Gıda 17 (2019 ): 508-516
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin AU - Eudes Landry Anihouvi , Hanaa Salih , Victor B. Anihouvi , Harun KESENKAŞ Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.24323/akademik-gida.667265 DO - 10.24323/akademik-gida.667265 T2 - Akademik Gıda JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 508 EP - 516 VL - 17 IS - 4 SN - 1304-7582-2148-015X M3 - doi: 10.24323/akademik-gida.667265 UR - https://doi.org/10.24323/akademik-gida.667265 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Akademik Gıda Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin %A Eudes Landry Anihouvi , Hanaa Salih , Victor B. Anihouvi , Harun KESENKAŞ %T Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin %D 2019 %J Akademik Gıda %P 1304-7582-2148-015X %V 17 %N 4 %R doi: 10.24323/akademik-gida.667265 %U 10.24323/akademik-gida.667265
ISNAD Landry Anihouvi, Eudes , Salih, Hanaa , Anihouvi, Victor B. , KESENKAŞ, Harun . "Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin". Akademik Gıda 17 / 4 (Aralık 2020): 508-516 . https://doi.org/10.24323/akademik-gida.667265
AMA Landry Anihouvi E , Salih H , Anihouvi V , KESENKAŞ H . Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin. Akademik Gıda. 2019; 17(4): 508-516.
Vancouver Landry Anihouvi E , Salih H , Anihouvi V , KESENKAŞ H . Milk and Dairy Products Production in Benin. Akademik Gıda. 2019; 17(4): 516-508.