Yıl 2019, Cilt , Sayı 17, Sayfalar 1069 - 1074 2019-12-31

Antibacterial and Antifungal Effects of Fig Milk Obtained from Black (Ficus carica) and White (Ficus alba) Figs
Siyah (Ficus carica) ve Beyaz (Ficus alba) İncirlerden Elde Edilen İncir Sütlerinin Antibakteriyel ve Antifungal Etkileri

Gökhan Akarca [1] , OKTAY TOMAR [2]


In this study, it is aimed to determine antibacterial and antifungal effects of fig milk obtained from black (Ficus carica) and white fig (Ficus alba) species on some foodborne pathogenic bacteria and mold species. As a result of the research, the highest antibacterial effect was found on Escherichia coli with 17.95 mm zone diameter in black fig milk, whereas the lowest effect was found against Staphylococcus aureus with 9.25 mm zone diameter in white fig milk (P<0.05). The black figs milk against Rhizopus nigrificans with 19.25 mm zone diameter has again the highest antifungal effect. This is followed by Aspergillus flavus and Mucor racemosus with 17.20 and 16.72 mm zone diameters, respectively (P<0.05). The lowest antifungal effect; white fig milk with 8.92 mm zone diameter on Mucor rasemosus was determined (P<0.05). In addition, as a result of the study; it was found that black fig milk has higher antibacterial and antifungal effects compared to white fig milk (P<0.05).
Bu çalışmada, siyah (Ficus carica) ve beyaz incir (Ficus alba) türlerinden elde edilen incir sütlerinin, bazı gıda kaynaklı patojen bakteri ve küf türleri üzerindeki antibakteriyel ve antifungal etkilerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda en fazla antibakteriyel etki siyah incirin sütünde 17.95 mm zon çapı ile Escherichia coli üzerinde olduğu, buna karşın en düşük etkinin ise; beyaz incirin sütünde 9.25 mm zon çapı ile Staphylococcus aureus’ a karşı olduğu belirlenmiştir (P<0.05). En yüksek antifungal etkiyi ise; yine siyah incirin sütünde 19.25 mm zon çapı ile Rhizopus nigrificans’a karşı göstermiştir. Bunu sırasıyla 17.20 ve 16.72 mm zon çapları ile Aspergillus flavus ve Mucor racemosus’ un izlediği belirlenmiştir (P<0.05). En düşük antifungal etki ise; beyaz incir sütünde 8.92 mm zon çapı ile Mucor rasemosus üzerinde gösterdiği tespit edilmiştir (P<0.05). Ayrıca çalışma soncunda; siyah incir sütününün beyaz incir sütüne kıyasla daha yüksek antibakteriyel ve antifungal etkisinin olduğu ortaya konulmuştur (P<0.05).
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Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-5055-2722
Yazar: Gökhan Akarca (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: AFYON KOCATEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5761-7157
Yazar: OKTAY TOMAR
Kurum: AFYON KOCATEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ, GIDA MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

APA Akarca, G , TOMAR, O . (2019). Siyah (Ficus carica) ve Beyaz (Ficus alba) İncirlerden Elde Edilen İncir Sütlerinin Antibakteriyel ve Antifungal Etkileri. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (17) , 1069-1074 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.652029