Yıl 2019, Cilt 10 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 60 - 70 2019-08-21

USE OF LASERS IN VETERINARY MEDICINE
VETERİNER HEKİMLİKTE LAZERLERİN KULLANIMI

Zekeriya Öcal [1] , Ali Kumandaş [2]


In recent years there has been an increase in the use of medical lasers in veterinary medicine. The fact that laser devices are very expensive in the early times has been a limiting factor, especially in our country. Over the course of nearly twenty years, both the ease of use and prejudice related to its use, as well as the fact that many studies and advantages have been demonstrated, have led to an increase in the use of lasers. In recent years, the use of high-power lasers is also in question.


The use of lasers in veterinary medicine has focused primarily on the use of strong carbon dioxide lasers for laser surgery. For this purpose, they have been used very successfully with minimally invasive surgery with closed methods as well as many open surgeries. Lasers containing Nd: YAG (1064 nm), the diode (805/980 nm) and Ho: YAG (2100 nm) lasers were used in both contact and non-contact processes.


There has been an increase in the application of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) or laser biostimulation for certain conditions in veterinary medicine in recent years. Class 2, 3R, 3B and 4 lasers are now used as LLLT devices. Veterinarians have first used LLLT devices for the treatment of various conditions, including pain management and improved wound healing (chronic and acute). There is still much to learn about this technology, but it is now increasingly recognized by veterinarians as a useful treatment. Nevertheless, more controlled clinical studies should be performed to increase knowledge on this subject. In this review, it is aimed to give information about laser types used in veterinary medicine in Turkey.


Son yıllarda Veteriner hekimlikte tıbbi lazerlerin kullanılmasında bir artış söz konusudur. İlk zamanlarda lazer cihazlarının çok pahalı olması, özellikle ülkemizde kullanımını sınırlandıran bir faktör olmuştur. Yaklaşık yirmi yıllık bir süreç içinde hem kullanımı ile ilgili kolaylıklar ve ön yargıların aşılması hem de pek çok çalışmanın yapılması ve avantajlarının ortaya konulması, lazerlerin kullanımında artış sağlamıştır.


Veteriner hekimlikte lazer kullanımı öncelikli olarak güçlü karbondioksit lazerlerin lazer cerrahi amaçlı kullanılması üzerine yoğunlaşmıştır. Bu amaçla pek çok açık ameliyatların yanında kapalı yöntemler ile minimal invaziv cerrahi amacıyla çok başarılı bir şekilde kullanılmışlardır. Nd: YAG (1064 nm), diyot (805/980 nm) ve Ho: YAG (2100 nm) lazerleri içeren lazerler hem temaslı hem de temassız olarak ameliyetlarda kullanılmışlardır.


Düşük seviyeli lazer terapisi (LLLT) veya lazer biyostimülasyonu veteriner hekimlikte belirli durumlar için uygulamasında son yıllarda artış görülmektedir. Sınıf 2, 3R, 3B ve 4 lazerler artık LLLT cihazları olarak kullanılmaktadırlar. Veteriner hekimler LLLT cihazları ilk olarak ağrı yönetimi ve gelişmiş yara iyileşmesi (kronik ve akut) dahil olmak üzere çeşitli durumların tedavisi için kullanmışlardır. Bu teknoloji hakkında hala öğrenilecek çok şey var, ancak şimdi giderek daha fazla veteriner hekim tarafından faydalı bir tedavi yöntemi olarak kabul edilmektedir. Yine de, bu konuda bilgi birikimini artırmak için daha kontrollü klinik çalışmalar yapılmalıdır. Bu derlemede ülkemizde veteriner hekimlikte kullanılan lazer çeşitleri hakkında bilgi vermek amaçlanmıştır.


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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Veterinerlik
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-4566-1043
Yazar: Zekeriya Öcal
Kurum: KIRIKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, CERRAHİ ANABİLİM DALI
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7679-2126
Yazar: Ali Kumandaş (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: KIRIKKALE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ, CERRAHİ ANABİLİM DALI
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 21 Ağustos 2019

APA Öcal, Z , Kumandaş, A . (2019). VETERİNER HEKİMLİKTE LAZERLERİN KULLANIMI. Veteriner Farmakoloji ve Toksikoloji Derneği Bülteni , 10 (2) , 60-70 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/vetfarmatoksbulten/issue/47597/587381