Year 2020, Volume 2 , Issue 1, Pages 23 - 35 2020-06-30

Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları
Basic Welfare Problems in Broiler Chicken

Mehmet SARI [1] , Mustafa SAATCI [2]


Etlik piliçlerde, büyüme oranı ve karkas verimi bakımından seleksiyona tabii tutulma ile büyümeyi destekleyen beslenme ve yönetim uygulamaları bazı refah sorunlarının ortaya çıkmasına neden olmuştur. Etlik piliçlerde temel refah sorunları genetik ve çevresel sorunlardan kaynaklanmaktadır. Yüksek büyüme hızı, hastalıklar, kontakt dermatitis, iskelet problemleri ve lokomotor aktivite genetik sorunlar olarak, yerleşim sıklığı, altlık, hava kalitesi, ışık, besleme, yem yönetimi ve yetiştirme ekipmanlarını ise çevresel sorunlar olarak sınıflandırabiliriz. Etlik piliçlerde 2007/43/EC direktifinin uygulanması ve refah-sağlık sorunlarının ele alındığı bakım ve yönetim uygulamaları ile ilgili en son çalışma 2018 yılında Avrupa Parlamentosu konseyinde rapor edilmiştir. Raporda piliçlerde ayak pedi dermatitinin izlenmesine ve skorlanmasına dayanan kontrollerin, hayvan refahını iyileştirmede en etkili yöntem olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Özellikle piliçlerin refahını etkileyen havalandırma gibi daha teknik uygulamaların halen bir sorun olarak devam ettiği bildirilmiştir. Sonuç olarak; etlik piliçlerin sağlığını, hayvancılık ürünlerinin kalite ve biyogüvenliğini iyileştirmek için refah konusu hafife alınmamalı ve buna yönelik en uygun standartlar sağlanmalıdır. Türkiye'de de en kısa zamanda etlik piliçlerin refah sorununa çözüm ve standart getirilmelidir. Aksi halde gıda güvenliği ile ilgili sorunların ortaya çıkmasına, etlik piliç endüstrisinin uluslararası standartlara entegrasyonunun etkilenmesine, ilgili ürünlerin ihracatında yeni bir engelin ortaya çıkmasına neden olabilir. Bu derleme etlik piliçlerde refah koşullarını etkileyen genetik ve çevresel sorunların belirlenmesi, refah sorunlarına standart getirilmesi amacıyla yapılan çalışmalar hakkında bilgi vermek amacıyla yapılmıştır.

In broiler chickens, selection and management practices that support growth have been caused by selection, in terms of growth rate and carcass yield, and some welfare problems. The main welfare problems in broiler chickens are caused by genetic and environmental problems. We can classify high growth rate, diseases, contact dermatitis, skeletal problems and locomotor activity as genetic problems, and stocking density, litter, air quality, light, feeding, feed management and breeding equipment as environmental problems. The latest study on the implementation of the 2007/43/EC directive on broiler chickens and the care and management practices addressing welfare-health issues were reported in the European Parliament council in 2018. The report found that controls based on foot pad dermatitis monitoring and scoring in chickens were the most effective method for improving animal welfare. It has been reported that more technical applications such as ventilation, which particularly affect the welfare of broilers, are still a problem. As a result; In order to improve the health of broiler chickens and the quality and biosafety of livestock products, the issue of welfare should not be underestimated and the most appropriate standards should be provided. Turkey must be made as soon as possible solutions to the problem of the welfare of broilers and standards. Otherwise, it may result in problems related to food safety, the integration of the broiler industry to international standards, and a new obstacle in the export of related products. This review was made to give information about studies on the purpose of determining the genetic and environmental problems affecting welfare conditions in broiler chickens and bringing standards to welfare problems.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-4981-6337
Author: Mehmet SARI (Primary Author)
Institution: AHİ EVRAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ, ZOOTEKNİ BÖLÜMÜ, ZOOTEKNİ PR.
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3697-8804
Author: Mustafa SAATCI
Institution: Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi Fethiye Ziraat Fakültesi Zootekni Bölümü
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : June 30, 2020

Bibtex @review { apjhls737656, journal = {Akademik Platform Helal Yaşam Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2687-2374}, address = {Babalık Mh. Kemerli Cd,. Demirci İş Merk.B Blok, No: 7/705 Selçuklu-Konya}, publisher = {Academic Platform}, year = {2020}, volume = {2}, pages = {23 - 35}, doi = {}, title = {Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları}, key = {cite}, author = {Sarı, Mehmet and Saatcı, Mustafa} }
APA Sarı, M , Saatcı, M . (2020). Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları . Akademik Platform Helal Yaşam Dergisi , 2 (1) , 23-35 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/apjhls/issue/55626/737656
MLA Sarı, M , Saatcı, M . "Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları" . Akademik Platform Helal Yaşam Dergisi 2 (2020 ): 23-35 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/apjhls/issue/55626/737656>
Chicago Sarı, M , Saatcı, M . "Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları". Akademik Platform Helal Yaşam Dergisi 2 (2020 ): 23-35
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları AU - Mehmet Sarı , Mustafa Saatcı Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Akademik Platform Helal Yaşam Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 23 EP - 35 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - -2687-2374 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Akademik Platform Helal Yaşam Dergisi Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları %A Mehmet Sarı , Mustafa Saatcı %T Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları %D 2020 %J Akademik Platform Helal Yaşam Dergisi %P -2687-2374 %V 2 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Sarı, Mehmet , Saatcı, Mustafa . "Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları". Akademik Platform Helal Yaşam Dergisi 2 / 1 (June 2020): 23-35 .
AMA Sarı M , Saatcı M . Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları. HELAL YAŞAM / HALAL LIFE STYLE. 2020; 2(1): 23-35.
Vancouver Sarı M , Saatcı M . Etlik Piliçlerde Temel Refah Sorunları. Akademik Platform Helal Yaşam Dergisi. 2020; 2(1): 23-35.