Yıl 2021, Cilt 14 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 402 - 415 2021-04-01

Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi
Body mass index, nutrition attitude and behavior of the cases who applied to child and adolescent psychiatry outpatients: the relation with emotional and behavioral problems

Ömer BAŞAY [1] , Bürge KABUKCU BAŞAY [2] , Cihan ERBAY [3] , Onur COŞKUN [4] , Burçin SAĞIROĞLU [5]


Amaç: Çocuk ve ergenlerdeki ruhsal bozukluk belirtileriyle beden kitle indeksi ve beslenme tutum ve davranışları arasında ilişkiler bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı Çocuk ve Ergen Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları polikliniklerine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışlarını değerlendirmek ve bu tutum ve davranışlarla duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlar arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektir. Gereç ve yöntem: Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatrisi polikliniklerine başvuran 11-16 yaş arası 169 kişi çalışmaya katılmıştır. Katılımcıların içe yönelim ve dışa yönelim sorunları Güçler ve Güçlükler Anketi (GGA) Ergen Formu ile, beslenme tutum ve davranışları Beslenme Tutum Ölçeği (BTÖ) ve Beslenme Davranış Ölçeği (BDÖ) ile değerlendirilmiştir. Çalışmaya katılan gönüllülerin kilo ve boyları ölçülerek beden kitle indeksleri hesaplanmıştır. Bulgular: Çalışmaya katılanların %9,5’i obez, %10,1’i aşırı kilolu, %65,5’si normal kilolu olarak saptanmıştır. BTÖ ve BDÖ toplam puan ortalamaları sırasıyla 8,29±2,85 ve -1,69±4,79’dir. BTÖ toplam puanı ile GGA davranış sorunları puanı (r=-,233, p=0,003); hiperaktivite puanı (r=-,344, p<0,001) ve toplam güçlük puanı (r=-,281 p<0,001) arasında negatif yönlü bir ilişki mevcuttur. BDÖ toplam puanı ile GGA sosyal davranışlar puanı arasında pozitif yönlü (r=,216, p=0,005) bir ilişki bulunmuştur. Sonuç: Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniklerine başvuran çocuk ve ergenlerde sağlıksız beslenme tutum ve davranışları fazladır. Dışa yönelim sorunları ve toplam duygusal-davranışsal güçlük arttıkça; sosyal davranışlar azaldıkça sağlıksız beslenme artmaktadır. Beslenme tutum ve davranışları ile psikiyatrik faktörlerin ilişkisinin belirlenmesi hem beslenme hem de ruhsal sorunların anlaşılması ve önlenmesi konusunda yol gösterici olabilir.
Purpose: There are relationships between mental disorder symptoms in children and adolescents with body mass index, and nutritional attitudes and behaviors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the body mass index, nutritional attitudes and behaviors of the cases who admitted to child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinics and to examine the relationship between these attitudes and behaviors and emotional and behavioral problems. Materials and methods: 169 subjects aged 11-16 years who applied to child and adolescent psychiatry outpatients participated in the study. Participants' internalizing and externalizing problems were evaluated with the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) Adolescent Form, nutritional attitude and behaviors with Nutrition Attitude Scale (NAS) and Nutrition Behavior Scale (NBS). Body mass indexes were calculated by measuring the weight and height of the volunteers participating in the study. Results: 9.5% of the participants in the study were found to be obese, 10.1% overweight and 65.5% normal weight. The total mean scores of NAS and NBS were 8.29±2.85 and -1.69±4.79, respectively. There was a negative correlation between total NAS score and SDQ behavioral problems score (r=-.233, p=0.003); hyperactivity score (r=-.344, p<0.001) and total difficulty score (r=-.281 p<0.001). A positive relationship was found between total NBS score and SDQ social behavior score (r=.216, p=0.005) Conclusion: Children and adolescents who admitted to child and adolescent psychiatry outpatient clinics have many unhealthy eating attitudes and behaviors. Unhealthy nutrition increases as the externalizing problems and total emotional and behavioral difficulties increase and as the social behaviors decrease. Determining the relationship between nutritional attitudes and behaviors and psychiatric factors can be a guide for understanding and preventing both nutritional and mental problems.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Psikiyatri
Yayınlanma Tarihi Nisan 2021
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7816-3983
Yazar: Ömer BAŞAY (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: PAU. Tıp Fakültesi Çocuk ve Ergen Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları AD
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4124-2340
Yazar: Bürge KABUKCU BAŞAY
Kurum: PAU. Tıp Fakültesi Çocuk ve Ergen Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları AD
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7091-732X
Yazar: Cihan ERBAY
Kurum: PAMUKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9101-1933
Yazar: Onur COŞKUN
Kurum: PAMUKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0882-1730
Yazar: Burçin SAĞIROĞLU
Kurum: PAMUKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Destekleyen Kurum Yok
Proje Numarası Yok
Teşekkür Çalışmaya katılmayı kabul eden çocuk ve ergenlere ve ailelerine teşekkür ederiz.
Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Nisan 2021

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { patd852842, journal = {Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {1308-0865}, address = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Eğitim Blokları Kınıklı kampüsü 20070 Kınıklı, Denizli}, publisher = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {14}, pages = {402 - 415}, doi = {10.31362/patd.852842}, title = {Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi}, key = {cite}, author = {Başay, Ömer and Kabukcu Başay, Bürge and Erbay, Cihan and Coşkun, Onur and Sağıroğlu, Burçin} }
APA Başay, Ö , Kabukcu Başay, B , Erbay, C , Coşkun, O , Sağıroğlu, B . (2021). Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi . Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi , 14 (2) , 402-415 . DOI: 10.31362/patd.852842
MLA Başay, Ö , Kabukcu Başay, B , Erbay, C , Coşkun, O , Sağıroğlu, B . "Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi" . Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 14 (2021 ): 402-415 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/patd/issue/60284/852842>
Chicago Başay, Ö , Kabukcu Başay, B , Erbay, C , Coşkun, O , Sağıroğlu, B . "Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi". Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 14 (2021 ): 402-415
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi AU - Ömer Başay , Bürge Kabukcu Başay , Cihan Erbay , Onur Coşkun , Burçin Sağıroğlu Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.31362/patd.852842 DO - 10.31362/patd.852842 T2 - Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 402 EP - 415 VL - 14 IS - 2 SN - -1308-0865 M3 - doi: 10.31362/patd.852842 UR - https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.852842 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi %A Ömer Başay , Bürge Kabukcu Başay , Cihan Erbay , Onur Coşkun , Burçin Sağıroğlu %T Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi %D 2021 %J Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi %P -1308-0865 %V 14 %N 2 %R doi: 10.31362/patd.852842 %U 10.31362/patd.852842
ISNAD Başay, Ömer , Kabukcu Başay, Bürge , Erbay, Cihan , Coşkun, Onur , Sağıroğlu, Burçin . "Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi". Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 14 / 2 (Nisan 2021): 402-415 . https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.852842
AMA Başay Ö , Kabukcu Başay B , Erbay C , Coşkun O , Sağıroğlu B . Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi. Pam Tıp Derg. 2021; 14(2): 402-415.
Vancouver Başay Ö , Kabukcu Başay B , Erbay C , Coşkun O , Sağıroğlu B . Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi. Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi. 2021; 14(2): 402-415.
IEEE Ö. Başay , B. Kabukcu Başay , C. Erbay , O. Coşkun ve B. Sağıroğlu , "Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran olguların beden kitle indeksi, beslenme tutum ve davranışları: duygusal ve davranışsal sorunlarla ilişkisi", Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi, c. 14, sayı. 2, ss. 402-415, Nis. 2021, doi:10.31362/patd.852842