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Lisansüstü Öğrencilerinin Gözünden Kampüs Ortamı: Bir Photovoice (Fotoses) Çalışması/ Campus environment through the lens of graduate students: A Photovoice study

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 231 - 257, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.47105/nsb.937091

Öz

Bu çalışmanın amacı bir katılımcı eylem araştırma yöntemi olan photovoice (fotoses) ile yüksek lisans ve doktora öğrencilerinin kampüs kültürü ve iklimi ile ilgili algılarını incelemektir. Amerika Birleşik Devletleri’nde bir üniversitede verilen “Üniversite Ortamı” adlı lisansüstü dersini alan öğrenciler üzerinde gerçekleştirilen bu çalışma, hem öğrencilerin ders içeriğini teorik ve uygulamalı bir şekilde incelemelerini ve eğitimleri dahilinde birer araştırmacı olarak deneyim kazanmalarını, hem de araştırmanın sonuçlarını üniversite idaresi ile paylaşarak seslerini duyurmalarını amaçlamıştır. Bu dersin içeriği kapsamında kampüs iklimi, kampüs kültürü, öğrenci etkileşimi ve gelişimi gibi konular yer almaktadır. Bu dersi alan dokuz yüksek lisans ve dört doktora öğrencisi araştırmanın örneklemini oluşturmaktadır. Photovoice ya da fotoses, özellikle katılımcı eylem araştırma yaklaşımlarında kullanılan bir yöntemdir. Bu yöntemin amacı, toplulukların kendilerini etkileyen sorunları fotoğraflar aracılığıyla görselleştirmesi ve topluluk bireylerinin fotoğraflar ve onlara yükledikleri anlamlar aracılığıyla sorunlarına birlikte çözüm araması ve eyleme geçmelerini sağlamaktır. Fotoses çalışması sürecinde öğrenciler kampüs ortamı ile ilgili düşüncelerini kendi çektikleri fotoğraflar ve her fotoğrafı anlatan kısa bir metin ile yansıtmıştır. Sürecin sonunda, fotoses çalışması sırasındaki deneyimlerini detaylı olarak öz-yansıtma metinleri ile sunmuşlardır. Çalışmanın verilerini fotoğraflar, fotoğrafları anlatan metinler, öz-yansıtma metinleri ve grup görüşme kayıtları oluşturmaktadır. Veri analizi ise, çalışmanın katılımcı deseni ile uyumlu olarak grup görüşmeleri sırasında öğrencilerle birlikte gerçekleştirilmiş ve fotoğraflarda ortaya çıkan temalar belirlenmiştir. Bu temaların ışığında, öz-yansıtma metinleri üzerinde araştırmacılar analizlere devam etmiş ve çalışmanın sonucunda üç temaya ulaşılmıştır: (i) kimlik ve çeşitlilik temsili, (ii) topluluk duygusu ve (iii) destekleyici ortam. Kampüs ortamı ile ilgili olarak literatür incelendiğinde, bu literatürün odak noktasının lisans öğrencileri üzerinde yoğunlaştığı görülmektedir. Bu çalışma, farklı bir yaklaşımla yüksek lisans ve doktora öğrencilerinin gözünden kampüs ortamını ve öğrencilerin bu ortama dair algılarını incelemektedir. Ayrıca bu çalışma Türkiye’de fazla kullanılmayan photovoice/fotoses yönteminin yaygınlaşmasına katkı sağlamak için Türkçe olarak hazırlanmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Agarwal, N., Moya, M.E., Yasui, Y.N., & Seymour, C. (2015). Participatory action research with college students with disabilities: Photovoice for an inclusive campus. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 28(2), 243 – 250.
  • Agarwal, N., &Spohn. J. (2017). Voices of students with disabilities: A photovoice study. The Journal for the Texas Association of College & University Student Personnel Administrators, 3.
  • Ancis, J. R., Sedlacek, W. E., & Mohr, J. J. (2000). Student perceptions of campus cultural climate by race. Journal of Counseling and Development, 78:180-185.
  • Bancroft, S. F., Benson, S. K., & Johnson-Whitt, E. (2016). McNair Scholars’ Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Graduate Experience: A Pilot Study. Mid-Western Educational Researcher, 28(1), 3.
  • Bowen, W. G., & Rudenstein, N. L. (1992). In pursuit of the Ph.D. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2). pp. 77-101. ISSN 1478-0887
  • Bresciani, M. J. (2003). An understanding of students’ perspectives toward diversity at a Midwestern health professional school: A phenomenological study. The NASPA Journal, 41(1), article 5.
  • Campbell-Whatley, G.D., Lee, J., Toms, O., & Wang, C. (2012). Student perceptions of diversity and campus climate: When students speak. New Waves - Educational Research & Development, 15(1):3-22
  • Chio, V. C. M., & Fandt, P. M. (2007). Photovoice in the diversity classroom: Engagement, voice, and the “Eye/I” of the camera. Journal of Management Education, 31(4):484–504. https://doi.org/10.1177/1052562906288124
  • Christensen, C. M., Trout, I. Y., & Perez B. (2019). Using participatory action research to teach community practice in a post-truth era. Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia, 410:27-45. doi: 10.15388/ActPaed.41.12372
  • Christensen, C. M., Caswell, C., & Yilmazli Trout, I. (2020). A constructivist examination of using photovoice as a teaching method with MSW students and involving the larger community. Social Work Education. DOI: 10.1080/02615479.2020.1858046
  • Cooper, C., Sorensen, W., & Yarbrough, S. (2017). Visualising the health of communities: Using Photovoice as a pedagogical tool in the college classroom. Health Education Journal, 76(4):454–466. https://doi.org/10.1177/0017896917691790
  • Council of Graduate School (2010). Ph.D. completion project: Policies and practices to promote student success.
  • Davis, T. M. & Murrell, P. H. (1993). A structural model of perceived academic, personal, and vocational gains related to college student responsibility. Research in Higher Education, 34(3):267-289.
  • Echols, C., Hwang, Y. & Nobles, C. (2002). Campus diversity: Implementing the town hall approach for racial and cultural understanding at a predominantly white university. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 40(1):169-186. https://doi.org/10.2202/1949-6605.1191
  • Finley, S. (2008). Arts-based research. In J.G. Knowles & A. L. Cole (Eds.), Handbook of the arts in qualitative research: Perspectives, methodologies, examples, and issues (pp. 71–81). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Fleming, W. J. B., Howard, K. Perkins, E., & Pesta, M. (2005). The college environment: Factors influencing student transition and their impact on academic advising. The Mentor: An Academic Advising Journal, 7.
  • Gardner, S. K. (2008). Fitting the mold of graduate school: A qualitative study of socialization in doctoral education. Innovative Higher Education, 33(2):125-138.
  • Golde, C. M. (2000). Should I stay or should I go? Student descriptions of the doctoral attrition process. The Review of Higher Education, 23(2): 199-227.
  • Gurin, P., Dey, E., Hurtado, S., & Gurin, G. (2002). Diversity and higher education: Theory and impact on educational outcomes. Harvard Educational Review, 72: 330-366.
  • Hart, J., & Cress, C. (2008). Are women faculty just worrywarts? Accounting for gender differences in self-reported stress. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 17(1/2):175–193.
  • Henry, W. J., Fawler, S. R., & West, N. M. (2011). Campus climate: An assessment of students’ perceptions in a college of education. Urban Education, 46(4):689-718.
  • Holtby, A., Klein, K., Cook, K., & Travers, R. (2015). To be seen or not to be seen: Photovoice, queer and trans youth, and the dilemma of representation. Action Research, 13(4):317–335. https://doi.org/10.1177/1476750314566414 Holm, G., Sahlström, F., & Zilliacus, H. (2018). Arts‑based visual research. In P. Leavy (Ed.), Handbook of arts-based research (p. 311–335). Guilford Press.
  • Janes, N., Cowie, B., Bell, K., Deratnay, P., & Fourie, C. (2015). Revealing and acting on patient care experiences: exploring the use of Photovoice in practice development work through case study methodology. International Development Practice Journal, 5(11):1-12
  • Johnson-Bailey, J., Valentine, T., Cervero, R., & Bowles, T. (2009). Rooted in the soil: The social experiences of Black graduate students at a Southern research university. Journal of Higher Education, 80(2):178-203.
  • Jones, M. (2013). Issues in doctoral studies – forty years of journal discussion: Where have we been and where are we going? International Journal of Doctoral Studies, 8:83-104.
  • Kroeger, S., Embury, D., Cooper, A., Brydon-Miller, M., Laine, C., & Johnson, H. (2012). Stone soup: using co-teaching and photovoice to support inclusive education. Educational Action Research, 20(2):183-200
  • Kuh, G. D., & Whitt, E. J. (1988). The invisible tapestry: Culture in American colleges and universities. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Research Report No. 1. Washington, DC: Association for the Study of Higher Education.
  • Latz, A. O., Phelps-Ward, R., Royer, D., & Peters, T. (2016). Photovoice as methodology, pedagogy, and partnership-building tool: A graduate and community college student collaboration. Journal of Public Scholarship in Higher Education, 6:124-142.
  • Latz, A. O. (2017). Photovoice research in education and beyond: A practical guide from theory to exhibition. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Lee, K. S., & Carrasquillo, A. (2006). Korean college students in United States: Perceptions of professors and students. College Student Journal, 40(2):442–456.
  • Lopez del Puerto, C. (2011). The Influence of the built environment on graduate student perceptions of graduate school experience. Journal for Education in the Built Environment, 6(2): 79-92. doi: 10.11120/jebe.2011.06020079
  • Lovitts, B. E. (2001). Leaving the ivory tower. The causes and consequences of departure from doctoral study. New York: Rowman and Littlefield
  • Mayhew, M.J., Grunwald, H.E. & Dey, E.L. (2005). Curriculum matters: Creating a positive climate for diversity from the student perspective. Research in Higher Education, 46: 389–412. https://doi-org.uiwtx.idm.oclc.org/10.1007/s11162-005-2967-0
  • McNiff, S. (2018). Philosophical and practical foundations of artistic inquiry. In P. Leavy (Ed.), Handbook of arts-based research (pp. 22–36). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Milne, E.-J., & Muir, R. (2020). Photovoice: A critical introduction. In L. Pauwels & D. Mannay (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of visual research methods (pp. 282–296). SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Peterson, M. W., & Spencer, M. G. (1990). Understanding academic culture and climate. New Directions for Institutional Research, 68:3-18.
  • Pewewardy, C., & Frey, B. (2004). American Indian students' perceptions of racial climate, multicultural support services, and ethnic fraud at a predominantly White university. Journal of American Indian Education, 43(1):32-60.
  • Rankin S. (2005). Campus climates for sexual minorities. New Directions for Student Services, 111:17-23.
  • Sever, M. & Özdemir, S. (2020). Koronavirüs (Covid-19) sürecinde öğrenci olma deneyimi: Bir fotoses (photovoice) çalışması. Toplum ve Sosyal Hizmet, 31(4):1653-1679.
  • Sutton-Brown, C. (2014). Photovoice: A methodological guide. Photography & Culture, 7: 169- 186.
  • Tanhan, A. (2020). COVID-19 sürecinde online seslifoto (OSF) yöntemiyle biyopsikososyal manevi ve ekonomik meseleleri ve genel iyi oluş düzeyini ele almak: OSF’nin Türkçeye uyarlanması. [Utilizing online photovoice (OPV) methodology to address biopsychosocial spiritual economic issues and wellbeing during COVID-19: Adapting OPV to Turkish.]. Turkish Studies, 15(4):1029-1086. https://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.44451
  • Wang, C., & Burris, M. (1997). Photovoice: concept, methodology, and use for participatory needs assessment. Health Education & Behavior, 24(3):369-87.
  • Wang, C. (1999). Photovoice: a participatory action research strategy applied to women's health. Journal of Women’s Health, 8(2),185-92.
  • Weber, S. (2008). Visual images in research. In J. G. Knowles & A. Cole (Eds.), Handbook of the arts in qualitative research (pp. 41–53). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
  • Weidman, J. C., Twale, D. J., & Stein, E. L. (2001). Socialization of graduate and professional students in higher education: A perilous passage? ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, 28(3). Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.
  • Winkle-Wagner, R., & McCoy, D. (2016) Entering the (postgraduate) field: Underrepresented students’ acquisition of cultural and social capital and social capital in graduate school preparation programs. Journal of Higher Education, 87(2):178-205.
  • Trout, I.Y., Perez, B., & Christensen, C. M. (2019). Connecting classroom to community through photovoice: Pedagogical implications. Learning Landscapes, 12(1):283-301.
  • Twale, D. J., Weidman J. C., & Bethea, K. (2016). Conceptualizing Socialization of Graduate Students of Color: Revisiting the Weidman-Twale-Stein Framework. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 40:2, 80:94
  • Vaccaro, A. (2010). What lies beneath seemingly positive campus climate results? Institutional sexism, racism, and male hostility toward equity initiatives and liberal bias. Equity & Excellence in Education, 43:202–215.

Lisansüstü Öğrencilerinin Gözünden Kampüs Ortamı: Bir Photovoice (Fotoses) Çalışması/ Campus environment through the lens of graduate students: A Photovoice study

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 231 - 257, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.47105/nsb.937091

Öz

In this study, as part of the graduate course requirements, doctoral and master’s level students engaged in a photovoice project focusing on how they perceive campus environment and culture. Students were given prompts to guide them in the photo taking process. For each photo they took, they were asked to provide a caption and a narrative. At the end of the project, students wrote reflection papers which constituted a data source in addition to photographs produced. The data analysis included a thematic analysis yielding three categories that are related to (i) representation of identity and diversity, (ii) sense of community, and (iii) supportive environment.
Considering the diverse student population of the university and its designation as a Hispanic Serving Institution, this study is significant to provide a deeper understanding of how graduate students perceive campus climate and culture. Most of the literature focuses on undergraduate students and how they perceive their campus environment. The findings of the study sheds light on college environment as perceived by older adult learners and provide insight on current student services and potentially how they can be improved. The participatory nature of the study allowed graduate students to have a voice in the process of raising awareness within the community and providing insightful information to student affairs and services on campus.   

Kaynakça

  • Agarwal, N., Moya, M.E., Yasui, Y.N., & Seymour, C. (2015). Participatory action research with college students with disabilities: Photovoice for an inclusive campus. Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 28(2), 243 – 250.
  • Agarwal, N., &Spohn. J. (2017). Voices of students with disabilities: A photovoice study. The Journal for the Texas Association of College & University Student Personnel Administrators, 3.
  • Ancis, J. R., Sedlacek, W. E., & Mohr, J. J. (2000). Student perceptions of campus cultural climate by race. Journal of Counseling and Development, 78:180-185.
  • Bancroft, S. F., Benson, S. K., & Johnson-Whitt, E. (2016). McNair Scholars’ Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Graduate Experience: A Pilot Study. Mid-Western Educational Researcher, 28(1), 3.
  • Bowen, W. G., & Rudenstein, N. L. (1992). In pursuit of the Ph.D. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2). pp. 77-101. ISSN 1478-0887
  • Bresciani, M. J. (2003). An understanding of students’ perspectives toward diversity at a Midwestern health professional school: A phenomenological study. The NASPA Journal, 41(1), article 5.
  • Campbell-Whatley, G.D., Lee, J., Toms, O., & Wang, C. (2012). Student perceptions of diversity and campus climate: When students speak. New Waves - Educational Research & Development, 15(1):3-22
  • Chio, V. C. M., & Fandt, P. M. (2007). Photovoice in the diversity classroom: Engagement, voice, and the “Eye/I” of the camera. Journal of Management Education, 31(4):484–504. https://doi.org/10.1177/1052562906288124
  • Christensen, C. M., Trout, I. Y., & Perez B. (2019). Using participatory action research to teach community practice in a post-truth era. Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia, 410:27-45. doi: 10.15388/ActPaed.41.12372
  • Christensen, C. M., Caswell, C., & Yilmazli Trout, I. (2020). A constructivist examination of using photovoice as a teaching method with MSW students and involving the larger community. Social Work Education. DOI: 10.1080/02615479.2020.1858046
  • Cooper, C., Sorensen, W., & Yarbrough, S. (2017). Visualising the health of communities: Using Photovoice as a pedagogical tool in the college classroom. Health Education Journal, 76(4):454–466. https://doi.org/10.1177/0017896917691790
  • Council of Graduate School (2010). Ph.D. completion project: Policies and practices to promote student success.
  • Davis, T. M. & Murrell, P. H. (1993). A structural model of perceived academic, personal, and vocational gains related to college student responsibility. Research in Higher Education, 34(3):267-289.
  • Echols, C., Hwang, Y. & Nobles, C. (2002). Campus diversity: Implementing the town hall approach for racial and cultural understanding at a predominantly white university. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 40(1):169-186. https://doi.org/10.2202/1949-6605.1191
  • Finley, S. (2008). Arts-based research. In J.G. Knowles & A. L. Cole (Eds.), Handbook of the arts in qualitative research: Perspectives, methodologies, examples, and issues (pp. 71–81). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Fleming, W. J. B., Howard, K. Perkins, E., & Pesta, M. (2005). The college environment: Factors influencing student transition and their impact on academic advising. The Mentor: An Academic Advising Journal, 7.
  • Gardner, S. K. (2008). Fitting the mold of graduate school: A qualitative study of socialization in doctoral education. Innovative Higher Education, 33(2):125-138.
  • Golde, C. M. (2000). Should I stay or should I go? Student descriptions of the doctoral attrition process. The Review of Higher Education, 23(2): 199-227.
  • Gurin, P., Dey, E., Hurtado, S., & Gurin, G. (2002). Diversity and higher education: Theory and impact on educational outcomes. Harvard Educational Review, 72: 330-366.
  • Hart, J., & Cress, C. (2008). Are women faculty just worrywarts? Accounting for gender differences in self-reported stress. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 17(1/2):175–193.
  • Henry, W. J., Fawler, S. R., & West, N. M. (2011). Campus climate: An assessment of students’ perceptions in a college of education. Urban Education, 46(4):689-718.
  • Holtby, A., Klein, K., Cook, K., & Travers, R. (2015). To be seen or not to be seen: Photovoice, queer and trans youth, and the dilemma of representation. Action Research, 13(4):317–335. https://doi.org/10.1177/1476750314566414 Holm, G., Sahlström, F., & Zilliacus, H. (2018). Arts‑based visual research. In P. Leavy (Ed.), Handbook of arts-based research (p. 311–335). Guilford Press.
  • Janes, N., Cowie, B., Bell, K., Deratnay, P., & Fourie, C. (2015). Revealing and acting on patient care experiences: exploring the use of Photovoice in practice development work through case study methodology. International Development Practice Journal, 5(11):1-12
  • Johnson-Bailey, J., Valentine, T., Cervero, R., & Bowles, T. (2009). Rooted in the soil: The social experiences of Black graduate students at a Southern research university. Journal of Higher Education, 80(2):178-203.
  • Jones, M. (2013). Issues in doctoral studies – forty years of journal discussion: Where have we been and where are we going? International Journal of Doctoral Studies, 8:83-104.
  • Kroeger, S., Embury, D., Cooper, A., Brydon-Miller, M., Laine, C., & Johnson, H. (2012). Stone soup: using co-teaching and photovoice to support inclusive education. Educational Action Research, 20(2):183-200
  • Kuh, G. D., & Whitt, E. J. (1988). The invisible tapestry: Culture in American colleges and universities. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Research Report No. 1. Washington, DC: Association for the Study of Higher Education.
  • Latz, A. O., Phelps-Ward, R., Royer, D., & Peters, T. (2016). Photovoice as methodology, pedagogy, and partnership-building tool: A graduate and community college student collaboration. Journal of Public Scholarship in Higher Education, 6:124-142.
  • Latz, A. O. (2017). Photovoice research in education and beyond: A practical guide from theory to exhibition. New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Lee, K. S., & Carrasquillo, A. (2006). Korean college students in United States: Perceptions of professors and students. College Student Journal, 40(2):442–456.
  • Lopez del Puerto, C. (2011). The Influence of the built environment on graduate student perceptions of graduate school experience. Journal for Education in the Built Environment, 6(2): 79-92. doi: 10.11120/jebe.2011.06020079
  • Lovitts, B. E. (2001). Leaving the ivory tower. The causes and consequences of departure from doctoral study. New York: Rowman and Littlefield
  • Mayhew, M.J., Grunwald, H.E. & Dey, E.L. (2005). Curriculum matters: Creating a positive climate for diversity from the student perspective. Research in Higher Education, 46: 389–412. https://doi-org.uiwtx.idm.oclc.org/10.1007/s11162-005-2967-0
  • McNiff, S. (2018). Philosophical and practical foundations of artistic inquiry. In P. Leavy (Ed.), Handbook of arts-based research (pp. 22–36). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Milne, E.-J., & Muir, R. (2020). Photovoice: A critical introduction. In L. Pauwels & D. Mannay (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of visual research methods (pp. 282–296). SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Peterson, M. W., & Spencer, M. G. (1990). Understanding academic culture and climate. New Directions for Institutional Research, 68:3-18.
  • Pewewardy, C., & Frey, B. (2004). American Indian students' perceptions of racial climate, multicultural support services, and ethnic fraud at a predominantly White university. Journal of American Indian Education, 43(1):32-60.
  • Rankin S. (2005). Campus climates for sexual minorities. New Directions for Student Services, 111:17-23.
  • Sever, M. & Özdemir, S. (2020). Koronavirüs (Covid-19) sürecinde öğrenci olma deneyimi: Bir fotoses (photovoice) çalışması. Toplum ve Sosyal Hizmet, 31(4):1653-1679.
  • Sutton-Brown, C. (2014). Photovoice: A methodological guide. Photography & Culture, 7: 169- 186.
  • Tanhan, A. (2020). COVID-19 sürecinde online seslifoto (OSF) yöntemiyle biyopsikososyal manevi ve ekonomik meseleleri ve genel iyi oluş düzeyini ele almak: OSF’nin Türkçeye uyarlanması. [Utilizing online photovoice (OPV) methodology to address biopsychosocial spiritual economic issues and wellbeing during COVID-19: Adapting OPV to Turkish.]. Turkish Studies, 15(4):1029-1086. https://dx.doi.org/10.7827/TurkishStudies.44451
  • Wang, C., & Burris, M. (1997). Photovoice: concept, methodology, and use for participatory needs assessment. Health Education & Behavior, 24(3):369-87.
  • Wang, C. (1999). Photovoice: a participatory action research strategy applied to women's health. Journal of Women’s Health, 8(2),185-92.
  • Weber, S. (2008). Visual images in research. In J. G. Knowles & A. Cole (Eds.), Handbook of the arts in qualitative research (pp. 41–53). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
  • Weidman, J. C., Twale, D. J., & Stein, E. L. (2001). Socialization of graduate and professional students in higher education: A perilous passage? ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, 28(3). Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.
  • Winkle-Wagner, R., & McCoy, D. (2016) Entering the (postgraduate) field: Underrepresented students’ acquisition of cultural and social capital and social capital in graduate school preparation programs. Journal of Higher Education, 87(2):178-205.
  • Trout, I.Y., Perez, B., & Christensen, C. M. (2019). Connecting classroom to community through photovoice: Pedagogical implications. Learning Landscapes, 12(1):283-301.
  • Twale, D. J., Weidman J. C., & Bethea, K. (2016). Conceptualizing Socialization of Graduate Students of Color: Revisiting the Weidman-Twale-Stein Framework. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 40:2, 80:94
  • Vaccaro, A. (2010). What lies beneath seemingly positive campus climate results? Institutional sexism, racism, and male hostility toward equity initiatives and liberal bias. Equity & Excellence in Education, 43:202–215.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Beşeri Bilimler, Ortak Disiplinler, Eğitim, Bilimsel Disiplinler
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Incı YILMAZLI TROUT> (Sorumlu Yazar)
University of the Incarnate word
0000-0001-8907-5620
United States


Fatih YILDIRIM>
ERZURUM TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-3149-8791
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Yılmazlı Trout, I. & Yıldırım, F. (2021). Lisansüstü Öğrencilerinin Gözünden Kampüs Ortamı: Bir Photovoice (Fotoses) Çalışması/ Campus environment through the lens of graduate students: A Photovoice study . Nitel Sosyal Bilimler , 3 (2) , 231-257 . DOI: 10.47105/nsb.937091