Araştırma Makalesi
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SIMULATION ANALYSIS OF AIRCRAFT TURN AROUND TIME BEFORE AND AFTER COVID-19

Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80, 1628 - 1640, 20.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.774899

Öz

Airports are one of the important infrastructures that provide connection between the air side and the land side. Many airline companies carry out ground operations, usually by ground handling companies. This ground operation which airlines perform is sometimes carried out during the turnaround time. The turnaround time of the aircraft is the minimum time required for ground operation of the next flight after parking in an aircraft's parking position. In this study, the ground operation of an airline company was handled before covid-19 and after covid-19 with the help of the arena simulation program. As a result of the research, it is seen that the airline company was successful both before covid-19 and after covid-19 based on the time it took for a narrow-bodied aircraft at the airport it uses as a hub.

Kaynakça

  • ACI (Producer). (2020, Mart). ACI Advisory Bulletin. The impact of COVID-19 on the airport business. Retrieved from https://aci.aero/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/200401-COVID19-Economic-Impact-Bulletin-FINAL-1.pdf
  • Adeleye, S., & Chung, C. (2006). A simulation based approach for contingency planning for aircraft turnaround operation system activities in airline hubs.
  • Ateş, S. S., & Kağnıcıoğlu, C. (2012). Havayolu işletmelerinde Gecikme: Başarıya Götüren Yaklaşımlar. UHAT-2012, Konak, İzmir.
  • Austriantraining (Producer). (2013, Mart). Ground Handling Training. Aircraft Handling and Ramp Supervision. Retrieved from https://www.austriantraining.com/GroundHandlingTraining/~/media/Austrian%20Airlines/Training%20Site/Ground%20Handling%20Training/Other%20Formats/Self%20study%20ARS.ashx
  • Ball, M., Barnhart, C., Dresner, M., Hansen, M., Neels, K., Odoni, A., . . . Zou, B. (2010). Total delay impact study: a comprehensive assessment of the costs and impacts of flight delay in the United States.
  • Bevilacqua, M., Ciarapica, F. E., Mazzuto, G., & Paciarotti, C. (2014). The impact of business growth in the operation activities: A case study of aircraft ground handling operations. Production Planning and Control, 26(7), 1-17.
  • Britto, R., Dresner, M., & Voltes, A. (2010). The impact of flight delays on passenger demand and consumer welfare. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Transport Research, Lisbon.
  • Büyüksaatçi, S., T., K., & Esnaf, Ş. (2008). GERİ DÖNÜŞÜM TESİSLERİNİN YERİNİN GUSTAFSON-KESSEL ALGORİTMASI-KONVEKS PROGRAMLAMA MELEZ MODELİ TABANLI SİMÜLASYON İLE BELİRLENMESİ. İstanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 7(13), 1-20.
  • Carlier, S., De Lépinay, I., Hustache, J.-C., & Jelinek, F. (2007). Environmental impact of air traffic flow management delays. Paper presented at the 7th USA/Europe air traffic management research and development seminar (ATM2007).
  • Connor, P. (2020). More than nine-in-ten people worldwide live in countries with travel restrictions amid COVID-19. Pew Research. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/04/01/more-than-nine-in-ten-people-worldwide-live-in-countries-with-travel-restrictions-amid-covid-19/
  • Durmaz, V. (2019). Yer Hizmetleri Kuruluşları. In Yer hizmetleri Yönetimi (pp. 18-43). Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi.
  • EASA (Producer). (2020, Haziran 16). Newsroom&Room. COVID-19 Aviation Health Safety Protocol. Retrieved from https://www.easa.europa.eu/sites/default/files/dfu/EASA-ECDC_COVID-19_Operational%20guidelines%20for%20management%20of%20passengers_final.pdf
  • Ferrer, J.-C., e Oliveira, P. R., & Parasuraman, A. (2012). The behavioral consequences of repeated flight delays. Journal of Air Transport Management, 20, 35-38.
  • Gitto, S., & Mancuso, P. (2012). Two faces of airport business: A non-parametric analysis of the Italian airport industry. Journal of Air Transport Management, 20, 39-42.
  • Gupta, M., Abdelmaksoud, A., Jafferany, M., Lotti, T., Sadoughifar, R., & Goldust, M. (2020). COVID‐19 and economy. Dermatologic therapy.
  • IATA (Producer). (2020a, Haziran 9). Economic Reports. Economic Per formance of the Airline Industry. Retrieved from https://www.iata.org/en/iata-repository/publications/economic-reports/airline-industry-economic-performance-june-2020-report/
  • IATA (Producer). (2020b, Haziran 9). Pressroom. Industry Losses to Top $84 Billion in 2020. Retrieved from https://www.iata.org/en/pressroom/pr/2020-06-09-01/
  • ICAO (Producer). (2020, Nisan 30). Releases. 1.5 billion fewer international air travellers this year according to latest ICAO forecast. Retrieved from https://www.icao.int/Newsroom/Pages/Billion-fewer-international-air-travellers-this-year-according-to-latest-ICAO-forecast.aspx
  • Ioannidis, G., Christodoulou, M. A., & Boutalis, Y. S. (2005). A SIMULINK Based Simulation Language for Aircraft Simulation of Ground Handling Operations at Hub Airports (SSLA). Paper presented at the 13th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, Limassol.
  • Ip, W. H., Cho, V., Chung, N., & Ho, G. (2010). A Multi Agent Based Model for Airport Service Planning. International Journal of Engineering Business Management, 2(2), 93-100.
  • Lufthansa Systems. (2017, Şubat). Airline Turnaround Management. Retrieved from https://www.lhsystems.com/sites/default/files/blog/2017/lufthansasystems_turnaround_management_whitepaper_16feb2017.pdf
  • Mota, M. M., Boosten, G., De Bock, N., Jimenez, E., & de Sousa, J. P. (2017). Simulation-based turnaround evaluation for Lelystad Airport. Journal of Air Transport Management, 64, 21-32.
  • Mota, M. M., Scala, P., & Delahaye, D. (2015). Methodology for Assessing and Optimizing Operation Performance in Airport systems.
  • Norin, A., Granberg, T. A., & D. Yuan, P. V. (2012). Airport logistics - A case study of the turn-around process. Journal of Air Transport Management, 31(34), 93-100.
  • Orhan, G. (2019). Havayolu Tarife Planlaması In Havayolu İşletmelerinde Operasyonel Planlama. Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi Açıköğretim Yayınları.
  • Otley, T. (2020, 20 Mayıs 2020). Governments must work together to restart aviation – IATA. Business Traveller. Retrieved from https://www.businesstraveller.com/business-travel/2020/05/20/governments-must-work-together-to-restart-aviation-iata/
  • SHGM (Producer). (2020, Mayıs 22). SHGM Mevzuat. HAVAALANI PANDEMİ TEDBİRLERİ VE SERTİFİKASYONU GENELGESİ. Retrieved from http://web.shgm.gov.tr/documents/sivilhavacilik/files/mevzuat/sektorel/genelgeler/2020/Havaalani-pandemi-tedbirleri.pdf
  • Suau-Sanchez, P., Voltes-Dorta, A., & Cugueró-Escofet, N. (2020). An early assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on air transport: Just another crisis or the end of aviation as we know it? Journal of Transport Geography.
  • Tabares, D. A., & Camino, F. M. (2017). Aircraft Ground Aircraft Ground Aircraft Ground Aircraft GroundAircraft Ground Aircraft Ground Aircraft Ground Handling Handling Handling : Analysis for : Analysis for : Analysis for : Analysis for : Analysis for Automation Automation Automation. Paper presented at the 17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, Denver.
  • Vidosavljević, A., & Toŝić, V. (2010). Modeling of turnaround process using petri nets. Paper presented at the 2010 World Conference of Air Transport Research Society, Porto.
  • WHO. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (‎ COVID-19)‎: situation report, 88.
  • Worldbank (Producer). (2020, Nisan). World Bank Document. The Potential Impact of COVID-19. Retrieved from http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/pt/295991586526445673/pdf/The-Potential-Impact-of-COVID-19-on-GDP-and-Trade-A-Preliminary-Assessment.pdf
  • Wu, C. L., & Caves, R. E. (2004). Modelling and simulation of aircraft turnaround operations at airports. Transportation Planning and Technology, 27(1), 25-46.
  • Yıldırır, S. C. (2015). Havayolu Taşımacılığında Rekabet Unsurlarının Değişkenliği ve Hizmet İnovasyonu İle Müşteri Memnuniyetinin Artırılması: Yeni Bir “Mil+Süre Puanı” Uygulaması. Journal of Business Research Turk, 7(1), 340-359.
  • Zagrajek, P., & Hoszman, A. (2018). Impact of Ground Handling. Journal of Management and Financial Sciences, 11(33), 147-155.

UÇAK ÇEVRİM SÜRESİNİN COVID-19 ÖNCESİ ve SONRASI SİMÜLASYON ANALİZİ

Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80, 1628 - 1640, 20.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.774899

Öz

Havaalanları hava tarafı ile kara tarafı arasında bağlantı sağlayan önemli alt yapılarından biridir. Havaalanlarında birçok havayolu işletmesi genellikle yer hizmetleri şirketleri vasıtasıyla yer operasyonunu gerçekleştirmektedir. Gerçekleştirdikleri bu operasyon bazen uçak çevrim süresi zamanı (turnaround time) içinde yapılmaktadır. Uçak çevrim süresi bir uçağın park pozisyonuna park ettikten sonra bir sonraki seferin yer operasyonu için gerekli olan minimum zamandır. Bu çalışmada bir havayolu şirketinin yer operasyonu arena simülasyon programı yardımıyla covid-19 öncesi ve covid-19 sonrası olarak ele alınmıştır. Araştırmanın sonucunda ilgili havayolu şirketi merkez üs (hub) olarak kullandığı havalimanında dar gövdeli bir uçak için belirdiği süreler baz alındığında hem covid-19 öncesi hem de covid-19 sonrası başarılı olduğu görülmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • ACI (Producer). (2020, Mart). ACI Advisory Bulletin. The impact of COVID-19 on the airport business. Retrieved from https://aci.aero/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/200401-COVID19-Economic-Impact-Bulletin-FINAL-1.pdf
  • Adeleye, S., & Chung, C. (2006). A simulation based approach for contingency planning for aircraft turnaround operation system activities in airline hubs.
  • Ateş, S. S., & Kağnıcıoğlu, C. (2012). Havayolu işletmelerinde Gecikme: Başarıya Götüren Yaklaşımlar. UHAT-2012, Konak, İzmir.
  • Austriantraining (Producer). (2013, Mart). Ground Handling Training. Aircraft Handling and Ramp Supervision. Retrieved from https://www.austriantraining.com/GroundHandlingTraining/~/media/Austrian%20Airlines/Training%20Site/Ground%20Handling%20Training/Other%20Formats/Self%20study%20ARS.ashx
  • Ball, M., Barnhart, C., Dresner, M., Hansen, M., Neels, K., Odoni, A., . . . Zou, B. (2010). Total delay impact study: a comprehensive assessment of the costs and impacts of flight delay in the United States.
  • Bevilacqua, M., Ciarapica, F. E., Mazzuto, G., & Paciarotti, C. (2014). The impact of business growth in the operation activities: A case study of aircraft ground handling operations. Production Planning and Control, 26(7), 1-17.
  • Britto, R., Dresner, M., & Voltes, A. (2010). The impact of flight delays on passenger demand and consumer welfare. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Transport Research, Lisbon.
  • Büyüksaatçi, S., T., K., & Esnaf, Ş. (2008). GERİ DÖNÜŞÜM TESİSLERİNİN YERİNİN GUSTAFSON-KESSEL ALGORİTMASI-KONVEKS PROGRAMLAMA MELEZ MODELİ TABANLI SİMÜLASYON İLE BELİRLENMESİ. İstanbul Ticaret Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 7(13), 1-20.
  • Carlier, S., De Lépinay, I., Hustache, J.-C., & Jelinek, F. (2007). Environmental impact of air traffic flow management delays. Paper presented at the 7th USA/Europe air traffic management research and development seminar (ATM2007).
  • Connor, P. (2020). More than nine-in-ten people worldwide live in countries with travel restrictions amid COVID-19. Pew Research. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2020/04/01/more-than-nine-in-ten-people-worldwide-live-in-countries-with-travel-restrictions-amid-covid-19/
  • Durmaz, V. (2019). Yer Hizmetleri Kuruluşları. In Yer hizmetleri Yönetimi (pp. 18-43). Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi.
  • EASA (Producer). (2020, Haziran 16). Newsroom&Room. COVID-19 Aviation Health Safety Protocol. Retrieved from https://www.easa.europa.eu/sites/default/files/dfu/EASA-ECDC_COVID-19_Operational%20guidelines%20for%20management%20of%20passengers_final.pdf
  • Ferrer, J.-C., e Oliveira, P. R., & Parasuraman, A. (2012). The behavioral consequences of repeated flight delays. Journal of Air Transport Management, 20, 35-38.
  • Gitto, S., & Mancuso, P. (2012). Two faces of airport business: A non-parametric analysis of the Italian airport industry. Journal of Air Transport Management, 20, 39-42.
  • Gupta, M., Abdelmaksoud, A., Jafferany, M., Lotti, T., Sadoughifar, R., & Goldust, M. (2020). COVID‐19 and economy. Dermatologic therapy.
  • IATA (Producer). (2020a, Haziran 9). Economic Reports. Economic Per formance of the Airline Industry. Retrieved from https://www.iata.org/en/iata-repository/publications/economic-reports/airline-industry-economic-performance-june-2020-report/
  • IATA (Producer). (2020b, Haziran 9). Pressroom. Industry Losses to Top $84 Billion in 2020. Retrieved from https://www.iata.org/en/pressroom/pr/2020-06-09-01/
  • ICAO (Producer). (2020, Nisan 30). Releases. 1.5 billion fewer international air travellers this year according to latest ICAO forecast. Retrieved from https://www.icao.int/Newsroom/Pages/Billion-fewer-international-air-travellers-this-year-according-to-latest-ICAO-forecast.aspx
  • Ioannidis, G., Christodoulou, M. A., & Boutalis, Y. S. (2005). A SIMULINK Based Simulation Language for Aircraft Simulation of Ground Handling Operations at Hub Airports (SSLA). Paper presented at the 13th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation, Limassol.
  • Ip, W. H., Cho, V., Chung, N., & Ho, G. (2010). A Multi Agent Based Model for Airport Service Planning. International Journal of Engineering Business Management, 2(2), 93-100.
  • Lufthansa Systems. (2017, Şubat). Airline Turnaround Management. Retrieved from https://www.lhsystems.com/sites/default/files/blog/2017/lufthansasystems_turnaround_management_whitepaper_16feb2017.pdf
  • Mota, M. M., Boosten, G., De Bock, N., Jimenez, E., & de Sousa, J. P. (2017). Simulation-based turnaround evaluation for Lelystad Airport. Journal of Air Transport Management, 64, 21-32.
  • Mota, M. M., Scala, P., & Delahaye, D. (2015). Methodology for Assessing and Optimizing Operation Performance in Airport systems.
  • Norin, A., Granberg, T. A., & D. Yuan, P. V. (2012). Airport logistics - A case study of the turn-around process. Journal of Air Transport Management, 31(34), 93-100.
  • Orhan, G. (2019). Havayolu Tarife Planlaması In Havayolu İşletmelerinde Operasyonel Planlama. Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi Açıköğretim Yayınları.
  • Otley, T. (2020, 20 Mayıs 2020). Governments must work together to restart aviation – IATA. Business Traveller. Retrieved from https://www.businesstraveller.com/business-travel/2020/05/20/governments-must-work-together-to-restart-aviation-iata/
  • SHGM (Producer). (2020, Mayıs 22). SHGM Mevzuat. HAVAALANI PANDEMİ TEDBİRLERİ VE SERTİFİKASYONU GENELGESİ. Retrieved from http://web.shgm.gov.tr/documents/sivilhavacilik/files/mevzuat/sektorel/genelgeler/2020/Havaalani-pandemi-tedbirleri.pdf
  • Suau-Sanchez, P., Voltes-Dorta, A., & Cugueró-Escofet, N. (2020). An early assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on air transport: Just another crisis or the end of aviation as we know it? Journal of Transport Geography.
  • Tabares, D. A., & Camino, F. M. (2017). Aircraft Ground Aircraft Ground Aircraft Ground Aircraft GroundAircraft Ground Aircraft Ground Aircraft Ground Handling Handling Handling : Analysis for : Analysis for : Analysis for : Analysis for : Analysis for Automation Automation Automation. Paper presented at the 17th AIAA Aviation Technology, Integration, and Operations Conference, Denver.
  • Vidosavljević, A., & Toŝić, V. (2010). Modeling of turnaround process using petri nets. Paper presented at the 2010 World Conference of Air Transport Research Society, Porto.
  • WHO. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (‎ COVID-19)‎: situation report, 88.
  • Worldbank (Producer). (2020, Nisan). World Bank Document. The Potential Impact of COVID-19. Retrieved from http://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/pt/295991586526445673/pdf/The-Potential-Impact-of-COVID-19-on-GDP-and-Trade-A-Preliminary-Assessment.pdf
  • Wu, C. L., & Caves, R. E. (2004). Modelling and simulation of aircraft turnaround operations at airports. Transportation Planning and Technology, 27(1), 25-46.
  • Yıldırır, S. C. (2015). Havayolu Taşımacılığında Rekabet Unsurlarının Değişkenliği ve Hizmet İnovasyonu İle Müşteri Memnuniyetinin Artırılması: Yeni Bir “Mil+Süre Puanı” Uygulaması. Journal of Business Research Turk, 7(1), 340-359.
  • Zagrajek, P., & Hoszman, A. (2018). Impact of Ground Handling. Journal of Management and Financial Sciences, 11(33), 147-155.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular İşletme
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Ahmet ÖZTÜRK
GÜMÜŞHANE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1824-6055
Türkiye


Savaş S. ATEŞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Eskişehir Teknik Üniversitesi
0000-0003-2462-0039
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 20 Eylül 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 28 Temmuz 2020
Kabul Tarihi 20 Temmuz 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 20, Sayı 80

Kaynak Göster

APA Öztürk, A. & Ateş, S. S. (2021). UÇAK ÇEVRİM SÜRESİNİN COVID-19 ÖNCESİ ve SONRASI SİMÜLASYON ANALİZİ . Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 20 (80) , 1628-1640 . DOI: 10.17755/esosder.774899

                                                                                                                                                                          21765

                                                                                                 Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi Creative Commons Atıf-GayriTicari 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.