Yıl 2020, Cilt 13 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 11 - 24 2020-03-20

Farklı kabuk renklerine sahip kinoa tohumlarının toplam fenolik ve saponin içerikleri ile antioksidan aktiviteleri üzerine yıkama işleminin etkisi
Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process

Ömer Faruk ÇELİK [1] , Yunus Emre TUNÇİL [2]


Kinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.), yüksek protein kalitesi, iyi bir fenolik ve lif kaynağı olmasına bağlı olarak yüksek besin değeri nedeniyle son zamanlarda daha fazla ilgi kazanmıştır. Ancak, kinoa tohumlarında bulunan saponinler kinoanın besin değerini ve duyusal özelliklerini olumsuz yönde etkilemektedir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, genellikle saponinleri uzaklaştırmak için uygulanan yıkama işleminin, farklı renkteki kinoa tohumlarının toplam fenolik madde ve saponin içerikleri ile antioksidan kapasiteye olan etkilerini belirlemektir.  Elde edilen sonuçlar kırmızı (55,02 mg GAE/100 g) ve siyah (53,25 mg GAE/100 g) kinoa tohumlarının fenolik içeriklerinin beyaz olanlara (46,27 mg GAE/100 g) kıyasla anlamlı derecede yüksek olduğunu göstermiştir (p<0,05). Genel olarak, kırmızı renkli kinoa tohumlarının, siyah ve beyaz muadillerinden daha yüksek antioksidan aktiviteye sahip olduğu belirlenmiştir. Yıkama işlemi tüm kinoa çeşitlerinde fenolik madde içeriğinde ve antioksidan aktivitede önemli derecede azalmaya neden olurken (p<0,05), saponin içeriklerindeki azalmanın önemsiz olduğu görülmüştür (p>0,05). Ayrıca, disk difüzyon yöntemi, farklı renklerdeki kinoaların test edilen bakterilere karşı herhangi bir inhibisyon göstermediğini ortaya koymuştur. Sonuç olarak, beyaza kıyasla kırmızı ve siyah renkli kinoa tohumlarının daha iyi fonksiyonel özelliklere sahip olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu bağlamda, kinoa tohumlarındaki mevcut biyoaktif bileşiklere zarar vermeksizin saponinin daha verimli bir şekilde uzaklaştırılabileceği ileri yıkama usullerinin geliştirilmesi tavsiye edilmektedir.
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) has recently gained more interest due to its high nutritional value such as high protein quality, high phenolic and dietary fiber contents. However, saponins present in quinoa negatively impact its nutritional and sensory attributes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of washing process, which is commonly used to eliminate the undesired effects of saponins, on phenolic and saponin contents, and antioxidant capacities of different colored quinoa seeds. Our results show that red (55.02 mg GAE/100 g) and black (53.25 mg GAE/100 g) quinoa seeds had significantly higher total phenolic contents than their white (46.27 mg GAE/100 g) counterparts (p<0.05). Generally, red quinoa exhibited higher antioxidant capacity, compared to black and white seeds. The washing step caused a significant reduction in phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of all quinoa types (p<0.05), while the reduction in saponin contents was insignificant (p>0.05). Moreover, the disc diffusion assay indicated that quinoa seeds have no inhibitory activity against the tested bacteria. Consequently, red and black colored quinoa seeds have better functional properties than white counterparts. Herewith, development of improved washing methods for more efficient removal of saponin from quinoa seeds while protecting its bioactive compounds is advised. 
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-6105-4825
Yazar: Ömer Faruk ÇELİK
Kurum: ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9421-2332
Yazar: Yunus Emre TUNÇİL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ORDU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Destekleyen Kurum the Scientific Research Project Coordination Unit of Ordu University
Proje Numarası HD1907
Teşekkür This study was funded by the Scientific Research Project Coordination Unit of Ordu University (Project # HD1907).
Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 20 Mart 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { erzifbed688630, journal = {Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {1307-9085}, eissn = {2149-4584}, address = {}, publisher = {Erzincan Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {13}, pages = {11 - 24}, doi = {10.18185/erzifbed.688630}, title = {Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process}, key = {cite}, author = {ÇELİK, Ömer Faruk and TUNÇİL, Yunus Emre} }
APA ÇELİK, Ö , TUNÇİL, Y . (2020). Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process. Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 13 (1) , 11-24 . DOI: 10.18185/erzifbed.688630
MLA ÇELİK, Ö , TUNÇİL, Y . "Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process". Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 13 (2020 ): 11-24 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/erzifbed/issue/53239/688630>
Chicago ÇELİK, Ö , TUNÇİL, Y . "Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process". Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 13 (2020 ): 11-24
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process AU - Ömer Faruk ÇELİK , Yunus Emre TUNÇİL Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.18185/erzifbed.688630 DO - 10.18185/erzifbed.688630 T2 - Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 11 EP - 24 VL - 13 IS - 1 SN - 1307-9085-2149-4584 M3 - doi: 10.18185/erzifbed.688630 UR - https://doi.org/10.18185/erzifbed.688630 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process %A Ömer Faruk ÇELİK , Yunus Emre TUNÇİL %T Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process %D 2020 %J Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 1307-9085-2149-4584 %V 13 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18185/erzifbed.688630 %U 10.18185/erzifbed.688630
ISNAD ÇELİK, Ömer Faruk , TUNÇİL, Yunus Emre . "Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process". Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 13 / 1 (Mart 2020): 11-24 . https://doi.org/10.18185/erzifbed.688630
AMA ÇELİK Ö , TUNÇİL Y . Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process. Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2020; 13(1): 11-24.
Vancouver ÇELİK Ö , TUNÇİL Y . Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Saponin Contents of Quinoa Seeds Having Different Hull Colors as Affected by Washing Process. Erzincan Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2020; 13(1): 24-11.