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ÇİN VE JAPONYA’NIN ÜRÜN BAZINDA İHRACAT YOĞUNLAŞMALARININ ANALİZİ

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 19, 140 - 146, 01.11.2021

Öz

Günümüzde gerek gelişmekte olan ülkeler gerekse gelişmiş ülkeler ihracat rekabet güçlerini yükseltmeyi ve daha güçlü bir küresel aktör olmayı amaçlamaktadır. Bu bağlamda, ülkelerin rekabet avantajı sağlamaları açısından en önemli anahtar ihracatın ve ihracattaki ürün çeşitlendirmelerinin yükseltilmesidir. Bu perspektifte, bu çalışmada, ihracat yoğunlaşmaları kullanılarak Çin'in ve Japonya'nın ihracat rekabet gücünün karşılaştırmalı bir şekilde analiz edilmesi amaçlanmıştır. 2000-2020 döneminin incelendiği bu analizde yoğunlaşma endekslerinden Yoğunlaşma Oranı (CR) ve Herfindahl-Hirchman Endeksi (HHI) kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre, Japonya ile kıyaslandığında Çin’in ürün bazında ihracat yoğunlaşmaları azalmıştır. Diğer ifadeyle, Çin’in ihracatındaki ürün çeşitlendirmesi ve rekabet gücü artmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Daniel Workman. (2021). World’s Top Export Countries: https://www.worldstopexports.com/worlds-top-export-countries/
  • Erkan, B. (2014). Product and Market Diversification in Turkey’s Foreign Trade. International Journal of Advances in Management and Economics, 3(1), 1-15.
  • Erkan, B. (2019). China as a Global Power in the Face of Developed Countries such as The US, The EU, Germany and Japan: An Analysis in the Perspective of Concentration. Global and Regional Powers- Relations, Problems and Issues in the 21st Century (s. 73-87). içinde Berlin: Peter Lang.
  • Kozáková, M., & Barteková, M. K. (2020). Analysis of market concentration in creative industry. SHS Web of Conferences, 83, 1-8.
  • Makonnen, T. (2012). Determinants of Export Commodity Concentration and Trade Dynamics in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Economics Association/Ethiopian Economics Policy Research Institute (EEA/EEPRI).
  • Meilak, C. (2008). Measuring Export Concentration: The Implications for Small States. Bank of Valetta Review, 37, 35-48.
  • Statistics Canada. (2017, December 11). Exportdiversification. Component of Statistics Canada: www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/171211/dq171211b-eng.pdf
  • Tegene, A. (1990). Commodity Concentration and Export Earnings Instability: Evidence from African Countries. The American Economist, 34(2), 55-59.
  • World Bank: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.EXP.GNFS.CD (2021).
  • https://www.worldstopexports.com/worlds-top-export-countries/(2021).
  • https://wits.worldbank.org/WITS/WITS/Restricted/Login.aspx. (2021).

ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 19, 140 - 146, 01.11.2021

Öz

Nowadays, both developing countries and developed countries aim to increase their export competitiveness and become a stronger global actor. In this context, the most important key for countries to gain a competitive advantage is to increase exports and product diversification in exports. In this perspective, in this study, it is aimed to analyze the export competitiveness of China and Japan in a comparative way using export concentrations. In this analysis, which examines the 2000-2020 period, the Concentration Ratio (CR) and Herfindahl-Hirchman Index (HHI), which are concentration indices, are used. According to the results, when compared to Japan, China's export concentrations on product basis decreased. In other words, product diversification and competitiveness in China's exports have increased.

Kaynakça

  • Daniel Workman. (2021). World’s Top Export Countries: https://www.worldstopexports.com/worlds-top-export-countries/
  • Erkan, B. (2014). Product and Market Diversification in Turkey’s Foreign Trade. International Journal of Advances in Management and Economics, 3(1), 1-15.
  • Erkan, B. (2019). China as a Global Power in the Face of Developed Countries such as The US, The EU, Germany and Japan: An Analysis in the Perspective of Concentration. Global and Regional Powers- Relations, Problems and Issues in the 21st Century (s. 73-87). içinde Berlin: Peter Lang.
  • Kozáková, M., & Barteková, M. K. (2020). Analysis of market concentration in creative industry. SHS Web of Conferences, 83, 1-8.
  • Makonnen, T. (2012). Determinants of Export Commodity Concentration and Trade Dynamics in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Ethiopian Economics Association/Ethiopian Economics Policy Research Institute (EEA/EEPRI).
  • Meilak, C. (2008). Measuring Export Concentration: The Implications for Small States. Bank of Valetta Review, 37, 35-48.
  • Statistics Canada. (2017, December 11). Exportdiversification. Component of Statistics Canada: www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/171211/dq171211b-eng.pdf
  • Tegene, A. (1990). Commodity Concentration and Export Earnings Instability: Evidence from African Countries. The American Economist, 34(2), 55-59.
  • World Bank: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NE.EXP.GNFS.CD (2021).
  • https://www.worldstopexports.com/worlds-top-export-countries/(2021).
  • https://wits.worldbank.org/WITS/WITS/Restricted/Login.aspx. (2021).

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makale
Yazarlar

Birol ERKAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
İSKENDERUN TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Elif Tuğçe BOZDUMAN
MANISA CELAL BAYAR UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-6145-8571
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Kasım 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 19

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { assam996779, journal = {ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi}, issn = {2148-5879}, address = {Yakuplu Mahallesi Hürriyet Bulvarı Newport Sitesi No: 155 1. Blok Kat 7 D.55 Beylikdüzü İstanbul}, publisher = {Adaleti Savunanlar Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi Derneği}, year = {2021}, volume = {8}, pages = {140 - 146}, doi = {}, title = {ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS}, key = {cite}, author = {Erkan, Birol and Bozduman, Elif Tuğçe} }
APA Erkan, B. & Bozduman, E. T. (2021). ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS . ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi , 8 (19) , 140-146 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/assam/issue/65159/996779
MLA Erkan, B. , Bozduman, E. T. "ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS" . ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi 8 (2021 ): 140-146 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/assam/issue/65159/996779>
Chicago Erkan, B. , Bozduman, E. T. "ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS". ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi 8 (2021 ): 140-146
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS AU - Birol Erkan , Elif Tuğçe Bozduman Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - DO - T2 - ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 140 EP - 146 VL - 8 IS - 19 SN - 2148-5879- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS %A Birol Erkan , Elif Tuğçe Bozduman %T ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS %D 2021 %J ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi %P 2148-5879- %V 8 %N 19 %R %U
ISNAD Erkan, Birol , Bozduman, Elif Tuğçe . "ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS". ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi 8 / 19 (Kasım 2021): 140-146 .
AMA Erkan B. , Bozduman E. T. ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS. ASSAM-UHAD. 2021; 8(19): 140-146.
Vancouver Erkan B. , Bozduman E. T. ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS. ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi. 2021; 8(19): 140-146.
IEEE B. Erkan ve E. T. Bozduman , "ANALYSIS OF EXPORT CONCENTRATIONS OF CHINA AND JAPAN ON PRODUCT BASIS", ASSAM Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi, c. 8, sayı. 19, ss. 140-146, Kas. 2021

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