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Süt İneklerinde Kalsiyum Propiyonat ve Trisodyum Sitrat Kullanımının Günlük Süt Verimi ve Süt Kalitesi Üzerine Etkileri

Yıl 2021, Cilt 14, Sayı 4, 382 - 389, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.842402

Öz

Bu çalışmada, Uşak Damızlık Süt Sığırı Yetiştiricileri Birliği Çiftliğinde benzer özellikte 3 grup oluşturulmuştur. Rastgele seçilen üçüncü ve dördüncü laktasyon olan 21 inek belirlenmiş, her bir grupta 7 Holştayn ırkı sığır olacak şekilde gruplandırılmıştır. Birinci gruptaki hayvanlara 143 gr/kg kalsiyum propiyonat, ikinci gruptaki hayvanlara 30mg/kg trisodyum sitrat oral yolla verilmiştir. Üçüncü gruptaki hayvanlar ise kontrol grubu olarak hiçbir ilave verilmemiştir. Preparatlar iki ay boyunca haftada bir kez içirilmiş ve ertesi gün sağımdan sonra çiğ sütteki kalite parametreleri incelenmiştir. Numunelerin alındığı çiftlikte bakım ve besleme koşulları optimum şartlarda uygun olarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Toplanan çiğ süt numunelerinde somatik hücre sayısı (SHS), protein, yağ, kuru madde, laktoz, Ph parametreleri ve günlük süt verimleri incelenmiştir. Sütte kalite analizlerinde; kalsiyum propiyonat ve trisodyum sitrat verilen gruplarda somatik hücre sayısı hariç tüm parametrelerde grup arasında istatistiksel fark görülmemiştir (p>0,05). Ancak Trisodyum sitrat uygulanan ineklerde ortalama somatik hücre sayıları arasında çok önemli farklılık görülmüştür (p<0,001) ve Trisodyum sitrat uygulamasının sütlerde somatik hücre sayısının azalmasına yardımcı olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Anonymous 2019. Access: https://www.amasyadsyb.org/public/docs/042_buzagi_bakim.pdf. Accessien date: 20.08.2019.
  • Anonymous 2020a. Access: https://www.katkideposu.com/Trisodyum-Sitrat-E331,PR-856.html. Accessien date: 15.05.2020.
  • Anonymous 2020 b. Access: http://www.vankim.com/urunler/koruyucu-ve-ikrobiyaller/ kalsiyum-propiyonat. Accessien date: 02.01.2012.
  • Bhoite UY, Padekar RN. Factors affecting milk yield and composition of Gir halfbreds. Indian Journal of Animal Research. . 2002;36(1):67-69. Print ISSN : 0367-6722.
  • Çoban Ö, Sabuncuoğlu N ve Tüzemen N. Siyah alaca ve Esmer ineklerde somatik hücre sayısına çeşitli faktörlerin etkisi. Lalahan Hay. Enst. Derg, 2006;1-6.
  • Defrain JM, Hippen AR, Kalscheur KF, Patton RS. Effects of Feeding Propionate and Calcium Salts of Long-Chain Fatty Acids on Transition Dairy Cow. Performance. Journal of Dairy Science, 2005; 88: 983–993.
  • Dhillon KS, Singh TJ, Sodhi SS, Sandhu HS, Dwivedi P, Singh J and Gill BS. Milk bacteriology: pre-and post-trisodium citrate mastitis treatment in buffaloes. Indian J.Anim.Sci. 1995; 65(1):9-11.
  • Goff JP. Physiologic factors to consider in order to prevent periparturient disease in the dairy cow, with special emphasis on milk fever. Proceedings of 4th Western Dairy Management Conference, Las Vegas, 1999; 99–112.
  • Goff JP. Managing the transition/fresh cow. Proceedings of 5th Western Dairy Management Conference, Las Vegas, 2001; 99–106.
  • Goff JP, Horst RL, Jardon PW, Borellı C, Wedam J. Field trials of an oral calcium propionate paste as an aid to prevent milk fever in periparturient dairy cows.Journal of Dairy Science, 1996; 79: 378–383.
  • Hoden P and Coulon, JB. Control of milk composition: Influence of nutritional factors on the quantity and levels of fats and proteins. INRA Prod. Anim. 1991; 4 (5), 361-367.
  • Kara Ç, Orman A, Udum D, Yavuz H M, Kovanlıkaya A. Effects of calcium propionate by different numbers of applications in first week postpartum of dairy cows on hypocalcemia, milk production and reproductive disorders, Italian Journal of Animal Science, 2009; 8(2), 259-270, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2009.259
  • Mandebvu P, Ballard CS, Sniffen CJ, Tsang DS, Valdez F, Miyoshi S, Schlatter L. Effect of feeding an energy supplement prepartum and postpartum on milk yield and composition, and incidence of ketosis in dairy cows. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2003; 105: 81–93.
  • Mbonwanayo D. The Effect of Trisodium Citrate Use on Daily Milk Yield and Quality in Dairy Cows, Master Thesis, Ankara University Graduate School of Science, Ankara. 2013.
  • Mbonwanayo D, Akal C, Cedden F, Bohloli S. Trısodıum Cıtrate Use In Daıry Cows And Effects On Daıly Mılk Yıeld And Qualıty.Journal Of Agricultural, Food And Environmental Sciences. 2016; 68: 34-37.
  • Melendez P, Donovan A, Rısco CA, Hall MB, Lıttell R, Goff J..Metabolic responses of transition Holstein cows fed anionic salts and supplemented at calving with calcium and energy. Journal of Dairy Science, 2002; 85: 1085–1092.
  • Pamela L and Douglas J. Milk quality and mastitis tests. University of Wisconsin, 33, Madison. 2002.
  • Prakash V, Yadav M and Singh S. Effect of different treatments of mastitis in cow and biochemical changes in their milk. Asian J.Animal Sciences, 2010; 4:202-204.
  • Stokes RS, Goff JP.2001. Case study: evaluation of calcium propionate and propylene glycol administrated in to esophagus of dairy cattle at calving. The Professional Animal Scientist, 17: 115–122.

Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality

Yıl 2021, Cilt 14, Sayı 4, 382 - 389, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.842402

Öz

In the current study, 3 groups with similar characteristics were formed in Uşak Cattle Breeders Association Research Farm. A total of 21 cows, which were the third and fourth lactation, were selected and grouped as including 7 Holstein cows in each group. The animals in the first group were given 143 g / kg calcium propionate and the animals in the second group were give 30 mg / kg trisodium citrate orally for two months. The animals in the third group received no additives as a control group. In the farm where the samples were taken, the maintenance and feeding conditions were carried out in optimum conditions. Somatic cell count (SCC), protein, fat, dry matter, lactose, Ph parameters and daily milk yields were examined in the collected raw milk samples. As a result of the quality analysis in the collected milk, in the groups given calcium propionate and trisodium citrate, there was no statistical difference between the groups in all the parameters except for the number of somatic cells (p>0.05). However, a very significant difference was observed in the mean number of somatic cells in the cows treated with trisodium citrate (p<0.001) and Trisodium citrate administration was found to help reduce the number of somatic cells in milk. 

Kaynakça

  • Anonymous 2019. Access: https://www.amasyadsyb.org/public/docs/042_buzagi_bakim.pdf. Accessien date: 20.08.2019.
  • Anonymous 2020a. Access: https://www.katkideposu.com/Trisodyum-Sitrat-E331,PR-856.html. Accessien date: 15.05.2020.
  • Anonymous 2020 b. Access: http://www.vankim.com/urunler/koruyucu-ve-ikrobiyaller/ kalsiyum-propiyonat. Accessien date: 02.01.2012.
  • Bhoite UY, Padekar RN. Factors affecting milk yield and composition of Gir halfbreds. Indian Journal of Animal Research. . 2002;36(1):67-69. Print ISSN : 0367-6722.
  • Çoban Ö, Sabuncuoğlu N ve Tüzemen N. Siyah alaca ve Esmer ineklerde somatik hücre sayısına çeşitli faktörlerin etkisi. Lalahan Hay. Enst. Derg, 2006;1-6.
  • Defrain JM, Hippen AR, Kalscheur KF, Patton RS. Effects of Feeding Propionate and Calcium Salts of Long-Chain Fatty Acids on Transition Dairy Cow. Performance. Journal of Dairy Science, 2005; 88: 983–993.
  • Dhillon KS, Singh TJ, Sodhi SS, Sandhu HS, Dwivedi P, Singh J and Gill BS. Milk bacteriology: pre-and post-trisodium citrate mastitis treatment in buffaloes. Indian J.Anim.Sci. 1995; 65(1):9-11.
  • Goff JP. Physiologic factors to consider in order to prevent periparturient disease in the dairy cow, with special emphasis on milk fever. Proceedings of 4th Western Dairy Management Conference, Las Vegas, 1999; 99–112.
  • Goff JP. Managing the transition/fresh cow. Proceedings of 5th Western Dairy Management Conference, Las Vegas, 2001; 99–106.
  • Goff JP, Horst RL, Jardon PW, Borellı C, Wedam J. Field trials of an oral calcium propionate paste as an aid to prevent milk fever in periparturient dairy cows.Journal of Dairy Science, 1996; 79: 378–383.
  • Hoden P and Coulon, JB. Control of milk composition: Influence of nutritional factors on the quantity and levels of fats and proteins. INRA Prod. Anim. 1991; 4 (5), 361-367.
  • Kara Ç, Orman A, Udum D, Yavuz H M, Kovanlıkaya A. Effects of calcium propionate by different numbers of applications in first week postpartum of dairy cows on hypocalcemia, milk production and reproductive disorders, Italian Journal of Animal Science, 2009; 8(2), 259-270, DOI: 10.4081/ijas.2009.259
  • Mandebvu P, Ballard CS, Sniffen CJ, Tsang DS, Valdez F, Miyoshi S, Schlatter L. Effect of feeding an energy supplement prepartum and postpartum on milk yield and composition, and incidence of ketosis in dairy cows. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2003; 105: 81–93.
  • Mbonwanayo D. The Effect of Trisodium Citrate Use on Daily Milk Yield and Quality in Dairy Cows, Master Thesis, Ankara University Graduate School of Science, Ankara. 2013.
  • Mbonwanayo D, Akal C, Cedden F, Bohloli S. Trısodıum Cıtrate Use In Daıry Cows And Effects On Daıly Mılk Yıeld And Qualıty.Journal Of Agricultural, Food And Environmental Sciences. 2016; 68: 34-37.
  • Melendez P, Donovan A, Rısco CA, Hall MB, Lıttell R, Goff J..Metabolic responses of transition Holstein cows fed anionic salts and supplemented at calving with calcium and energy. Journal of Dairy Science, 2002; 85: 1085–1092.
  • Pamela L and Douglas J. Milk quality and mastitis tests. University of Wisconsin, 33, Madison. 2002.
  • Prakash V, Yadav M and Singh S. Effect of different treatments of mastitis in cow and biochemical changes in their milk. Asian J.Animal Sciences, 2010; 4:202-204.
  • Stokes RS, Goff JP.2001. Case study: evaluation of calcium propionate and propylene glycol administrated in to esophagus of dairy cattle at calving. The Professional Animal Scientist, 17: 115–122.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm ARAŞTIRMA MAKALESİ
Yazarlar

Sibel ALAPALA DEMİRHAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
UŞAK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7677-5919
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum -
Proje Numarası -
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 14, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { kvj842402, journal = {Kocatepe Veterinary Journal}, issn = {1308-1594}, eissn = {2147-6853}, address = {}, publisher = {Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {14}, pages = {382 - 389}, doi = {10.30607/kvj.842402}, title = {Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality}, key = {cite}, author = {Alapala Demirhan, Sibel} }
APA Alapala Demirhan, S. (2021). Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality . Kocatepe Veterinary Journal , 14 (4) , 382-389 . DOI: 10.30607/kvj.842402
MLA Alapala Demirhan, S. "Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality" . Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 14 (2021 ): 382-389 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kvj/issue/64946/842402>
Chicago Alapala Demirhan, S. "Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality". Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 14 (2021 ): 382-389
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality AU - Sibel Alapala Demirhan Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.30607/kvj.842402 DO - 10.30607/kvj.842402 T2 - Kocatepe Veterinary Journal JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 382 EP - 389 VL - 14 IS - 4 SN - 1308-1594-2147-6853 M3 - doi: 10.30607/kvj.842402 UR - https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.842402 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Kocatepe Veteriner Dergisi Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality %A Sibel Alapala Demirhan %T Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality %D 2021 %J Kocatepe Veterinary Journal %P 1308-1594-2147-6853 %V 14 %N 4 %R doi: 10.30607/kvj.842402 %U 10.30607/kvj.842402
ISNAD Alapala Demirhan, Sibel . "Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality". Kocatepe Veterinary Journal 14 / 4 (Aralık 2021): 382-389 . https://doi.org/10.30607/kvj.842402
AMA Alapala Demirhan S. Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2021; 14(4): 382-389.
Vancouver Alapala Demirhan S. Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality. Kocatepe Veterinary Journal. 2021; 14(4): 382-389.
IEEE S. Alapala Demirhan , "Effects of Using Calcium Propionate and Trisodium Citrate in Dairy Cows on Daily Milk Yield and Milk Quality", Kocatepe Veterinary Journal, c. 14, sayı. 4, ss. 382-389, Ara. 2021, doi:10.30607/kvj.842402

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