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Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme

Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 2, 794 - 805, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252

Öz

Rusya ile Ukrayna arasında yaşanan savaş, zorunlu göçle sonuçlanmış, milyonlarca insan yaşadığı yeri terk etmek zorunda kalmıştır. Uzun bir süre ateşkesin sağlanamaması ve yerleşim birimlerinin saldırıların hedefinde olması, sivil nüfusun güvenli tahliyesini önemli bir gündem maddesi haline getirmiştir. Savaştan etkilenen nüfus gruplarının güvenli bir şekilde bölgeden ayrılabilmelerinde, kırılgan grupların insani yardımlarla buluşturulabilmesinde ve sosyal hizmetlerin sunumunda insani koridorlar önemli işlevler üstlenmektedir. Göçmen nüfus gruplarının iyilik halinin ve sosyal işlevselliğinin sağlanmasında, savaşın yol açtığı insan hakkı ihlallerinin asgari düzeye indirgenmesinde sosyal hizmet mesleği önemli roller üstlenmektedir. Bu çalışmada Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı neticesinde meydana gelen zorunlu göçün, insani koridorlar özelinde ve sosyal hizmet disiplini bağlamında değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı’ndan etkilenen nüfusun korunmasında ve güçlendirilmesinde ortak amaçlar çerçevesinde çalışmaların yapılması için Barış İçin Sosyal Hizmet Ağı kurulmuştur. Bu ağ zorla yerinden edilen mültecilerin ihtiyaçlarına cevap vermenin yanı sıra ülkede kalan nüfusa yardım etmek için profesyonelleri ve toplulukları koordine etmektedir. Bu çalışmanın göç alanında hizmet veren başta sosyal hizmet uzmanları olmak üzere insani yardım alanında tüm çalışan profesyonellerin uygulamalarına ışık tutacağı değerlendirilmektedir.

Kaynakça

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The Russia-Ukraine War, Forced Migration and Humanitarian Corridors: An Assessment in the Context of Social Work

Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 2, 794 - 805, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252

Öz

The war between Russia and Ukraine resulted in forced migration, and millions of people had to evacuate their place of residence. The fact that a ceasefire could be unachieved for a long time. The settlements remain the targets of the attacks made the safe evacuation of the civilian population from the conflict area an important agenda. Humanitarian corridors occupy a critical role in the safe departure, humanitarian aid and in the delivery of social services of the war-affected population groups from the region. Social work discipline carries out a crucial role in ensuring the well-being and social functionality of immigrant populations and minimizing human rights violations. This study aims to evaluate the forced migration that occurred as a result of the Russia and Ukraine War in the context of humanitarian corridors and social work. The Social Work for Peace was established to the protection and strengthening of the population affected by the Russia and Ukraine War. These network coordinates professionals and communities and assist the remaining population in the country. This study will shed light of professionals working in the field of humanitarian aid, especially social workers serving in the field of migration.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Sacchi, C. (2022). “Protection of Perinatal Mental Health During the War in Ukraine”. The Lancet Regional Health Europe, 1-2.
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  • 3. IOM. (2022). “IOM Warns of Increased Risk of Trafficking in Persons for People Fleeing Ukraine”. Erişim adresi: https://www.iom.int/news/iom-warns-increased-risk-trafficking-persons-people-fleeing-ukraine (Erişim tarihi: 17.03.2022).
  • 4. IOM. (2022). “Ukraine IDP Figures General Population Survey”. Erişim adresi: https://displacement.iom.int/sites/default/files/public/reports/IOM (Erişim tarihi: 27.03.2022).
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  • 6. UNICEF. (2022). “War in Ukraine Poses Immediate Threat to Children”. Erişim adresi: https://www.unicef.org/emergencies/war-ukraine-pose-immediate-threat-children (Erişim tarihi: 27.03.2022).
  • 7. Abadan-Unat, N, Bilecen, B. (2020). “The Turkey-Germany Migration Corridor”. In: T. Bastia, R. Skeldon (Ed.). Handbook of Migration and Development ( 458-463). New York: Routledge.
  • 8. Olayo-Méndez, A, Haymes, S, Vidal de Haymes, M. (2014). “Mexican Migration-Corridor Hospitality”. Peace Review, 26 (2), 209-217.
  • 9. Guru, S. (2010). “Social Work and the War on Terror”. British Journal of Social Work, 40 (1), 272-289.
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  • 25. Yılmaz, A. (2014). “Uluslararası Göç: Çeşitleri, Nedenleri ve Etkileri”. Electronic Turkish Studies, 9 (2), 1686-1705.
  • 26. Alix-Garcia, J, Saah, D. (2010). “The Effect of Refugee Inflows on Host Communities: Evidence From Tanzania”. The World Bank Economic Review, 24 (1), 148-170.
  • 27. Wood, B. (1994). “Forced Migration: Local Conflicts and International Dilemmas”. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 84 (4), 607-634.
  • 28. Becker, O, Ferrara, A. (2019). “Consequences of Forced Migration: A Survey of Recent Findings”. Labour Economics, 59, 1-16.
  • 29. Betts, A. (2010). “The Refugee Regime Complex”. Refugee Survey Quarterly, 29 (1), 12-37.
  • 30. Ruiz, I, Vargas-Silva, C. (2013). “The Economics of Forced Migration”. The Journal of Development Studies, 49 (6), 772-784.
  • 31. Gill, N, Caletrío, J, Mason, V. (2011). “Introduction: Mobilities and Forced Migration”. Mobilities. 6 (3), 301-316.
  • 32. Berker, A. (2016). “Zorunlu Göçün Yol Açtığı Refah Kaybının İncelenmesi: Yaşam Memnuniyeti Yaklaşımı”. ODTÜ Gelişme Dergisi, 43, 675-706.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Derlemeler
Yazarlar

Mehmet BAŞCILLAR> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Malatya Turgut Özal Üniversitesi
0000-0002-0223-8050
Türkiye


Mustafa KARATAŞ>
İSTANBUL SABAHATTİN ZAİM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-0998-2552
Türkiye


Merve Deniz PAK GÜRE>
BAŞKENT ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7060-3729
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @derleme { gumussagbil1095252, journal = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi}, eissn = {2146-9954}, address = {}, publisher = {Gümüşhane Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {11}, number = {2}, pages = {794 - 805}, doi = {10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252}, title = {Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme}, key = {cite}, author = {Başcıllar, Mehmet and Karataş, Mustafa and Pak Güre, Merve Deniz} }
APA Başcıllar, M. , Karataş, M. & Pak Güre, M. D. (2022). Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi , 11 (2) , 794-805 . DOI: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252
MLA Başcıllar, M. , Karataş, M. , Pak Güre, M. D. "Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme" . Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 (2022 ): 794-805 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gumussagbil/issue/70821/1095252>
Chicago Başcıllar, M. , Karataş, M. , Pak Güre, M. D. "Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 (2022 ): 794-805
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme AU - Mehmet Başcıllar , Mustafa Karataş , Merve Deniz Pak Güre Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252 DO - 10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252 T2 - Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 794 EP - 805 VL - 11 IS - 2 SN - -2146-9954 M3 - doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252 UR - https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme %A Mehmet Başcıllar , Mustafa Karataş , Merve Deniz Pak Güre %T Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme %D 2022 %J Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2146-9954 %V 11 %N 2 %R doi: 10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252 %U 10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252
ISNAD Başcıllar, Mehmet , Karataş, Mustafa , Pak Güre, Merve Deniz . "Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme". Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 11 / 2 (Haziran 2022): 794-805 . https://doi.org/10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252
AMA Başcıllar M. , Karataş M. , Pak Güre M. D. Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 11(2): 794-805.
Vancouver Başcıllar M. , Karataş M. , Pak Güre M. D. Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme. Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2022; 11(2): 794-805.
IEEE M. Başcıllar , M. Karataş ve M. D. Pak Güre , "Rusya-Ukrayna Savaşı, Zorunlu Göç ve İnsani Koridorlar: Sosyal Hizmet Bağlamında Bir Değerlendirme", Gümüşhane Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 11, sayı. 2, ss. 794-805, Haz. 2022, doi:10.37989/gumussagbil.1095252