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Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia

Yıl 2021, Cilt 0, Sayı 29, 177 - 196, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009

Öz

This paper aims to represent an assemblage of choppers and chopping tools collected from the Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey in Cyprus, together with their natural environment. Two new possible Early Paleolithic sites, Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia, which are very close, have been identified. In total, 13 pebble tools open the door to the possibility that the first human activity in Cyprus could be dated earlier than previously accepted and contribute to debates of hominin mobility in the Mediterranean islands from the mainland. In line with the data obtained as a result of our research, it refers to the idea that hominins may have visited the island much earlier than known, and it will be encouraging to other researchers who wish to research the Paleolithic Age in Cyprus.

Kaynakça

  • Alimen, M. H. and J. Chavaillon. 1962. Position stratigraphique et évolution de la Pebble Culture au Sahara nord-occidental. In: G. Mortelmans and J. Nenquin (eds), Actes du IVe Congrès Panafricain de Préhistoire et de L’Etude du Quaternaire, Vol. III, 3-26. Tervuren: Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale.
  • Ammerman A.J. (2020) Cyprus: The Submerged Final Palaeolithic of Aspros Dive Site C. In: Bailey G., Galanidou N., Peeters H., Jöns H., Mennenga M. (eds) The Archaeology of Europe’s Drowned Landscapes. Coastal Research Library, vol 35. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-37367-2_22.
  • Barbante, Carlo., Fischer, Hubertus., Masson-Delmonte, V., Wealbroeck, C., Wolf, W, E. (2010). Climate of the last million years: new insights from EPICA and other records. Quaternary Science Reviews , 29, 1-7. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.11.025.
  • Barsky, D. (2009). An Overview of Some African and Eurasian Oldowan Sites: Evaluation of Hominin Cognition Levels, Technological Advancement and Adaptive Skills, in E. Hovers, & D. R. Braun (Eds), Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Oldowan (s. 39-48). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.
  • Bar-Yosef, O., & Belfer-Cohen, A. (2001). From Africa to Eurasia - early dispersals. Quaternary International, 75, p. 19-28.
  • Basiran, A., & Erek, M. C. (2016). The Prehistoric Cultures in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Society for American Archaeology 81th Annual Meeting in Orlando, Florida,.https://www.saa.org/annual-meeting/programs/program-archives https://www.academia.edu/27972133/The_Prehistoric_Cultures_in_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus
  • Benjamin, J., Rovere, A., Fontana, A., Furlani, S., Vacchi, M., Inglis, H, R., Galili, F., Antonioli, F., Sivan, D., Miko, S., Mourtzas, N., Felija, I., Meredith-Williams, M., Goodman-Tchhernov, B., Kolaiti, E., Anzidei, M., Gehrels. (2017). Late Quaternary sea-level changes and early human societies in the central and eastern Mediterranean Basin: An interdisciplinary review. Quaternary International, 449, 29-57. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2017.06.025.
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  • Carbonell, E., Bermúdez de Castro, J., Parés, J. et al. (2008). The first hominin of Europe. Nature (452,), 465–469 .
  • Carbonell, E., Sala, R. D., & Celiberti, V. (2009). From Homogeneity to Multiplicity: A New Approach to the Study of Archaic Stone Tools. in E. Hovers, & D. R. Braun (Eds), Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Oldowan (s. 25-38). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.
  • Caruso, A., Cosentino, C., Pierre, C., & Sulli, A. (2011). Sea-level changes during the last 41,000 years in the outer shelf of the southern Tyrrhenian Sea: Evidence from benthic foraminifera and seismostratigraphic analysis. Quaternary International, 232(1-2), 122–131.doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2010.07.034.
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  • Çiner, A., Şengör,. A., & Khélif, N. (2019). Mediterranean Geoscience Reviews: a Mediterranean perspective. Mediterranean Geoscience Reviews, 1, 1-4. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s42990-019-0001-6.
  • Dinçer, B. & A. U. Türkcan. (2011) Frigya'da İlk İnsanın İzleri: Kuzfındık Vadisi Paleolitik Dönem Bulguları (Eskişehir). Arkeoloji ve Sanat 137: 45-52.
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Güzelyurt Körfezi Tarihöncesi Yüzey Araştırması Ön Rapor: Orga-Kourvelia ve Vasilia-Mosphilia Çaytaşı Aletleri

Yıl 2021, Cilt 0, Sayı 29, 177 - 196, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009

Öz

Bu makale, Kıbrıs’ta gerçekleştirilen, Güzelyurt Körfezi Prehistorik Yüzey Araştırması kapsamında saptanan Satır ve Kıyıcı topluluğunu doğal çevresi ile birlikte sunmayı amaçlamaktadır. Birbirine çok yakın mesafede olan Orga-Kourvelia ve Vasilia-Mosphilia adlı iki yeni olası Erken Paleolitik buluntu yeri belirlenmiştir. Bahsi geçen buluntu yerlerinde karşılaşılan 13 çaytaşı alet, Kıbrıs'taki ilk insan faaliyetinin önceden kabul edilenden daha erkene tarihlenebileceği ihtimalini işaret etmektedir. Buna ek olarak anakaradan Akdeniz adalarına gerçekleştirilen hominin hareketliliği üzerine devam eden tartışmalara katkıda bulunmaktadır. Araştırma sonucunda elde edilen veriler, homininlerin adayı bilinenden çok daha önce ziyaret etmiş olabileceği fikrine atıfta bulunurken Kıbrıs'ta Paleolitik Çağ'ı araştıracak uzmanlara katkıda bulunacaktır.

Kaynakça

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  • Ammerman A.J. (2020) Cyprus: The Submerged Final Palaeolithic of Aspros Dive Site C. In: Bailey G., Galanidou N., Peeters H., Jöns H., Mennenga M. (eds) The Archaeology of Europe’s Drowned Landscapes. Coastal Research Library, vol 35. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-37367-2_22.
  • Barbante, Carlo., Fischer, Hubertus., Masson-Delmonte, V., Wealbroeck, C., Wolf, W, E. (2010). Climate of the last million years: new insights from EPICA and other records. Quaternary Science Reviews , 29, 1-7. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.11.025.
  • Barsky, D. (2009). An Overview of Some African and Eurasian Oldowan Sites: Evaluation of Hominin Cognition Levels, Technological Advancement and Adaptive Skills, in E. Hovers, & D. R. Braun (Eds), Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Oldowan (s. 39-48). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.
  • Bar-Yosef, O., & Belfer-Cohen, A. (2001). From Africa to Eurasia - early dispersals. Quaternary International, 75, p. 19-28.
  • Basiran, A., & Erek, M. C. (2016). The Prehistoric Cultures in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Society for American Archaeology 81th Annual Meeting in Orlando, Florida,.https://www.saa.org/annual-meeting/programs/program-archives https://www.academia.edu/27972133/The_Prehistoric_Cultures_in_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus
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  • Carbonell, E., Bermúdez de Castro, J., Parés, J. et al. (2008). The first hominin of Europe. Nature (452,), 465–469 .
  • Carbonell, E., Sala, R. D., & Celiberti, V. (2009). From Homogeneity to Multiplicity: A New Approach to the Study of Archaic Stone Tools. in E. Hovers, & D. R. Braun (Eds), Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Oldowan (s. 25-38). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.
  • Caruso, A., Cosentino, C., Pierre, C., & Sulli, A. (2011). Sea-level changes during the last 41,000 years in the outer shelf of the southern Tyrrhenian Sea: Evidence from benthic foraminifera and seismostratigraphic analysis. Quaternary International, 232(1-2), 122–131.doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2010.07.034.
  • Cavazza, W., & Wezel, F. C. (2003). The Mediterranean region—a geological primer. Episodes, 26(3), 160-168.
  • Chiocci, L, F., Casalbore, D., Marra, F., Antonioli,F., Romagnoli, C. (2017). Relative Sea Level Rise, Palaeotopographyand Transgression Velocity on the Continental Shelf. in J. H. Geoffrey N. Bailey (Eds), Under the Sea: Archaeology and Palaeolandscapes of the Continental Shelf (s. 39-52). Gewerbestrasse 11, 6330 Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
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  • Collina-Girard, J. 1975. Les industries archaïques sur galets des terrasses quaternaires de la plaine du
  • Roussillon (P.O. France). Marseille: Laboratoire de Paléontologie humaine et Préhistoire, Université de Provence (Saint-Charles).
  • Creveling, R, J., Mitrovica, X, J., Clark, U, P., Waelbroeck, C. . (2017). Predicted bounds on peak global mean sea level during marine isotope stages 5a and 5c. Quaternary Science Reviews, 163, 193-208. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.03.003.
  • Çiner, A., Şengör,. A., & Khélif, N. (2019). Mediterranean Geoscience Reviews: a Mediterranean perspective. Mediterranean Geoscience Reviews, 1, 1-4. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s42990-019-0001-6.
  • Dinçer, B. & A. U. Türkcan. (2011) Frigya'da İlk İnsanın İzleri: Kuzfındık Vadisi Paleolitik Dönem Bulguları (Eskişehir). Arkeoloji ve Sanat 137: 45-52.
  • Dinçer, B. (2014) Paleolithic of Kocasu Basin (NW Anatolia). Arkeoloji’de Bölgesel Çalışmalar Sempozyum Bildirisi, YAS 4, p.23-49.
  • Dinçer, B.(2016a) Kuzeybatı Anadolu'da Paleolitik Araştırmalar. Türk Eskiçağ Bilimleri Enstitüsü Haberler 41: 50-54.
  • Dinçer, B. (2016b). The Lower Paleolithic in Turkey: Anatolia and Hominin Dispersals out of Africa Running head: Lower Paleolithic in Turkey. in K. Harvati, & M. Roksandic (Eds), Paleoanthropology of the Balkans and Anatolia: Human Evolution and its Context (s. 213-228). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Arkeoloji
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Erge YURTDAŞ (Sorumlu Yazar)
ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY, INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, PREHISTORIC ARCHAEOLOGY (DR)
0000-0003-4516-8790
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti


Mehmet ÖZERENLER
0000-0003-4051-8253
Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti

Teşekkür We would like to thank Eylem Özdoğan and Müge Şevketoğlu for their efforts and guidance in the realization of the survey. We pay tribute to the recently lost researcher, Carole McCartney, for her valuable comments and guidance on the material. In addition, we would like to express our appreciation to the local office staff, Mehmet Şöföroğlu, who contributed significantly to the accomplishment of the research. We also thank Ali Yılmaz for sharing the aerial photographs used in the article with us and allowing them to be published. Finally, we are grateful to Nadire Oyman, Necla Sütçüoğluları and Özkan İbrahimer who made redaction to this paper. The authors confirm that the data supporting the findings of this study are available within the article and its supplementary materials.
Erken Görünüm Tarihi 29 Aralık 2021
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 25 Ağustos 2021
Kabul Tarihi 5 Ocak 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 0, Sayı 29

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tubaar986855, journal = {TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi}, issn = {1301-8566}, eissn = {2667-5005}, address = {TÜBA - TÜRKİYE BİLİMLER AKADEMİSİ Piyade Sokak No: 27 Çankaya 06690 ANKARA}, publisher = {Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi}, year = {2021}, volume = {0}, pages = {177 - 196}, doi = {10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009}, title = {Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia}, key = {cite}, author = {Yurtdaş, Erge and Özerenler, Mehmet} }
APA Yurtdaş, E. & Özerenler, M. (2021). Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia . TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi , 0 (29) , 177-196 . DOI: 10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009
MLA Yurtdaş, E. , Özerenler, M. "Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia" . TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi 0 (2021 ): 177-196 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tubaar/issue/67902/986855>
Chicago Yurtdaş, E. , Özerenler, M. "Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia". TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi 0 (2021 ): 177-196
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia AU - Erge Yurtdaş , Mehmet Özerenler Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009 DO - 10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009 T2 - TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 177 EP - 196 VL - 0 IS - 29 SN - 1301-8566-2667-5005 M3 - doi: 10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009 UR - https://doi.org/10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia %A Erge Yurtdaş , Mehmet Özerenler %T Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia %D 2021 %J TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi %P 1301-8566-2667-5005 %V 0 %N 29 %R doi: 10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009 %U 10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009
ISNAD Yurtdaş, Erge , Özerenler, Mehmet . "Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia". TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi 0 / 29 (Aralık 2021): 177-196 . https://doi.org/10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009
AMA Yurtdaş E. , Özerenler M. Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia. TÜBA-AR. 2021; 0(29): 177-196.
Vancouver Yurtdaş E. , Özerenler M. Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia. TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi. 2021; 0(29): 177-196.
IEEE E. Yurtdaş ve M. Özerenler , "Morphou Bay Prehistoric Survey Preliminary Report: Pebble Tools from Orga-Kourvelia and Vasilia-Mosphilia", TÜBA-AR Türkiye Bilimler Akademisi Arkeoloji Dergisi, c. 0, sayı. 29, ss. 177-196, Ara. 2021, doi:10.22520/tubaar2021.29.009

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