Yıl 2020, Cilt 2 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 1 - 26 2020-12-30

A Comparision of the Reading Comprehension Skills of Students with and without Learning Disabilities in a Linguistic Perspective
Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması

Selcen GÜNDOĞDU [1] , Birkan GÜLDENOĞLU [2] , Tevhide KARGIN [3]


This study’s main purpose is to comparatively examine the reading comprehension skills of students with and without learning disabilities. This study included 240 elementary students, of which 120 were students with learning disabilities and 120 were normally developing students and attended 3rd and 4th grades. To assess students' reading comprehension skills, two different texts (simple and complicated texts according to syntactic) and five questions (four information and one inference questions) for each text were used. All assessments were applied in students’ own schools about 15 to 20 minutes of individual sessions. The gathered data were analyzed through two factors ANOVA (GLM-ANOVA). The results showed that students with learning disabilities had poorer comprehension performance than their normally developing counterparts. Findings were discussed based on students' reading skills and the reading comprehension strategies they used.
Okuma becerisinin sürekli gelişen bir beceri olduğu düşünüldüğünde, normal gelişim gösteren öğrencilerin okul yaşamlarında göstermiş oldukları gelişmeyi, öğrenme güçlüğü olan öğrencilerin sergileyememeleri ve genel olarak düşük okuma ve okuduğunu anlama becerilerine sahip olmaları, oldukça önemli ve çözümlenmesi gereken bir sorun olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Bu nedenden dolayı bu çalışmada, öğrenme güçlüğü olan ve olmayan öğrencilerin okuduğunu anlama performanslarının dilbilimsel açıdan karşılaştırmalı olarak incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Öğrencilerin okuduğunu anlama becerilerini değerlendirmek amacıyla iki farklı metin (sözdizimsel olarak basit ve sözdizimsel olarak karmaşık metinler) ve her bir metne ilişkin beşer anlama sorusu (dört bilgi verici, bir çıkarım sorusu) kullanılmıştır. Yapılan değerlendirmelerden elde edilen tüm veriler iki faktörlü varyans analizi (GLM-ANOVA) kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Analizlerden elde edilen bulgulara genel olarak bakıldığında, öğrenme güçlüğü olan öğrencilerin okuduğunu anlama performanslarının normal gelişim gösteren öğrencilere göre daha düşük olduğu görülmüştür. Ortaya çıkan bu farklılık öğrenme güçlüğü olan öğrencilerin sahip oldukları okuma becerileri ile okuma sırasında kullandıkları okuduğunu anlama stratejileri temelinde tartışılmıştır.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Eğitim, Özel
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-4632-9576
Yazar: Selcen GÜNDOĞDU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9629-1505
Yazar: Birkan GÜLDENOĞLU
Kurum: ANKARA UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1243-8486
Yazar: Tevhide KARGIN
Kurum: HASAN KALYONCU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Aralık 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { trsped493717, journal = {Turkish Journal of Special Education Research and Practice}, issn = {}, eissn = {2687-6213}, address = {Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Özel Eğitim Bölümü A Blok Atakum/Samsun}, publisher = {Salih RAKAP}, year = {2020}, volume = {2}, pages = {1 - 26}, doi = {10.37233/TRSPED.2020.0106}, title = {Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması}, key = {cite}, author = {Gündoğdu, Selcen and Güldenoğlu, Birkan and Kargın, Tevhide} }
APA Gündoğdu, S , Güldenoğlu, B , Kargın, T . (2020). Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması . Turkish Journal of Special Education Research and Practice , 2 (1) , 1-26 . DOI: 10.37233/TRSPED.2020.0106
MLA Gündoğdu, S , Güldenoğlu, B , Kargın, T . "Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması" . Turkish Journal of Special Education Research and Practice 2 (2020 ): 1-26 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/trsped/issue/59651/493717>
Chicago Gündoğdu, S , Güldenoğlu, B , Kargın, T . "Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması". Turkish Journal of Special Education Research and Practice 2 (2020 ): 1-26
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması AU - Selcen Gündoğdu , Birkan Güldenoğlu , Tevhide Kargın Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.37233/TRSPED.2020.0106 DO - 10.37233/TRSPED.2020.0106 T2 - Turkish Journal of Special Education Research and Practice JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 26 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - -2687-6213 M3 - doi: 10.37233/TRSPED.2020.0106 UR - https://doi.org/10.37233/TRSPED.2020.0106 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Special Education Research and Practice Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması %A Selcen Gündoğdu , Birkan Güldenoğlu , Tevhide Kargın %T Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması %D 2020 %J Turkish Journal of Special Education Research and Practice %P -2687-6213 %V 2 %N 1 %R doi: 10.37233/TRSPED.2020.0106 %U 10.37233/TRSPED.2020.0106
ISNAD Gündoğdu, Selcen , Güldenoğlu, Birkan , Kargın, Tevhide . "Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması". Turkish Journal of Special Education Research and Practice 2 / 1 (Aralık 2020): 1-26 . https://doi.org/10.37233/TRSPED.2020.0106
AMA Gündoğdu S , Güldenoğlu B , Kargın T . Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması. TRSPED. 2020; 2(1): 1-26.
Vancouver Gündoğdu S , Güldenoğlu B , Kargın T . Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması. Turkish Journal of Special Education Research and Practice. 2020; 2(1): 1-26.
IEEE S. Gündoğdu , B. Güldenoğlu ve T. Kargın , "Öğrenme Güçlüğü Olan ve Olmayan Öğrencilerin Okuduğunu Anlama Becerilerinin Dil Bilimsel Açıdan Karşılaştırılması", Turkish Journal of Special Education Research and Practice, c. 2, sayı. 1, ss. 1-26, Ara. 2021, doi:10.37233/TRSPED.2020.0106