Araştırma Makalesi
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Kaynak Göster

Polikistik over sendrom tanılı hastalarda Adropin ve Lipokalin düzeylerinin incelenmesi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 15, Sayı 1, 141 - 147, 01.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.1005190

Öz

Amaç: Polikistik Over Sendromu (PKOS) metabolik bozukluklarla ilişkilidir. Bunlar özellikle endotel disfonksiyonu, insülin direnci, sistemik inflamasyon ve dislipidemi olarak belirtilmiştir. PKOS’lu hastalarda glikoz homeostazı ve hepatik steatozu olumlu bir biçimde etkileyen peptit yapılı bir salgı ‘adropin’ olarak adlandırılır. Lipokalin-2 apoptoziste aracı rolü üstlenmekte ve IL-3, obezite, insülin direnci tarafından uyarılmaktadır. Bu araştırmada PKOS’lu hastalarda adropin ve lipokalin-2 seviyeleri araştırılmıştır.
Gereç ve yöntem: Bu gözlemsel ve kesitsel çalışmada hastalar 18-38 yaş aralığında PKOS tanısı almış (n=37) ve sağlıklı kadın kontrol grubu (n=34) olarak sınıflandırıldı. Her iki grupta demografik veriler, metabolik ve hormonal değerler, antropometrik ölçümler, serum Lipokalin-2 ve Adropin seviyeleri ölçüldü.
Bulgular: Araştırmada PKOS’lu hasta grubunda Lipokalin-2 ve Adropin düzeylerindeki düşüşün anlamlı olduğu bulunmuştur. Kontrol grubunda LDL-C kolesterol, Total kolesterol, Total testosteron, LH, FAI, Trigliserit ve LH/FSH değerleri ve hirsutizm skoru PKOS grubuna göre daha düşük seviyelerde saptanmıştır.
Sonuç: Adropinin PKOS’ta insülinden bağımsız olarak farklılaşması PKOS’lu hastalarda insülin direnci tespiti ve gelişimi ortaya konulmadan adropin düzeylerindeki anlamlı azalma sonucu ortaya konulmaktadır. Çalışma insülin direncinin patolojik seviyelere gelmeden adropin düzeyinin anlamlı olarak azaldığını ve bu durumun popülasyonun genç olması ile ilişkili olduğunu göstermektedir. PKOS’da apoptozise ikincil insülin reseptör fonksiyon bozukluğunun Lipokalin-2 seviyeleri ile ilişkili olmadığı ve bunun nedeninin PKOS’lu hastalarda Lipokalin-2 seviyelerinin düşük olmasından kaynaklandığı vurgulanmaktadır. 

Kaynakça

  • 1. Fauser BC, Tarlatzis BC, Rebar RW, et al. Consensus on women's health aspects of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): the Amsterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored 3rd PCOS Consensus Workshop Group. Fertil Steril. 2012;97(1):28-38.e25. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2011.09.024
  • 2. Bhide P, Homburg R. Anti-Müllerian hormone and polycystic ovary syndrome. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2016 Nov;37:38-45. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2016.03.004. Epub 2016 Apr 1. PMID: 27103234.
  • 3. Bozdag G, Mumusoglu S, Zengin D, Karabulut E, Yildiz BO. The prevalence and phenotypic features of polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hum Reprod. 2016 Dec;31(12):2841-2855. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dew218. Epub 2016 Sep 22. PMID: 27664216.
  • 4. Yildiz BO, Bozdag G, Yapici Z, Esinler I, Yarali H. Prevalence, phenotype and cardiometabolic risk of polycystic ovary syndrome under different diagnostic criteria. Hum Reprod. 2012 Oct;27(10):3067-73. doi: 10.1093/humrep/des232. Epub 2012 Jul 9. PMID: 22777527.
  • 5. Bellver J, Rodríguez-Tabernero L, Robles A, et al. Polycystic ovary syndrome throughout a woman's life. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2018;35(1):25-39. doi:10.1007/s10815-017-1047-7
  • 6. Kshetrimayum C, Sharma A, Mishra VV, Kumar S. Polycystic ovarian syndrome: Environmental/occupational, lifestyle factors; an overview. J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc. 2019 Nov 28;20(4):255-263. doi: 10.4274/jtgga.galenos.2019.2018.0142. Epub 2019 Mar 1. PMID: 30821135; PMCID: PMC6883751.
  • 7. Marczuk N, Cecerska-Heryć E, Jesionowska A, Dołęgowska B. Adropin - physiological and pathophysiological role. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 2016 Sep 26;70(0):981-988. doi: 10.5604/17322693.1220082. PMID: 27668650.
  • 8. Gao S, McMillan RP, Zhu Q, Lopaschuk GD, Hulver MW, Butler AA. Therapeutic effects of adropin on glucose tolerance and substrate utilization in diet-induced obese mice with insulin resistance. Mol Metab. 2015 Jan 17;4(4):310-24. doi: 10.1016/j.molmet.2015.01.005. PMID: 25830094; PMCID: PMC4354928.
  • 9. Kumar KG, Trevaskis JL, Lam DD, et al. Identification of adropin as a secreted factor linking dietary macronutrient intake with energy homeostasis and lipid metabolism. Cell Metab. 2008;8(6):468-481. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2008.10.011
  • 10. Aydin S, Kuloglu T, Aydin S. Copeptin, adropin and irisin concentrations in breast milk and plasma of healthy women and those with gestational diabetes mellitus. Peptides. 2013 Sep;47:66-70. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2013.07.001. Epub 2013 Jul 9. PMID: 23850897.
  • 11. Wang Y, Lam KS, Kraegen EW, et al. Lipocalin-2 is an inflammatory marker closely associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and hyperglycemia in humans. Clin Chem. 2007;53(1):34-41. doi:10.1373/clinchem.2006.075614
  • 12. Mosialou I, Shikhel S, Liu JM, et al. MC4R-dependent suppression of appetite by bone-derived lipocalin 2 [published correction appears in Nature. 2017 Jun 14;546(7658):440]. Nature. 2017;543(7645):385-390. doi:10.1038/nature21697
  • 13. Panidis D, Tziomalos K, Koiou E, et al. The effects of obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome on serum lipocalin-2 levels: a cross-sectional study. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2010;8:151. Published 2010 Dec 9. doi:10.1186/1477-7827-8-151
  • 14. Esteve E, Ricart W, Fernández-Real JM. Adipocytokines and insulin resistance: the possible role of lipocalin-2, retinol binding protein-4, and adiponectin. Diabetes Care. 2009 Nov;32 Suppl 2(Suppl 2):S362-7. doi: 10.2337/dc09-S340. PMID: 19875582; PMCID: PMC2811453.
  • 15. Gencer M, Gazi E, Hacıvelioğlu S, et al. The relationship between subclinical cardiovascular disease and lipocalin-2 levels in women with PCOS. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2014;181:99-103. doi:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2014.07.032
  • 16. Koiou E, Tziomalos K, Katsikis I, et al. Weight loss significantly reduces serum lipocalin-2 levels in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2012;28(1):20-24. doi:10.3109/09513590.2011.588745
  • 17. Cakal E, Ozkaya M, Engin-Ustun Y, Ustun Y. Serum lipocalin-2 as an insulin resistance marker in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. J Endocrinol Invest. 2011 Feb;34(2):97-100. doi: 10.1007/BF03347037. Epub 2010 May 28. PMID: 20511727.
  • 18. Hu L, Shen H, Wu QF, Tian L, Hu MH. Treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome with insulin resistance by insulin-sensitizer. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2014;41(3):288-92. PMID: 24992778.
  • 19. Yildirim B, Celik O, Aydin S. Adropin: a key component and potential gatekeeper of metabolic disturbances in policystic ovarian syndrome. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2014;41(3):310-2. PMID: 24992783.
  • 20. Kume T, Calan M, Yilmaz O, et al. A possible connection between tumor necrosis factor alpha and adropin levels in polycystic ovary syndrome. J Endocrinol Invest. 2016;39(7):747-754. doi:10.1007/s40618-016-0453-5
  • 21. Inal ZO, Erdem S, Gederet Y, et al. The impact of serum adropin and ischemia modified albumin levels based on BMI in PCOS. Endokrynol Pol. 2018;69(2):135-141. doi:10.5603/EP.a2018.0002
  • 22. Sen H, Erbag G, Bınnetoglu E, et al. Adropin levels in polycystic ovary syndrome patients. J Clin Anal Med. 2017; 8(1)
  • 23. Kuliczkowska-Płaksej J, Mierzwicka A, Jończyk M, Stachowska B, Urbanovych A, Bolanowski M. Adropin in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Endokrynol Pol. 2019;70(2):151-156. doi:10.5603/EP.a2018.0092
  • 24. Hamdi RA, Abas HN, Alsaeed FAA. Role of Adropin in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Scopus Ijphrd Cıtatıon Score 2019;10(9): 291.
  • 25. Diamanti-Kandarakis E, Livadas S, Kandarakis SA, Margeli A, Papassotiriou I. Serum concentrations of atherogenic proteins neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and its complex with matrix metalloproteinase-9 are significantly lower in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: hint of a protective mechanism?. Eur J Endocrinol. 2008;158(4):525-531. doi:10.1530/EJE-07-0822
  • 26. Yilmaz Ö, Temur M, Calan M, et al. The relationship between lipocalin-2 and free testosterone levels in polycystic ovary syndrome. Endokrynol Pol. 2017;68(1):7-12. doi:10.5603/EP.2017.0002

The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

Yıl 2022, Cilt 15, Sayı 1, 141 - 147, 01.01.2022
https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.1005190

Öz

Purpose: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is related to metabolic diseases such as endothelial dysfunction, systemic inflammation, insülin resistance and dyslipidemia. Adropin is a peptide secretion that positively affects glucose homeostasis and hepatic steatosis in patients with PCOS. Lipocalin-2 mediates obesity, insulin resistance, and apoptosis induced by IL-3. The levels of adropin and lipocalin-2 in PCOS patients were studied in this study.
Materials and methods: Women with PCOS (n=37) and healthy controls (n=34) were assessed in this observational and cross-sectional study. Anthropometric measurements, demographic data, metabolic and hormonal profiles, Adropin and Lipocalin-2 levels were measured in both groups.
Results: In the study it was determined that PCOS group Adropin and Lipocalin-2 levels were significantly reduced. LDL-C cholesterol, Total cholesterol, Total testosterone, LH, FAI, Triglyceride and LH/FSH values and hirsutism score considerably lower in the control group than the PCOS group.
Conclusion: The fact that adropin levels were reduced significantly in PCOS patients who had not yet acquired insulin resistance or who could not be detected using existing methods suggests that adropin changes in PCOS are independent of insulin. The study shows that the level of adropin decreases significantly before insulin resistance reaches pathological levels, which is associated with the young population. Low Lipocalin-2 levels in patients with PCOS suggest that this cannot be blamed for insulin receptor dysfunction secondary to apoptosis in PCOS.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Fauser BC, Tarlatzis BC, Rebar RW, et al. Consensus on women's health aspects of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): the Amsterdam ESHRE/ASRM-Sponsored 3rd PCOS Consensus Workshop Group. Fertil Steril. 2012;97(1):28-38.e25. doi:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2011.09.024
  • 2. Bhide P, Homburg R. Anti-Müllerian hormone and polycystic ovary syndrome. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2016 Nov;37:38-45. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2016.03.004. Epub 2016 Apr 1. PMID: 27103234.
  • 3. Bozdag G, Mumusoglu S, Zengin D, Karabulut E, Yildiz BO. The prevalence and phenotypic features of polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hum Reprod. 2016 Dec;31(12):2841-2855. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dew218. Epub 2016 Sep 22. PMID: 27664216.
  • 4. Yildiz BO, Bozdag G, Yapici Z, Esinler I, Yarali H. Prevalence, phenotype and cardiometabolic risk of polycystic ovary syndrome under different diagnostic criteria. Hum Reprod. 2012 Oct;27(10):3067-73. doi: 10.1093/humrep/des232. Epub 2012 Jul 9. PMID: 22777527.
  • 5. Bellver J, Rodríguez-Tabernero L, Robles A, et al. Polycystic ovary syndrome throughout a woman's life. J Assist Reprod Genet. 2018;35(1):25-39. doi:10.1007/s10815-017-1047-7
  • 6. Kshetrimayum C, Sharma A, Mishra VV, Kumar S. Polycystic ovarian syndrome: Environmental/occupational, lifestyle factors; an overview. J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc. 2019 Nov 28;20(4):255-263. doi: 10.4274/jtgga.galenos.2019.2018.0142. Epub 2019 Mar 1. PMID: 30821135; PMCID: PMC6883751.
  • 7. Marczuk N, Cecerska-Heryć E, Jesionowska A, Dołęgowska B. Adropin - physiological and pathophysiological role. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 2016 Sep 26;70(0):981-988. doi: 10.5604/17322693.1220082. PMID: 27668650.
  • 8. Gao S, McMillan RP, Zhu Q, Lopaschuk GD, Hulver MW, Butler AA. Therapeutic effects of adropin on glucose tolerance and substrate utilization in diet-induced obese mice with insulin resistance. Mol Metab. 2015 Jan 17;4(4):310-24. doi: 10.1016/j.molmet.2015.01.005. PMID: 25830094; PMCID: PMC4354928.
  • 9. Kumar KG, Trevaskis JL, Lam DD, et al. Identification of adropin as a secreted factor linking dietary macronutrient intake with energy homeostasis and lipid metabolism. Cell Metab. 2008;8(6):468-481. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2008.10.011
  • 10. Aydin S, Kuloglu T, Aydin S. Copeptin, adropin and irisin concentrations in breast milk and plasma of healthy women and those with gestational diabetes mellitus. Peptides. 2013 Sep;47:66-70. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2013.07.001. Epub 2013 Jul 9. PMID: 23850897.
  • 11. Wang Y, Lam KS, Kraegen EW, et al. Lipocalin-2 is an inflammatory marker closely associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and hyperglycemia in humans. Clin Chem. 2007;53(1):34-41. doi:10.1373/clinchem.2006.075614
  • 12. Mosialou I, Shikhel S, Liu JM, et al. MC4R-dependent suppression of appetite by bone-derived lipocalin 2 [published correction appears in Nature. 2017 Jun 14;546(7658):440]. Nature. 2017;543(7645):385-390. doi:10.1038/nature21697
  • 13. Panidis D, Tziomalos K, Koiou E, et al. The effects of obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome on serum lipocalin-2 levels: a cross-sectional study. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2010;8:151. Published 2010 Dec 9. doi:10.1186/1477-7827-8-151
  • 14. Esteve E, Ricart W, Fernández-Real JM. Adipocytokines and insulin resistance: the possible role of lipocalin-2, retinol binding protein-4, and adiponectin. Diabetes Care. 2009 Nov;32 Suppl 2(Suppl 2):S362-7. doi: 10.2337/dc09-S340. PMID: 19875582; PMCID: PMC2811453.
  • 15. Gencer M, Gazi E, Hacıvelioğlu S, et al. The relationship between subclinical cardiovascular disease and lipocalin-2 levels in women with PCOS. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2014;181:99-103. doi:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2014.07.032
  • 16. Koiou E, Tziomalos K, Katsikis I, et al. Weight loss significantly reduces serum lipocalin-2 levels in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2012;28(1):20-24. doi:10.3109/09513590.2011.588745
  • 17. Cakal E, Ozkaya M, Engin-Ustun Y, Ustun Y. Serum lipocalin-2 as an insulin resistance marker in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. J Endocrinol Invest. 2011 Feb;34(2):97-100. doi: 10.1007/BF03347037. Epub 2010 May 28. PMID: 20511727.
  • 18. Hu L, Shen H, Wu QF, Tian L, Hu MH. Treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome with insulin resistance by insulin-sensitizer. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2014;41(3):288-92. PMID: 24992778.
  • 19. Yildirim B, Celik O, Aydin S. Adropin: a key component and potential gatekeeper of metabolic disturbances in policystic ovarian syndrome. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2014;41(3):310-2. PMID: 24992783.
  • 20. Kume T, Calan M, Yilmaz O, et al. A possible connection between tumor necrosis factor alpha and adropin levels in polycystic ovary syndrome. J Endocrinol Invest. 2016;39(7):747-754. doi:10.1007/s40618-016-0453-5
  • 21. Inal ZO, Erdem S, Gederet Y, et al. The impact of serum adropin and ischemia modified albumin levels based on BMI in PCOS. Endokrynol Pol. 2018;69(2):135-141. doi:10.5603/EP.a2018.0002
  • 22. Sen H, Erbag G, Bınnetoglu E, et al. Adropin levels in polycystic ovary syndrome patients. J Clin Anal Med. 2017; 8(1)
  • 23. Kuliczkowska-Płaksej J, Mierzwicka A, Jończyk M, Stachowska B, Urbanovych A, Bolanowski M. Adropin in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Endokrynol Pol. 2019;70(2):151-156. doi:10.5603/EP.a2018.0092
  • 24. Hamdi RA, Abas HN, Alsaeed FAA. Role of Adropin in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Scopus Ijphrd Cıtatıon Score 2019;10(9): 291.
  • 25. Diamanti-Kandarakis E, Livadas S, Kandarakis SA, Margeli A, Papassotiriou I. Serum concentrations of atherogenic proteins neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and its complex with matrix metalloproteinase-9 are significantly lower in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: hint of a protective mechanism?. Eur J Endocrinol. 2008;158(4):525-531. doi:10.1530/EJE-07-0822
  • 26. Yilmaz Ö, Temur M, Calan M, et al. The relationship between lipocalin-2 and free testosterone levels in polycystic ovary syndrome. Endokrynol Pol. 2017;68(1):7-12. doi:10.5603/EP.2017.0002

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum
Yayınlanma Tarihi Ocak 2022
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Soner GÖK (Sorumlu Yazar)
PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
0000-0001-8940-1879
Türkiye


İ.veysel FENKCİ
PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
0000-0003-4929-5252
Türkiye


Erkan ALATAŞ
PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
0000-0001-6423-5106
Türkiye


Babür KALELİ
PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
0000-0002-5122-9329
Türkiye


Yaşar ENLİ
PAMUKKALE UNIVERSITY, SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
0000-0001-5080-3192
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Pamukkale Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi
Proje Numarası 1904
Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ocak 2022
Kabul Tarihi 26 Kasım 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 15, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { patd1005190, journal = {Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {1308-0865}, address = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Eğitim Blokları Kınıklı kampüsü 20070 Kınıklı, Denizli}, publisher = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {15}, pages = {141 - 147}, doi = {10.31362/patd.1005190}, title = {The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome}, key = {cite}, author = {Gök, Soner and Fenkci, İ.veysel and Alataş, Erkan and Kaleli, Babür and Enli, Yaşar} }
APA Gök, S. , Fenkci, İ. , Alataş, E. , Kaleli, B. & Enli, Y. (2022). The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome . Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi , 15 (1) , 141-147 . DOI: 10.31362/patd.1005190
MLA Gök, S. , Fenkci, İ. , Alataş, E. , Kaleli, B. , Enli, Y. "The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome" . Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 15 (2022 ): 141-147 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/patd/issue/65499/1005190>
Chicago Gök, S. , Fenkci, İ. , Alataş, E. , Kaleli, B. , Enli, Y. "The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome". Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 15 (2022 ): 141-147
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome AU - Soner Gök , İ.veysel Fenkci , Erkan Alataş , Babür Kaleli , Yaşar Enli Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.31362/patd.1005190 DO - 10.31362/patd.1005190 T2 - Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 141 EP - 147 VL - 15 IS - 1 SN - -1308-0865 M3 - doi: 10.31362/patd.1005190 UR - https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.1005190 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome %A Soner Gök , İ.veysel Fenkci , Erkan Alataş , Babür Kaleli , Yaşar Enli %T The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome %D 2022 %J Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi %P -1308-0865 %V 15 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31362/patd.1005190 %U 10.31362/patd.1005190
ISNAD Gök, Soner , Fenkci, İ.veysel , Alataş, Erkan , Kaleli, Babür , Enli, Yaşar . "The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome". Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 15 / 1 (Ocak 2022): 141-147 . https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.1005190
AMA Gök S. , Fenkci İ. , Alataş E. , Kaleli B. , Enli Y. The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Pam Tıp Derg. 2022; 15(1): 141-147.
Vancouver Gök S. , Fenkci İ. , Alataş E. , Kaleli B. , Enli Y. The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi. 2022; 15(1): 141-147.
IEEE S. Gök , İ. Fenkci , E. Alataş , B. Kaleli ve Y. Enli , "The evaluation of serum Adropin and Lipocalin levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome", Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi, c. 15, sayı. 1, ss. 141-147, Oca. 2022, doi:10.31362/patd.1005190

14721

14718

21713

14715

14716