Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 2, 125 - 157, 25.07.2022

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Abraham, V., Bremser, K., Carreno, M., Crowley-Cyr, L. & Moreno, M. (2020). Exploring the consequences of Covid-19 on tourist behaviours: Perceived travel risk, animosity and intentions to travel. Tourism Review, 76 (4), 701-717. https://doi.org/10.1108/TR-07-2020-0344
  • Acar, Y. (2020). Yeni koronavirüs (Covid-19) salgını ve turizm faaliyetlerine etkisi. Güncel Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi, 4 (1), 7-21. https://doi.org/10.32572/guntad.703410
  • Akkılıç, M.E. & Varol, İ. (2015). Turist algılarının davranışsal niyetler üzerindeki etkisi: Edremit Körfezi örneği. International Review of Economicsand Management, 3 (1), 14-38. https://doi.org/10.18825/irem.12105
  • Artuğer, S. (2015). The effect of risk perceptions on Tourists’ revisit intentions. European, Journal of Business and Management, 7 (2), 36-43.
  • Ateşoğlu, İ. & Türker, A. (2014). Tatil yeri seçiminde ülke imajının turistin risk algısı üzerine etkisi. Uluslararası Alanya İşletme Fakültesi Dergisi, 6 (2), 9-28
  • Aydın, B. & Doğan, M. (2020). Yeni koronavirüs (Covid-19) pandemisinin turistik tüketici davranışları ve Türkiye turizmi üzerindeki etkilerinin değerlendirilmesi. Pazarlama Teorisi ve Uygulamaları Dergisi, 6 (1), 93-115. https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.787982
  • Bae, S. Y. & Chang, P. (2020). The effect of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) risk perception on behavioural intention towards ‘untact’ tourism in South Korea during the first wave of thepandemic. Current Issues in Tourism, 24 (7), 1017-1035. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2020.1798895
  • Bakar, N.A. & Rosbi, S. (2020). Effect of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) to tourism industry. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science, 7 (4), 189-193. https://doi.org/ 10.22161/ijaers.74.23
  • Bhati, A. S., Mohammadi, Z., Agarwal, M., Kamble, Z. & Gerardine D.-T. (2020). Motivating or manipulating: The influence of health-protective behaviour and media engagement on post-COVID-19 travel. Current Issues In Tourism, 24 (15), 2088-2092 https://doi.org/10.1080/ 13683500.2020.1819970
  • Cava, M.A., Fay, K.E., Beanlands, H. J., McCay, E.A. & Wignall, R. (2005). Risk perception and compliance with quarantine during the SARS outbreak. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 37 (4), 343-347. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1547-5069.2005.00059.x
  • Chang, S. Y. (2009). Australians’ holiday decisions in China: A study combining novelty-seeking and risk-perception behaviors. Journal of China Tourism Research, 5 (4), 364–387. https://doi.org/10.1080/19388160903382533
  • Chew, T. & Jahari, A. (2014). Destination image as a mediator between perceived risks and revisit intention: A case of post-disaster Japan. Tourism Management, 40, 382-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2013.07.008
  • Chinazzi, M., Davis, J.T., Ajelli, M., Gioannini, C., Litvinova, M., Merler, S., Piontti, A.P., Mu, K., Rossi, L., Sun, K., Viboud, C., Xiong, X., Yu, H., Halloran, M.E., Longini, I. M. & Vespignani, A. (2020). The effect of travel restrictions on the spread of the 2019 novel coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak. Science, 368, 395-400. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aba9757
  • Cronin, J., Brady, M. K. & Hult, G. T. (2000). Assessing the effects of quality, value, and customer satisfaction on consumer behavioral ıntentions in service environments. Journal of Retailing, 76 (2), 193-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-4359(00)00028-2
  • Çeti, B. & Ünlüönen, K. (2019). Salgın hastalıklar sebebiyle oluşan krizlerin turizm sektörü üzerindeki etkisinin değerlendirilmesi. Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi, 22 (2), 109-128.
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Turistlerin Algıladıkları Sağlık Riski ve Gelecek Seyahat Davranışları: COVID-19 Dönemi Örneği

Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 2, 125 - 157, 25.07.2022

Öz

Salgınlar, birçok sektörü etkilediği gibi turizmi de ciddi anlamda etkilemektedir. Örneğin, 2003 yılında SARS ve 2014 Ebola krizi gibi salgınlar turizm talebini büyük ölçüde azaltmıştır. Çin’in Wuhan şehrinde Aralık 2019’da ortaya çıkan Covid 19 virüsü ise kısa bir süre içinde tüm dünyayı etkilemiştir. Covid 19 bugüne kadar ki en ölümcül salgın olarak değerlendirilmektedir. Bu çalışma ile, Covid-19 sonrası yerli turistlerin davranış niyetlerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Nitel desende planlanan araştırmada, veri toplama yöntemiolarak görüşme tercih edilmiş ve veriler yarı-yapılandırılmış görüşme formu yardımıyla 18 katılımcıdan toplanmıştır. Görüşme yöntemi ile birlikle elde edilen veriler içerik analizi ile analiz edilmiştir. Görüşmeler, 2020 yılı Mayıs ayında gönüllü katılımcılar ile yüz yüze şekilde gerçekleştirilmiştir. Görüşmelerde yarı yapılandırılmış soru formu kullanılmıştır. Veri toplama işlemi, nitel araştırma yöntemleri içerisinde sıklıkla tercih edilen mülakat tekniği kullanılarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışmadan elde edilen veriler araştırmacılar tarafından Maxqda 18 analiz programına girilerek analiz edilmiştir. Yapılan çalışmada elde edilen sonuçlara bakıldığında bulgular; “virüsün tatil planına etkisi, koronavirüs ve tatil riskleri, medyanın seyahat algısı, virüsün turizm işletmelerinden beklentiye olan etkisi, yakın zamanda tatile çıkma ile ilgili düşünceler ve yakın zamanda tatile çıkmanın hissettirdikleri” olmak üzere 6 tema altında toplanmıştır. Bu temalardan katılımcıların virüsün tatil planlarına olan etkisi ile ilgili genellikle tatil planlarını iptal ettikleri yada erteledikleri görüşünde oldukları belirlenmiştir. Yapılan çalışmada koronavirüs ve tatil risklerine dair bulgular arasında tatile çıkmanın bulaş riski ve kalabalık, turizm işletmeleri tatil için en riskli olanların konaklama işletmeleri olduğu belirlenmiştir. Son olarak bu çalışmada yakın zamanda tatile çıkmanın hissettirdiklerine dair bulgular arasında heyecan, mutluluk ve psikolojik rahatlık ifadeleri ön plana çıkmakta ve bazı katılımcılar için endişe yaratmaktadır. Pandemi sırasında turistlerin davranış niyetleri ile ilgili fikirlerinin alınması pandemi sonrasında yapılacak olan çalışmalar için bir köprü görevi görecektir. Araştırmadan elde edilen sonuçların, turizm profesyonellerine, destinasyonyöneticilerine ve konu ile ilgili çalışmalar yapan araştırmacılara katkı sağlayacağı düşünülmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Abraham, V., Bremser, K., Carreno, M., Crowley-Cyr, L. & Moreno, M. (2020). Exploring the consequences of Covid-19 on tourist behaviours: Perceived travel risk, animosity and intentions to travel. Tourism Review, 76 (4), 701-717. https://doi.org/10.1108/TR-07-2020-0344
  • Acar, Y. (2020). Yeni koronavirüs (Covid-19) salgını ve turizm faaliyetlerine etkisi. Güncel Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi, 4 (1), 7-21. https://doi.org/10.32572/guntad.703410
  • Akkılıç, M.E. & Varol, İ. (2015). Turist algılarının davranışsal niyetler üzerindeki etkisi: Edremit Körfezi örneği. International Review of Economicsand Management, 3 (1), 14-38. https://doi.org/10.18825/irem.12105
  • Artuğer, S. (2015). The effect of risk perceptions on Tourists’ revisit intentions. European, Journal of Business and Management, 7 (2), 36-43.
  • Ateşoğlu, İ. & Türker, A. (2014). Tatil yeri seçiminde ülke imajının turistin risk algısı üzerine etkisi. Uluslararası Alanya İşletme Fakültesi Dergisi, 6 (2), 9-28
  • Aydın, B. & Doğan, M. (2020). Yeni koronavirüs (Covid-19) pandemisinin turistik tüketici davranışları ve Türkiye turizmi üzerindeki etkilerinin değerlendirilmesi. Pazarlama Teorisi ve Uygulamaları Dergisi, 6 (1), 93-115. https://doi.org/10.21547/jss.787982
  • Bae, S. Y. & Chang, P. (2020). The effect of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) risk perception on behavioural intention towards ‘untact’ tourism in South Korea during the first wave of thepandemic. Current Issues in Tourism, 24 (7), 1017-1035. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2020.1798895
  • Bakar, N.A. & Rosbi, S. (2020). Effect of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) to tourism industry. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science, 7 (4), 189-193. https://doi.org/ 10.22161/ijaers.74.23
  • Bhati, A. S., Mohammadi, Z., Agarwal, M., Kamble, Z. & Gerardine D.-T. (2020). Motivating or manipulating: The influence of health-protective behaviour and media engagement on post-COVID-19 travel. Current Issues In Tourism, 24 (15), 2088-2092 https://doi.org/10.1080/ 13683500.2020.1819970
  • Cava, M.A., Fay, K.E., Beanlands, H. J., McCay, E.A. & Wignall, R. (2005). Risk perception and compliance with quarantine during the SARS outbreak. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 37 (4), 343-347. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1547-5069.2005.00059.x
  • Chang, S. Y. (2009). Australians’ holiday decisions in China: A study combining novelty-seeking and risk-perception behaviors. Journal of China Tourism Research, 5 (4), 364–387. https://doi.org/10.1080/19388160903382533
  • Chew, T. & Jahari, A. (2014). Destination image as a mediator between perceived risks and revisit intention: A case of post-disaster Japan. Tourism Management, 40, 382-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2013.07.008
  • Chinazzi, M., Davis, J.T., Ajelli, M., Gioannini, C., Litvinova, M., Merler, S., Piontti, A.P., Mu, K., Rossi, L., Sun, K., Viboud, C., Xiong, X., Yu, H., Halloran, M.E., Longini, I. M. & Vespignani, A. (2020). The effect of travel restrictions on the spread of the 2019 novel coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak. Science, 368, 395-400. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aba9757
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Otelcilik, Konaklama, Spor ve Turizm
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Neşe KAFA> (Sorumlu Yazar)
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ, GÖKÇEADA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER YÜKSEKOKULU, TURİZM İŞLETMECİLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-4153-5533
Türkiye


Ezgi Can UŞAK>
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-8533-869X
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum İKTİSADİ KALINMA VE SOSYAL ARAŞTIRMALAR DERNEĞİ
Proje Numarası Rapor No: 2020/58
Yayımlanma Tarihi 25 Temmuz 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 11, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Kafa, N. & Uşak, E. C. (2022). Turistlerin Algıladıkları Sağlık Riski ve Gelecek Seyahat Davranışları: COVID-19 Dönemi Örneği . Turar Turizm ve Araştırma Dergisi , 11 (2) , 125-157 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/turar/issue/71403/1103289

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