Araştırma Makalesi
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Analysis of Travel Avoidance Intention from a Complexity Perspective During the Covid-19 Pandemic Process

Yıl 2021, Cilt 32, Sayı 2, 212 - 223, 01.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17123/atad.896981

Öz

In processes such as crisis and disaster periods, when systems move away from their usual dynamics and display chaotic patterns, differences in tourists' travel intentions may occur. The aim of this study is to examine the intention of domestic tourists to avoid travel in a time of high risk and uncertainty such as Covid-19 in a model with complexity theory. The study group of the research included 349 domestic tourists reached through an online survey. Accordingly, a total of five variables were included in the measurement model, excluding demographic questions, and each variable was measured with three questions. Asymmetric relationships between research variables were examined under seven configurations through fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA). It is discussed what kind of effects these configurations have on the outcome variable in the context of different age, gender, education level, marital status and different condition variables. Accordingly, it has been determined that hygiene and economic concerns during the pandemic process affect the intention of tourists to avoid travel.

Kaynakça

  • AON (2020). Decision Making in Complex & Volatile Times : Keys to Managing COVID-19, https://www.aon.com/getmedia/86577ac3-1ce2-43eb-8323-1a1191488355/Decision-Making-in-Complex-and-Volatile-Times-Keys-to-Managing-COVID-19-2020-05-06.aspx (Erişim tarihi: 09.01.2021).
  • Cahyanto, I., Wiblishauser, M., Pennington-Gray, L. ve Schroeder, A. (2016). The Dynamics of Travel Avoidance: The Case of Ebola in the U.S., Tourism Management Perspectives, 20: 195-203.
  • Das, S. S. ve Tiwari, A. K. (2020). Understanding International and Domestic Travel Intention of Indian Travellers During COVID-19 Using a Bayesian Approach, Tourism Recreation Research, 1-17.
  • Doll, W. E. (2008). Chaos and Complexity Theories. İçinde; L. M. Given (Editör), The Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods (ss. 75-78). Thousand Oaks, Kaliforniya: Basım evinin ismi eklenmeli.
  • Faulkner, B. (2001). Towards a Framework for Tourism Disaster Management, Tourism Management, 22 (2): 135–147.
  • Fiss, P. C. (2011). Building Better Causal Theories: A Fuzzy Set Approach to Typologies in Organization Research, Academy of Management Journal, 54 (2): 393-420.
  • Gössling, S., Scott, D. ve Hall, C. M. (2021). Pandemics, Tourism and Global Change: A Rapid Assessment of COVID-19, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 29 (1): 1-20.
  • Hajibaba, H., Gretzel, U., Leisch, F. ve Dolnicar, S. (2015). Crisis-resistant Tourists, Annals of Tourism Research, 53: 46-60.
  • Huang, X., Dai, S. ve Xu, H. (2020). Predicting Tourists’ Health Risk Preventative Behaviour and Travelling Satisfaction in Tibet: Combining the Theory of Planned Behaviour and Health Belief Model, Tourism Management Perspectives, 33: 100589.
  • Karabulut, G., Bilgin, M. H., Demir, E., ve Doker, A. C. (2020). How Pandemics Affect Tourism: International Evidence, Annals of Tourism Research, 84: 102991.
  • Kock, F., Nørfelt, A., Josiassen, A., Assaf, A. G. ve Tsionas, M. G. (2020). Understanding the COVID-19 Tourist Psyche: The Evolutionary Tourism Paradigm, Annals of Tourism Research, 85: 103053.
  • Kozak, M., Crotts, J. C. ve Law, R. (2007). The Impact of the Perception of Risk on International Travellers, International Journal of Tourism Research, 9 (4): 233-242.
  • Lorenz, E. N. (1993). The Essence of Chaos. Londra: UCL Press.
  • Manson, S. M. (2001). Simplifying Complexity: A Review of Complexity Theory, Geoforum, 32 (3): 405-414.
  • Neuburger, L. ve Egger, R. (2020). Travel Risk Perception and Travel Behaviour During the COVID-19 Pandemic 2020: A Case Study of the DACH Region., Current Issues in Tourism, 1–14.
  • Papatheodorou, A. ve Pappas, N. (2017). Economic Recession, Job Vulnerability, and Tourism Decision Making: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Journal of Travel Research, 56 (5): 663-677.
  • Pappas, N. ve Glyptou, K. (2021). Accommodation Decision-making During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Complexity Insights From Greece, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 93: 102767.
  • Ragin, C. C. (2008). Redesigning Social Inquiry: Fuzzy Sets and Beyond. Şikago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Ragin, C. C. (2014). The Comparative Method: Moving Beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies With a New Introduction. Kaliforniya: University of California Press.
  • Ragin, C. C. (2018). User’s Guide to Fuzzy-Set/Qualitative Comparative Analysis 3.0. Kaliforniya: University of California.
  • Reddy, M. V., Boyd, S. W. ve Nica, M. (2020). Towards a Post-conflict Tourism Recovery Framework, Annals of Tourism Research, 84: 102940.
  • Reisinger, Y. ve Mavondo, F. (2005). Travel Anxiety and Intentions to Travel Internationally: Implications of Travel Risk Perception, Journal of Travel Research, 43 (3): 212-225.
  • Rihoux, B. ve Ragin, C. C. (2009). Configurational Comparative Methods. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and Related Techniques. Kaliforniya: Sage.
  • Ritchie, B. W. ve Jiang, Y. (2019). A Review of Research on Tourism Risk, Crisis and Disaster Management: Launching the Annals of Tourism Research Curated Collection on Tourism Risk, Crisis and Disaster Management, Annals of Tourism Research, 79: 102812.
  • Russell, R. ve Faulkner, B. (1999). Movers and Shakers: Chaos Makers in Tourism Development, Tourism Management, 20 (4): 411-423.
  • Sirakaya, E. ve Woodside, A. G. (2005). Building and Testing Theories of Decision Making by Travellers, Tourism Management, 26 (6): 815-832.
  • Sönmez, S. F. ve Graefe, A. R. (1998). Determining Future Travel Behavior From Past Travel Experience and Perceptions of Risk and Safety, Journal of Travel Research, 37 (2): 171-177.
  • Woodside, A. G. (2013). Moving Beyond Multiple Regression Analysis to Algorithms: Calling for Adoption of a Paradigm Shift From Symmetric to Asymmetric Thinking in Data Analysis and Crafting Theory, Journal of Business Research, 66: 463-472.
  • Woodside, A. G. (2014). Embrace Perform Model: Complexity Theory, Contrarian Case Analysis, and Multiple Realities, Journal of Business Research, 67 (12): 2495-2503.
  • Xu, Z., Zhang, K., Min, H., Wang, Z., Zhao, X. ve Liu, P. (2018). What Drives People to Accept Automated Vehicles? Findings From a Field Experiement, Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 95: 320-334.
  • Zenker, S. ve Kock, F. (2020). The Coronavirus Pandemic–A Critical Discussion of a Tourism Research Agenda, Tourism Management, 81: 104164.

Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 32, Sayı 2, 212 - 223, 01.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17123/atad.896981

Öz

Kriz ve afet dönemleri gibi, sistemlerin olağan dinamiklerinden uzaklaştığı ve kaotik örüntüler sergilediği süreçlerde turistlerin seyahat niyetlerinde farklılıklar ortaya çıkabilmektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Covid-19 gibi yüksek risk ve belirsizlik içeren bir dönemde yerli turistlerin seyahatten kaçınma niyetini karmaşıklık teorisi bakış açısıyla bir model içerisinde incelemektir. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunda çevrimiçi anket vasıtasıyla ulaşılan 349 yerli turist yer almıştır. Veri toplama için kullanılan soru formunda demografik sorular hariç, toplam beş değişken yer almış ve her bir değişken üç soruyla ölçülmüştür. Bulanık küme nitel karşılaştırmalı analiz (fsQCA) yoluyla araştırma değişkenleri arasındaki asimetrik ilişkiler yedi konfigürasyon altında incelenmiştir. Bu konfigürasyonların farklı yaş, cinsiyet, eğitim düzeyi, medeni hal durumlarında ve farklı koşul değişkenleri bağlamında sonuç değişkeni üzerinde ne tür etkileri olduğu tartışılmıştır. Buna göre, pandemi sürecindeki hijyen ve ekonomik kaygıların turistlerin seyahatten kaçınma niyetini etkilediği saptanmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • AON (2020). Decision Making in Complex & Volatile Times : Keys to Managing COVID-19, https://www.aon.com/getmedia/86577ac3-1ce2-43eb-8323-1a1191488355/Decision-Making-in-Complex-and-Volatile-Times-Keys-to-Managing-COVID-19-2020-05-06.aspx (Erişim tarihi: 09.01.2021).
  • Cahyanto, I., Wiblishauser, M., Pennington-Gray, L. ve Schroeder, A. (2016). The Dynamics of Travel Avoidance: The Case of Ebola in the U.S., Tourism Management Perspectives, 20: 195-203.
  • Das, S. S. ve Tiwari, A. K. (2020). Understanding International and Domestic Travel Intention of Indian Travellers During COVID-19 Using a Bayesian Approach, Tourism Recreation Research, 1-17.
  • Doll, W. E. (2008). Chaos and Complexity Theories. İçinde; L. M. Given (Editör), The Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods (ss. 75-78). Thousand Oaks, Kaliforniya: Basım evinin ismi eklenmeli.
  • Faulkner, B. (2001). Towards a Framework for Tourism Disaster Management, Tourism Management, 22 (2): 135–147.
  • Fiss, P. C. (2011). Building Better Causal Theories: A Fuzzy Set Approach to Typologies in Organization Research, Academy of Management Journal, 54 (2): 393-420.
  • Gössling, S., Scott, D. ve Hall, C. M. (2021). Pandemics, Tourism and Global Change: A Rapid Assessment of COVID-19, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 29 (1): 1-20.
  • Hajibaba, H., Gretzel, U., Leisch, F. ve Dolnicar, S. (2015). Crisis-resistant Tourists, Annals of Tourism Research, 53: 46-60.
  • Huang, X., Dai, S. ve Xu, H. (2020). Predicting Tourists’ Health Risk Preventative Behaviour and Travelling Satisfaction in Tibet: Combining the Theory of Planned Behaviour and Health Belief Model, Tourism Management Perspectives, 33: 100589.
  • Karabulut, G., Bilgin, M. H., Demir, E., ve Doker, A. C. (2020). How Pandemics Affect Tourism: International Evidence, Annals of Tourism Research, 84: 102991.
  • Kock, F., Nørfelt, A., Josiassen, A., Assaf, A. G. ve Tsionas, M. G. (2020). Understanding the COVID-19 Tourist Psyche: The Evolutionary Tourism Paradigm, Annals of Tourism Research, 85: 103053.
  • Kozak, M., Crotts, J. C. ve Law, R. (2007). The Impact of the Perception of Risk on International Travellers, International Journal of Tourism Research, 9 (4): 233-242.
  • Lorenz, E. N. (1993). The Essence of Chaos. Londra: UCL Press.
  • Manson, S. M. (2001). Simplifying Complexity: A Review of Complexity Theory, Geoforum, 32 (3): 405-414.
  • Neuburger, L. ve Egger, R. (2020). Travel Risk Perception and Travel Behaviour During the COVID-19 Pandemic 2020: A Case Study of the DACH Region., Current Issues in Tourism, 1–14.
  • Papatheodorou, A. ve Pappas, N. (2017). Economic Recession, Job Vulnerability, and Tourism Decision Making: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis, Journal of Travel Research, 56 (5): 663-677.
  • Pappas, N. ve Glyptou, K. (2021). Accommodation Decision-making During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Complexity Insights From Greece, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 93: 102767.
  • Ragin, C. C. (2008). Redesigning Social Inquiry: Fuzzy Sets and Beyond. Şikago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Ragin, C. C. (2014). The Comparative Method: Moving Beyond Qualitative and Quantitative Strategies With a New Introduction. Kaliforniya: University of California Press.
  • Ragin, C. C. (2018). User’s Guide to Fuzzy-Set/Qualitative Comparative Analysis 3.0. Kaliforniya: University of California.
  • Reddy, M. V., Boyd, S. W. ve Nica, M. (2020). Towards a Post-conflict Tourism Recovery Framework, Annals of Tourism Research, 84: 102940.
  • Reisinger, Y. ve Mavondo, F. (2005). Travel Anxiety and Intentions to Travel Internationally: Implications of Travel Risk Perception, Journal of Travel Research, 43 (3): 212-225.
  • Rihoux, B. ve Ragin, C. C. (2009). Configurational Comparative Methods. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and Related Techniques. Kaliforniya: Sage.
  • Ritchie, B. W. ve Jiang, Y. (2019). A Review of Research on Tourism Risk, Crisis and Disaster Management: Launching the Annals of Tourism Research Curated Collection on Tourism Risk, Crisis and Disaster Management, Annals of Tourism Research, 79: 102812.
  • Russell, R. ve Faulkner, B. (1999). Movers and Shakers: Chaos Makers in Tourism Development, Tourism Management, 20 (4): 411-423.
  • Sirakaya, E. ve Woodside, A. G. (2005). Building and Testing Theories of Decision Making by Travellers, Tourism Management, 26 (6): 815-832.
  • Sönmez, S. F. ve Graefe, A. R. (1998). Determining Future Travel Behavior From Past Travel Experience and Perceptions of Risk and Safety, Journal of Travel Research, 37 (2): 171-177.
  • Woodside, A. G. (2013). Moving Beyond Multiple Regression Analysis to Algorithms: Calling for Adoption of a Paradigm Shift From Symmetric to Asymmetric Thinking in Data Analysis and Crafting Theory, Journal of Business Research, 66: 463-472.
  • Woodside, A. G. (2014). Embrace Perform Model: Complexity Theory, Contrarian Case Analysis, and Multiple Realities, Journal of Business Research, 67 (12): 2495-2503.
  • Xu, Z., Zhang, K., Min, H., Wang, Z., Zhao, X. ve Liu, P. (2018). What Drives People to Accept Automated Vehicles? Findings From a Field Experiement, Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 95: 320-334.
  • Zenker, S. ve Kock, F. (2020). The Coronavirus Pandemic–A Critical Discussion of a Tourism Research Agenda, Tourism Management, 81: 104164.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Hakem Denetimli Makaleler
Yazarlar

Beykan ÇİZEL
AKDENIZ UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-0474-9222
Türkiye


İsmail Gökay KIRTIL (Sorumlu Yazar)
AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-3520-9600
Türkiye


Rabia ÇİZEL
AKDENIZ UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-6381-2503
Türkiye


Volkan AŞKUN
AKDENIZ UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-2746-502X
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 32, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { atad896981, journal = {Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {1300-4220}, address = {}, publisher = {Detay Yayıncılık}, year = {2021}, volume = {32}, pages = {212 - 223}, doi = {10.17123/atad.896981}, title = {Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi}, key = {cite}, author = {Çizel, Beykan and Kırtıl, İsmail Gökay and Çizel, Rabia and Aşkun, Volkan} }
APA Çizel, B. , Kırtıl, İ. G. , Çizel, R. & Aşkun, V. (2021). Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi . Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi , 32 (2) , 212-223 . DOI: 10.17123/atad.896981
MLA Çizel, B. , Kırtıl, İ. G. , Çizel, R. , Aşkun, V. "Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi" . Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi 32 (2021 ): 212-223 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/atad/issue/62729/896981>
Chicago Çizel, B. , Kırtıl, İ. G. , Çizel, R. , Aşkun, V. "Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi". Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi 32 (2021 ): 212-223
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi AU - Beykan Çizel , İsmail Gökay Kırtıl , Rabia Çizel , Volkan Aşkun Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17123/atad.896981 DO - 10.17123/atad.896981 T2 - Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 212 EP - 223 VL - 32 IS - 2 SN - 1300-4220- M3 - doi: 10.17123/atad.896981 UR - https://doi.org/10.17123/atad.896981 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi %A Beykan Çizel , İsmail Gökay Kırtıl , Rabia Çizel , Volkan Aşkun %T Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi %D 2021 %J Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi %P 1300-4220- %V 32 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17123/atad.896981 %U 10.17123/atad.896981
ISNAD Çizel, Beykan , Kırtıl, İsmail Gökay , Çizel, Rabia , Aşkun, Volkan . "Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi". Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi 32 / 2 (Aralık 2021): 212-223 . https://doi.org/10.17123/atad.896981
AMA Çizel B. , Kırtıl İ. G. , Çizel R. , Aşkun V. Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi. Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2021; 32(2): 212-223.
Vancouver Çizel B. , Kırtıl İ. G. , Çizel R. , Aşkun V. Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi. Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2021; 32(2): 212-223.
IEEE B. Çizel , İ. G. Kırtıl , R. Çizel ve V. Aşkun , "Covid-19 Pandemisi Sürecinde Seyahatten Kaçınma Niyetinin Karmaşıklık Bakış Açısı ile Analizi", Anatolia: Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi, c. 32, sayı. 2, ss. 212-223, Ara. 2021, doi:10.17123/atad.896981