Yıl 2019, Cilt 3 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 72 - 77 2019-06-28

Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey

Ekrem Atakan [1]


Broad bean plants have an important status in human nutrition because they are rich in protein.  In this study, harmful and beneficial insect fauna on pods of broad bean were studied in a limited area. The study was carried out in the commercial broad bean production areas in Çukurova region of Turkey between the years 2014-2016. In each survey, 4-8 fields were visited to determine the numbers of pest and predatory insect species. The size of commercial fields sampled varied from 0.5 to 1.0 ha. Sampling was carried out when plants were in the flowering-pod formation stage. Insect species were sampled by beating the plants vigorously into a white plastic container. A total of 14 harmful insects from 4 genera were identified. Western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) dominated the pest insect fauna (a total of 444 individuals) accounting 40.07% of the total number of adults. Relatively high numbers of thrips and aphids were determined. A total of 9 predatory insect species from 2 genera were recorded. The most common predatory bug was Orius niger (Wollf) accounting for 76.83% of total adults collected. O. niger was often detected with thrips species on flowers of plants. No damage due to insect pest species detected was observed throughout the sampling periods.  This study suggests that growing faba bean in the winter-spring period, especially in agricultural areas having poor plant diversity in the Mediterranean region, could be useful for conservation and augmentation of beneficial insects.

Pest, Beneficial, Insect, Broad bean
  • Anonymous, (2017). Turkish Statistical Institute, statistics of agricultural production. https:// tuik.gov.tr (Accessed date: 20 March 2019)
  • Atakan, E. (2008a). Thrips (Thysanoptera) species occurring on winter vegetables crops in Çukurova region of Turkey. Acta Phytopathologica Entomologica Hungarica, 43:227–234.
  • Atakan,, E. (2008b). Thrips (Thysanoptera) species occurring on fruit orchards in Çukurova region of Turkey. Acta Phytopathologica Entomologica Hungarica, 43:235–242.
  • Atakan, E. (2010). Influence of weedy field margins on abundance patterns of the predatory bugs Orius spp. and their prey, the western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis), on faba bean. Phytoparasitica, 38: 313-325.
  • Atakan, E. (2012). Abundance patterns of predatory bugs, Orius spp. (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) and their some insect preys on faba bean with different planting dates in Adana province, Turkey. Türkiye Entomoloji Bülteni 2:37-48.
  • Atakan, E. (2016). Insect species and their densities on faba bean (Vicia faba L.) grown in two diverse habitats. Türkiye Biyolojik Mücadele Dergisi,, 7(1):31-42.
  • Atakan, E., Malik, A. A. Y. (2018). Predator-prey interactions between predatory bug Orius spp. (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) and western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on faba bean in two diverse habitats. Munis Entomology and Zoology, 13(1):185-195.
  • Atakan, E., Ulusoy, M. R. (2008). Harmful and beneficial insect species and their abundance in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) Adana Province, Turkey. Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, 23(2):29-34.
  • Atakan, E., Tunç, I. (2010). Seasonal abundance of hemipteran predators in relation to western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Thysanoptera:Thripidae) on weeds in the eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 20: 821-839.
  • Atakan, E., Uygur, S. (2005). Winter and spring abundance of Frankliniella spp. and Thrips tabaci Lindeman (Thysan., Thripidae) on weed host plants in Turkey. Journal of Applied Entomology 129:17–26
  • Balou, M. M., Tong, X. L., Chen, X. X. (2012). A new record and description of a new species of the genus thrips with an updated key to species from Iran. Journal of Insect Science, 12:1-15.
  • Bosco, L., Giacometto, E., Tavella, L. (2008). Colonization and predation of thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) by Orius spp. (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) in sweet pepper greenhouses in Northwest Italy. Biocontrol 44:331–340.
  • Dick, F. F., Jarvis, J. L. (1962). The habits and seasonal abundance of Orius insidiosus (Say) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) on corn. Journal of Kansas Entomology Society, 35: 339-344.
  • Kiman, Z. B.,Yeargan, K. V. (1985). Development and reproduction of the predator Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) reared on diets of selected plant material and arthropod prey. Annals of Entomology Society of America 78:464-467.
  • Kirk, W. D. J., Terry, L. I. (2003). The spread of the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande). Agriculture and Forestry Entomology, 5:301–310.
  • Nuessly, G. S., Hentz, M. G., Beiriger, R., Scully, B. T. (2004). Insects associated with faba bean, Vicia faba (Fabales: Fabaceae), in southern Florida. Florida Entomologist 87:204-211.
  • Osekre, E .A., Wright D. L., Marios J. J., Mailhot D. J. (2008). Predator-prey interactions between Orius insidiosus (Hetereoptera: Anthocoridae) and Frankliniella tritici (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in cotton blooms. Journal of Cotton Science 12: 195-201.
  • Önder, F. (1982). Contribution to the Study of Turkish Anthocoridae (Heteroptera). Ege Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Ofset Basımevi, Bornova-İzmir, Turkey, pp.159 (In Turkish with English abstract).
  • Sabelis, M. W., Van Rijn, P. C. J. (1997). Predation by Insects and Mites. In: Thrips as Crop Pests, CAB International, Wallingfort, Oxon, UK, 259-354.
  • Salas-Aguilar, J., Ehler, L. H. (1977). Feeding habits of Orius tristicolor. Annals Entomology Society of America, 70: 464-467.
  • Tommasini, M. G. (2004). Collection of Orius species in Italy. Bulletin of Insectology, 57:65-72.
  • Zur Strassen, R. (2003). Die Terebranten Thysanopteren Europas. Verlag Goecke and Evers, Kentern, Germany pp. 277 (in Germany)
  • Weigand, S., Bishara, S.I. (1991). Status of insect pests of faba bean in the Mediteraneanregion and methods of control. In: Present status and future prospects of faba bean production and improvement in the Mediterranean countries.67-74
Birincil Dil en
Konular Mühendislik, Ziraat
Yayımlanma Tarihi June 2019
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7352-4815
Yazar: Ekrem Atakan (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Çukurova Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 28 Ocak 2019
Kabul Tarihi : 22 Mart 2019
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 28 Haziran 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jaefs518529, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5946}, address = {Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture, 21280 Diyarbakir / Turkey}, publisher = {Gültekin ÖZDEMİR}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {72 - 77}, doi = {10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.4}, title = {Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Atakan, Ekrem} }
APA Atakan, E . (2019). Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 3 (2) , 72-77 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.4
MLA Atakan, E . "Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 72-77 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jaefs/issue/43810/518529>
Chicago Atakan, E . "Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 72-77
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey AU - Ekrem Atakan Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.4 DO - 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.4 T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 72 EP - 77 VL - 3 IS - 2 SN - -2618-5946 M3 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.4 UR - https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.4 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey %A Ekrem Atakan %T Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey %D 2019 %J International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences %P -2618-5946 %V 3 %N 2 %R doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.4 %U 10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.4
ISNAD Atakan, Ekrem . "Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 / 2 (Haziran 2019): 72-77 . https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.2.4
AMA Atakan E . Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey. int. j. agric. environ. food sci.. 2019; 3(2): 72-77.
Vancouver Atakan E . Pest and beneficial insect species detected on broad bean in the Çukurova region of Turkey. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences. 2019; 3(2): 77-72.