Owner on behalf of the Faculty of Medicine

İdris ŞAHİN, MD, Medical Microbiology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Editor in Chief

Mehmet Ali SUNGUR, PhD, Biostatistics, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Section Editors

Ege GÜLEÇ BALBAY, MD, Chest Diseases, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Emel ÇALIŞKAN, MD, Medical Microbiology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Ersin BEYAZÇİÇEK, PhD, Physiology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Kayıhan KARAÇOR, MD, Histology and Embryology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Mehmet GAMSIZKAN, MD, Pathology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Okay Güven KARACA, MD, Cardiovascular Surgery, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Şengül CANGÜR, PhD, Biostatistics, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Yalçın TURHAN, MD, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Yıldız DEĞİRMENCİ, MD, Neurology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

International Editorial Board

Abdulkadir İSKENDER, MD, Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Ahmet ATAOĞLU, MD, Psychiatry, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Akif Hakan KURT, PhD, Pharmacology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu/Turkey

Anıl TOMBAK, MD, Internal Medicine, Mersin University, Mersin/Turkey

Apar PATAER, MD, PhD, Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston/TX

Cheryl LEVITT, MD, PhD, Family Medicine, McMaster University, Ontario/Canada

Danica ROTAR PAVLIC, MD, PhD, Family Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana/Slovenia

Ekrem KARA, MD, Internal Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize/Turkey

Gun-Marie HARIZ, MD, PhD, Occupational Therapy, Umea University, Umea/Sweden

İdris ŞAHİN, MD, Medical Microbiology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Kamal AKPEROV, Radiation Oncologist, Radiotherapy, National Centre of Oncology, Baku/Azerbaijan

Kjell G NILSSON, MD, PhD, Orthopaedics, Umea University, Umea/Sweden

Leonas VALIUS, MD, PhD, Family Medicine, Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kauno Klinikos, Kaunas/Lithuania

Lokman AYAZ, PhD, Biochemistry, Trakya University, Edirne/Turkey

Mehmet KESİMER, PhD, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill/USA

Mustafa ÇIKIRIKÇIOĞLU, MD, PhD, Cardiovascular Surgery, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva/Switzerland

Mustafa TÜKENMEZ, MD, General Surgery, Istanbul University, Istanbul/Turkey

Parichehr HANACHI, PhD, Biotechnology, Alzahra University Faculty of Biological Science, Tehran/Iran

Peter SVIDER, MD, Rhinology and Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark/NJ/USA

Safinaz ATAOĞLU, MD, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Servet TATLI, MD, Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Harvard/USA

Valentina Christova MADJOVA, MD, PhD, Family Medicine, Medical University of Varna, Varna/Bulgaria

Yulia PAYANIDI, MD, PhD, Gynecologic Oncology, N.N. Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center, Moscow/Russia

Yusuf DÜNDAR, MD, Head and Neck Surgery, Wayne State University Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit/MI/USA

Scientific Advisory Board

Adnan GÜÇÜK, MD, Urology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu/Turkey

Adnan ÖZÇETİN, MD, Psychiatry, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Adviye Gülçin SAĞDIÇOĞLU CELEP, PhD, Nutrition and Dietetics, Gazi University, Ankara/Turkey

Ahmet FIRAT, MD, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara/Turkey

Akın USTA, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Balikesir University, Balikesir/Turkey

Alev KESER, PhD, Nutrition and Dietetics, Ankara University, Ankara/Turkey

Ali DALGIÇ, MD, Neurosurgery, Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara/Turkey

Ali Nihat ANNAKKAYA, MD, Chest Diseases, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Ali ÖZER, MD, Public Health, Inonu University, Malatya/Turkey

Ali YAVUZCAN, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Alpaslan YÜKSEL, MD, Urology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Alper BAŞBUĞ, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Arif Aktuğ ERTEKİN, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin/Turkey

Arif KOL, MD, Urology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin/Turkey

Aşkı ELLİBEŞ KAYA, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Atila EROL, MD, Psychiatry, Sakarya University, Sakarya/Turkey

Aydın ÇİLEDAĞ, MD, Chest Diseases, Ankara University, Ankara/Turkey

Ayhan AŞKIN, MD, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Izmir Katip Celebi University, Izmir/Turkey

Ayhan ÇETİNKAYA, PhD, Physiology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu/Turkey

Aysel YILDIZ, PhD, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Marmara University, Istanbul/Turkey

Aysun ŞENGÜL, MD, Chest Diseases, Derince Training and Research Hospital, Kocaeli/Turkey

Barış Özgür DÖNMEZ, PhD, Anatomy, Pamukkale University, Denizli/Turkey

Bartu BADAK, MD, General Surgery, Osmangazi University, Eskisehir/Turkey

Berna HALİLOĞLU PEKER, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maltepe University, Istanbul/Turkey

Birgül ÖNEÇ, MD, Internal Medicine (Hematology), Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Burcu ÖNDER, MD, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul/Turkey

Burcu YAPAR TAŞKÖYLÜ, MD, Internal Medicine (Oncology), Pamukkale University, Denizli/Turkey

Cahit BİLGİN, MD, Chest Diseases, Sakarya University, Sakarya/Turkey

Can Avni KARACA, MD, General Surgery, Izmir Economy University, Izmir/Turkey

Cem DİNÇ, MD, Neurosurgery, Medipol University, Istanbul/Turkey

Cem GÖKÇEN, MD, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep/Turkey

Cemil KAHRAMAN, PhD, Nutrition and Dietetics, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Cengiz IŞIK, MD, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu/Turkey

Cihadiye Elif ÖZTÜRK, MD, Medical Microbiology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Çetin YILMAZ, PhD, Social Work, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Çiçek HOCAOĞLU, MD, Psychiatry, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize/Turkey

Çiğdem APAYDIN KAYA, MD, Family Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul/Turkey

Çiğdem GEREKLİOĞLU, MD, Family Medicine, Çukurova University, Adana/Turkey

Çiğdem KADER, MD, Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Bozok University, Yozgat/Turkey

Deha Denizhan KESKİN, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ordu University, Ordu/Turkey

Demet ÖZKARAMANLI GÜR, MD, Cardiology, Namık Kemal University, Tekirdag/Turkey

Deniz DOĞAN, MD, Chest Diseases, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara/Turkey

Ebru ALICI DAVUTOĞLU, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Umraniye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul/Turkey

Elif Nisa ÜNLÜ, MD, Radiology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Emine Didem EVCİ KİRAZ, MD, Public Health, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin/Turkey

Emre İPEKÇİ ÇETİN, PhD, Econometrics, Akdeniz University, Antalya/Turkey

Erdem Ali ÖZKISACIK, MD, Cardiovascular Surgery, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin/Turkey

Erdem DEĞİRMENCİ, MD, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Ertan BÜLBÜLOĞLU, MD, General Surgery, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat/Turkey

Esra Aciman DEMİREL, MD, Neurology, Bulent Ecevit University, Zonguldak/Turkey

Fatih Alper AKCAN, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Fatma AVCIOĞLU, MD, Medical Microbiology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu/Turkey

Fatma ERBOY, MD, Chest Diseases, Bulent Ecevit University, Zonguldak/Turkey

Fatma Esra GÜNEŞ, PhD, Nutrition and Dietetics, Marmara University, Istanbul/Turkey

Ferhan SOYUER, PhD, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Nuh Naci Yazgan University, Kayseri/Turkey

Fethi Sırrı ÇAM, PhD, Medical Genetics, Celal Bayar University, Manisa/Turkey

Figen İNCİ ARI, PhD, Nursing (Psychiatry), Ömer Halisdemir University, Nigde/Turkey

Gamze ÇAN, MD, Public Health, Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon/Turkey

Gökhan ÖZDEMİR, MD, Neurology, Selcuk University, Konya/Turkey

Görkem DÜLGER, PhD, Medical Biology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Görker SEL, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bulent Ecevit University, Zonguldak/Turkey

Gülay YİĞİTOĞLU, PhD, Nursing (Psychiatry), Pamukkale University, Denizli/Turkey

Gülbin YALÇIN SEZEN, MD, Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Gülşah GEDİK, PhD, Pharmaceutical Technology, Trakya University, Edirne/Turkey

Gülşah KESKİN İLHAN, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Suleymaniye Gnecology & Pediatricscs Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul/Turkey

Habib ÇAKIR, MD, Cardiovascular Surgery, Atatürk Education and Research Hospital, Izmir/Turkey

Hacer GÜLEN SAVAŞ, PhD, Nursing (Obstetrics and Gynecology), Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Hakan GÜLMEZ, MD, Family Medicine, Izmir Democracy University, Izmir/Turkey

Hakan SOYLU, MD, Histology and Embryology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Hamdi Nezih DAĞDEVİREN, MD, Family Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne/Turkey

Hande BERK CAM, MD, Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya/Turkey

Hanife Tuba AKÇAM, MD, Ophthalmology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Hasan KANDEMİR, MD, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Celal Bayar University, Manisa/Turkey

Haşmet YAZICI, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Balikesir University, Balikesir/Turkey

Haydar Kamil ÇAM, MD, Urology, Marmara University, Istanbul/Turkey

Hayriye Gözde KANMAZ, MD, Neonatology, Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Education and Research Hospital, Ankara/Turkey

Hüseyin İLHAN, MD, Pediatric Surgery, Osmangazi University, Eskisehir/Turkey

Hüseyin KILIÇ, MD, Pediatric Neurology, Malatya Training and Research Hospital, Malatya/Turkey

İbrahim KARAGÖZ, MD, Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu/Turkey

İlhan ÜNLÜ, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

İlknur ARSLANOĞLU, MD, Pediatrics, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

İpek ÖZMEN, MD, Chest Diseases, Bozok University, Yozgat/Turkey

İsmail TÜRKMEN, MD, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Umraniye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul/Turkey

Kemal PEKER, MD, General Surgery, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Korhan ÖZKAN, MD, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medeniyet University, Istanbul/Turkey

Kutay Engin ÖZTURAN, MD, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu/Turkey

Kübra DEMİR ÖNDER, MD, Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya/Turkey

Levent RENDA, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya/Turkey

Mahmut Sinan YILMAZ, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Sakarya University, Sakarya/Turkey

Mehmet Akif DURAK, MD, Neurosurgery, Inonu University, Malatya/Turkey

Mehmet Ali UÇAR, MD, Internal Medicine (Hematology), Mersin University, Mersin/Turkey

Mehmet Emin ÖNGER, PhD, Histology and Embryology, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun/Turkey

Mehmet Erhan TÜRKOĞLU, MD, Neurosurgery, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazıt Education and Research Hospital, Ankara/Turkey

Mehmet KALENDER, MD, Cardiovascular Surgery, Derince Training and Research Hospital, Kocaeli/Turkey

Mehmet SEÇER, MD, Neurosurgery, Derince Training and Research Hospital, Kocaeli/Turkey

Mehmet ÜSTÜN, MD, General Surgery, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir/Turkey

Mehmet YAŞAR, MD, General Surgery, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Meki BİLİCİ, MD, Pediatric Cardiology, Dicle University, Diyarbakir/Turkey

Melda DİLEK, MD, Internal Medicine (Nephrology), Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun/Turkey

Meltem ÇETİN, MD, Radiology, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta/Turkey

Mertay BORAN, MD, Thoracic Surgery, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Meryem KÜREK EKEN, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin/Turkey

Muharrem DAĞLI, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazıt Education and Research Hospital, Ankara/Turkey

Murad ATMACA, MD, Psychiatry, Fırat University, Elazig/Turkey

Mustafa Alper AKAY, MD, Pediatric Surgery, Kocaeli University, Kocaeli/Turkey

Mustafa Çağatay BÜYÜKUYSAL, PhD, Biostatistics, Bulent Ecevit University, Zonguldak/Turkey

Mustafa DOĞAN, MD, Medical Genetics, Malatya Training and Research Hospital, Malatya/Turkey

Müşerref Banu YILMAZ, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Zeynep Kamil Women's and Children's Disease Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul/Turkey

Nazife Şule YAŞAR, MD, Internal Medicine (Rheumatology), Osmangazi University, Eskisehir/Turkey

Nihal YURTERİ ÇETİN, MD, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Nil Doğruer ÜNAL, PhD, Biochemistry, Mersin University, Mersin/Turkey

Niyazi ACER, PhD, Anatomy, Erciyes University, Kayseri/Turkey

Nuray VAROL, MD, Medical Genetics, Afyon Kocatepe University, Afyonkarahisar/Turkey

Nuri Cenk COŞKUN, MD, Medical Pharmacology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Nuriye YILDIRIM ŞİŞMAN, PhD, Nursing ( Public Health), Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Oğuzhan AY, MD, Pediatrics, Duzce Ataturk State Hospital, Duzce/Turkey

Onur YAZICI, MD, Chest Diseases, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin/Turkey

Ömer POLAT, MD, Neurosurgery, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Ömer Tarık SELÇUK, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya/Turkey

Önder ÖZTÜRK, MD, Chest Diseases, Süleyman Demirel University, Isparta/Turkey

Özcan GÜR, MD, Cardiovascular Surgery, Namık Kemal University, Tekirdag/Turkey

Özer DURSUN, MD, Ophthalmology, Mersin University, Mersin/Turkey

Özge KÜÇÜKERDÖNMEZ, PhD, Nutrition and Dietetics, Ege University, Izmir/Turkey

Özgür SÜRMELİOĞLU, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Cukurova University, Adana/Turkey

Özlem DEMİREL BOZKURT, PhD, Nursing (Obstetrics and Gynecology), Ege University, Izmir/Turkey

Öznur İŞÇİ GÜNERİ, PhD, Statistics, Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Mugla/Turkey

Peri ARBAK, MD, Chest Diseases, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Pınar YILDIZ GÜLHAN, MD, Chest Diseases, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Recep ERÖZ, PhD, Medical Genetics, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Reha GİRGİN, MD, Urology, Bulent Ecevit University, Zonguldak/Turkey

Seda TEZCAN ÜLGER, PhD, Medical Microbiology, Mersin University, Mersin/Turkey

Selami GÜRKAN, MD, Cardiovascular Surgery, Namık Kemal University, Tekirdag/Turkey

Selçuk GÜNEŞ, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul/Turkey

Selim ERGÜN, MD, Orthopedics and Traumatology, Acibadem University, Istanbul/Turkey

Selim Sermed ERBEK, MD, Otorhinolaryngology, Baskent University, Ankara/Turkey

Serdar ÇOLAKOĞLU, PhD, Anatomy, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Serhat HÜSEYİN, MD, Cardiovascular Surgery, Trakya University, Edirne/Turkey

Serkan KETENCİLER, MD, Cardiovascular Surgery, Bagcilar Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul/Turkey

Serkan TORUN, MD, Internal Medicine (Gastroenterology), Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Sevgisun KAPUCU, PhD, Nursing (Internal Medicine), Hacettepe University, Ankara/Turkey

Sezen KARACA ÖZKISACIK, MD, Pediatric Surgery, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin/Turkey

Sinem KANTARCIOĞLU COŞKUN, MD, Medical Pathology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Suna KABİL KUCUR, MD, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medipol University, Istanbul/Turkey

Şerif KURTULUŞ, MD, Chest Diseases, Harran University, Sanliurfa/Turkey

Şule AYDIN TÜRKOĞLU, MD, Neurology, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu/Turkey

Şükrü ÖKSÜZ, MD, Medical Microbiology, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Tansu SAV, MD, Internal Medicine (Nephrology), Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Turhan TURAN, MD, Cardiology, Ahi Evren Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Trabzon/Turkey

Tutku SOYER, MD, Pediatric Surgery, Hacettepe University, Ankara/Turkey

Umut Safiye SAY COŞKUN, MD, Medical Microbiology, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat/Turkey

Ümran TORU, MD, Chest Diseases, Evliya Celebi Training and Research Hospital, Kutahya/Turkey

Yalçın ÇELİK, MD, Pediatrics, Mersin University, Mersin/Turkey

Yasemin ÇAYIR, MD, Family Medicine, Atatürk University, Erzurum/Turkey

Yavuz Selim İNTEPE, MD, Chest Diseases, Sureyyapasa Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul/Turkey

Yelda VAROL, MD, Chest Diseases, Dr. Suat Seren Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Izmir/Turkey

Yeşim ALPAY, MD, Infectious Diseases, Balikesir University, Balikesir/Turkey

Yeşim GÜZEY ARAS, MD, Neurology, Sakarya University, Sakarya/Turkey

Yüksel KIVRAK, MD, Psychiatry, Kafkas University, Kars/Turkey

Zafer AKTAŞ, MD, Chest Diseases, Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Ankara/Turkey

Zerrin GAMSIZKAN, MD, Family Medicine, Duzce University, Duzce/Turkey

Zihni ERGÜN, MD, Ophthalmology, Yunus Emre State Hospital, Eskisehir/Turkey