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The Concept of "Good Death" Among Caregivers: A Systematic Review

Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 1, 327 - 338, 19.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.887236

Öz

In this systematic review, it is aimed to examine the studies that evaluated the concept of "good death" in caregivers and published between 2015-2020. Full text studies were scanned in PubMed, Medline, ULAKBİM Turkish Medical Directory and Google Scholar databases with the keywords “good death, cancer, palliative care”. The conditions that the studies are original research articles and the concept of "good death" are included in the article title are the criteria for inclusion in the study. Twelve of the 19 studies meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the study. The sample of the investigated studies consisted of formal and informal caregivers. It was determined that the researches were carried out in oncology, palliative and intensive care units. Formal caregivers in the studies; While defining the concept of good death as "painless death," death beside loved ones and peaceful death ", informal caregivers are; expressed it as "not creating a care burden, talking about the death process and painless death". In addition, it was concluded that good death perceptions of formal and informal caregivers vary due to cultural and ethnic characteristics. This systematic review revealed the numerical limitations of the studies in this field, and the differences in views and attitudes among caregivers regarding the concept of good death. Accordingly, it is recommended to determine good death perceptions of caregivers of dying individuals and to define the factors affecting this, and to conduct methodological studies in different cultures comparing cultural characteristics of good death perceptions.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Uğur, Ö. ve Fadıloğlu, Ç. (2021). “İyi Ölüm ve Yapılandırılması”. Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 10 (1), 55-62.
  • 2. Ceyhan, Ö, Özen, B, Zincir, H, Şimşek, N. and Başaran, M. (2018). “How Intensive Care Nurses Perceive Good Death”. Death Studies, 42 (10), 667-672.
  • 3. Yun, Y. H, Kim, K. N, Sim, J.A, Kang, E, Lee, J, Choo, J, Yoo, S. H, Kim, M, Kim, Y. A, Kang, B. D, Shim, H.J, Soung, E. K, Kang, J. H, Kwon, J. H, Lee, J. L, Lee, S. N, Maeng, C. H, Kang, E. J, Do, Y. R., Choi, Y. S. and Jung, K. H. (2018). “Priorities of a “Good Death” According to Cancer Patients, Their Family Caregivers, Physicians, and The General Population: A Nationwide Survey”. Supportive Care in Cancer, 26 (10), 3479-3488.
  • 4. Meier, A, Gallegos, J, Montross-Thomas, L, Depp, C, Irwin, S. and Jeste, D. (2016). “Defining a Good Death: Successful Dying”. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 24 (4), 261-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2016.01.135
  • 5. Fadıloğlu, Ç. ve Aksu, T. (2013). “İyi Ölüm Ölçeğinin Geçerlilik ve Güvenirliği”. Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Dergisi, 29, 1-15.
  • 6. Cottrell, L. and Duggleby, W. (2016). “The Good Death: An Integrative Literature Review”. Palliative & Supportive Care, 14 (6), 686-712. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1478951515001285
  • 7. Miyashita, M, Kawakami, S, Kato, D, Yamashito, H, Igaki, H, Nakano, K, Kuroda, Y. and Nakagawa, K. (2015). “The Importance of Good Death Components Among Cancer Patients, The General Population, Oncologists, And Oncology Nurses in Japan: Patients Prefer “Fighting Against Cancer””. Supportive Care in Cancer, 23 (1), 103-110.
  • 8. Kastbom, L, Milberg, A. and Karlsson, M. (2017). “A Good Death from the Perspective of Palliative Cancer Patients”. Supportive Care in Cancer, 25 (3), 933-939.
  • 9. Chindaprasirt, J, Wongtirawit, N, Limpawattana, P, Srinonprosert, V, Manjavong, M, Chotmongkol, V, Pairojkul, S. and Sawanyawisuth, K. (2019). “Perception of a “Good Death” in Thai Patients with Cancer and Their Relatives”. Heliyon, 5 (7), 1-10.
  • 10. Cagle, J. G, Pek, J, Clifford, M, Zimmerman, S. and Canada, T. (2015). “Correlates of a Good Death and the Impact of Hospice Involvement: Findings from the National Survey of Households Affected by Cancer”. Supportive Cancer in Care, 23 (3), 809-818.
  • 11. Schulz-Quach, C. (2018). “The Nakedness of The Dead Body: The Meaning of Death to Healthcare Professionals Working with The Dying”. Existential Analysis, 29 (2), 301-323.
  • 12. Cain, C. L. and McCleskey, S. (2019). “Expanded Definitions of the ‘Good Death’? Race, Ethnicity and Medical Aid in Dying”. Sociology of Health Illness, 41 (6), 1175-1191.
  • 13. Haishan, H, Hongjuan, L, Tieying, Z. and Xuemei, P. (2015). “Preference of Chinese General Public and Healthcare Providers for a Good Death”. Nursing Ethics, 22 (2), 217-227.
  • 14. Morita, T, Oyama, Y, Cheng, S. Y, Suh, S. Y, Koh, S.J, Kim, H.S, Chiu, T.Y, Hwang, S.J, Shirado, A, and Tsuneto, S. (2015). “Palliative Care Physicians’ Attitudes Toward Patient Autonomy and a Good Death in East Asian Countries”. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 50 (2), 190-199.
  • 15. Cheng, S.Y, Dy, S, Huang, S. B, Chen, C. Y. and Chiu, T. Y. (2013). “Comparison of Proxy Ratings of Main Family Caregivers and Physicians on The Quality of Dying of Terminally III Cancer Patients”. Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology, 43 (8), 795-804.
  • 16. Demir, A, Sançar, B, Yazgan, E. Ö, Özcan, S. ve Duyan, V. (2017). “Yoğun Bakim ve Onkoloji Hemşirelerinin “Yararsiz Tibbi Bakim” ve “Iyi Ölüm Prensipleri” ile İlgili Algıları ve Deneyimleri”. Türk Geriatri Dergisi, 20 (2), 116-124.
  • 17. Jordan, Z, Lockwood, C, Aromataris, E. and Munn, Z. (2016). “The Up-Dated JBI Model for Evidence-Based Healthcare”. Adelaide: The Joanna Briggs Institute, 17 (1), 58-71.
  • 18. Higgins, J. and Green, S. (2011). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1. 0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration. Erişim adresi: https://www.cochrane-handbook.org. (Erişim tarihi: 20.05. 2020).
  • 19. Institute of Medicine [IOM]. (2011). “Finding What Works in Health Care: Standards for Systematic Reviews”. Washington (DC): National Academies Press, 1-341.
  • 20. Chandler, J, Cumpston, M., Thomas, J, Higgins, J. P. T, Deeks, J. J, and Clarke, M. J. (2019). Chapter I: Introduction. In Higgins, J, Thomas, J, Chandler, J, Cumpston, M, Li, T, Page, M. J. and Welch V. A. (Eds.) Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions version 6.0: Cochrane.
  • 21. Ergin, E. ve Akın, B. (2018). “The Turkish Adaptation of a Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies: Validity and Reliability Analyses”. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences, 10 (4), 292-308.
  • 22. Moher, D, Shamseer, L, Clarke, M, Ghersi, D., Liberati, A, Petticrew, M, Shekelle, P. and Stewart L.A.(2015). “Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 Statement. Systematic Reviews, 4(1), 1.
  • 23. Van Gurp, J, Soyannwo, O, Odebunmi, K, Dania, S, Selm, M, Leeuwen, E, Vissers, K. and Hasselaar, J. (2015). “Telemedicine's Potential to Support Good Dying in Nigeria: A Qualitative Study”. PLoS One, 10 (6), e0126820.
  • 24. Limpawattana, P, Srinonprasert, V, Manjavong, M, Pairojkul, S, Chindaprasit, J, Kaiyakit, S, Juntararuangtong, T, Yongrattanakit, K. and Kuichanuan, T. (2019). “Thai Medical Students' Attitudes Regarding What Constitutes a "Good Death": A Multi-Center Study”. BMC Medical Education, 19 (1), 1-8.
  • 25. Vanderveken, L, Schoenmakers, B. and Lepeleire, J.D. (2019). “A Better Understanding of the Concept "A Good Death": How Do Healthcare Providers Define a Good Death?” American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 27 (5), 463-71.
  • 26. Endacott, R, Boyer, C, Benbenishty, J, Nunn, M. B, Ryan, H, Chamberlain, W, Boulanger, C. and Ganz, F.D. (2016). “Perceptions of a Good Death: A Qualitative Study in Intensive Care Units in England and Israel”. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 36, 8-16.
  • 27. Kinghorn, P. and Coast, J. (2018). “Assessing the Capability to Experience a ’Good Death’: A Qualitative Study to Directly Elicit Expert Views on a New Supportive Care Measure Grounded in Sen’s Capability Approach”. PLoS One, 13 (2), e0193181.
  • 28. Şahin, D. S, Önal, Ö. and İnanç, B. B. (2017). “Attitudes of Nurses Working Emergency and Intensive Care Units Toward Good Death and Death Anxiety”. Journal of Clinical and Analytical Medicine, 8 (suppl 2), 75-79.
  • 29. Yorulmaz, D. S. ve Karadeniz, H. (2020). “Terminal Dönem ve İyi Ölüm Sürecinde Hemşirelik Bakımı”. Yoğun Bakım Hemşireliği Dergisi, 24 (2), 134-138.
  • 30. Rainsford, S, MacLeod, R. D, Glasgow, N. J, Phillips, C. B, Wiles, R.B. and Wilson, D.M. (2017). “Rural End-of-life Care from the Experiences and Perspectives of Patients and Family Caregivers: A Systematic Literature Review”. Palliative Medicine, 31 (10), 895-912.
  • 31. Periyakoil, V.S, Stevens, M. and Kraemer, H. (2013). “Multicultural Long-Term Care Nurses‟ Perceptions of Factors in Fluencing Patient Dignity at The End of Life.” Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 61 (3), 440-446.
  • 32. Linda, S. (2008). “Respectful Death: A Model for End- of-life Care”. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 12 (4), 621-626. https://doi.org/10.1188/08.CJON.621-626
  • 33. Anja, T. M, Tarja, K. and Anna-Maija, P. (2016). “Autonomy and Human Dignity Are Key Features of a Good Death in Finnish Nurses‟ Conceptions”. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, 18 (5), 450-458.
  • 34. Menekli, T, Dolu, S, Coşkun, Ö. ve Torun, M. (2021). “Palyatif Bakım Hastaları, Yakınları ve Hemşirelerinin İyi Ölüme İlişkin Görüşleri”. Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 24 (1), 84-94.
  • 35. Aşiret, G. D, Yılmaz, C. K. and Gökşin, İ. (2020). “Relationship between the Nursing Students’ Attitudes Towards Spiritual Care and the Principles of a Good Death”. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 56, 913-919.
  • 36. Gurdogan, E. P, Aksoy, B. and Kinici, E. (2020). “The Concept of a Good Death from the Perspectives of Family Caregivers of Advanced Cancer Patients”. Journal of Death and Dying, 0 (0), 1-14. https://doi.org/ 10.1177/0030222820945082
  • 37. Frith, H, Raisborough, J. and Klein, O. (2013). “Making Death ‘Good’: Instructional Tales for Dying in Newspaper Accounts of Jade Goody’s Death”. Sociology of Health & Illness, 35 (3), 419-433.
  • 38. Gafaar, T. O, Pesambili, M, Henke, O, Vissoci, J. R. N, Mmbaga, B. T. and Staton, T. (2012). “Good Death: An Exploratory Study on Perceptions and Attitudes of Patients, Relatives, and Healthcare Providers, in Northern Tanzania”. Plos One, 15 (7), e0233494.

Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme

Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 1, 327 - 338, 19.03.2022
https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.887236

Öz

Bu sistematik derlemede, bakım verenlerde “iyi ölüm” kavramını değerlendirmek için 2015-2020 yılları arasında yayınlanmış olan araştırmaların incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Tam metin araştırmalar PubMed ve Medline veri tabanlarında, “good death, cancer, palliative care”; ULAKBİM Türk Tıp Dizini ve Google Akademikte “iyi ölüm, kanser, palyatif bakım,” anahtar kelimeleri ile taranmıştır. Araştırmaların orijinal araştırma makalesi olması ve “iyi ölüm” kavramının makale başlığında yer alması koşulları çalışmaya dahil edilme ölçütleri olarak belirlenmiştir. Dahil edilme ölçütlerine uyan 19 araştırmadan 12’si çalışma kapsamına alınmıştır. İncelenen araştırmaların örneklemini formal ve informal bakım verenler oluşturmuştur. Araştırmaların sırasıyla onkoloji, palyatif bakım ve yoğun bakım ünitelerinde yapıldığı tespit edilmiştir. Yapılan çalışmalarda formal bakım verenler; iyi ölüm kavramını daha çok “ağrısız ölüm, "sevdiklerinin yanında ölüm ve huzurlu ölüm" olarak tanımlarken, informal bakım verenler ise; "bakım yükü oluşturmaması, ölüm sürecinin konuşulması ve ağrısız ölüm" olarak ifade etmiştir. Ayrıca formal ve informal bakım verenlerin iyi ölüm algılarının kültürel ve etnik özelliklerden dolayı değişkenlik gösterdiği sonucuna varılmıştır. Bu sistematik derleme, bu alanda yapılan araştırmaların sayısal sınırlılığını, bakım verenler arasında iyi ölüm kavramına ilişkin görüş ve tutum farklılıklarını ortaya koymuştur. Bu doğrultuda, ölmekte olan bireye bakım verenlerin iyi ölüm algılarının belirlenmesi ve bunu etkileyen faktörlerin tanımlanması, iyi ölüm algılarına ilişkin kültürel özelliklerini karşılaştıran farklı kültürlerde metodolojik çalışmaların yapılması önerilmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Uğur, Ö. ve Fadıloğlu, Ç. (2021). “İyi Ölüm ve Yapılandırılması”. Balıkesir Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 10 (1), 55-62.
  • 2. Ceyhan, Ö, Özen, B, Zincir, H, Şimşek, N. and Başaran, M. (2018). “How Intensive Care Nurses Perceive Good Death”. Death Studies, 42 (10), 667-672.
  • 3. Yun, Y. H, Kim, K. N, Sim, J.A, Kang, E, Lee, J, Choo, J, Yoo, S. H, Kim, M, Kim, Y. A, Kang, B. D, Shim, H.J, Soung, E. K, Kang, J. H, Kwon, J. H, Lee, J. L, Lee, S. N, Maeng, C. H, Kang, E. J, Do, Y. R., Choi, Y. S. and Jung, K. H. (2018). “Priorities of a “Good Death” According to Cancer Patients, Their Family Caregivers, Physicians, and The General Population: A Nationwide Survey”. Supportive Care in Cancer, 26 (10), 3479-3488.
  • 4. Meier, A, Gallegos, J, Montross-Thomas, L, Depp, C, Irwin, S. and Jeste, D. (2016). “Defining a Good Death: Successful Dying”. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 24 (4), 261-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2016.01.135
  • 5. Fadıloğlu, Ç. ve Aksu, T. (2013). “İyi Ölüm Ölçeğinin Geçerlilik ve Güvenirliği”. Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Dergisi, 29, 1-15.
  • 6. Cottrell, L. and Duggleby, W. (2016). “The Good Death: An Integrative Literature Review”. Palliative & Supportive Care, 14 (6), 686-712. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1478951515001285
  • 7. Miyashita, M, Kawakami, S, Kato, D, Yamashito, H, Igaki, H, Nakano, K, Kuroda, Y. and Nakagawa, K. (2015). “The Importance of Good Death Components Among Cancer Patients, The General Population, Oncologists, And Oncology Nurses in Japan: Patients Prefer “Fighting Against Cancer””. Supportive Care in Cancer, 23 (1), 103-110.
  • 8. Kastbom, L, Milberg, A. and Karlsson, M. (2017). “A Good Death from the Perspective of Palliative Cancer Patients”. Supportive Care in Cancer, 25 (3), 933-939.
  • 9. Chindaprasirt, J, Wongtirawit, N, Limpawattana, P, Srinonprosert, V, Manjavong, M, Chotmongkol, V, Pairojkul, S. and Sawanyawisuth, K. (2019). “Perception of a “Good Death” in Thai Patients with Cancer and Their Relatives”. Heliyon, 5 (7), 1-10.
  • 10. Cagle, J. G, Pek, J, Clifford, M, Zimmerman, S. and Canada, T. (2015). “Correlates of a Good Death and the Impact of Hospice Involvement: Findings from the National Survey of Households Affected by Cancer”. Supportive Cancer in Care, 23 (3), 809-818.
  • 11. Schulz-Quach, C. (2018). “The Nakedness of The Dead Body: The Meaning of Death to Healthcare Professionals Working with The Dying”. Existential Analysis, 29 (2), 301-323.
  • 12. Cain, C. L. and McCleskey, S. (2019). “Expanded Definitions of the ‘Good Death’? Race, Ethnicity and Medical Aid in Dying”. Sociology of Health Illness, 41 (6), 1175-1191.
  • 13. Haishan, H, Hongjuan, L, Tieying, Z. and Xuemei, P. (2015). “Preference of Chinese General Public and Healthcare Providers for a Good Death”. Nursing Ethics, 22 (2), 217-227.
  • 14. Morita, T, Oyama, Y, Cheng, S. Y, Suh, S. Y, Koh, S.J, Kim, H.S, Chiu, T.Y, Hwang, S.J, Shirado, A, and Tsuneto, S. (2015). “Palliative Care Physicians’ Attitudes Toward Patient Autonomy and a Good Death in East Asian Countries”. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 50 (2), 190-199.
  • 15. Cheng, S.Y, Dy, S, Huang, S. B, Chen, C. Y. and Chiu, T. Y. (2013). “Comparison of Proxy Ratings of Main Family Caregivers and Physicians on The Quality of Dying of Terminally III Cancer Patients”. Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology, 43 (8), 795-804.
  • 16. Demir, A, Sançar, B, Yazgan, E. Ö, Özcan, S. ve Duyan, V. (2017). “Yoğun Bakim ve Onkoloji Hemşirelerinin “Yararsiz Tibbi Bakim” ve “Iyi Ölüm Prensipleri” ile İlgili Algıları ve Deneyimleri”. Türk Geriatri Dergisi, 20 (2), 116-124.
  • 17. Jordan, Z, Lockwood, C, Aromataris, E. and Munn, Z. (2016). “The Up-Dated JBI Model for Evidence-Based Healthcare”. Adelaide: The Joanna Briggs Institute, 17 (1), 58-71.
  • 18. Higgins, J. and Green, S. (2011). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1. 0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration. Erişim adresi: https://www.cochrane-handbook.org. (Erişim tarihi: 20.05. 2020).
  • 19. Institute of Medicine [IOM]. (2011). “Finding What Works in Health Care: Standards for Systematic Reviews”. Washington (DC): National Academies Press, 1-341.
  • 20. Chandler, J, Cumpston, M., Thomas, J, Higgins, J. P. T, Deeks, J. J, and Clarke, M. J. (2019). Chapter I: Introduction. In Higgins, J, Thomas, J, Chandler, J, Cumpston, M, Li, T, Page, M. J. and Welch V. A. (Eds.) Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions version 6.0: Cochrane.
  • 21. Ergin, E. ve Akın, B. (2018). “The Turkish Adaptation of a Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies: Validity and Reliability Analyses”. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences, 10 (4), 292-308.
  • 22. Moher, D, Shamseer, L, Clarke, M, Ghersi, D., Liberati, A, Petticrew, M, Shekelle, P. and Stewart L.A.(2015). “Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) 2015 Statement. Systematic Reviews, 4(1), 1.
  • 23. Van Gurp, J, Soyannwo, O, Odebunmi, K, Dania, S, Selm, M, Leeuwen, E, Vissers, K. and Hasselaar, J. (2015). “Telemedicine's Potential to Support Good Dying in Nigeria: A Qualitative Study”. PLoS One, 10 (6), e0126820.
  • 24. Limpawattana, P, Srinonprasert, V, Manjavong, M, Pairojkul, S, Chindaprasit, J, Kaiyakit, S, Juntararuangtong, T, Yongrattanakit, K. and Kuichanuan, T. (2019). “Thai Medical Students' Attitudes Regarding What Constitutes a "Good Death": A Multi-Center Study”. BMC Medical Education, 19 (1), 1-8.
  • 25. Vanderveken, L, Schoenmakers, B. and Lepeleire, J.D. (2019). “A Better Understanding of the Concept "A Good Death": How Do Healthcare Providers Define a Good Death?” American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 27 (5), 463-71.
  • 26. Endacott, R, Boyer, C, Benbenishty, J, Nunn, M. B, Ryan, H, Chamberlain, W, Boulanger, C. and Ganz, F.D. (2016). “Perceptions of a Good Death: A Qualitative Study in Intensive Care Units in England and Israel”. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 36, 8-16.
  • 27. Kinghorn, P. and Coast, J. (2018). “Assessing the Capability to Experience a ’Good Death’: A Qualitative Study to Directly Elicit Expert Views on a New Supportive Care Measure Grounded in Sen’s Capability Approach”. PLoS One, 13 (2), e0193181.
  • 28. Şahin, D. S, Önal, Ö. and İnanç, B. B. (2017). “Attitudes of Nurses Working Emergency and Intensive Care Units Toward Good Death and Death Anxiety”. Journal of Clinical and Analytical Medicine, 8 (suppl 2), 75-79.
  • 29. Yorulmaz, D. S. ve Karadeniz, H. (2020). “Terminal Dönem ve İyi Ölüm Sürecinde Hemşirelik Bakımı”. Yoğun Bakım Hemşireliği Dergisi, 24 (2), 134-138.
  • 30. Rainsford, S, MacLeod, R. D, Glasgow, N. J, Phillips, C. B, Wiles, R.B. and Wilson, D.M. (2017). “Rural End-of-life Care from the Experiences and Perspectives of Patients and Family Caregivers: A Systematic Literature Review”. Palliative Medicine, 31 (10), 895-912.
  • 31. Periyakoil, V.S, Stevens, M. and Kraemer, H. (2013). “Multicultural Long-Term Care Nurses‟ Perceptions of Factors in Fluencing Patient Dignity at The End of Life.” Journal of American Geriatrics Society, 61 (3), 440-446.
  • 32. Linda, S. (2008). “Respectful Death: A Model for End- of-life Care”. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 12 (4), 621-626. https://doi.org/10.1188/08.CJON.621-626
  • 33. Anja, T. M, Tarja, K. and Anna-Maija, P. (2016). “Autonomy and Human Dignity Are Key Features of a Good Death in Finnish Nurses‟ Conceptions”. Journal of Hospice & Palliative Nursing, 18 (5), 450-458.
  • 34. Menekli, T, Dolu, S, Coşkun, Ö. ve Torun, M. (2021). “Palyatif Bakım Hastaları, Yakınları ve Hemşirelerinin İyi Ölüme İlişkin Görüşleri”. Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, 24 (1), 84-94.
  • 35. Aşiret, G. D, Yılmaz, C. K. and Gökşin, İ. (2020). “Relationship between the Nursing Students’ Attitudes Towards Spiritual Care and the Principles of a Good Death”. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 56, 913-919.
  • 36. Gurdogan, E. P, Aksoy, B. and Kinici, E. (2020). “The Concept of a Good Death from the Perspectives of Family Caregivers of Advanced Cancer Patients”. Journal of Death and Dying, 0 (0), 1-14. https://doi.org/ 10.1177/0030222820945082
  • 37. Frith, H, Raisborough, J. and Klein, O. (2013). “Making Death ‘Good’: Instructional Tales for Dying in Newspaper Accounts of Jade Goody’s Death”. Sociology of Health & Illness, 35 (3), 419-433.
  • 38. Gafaar, T. O, Pesambili, M, Henke, O, Vissoci, J. R. N, Mmbaga, B. T. and Staton, T. (2012). “Good Death: An Exploratory Study on Perceptions and Attitudes of Patients, Relatives, and Healthcare Providers, in Northern Tanzania”. Plos One, 15 (7), e0233494.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Derlemeler
Yazarlar

Pınar ZORBA BAHÇELİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
İZMİR BAKIRÇAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-4150-6580
Türkiye


Derya ÇINAR
İZMİR BAKIRÇAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-4926-335X
Türkiye


Nazan AKÇA
İZMİR BAKIRÇAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-6007-1896
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 19 Mart 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @derleme { gumussagbil887236, journal = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi}, eissn = {2146-9954}, address = {}, publisher = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {11}, number = {1}, pages = {327 - 338}, doi = {10.37989/gumussagbil.887236}, title = {Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme}, key = {cite}, author = {Zorba Bahçeli, Pınar and Çınar, Derya and Akça, Nazan} }
APA Zorba Bahçeli, P. , Çınar, D. & Akça, N. (2022). Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , 11 (1) , 327-338 . DOI: 10.37989/gumussagbil.887236
MLA Zorba Bahçeli, P. , Çınar, D. , Akça, N. "Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme" . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 (2022 ): 327-338 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gumussagbil/issue/68960/887236>
Chicago Zorba Bahçeli, P. , Çınar, D. , Akça, N. "Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 (2022 ): 327-338
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme AU - Pınar Zorba Bahçeli , Derya Çınar , Nazan Akça Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.887236 DO - 10.37989/gumussagbil.887236 T2 - Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 327 EP - 338 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - -2146-9954 M3 - doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.887236 UR - https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.887236 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme %A Pınar Zorba Bahçeli , Derya Çınar , Nazan Akça %T Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme %D 2022 %J Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2146-9954 %V 11 %N 1 %R doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.887236 %U 10.37989/gumussagbil.887236
ISNAD Zorba Bahçeli, Pınar , Çınar, Derya , Akça, Nazan . "Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 / 1 (Mart 2022): 327-338 . https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.887236
AMA Zorba Bahçeli P. , Çınar D. , Akça N. Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 11(1): 327-338.
Vancouver Zorba Bahçeli P. , Çınar D. , Akça N. Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 11(1): 327-338.
IEEE P. Zorba Bahçeli , D. Çınar ve N. Akça , "Bakım Verenler Arasında “İyi Ölüm” Kavramı: Sistematik Derleme", Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 11, sayı. 1, ss. 327-338, Mar. 2022, doi:10.37989/gumussagbil.887236