Volume: 6 - Issue: 11

Year: 2022

IJMA covers topics that are specific to management issues. It is a peer-reviewed journal which is published to make it useful for everyone interested in the area related to management issues. The Journal aims to be an indispensable reference source for management scientists in the coming years, to be very readable in the literature and to provide valuable contributions. The coverage includes theoretical and empirical findings in areas to management science.

The scope of the journal includes:

  • Management and Organization,
  • Human Resources Management,
  • Organizational Behavior,
  • Work Psychology,
  • Digital Management,
  • Strategic Management,
  • Production management,
  • Marketing management,
  • Financial management,
  • Public administration,
  • Economy Management,
  • Disaster Management,
    Education Management,
  • Healthcare Management,
  • Tourism Management,
    Aviation Management,
  • Maritime Business Management,
  • Sports Management,
  • Engineering and Technology Management,
  • Energy Management,
  • Logistics Management,
  • Information, Art and Cultural Management,
  • Environmental Management,
  • Management information systems,
  • Multidisciplinary Management Studies.


Citation of author(s) in text

Single author:
According to Baysal (1982)
(Baysal, 1982: 26)

Two authors:
According to Wegener and Petty (1994) (...)
(Wegener & Petty, 1994: 26)

In texts with three or more authors, only the first author's name is used, followed by the phrase "et al.":
As stated by Harris et al. (2001) (...)
According to Harris et al. (2001) (...)
(Harris et al., 2001: 112)

In cases where the author's name is not known or specified, the first or two words in the text should be used in parenthesis and quotation marks:
Politicians and bureaucrats have stated that the results are unacceptable and scandalous ("Die Pisa-Analyse", 2001).

If the author is an organization or government institution, it is cited as the first citation; if it is a well-known institution, the abbreviation is preferred for subsequent use:
According to the American Psychological Association (2000).
First citation: (Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], 2000: 65).
Second citation: (MADD, 2000: 65).

When citing more than one study in the same parenthesis, they must be sorted alphabetically and separated by two semicolons:
(Akar, H. 2010: 65; Çalışkan, 2008: 65; Dinçer & Kolaşin, 2009: 65; Engin-Demir, 2009: 65; Tunç, 2007: 65)

In authors with the same surname, the first letter of the name is also used to avoid confusion:
(E. Johnson, 2001: 65; L. Johnson, 1998: 65)

If two or more works of the same author published in the same year are cited; the letters (a, b, c) are used after the year:
According to the study of Berndt (1981a) (...)

Interviews, letters, e-mails obtained through personal communication, the name of the person contacted and the date of the interview should be specified. However, data obtained through personal communication should not be added to the bibliography:
(N. AlSayyad, personal communication, 25 March 2012)
N. AlSayyad on globalization and neoliberalism (...) (Personal communication, 25 March 2012)

Footnotes and endnotes
In the APA writing style, footnotes and endnotes are not preferred. Therefore, as few footnotes should be used as possible.

Important note:
If the study submitted to the IJMA journal for evaluation is prepared in English, the symbol "&" and "et al." should be used in the citations and references section.

Writing References

Single author:
Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 7-10.

Two authors:
Wegener, D. T., & Petty, R. E. (1994). Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 1034-1048.

Between three and seven authors:
Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., & Bach, J. S. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 1190-1204.

If there are more than seven authors; after the names of the first six authors are listed, three dots are added and the name of the last author is added. No more than seven names should be included:
Miller, F. H., Choi, M. J., Angeli, L. L., Harland, A. A., Stamos, J. A., Thomas: T., . . . Rubin, L. H. (2009). Web site usability for the blind and low-vision user. Technical Communication, 57, 323-335.

In the event that the author is an organization:
American Psychological Association. (2003).

If the author is unknown:
Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10. bs.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.

If two or more studies of the same author were used; references must be sorted in date order:
Berndt, T. J. (1981).
Berndt, T. J. (1999).

If the author is the only author in one study and the co-author in another study, the single-authored study should be listed first:
Berndt, T. J. (1999). Friends' influence on students' adjustment to school. Educational Psychologist, 34, 15-28.

Berndt, T. J., & Keefe, K. (1995). Friends' influence on adolescents' adjustment to school. Child Development, 66, 1312-1329.

If an author has published studies with a different author, the order is alphabetically based on the second or next name:
Wegener, D. T., Kerr, N. L., Fleming, M. A., & Petty, R. E. (2000). Flexible corrections of juror judgments: Implications for jury instructions. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 6, 629-654.

If an author has two or more studies published in the same year, letters such as (a, b, c) are used:
Berndt, T. J. (1981a). Age changes and changes over time in prosocial intentions and behavior between friends. Developmental Psychology, 17, 408-416.
Berndt, T. J. (1981b). Effects of friendship on prosocial intentions and behavior. Child Development, 52, 636-643.

Introduction, preamble and afterword sections are cited as a book chapter:
Kumar, R., & Hill, D.(2009). Introduction,: Neoliberal Capitalism and Education. D. Hill & R. Kumar (Comp.). In Global Neoliberalism and Education and its Consequences (pp. 1-11). New York: Routledge.

Journals and periodicals:
Basic Format:
Author, A. A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (Year) Article name. Journal name, volume(no), page(s). doi:http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx/yyyyy

Articles in journals where there is only volume:
Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

In the journals where the issue and volume are specified:
Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(3), 5-13.

Articles in the magazines:
Henry, W. A. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. Time, 135, 28-31.

Newspaper articles (printed):
Schultz: (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, pp. 1A, 2A.

Letter to the editor:
Moller, G. (August, 2002). Ripples versus rumbles [Letter to editor]. Scientific American, 287(2), 12.

Book review:
Baumeister, R. F. (1993). Exposing the self-knowledge myth [Book review The self-knower: A hero under control, by R. A. Wicklund & M. Eckert]. Contemporary Psychology, 38, 466-467.

Writing the books in the references:

Basic format:
Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Study name. Location: Publisher
Cuban, L. (2001). Oversold and underused: computers in the classrooms. Cambridge: Harvard University Prepp.

Compilation book:
Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Comp.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Compilation book; if the author(s) are specified (or if a person's writings have been compiled):
Plath: (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Comp.). New York, NY: Anchor.

Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities. (F. W. Truscott and F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (Publication date of the original study: 1814).
Important note:
In the text, when citing the republished study, both dates should be provided: Laplace (1814/1951).

If other editions that differ from the first edition are used:
Helfer, M. E., Kempe, R. S., & Krugman, R. D. (1997). The battered child (5. ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Prepp.

A chapter or article in a compiled book:
Author, A. A., & Author, B.B. (Year of publication). Section/article name. A. Editor & B. Editor (Comp.), in book name (page numbers). Location: Publisher.
O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. B. R. Wainrib (Comp.), In Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.

Multi-volume work:
Wiener, P. (Comp.). (1973). Dictionary of the history of ideas (Vol. 1-4). New York, NY: Scribner's.

Encyclopedia article:
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The New Encyclopedia Britannica. (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica.

Published thesis:
Surname, F. N. (Year). Thesis name. (Doctoral thesis). The name of the database accessed. (Access or Series Number)

Unpublished thesis:
Surname, F. N. (Year). The title of his doctoral thesis. (Unpublished doctoral thesis.) Institution name, Location.
Köprülü, D. (1994). Üniversite kütüphanelerinde kitap koleksiyonunun kullanımı üzerine bir araştırma. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Hacettepe University, Ankara.

Government documents:
National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Articles in online periodicals:
Author, A. A., & Author, B.B. (year of publication). Article name. Name of Online Journal, volume(no) accessed on (...) via http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/ .

Bernstein, M. (2002). 10 tips on writing the living Web. A List Apart: For People Who Make Websites, £149. Accessed on January 15, 2012 via http://www.alistapart.com/articles/writeliving

Articles in online scientific periodicals and DOI citations:
Online journal articles with defined DOI:
Author, A. A., & Author, B.B. (year of publication). Article name. Journal Name, volume(no), page(s). doi:0000000/0000000000000000 or http://dx.doi.org/10.0000/0000

Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41, 1245-1283. doi:10.1108/03090560710821161

Wooldridge, M.B., & Shapka, J. (2012). Playing with technology: Mother-toddler interaction scores lower during play with electronic toys.Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 33(5), 211-218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2012.05.005

Citations of articles in online periodicals with no defined DOI:
Author, A. A., & Author, B.B. (date of publication). Article name. Journal name, volume no. Accessed via http://www.journalhomepage.com/full/url/.

Kenneth, I.A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8. Accessed on January 15, 2012 via http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html.

Online newspaper article:
Author, A. A. (Year, Day, Month). Article name. Newspaper Name.
Accessed via http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/.

Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times. Accessed January 15, 2012, via http://well.blogs.nytimes.com.

Electronic books:
De Huff, E. W. (t.y.). Taytay’s tales: Traditional Pueblo Indian tales. Accessed January 15, 2012, via http://digital.library.upenn.edu/women/dehuff/taytay/taytay.html.

Davis, J. (t.y.). Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest. Accessed January 15, 2012 via http://www.powells.com/cgi-bin/biblio?inkey=1-9780931686108-0.

Qualitative data and online interview:
If an audio or written form of the interview is not accessible, only the text refers to it and the month, day, year information is specified and it is not added to the references section. If it is available in audio or written form online, it is indicated in parentheses ([Interview transcription] or [interview audio file]); and included in the references section as follows:

Butler, C. (Interviewer) & Stevenson, R. (Interviewee). (1999). Oral History 2 [Interview transcription]. Retrieved from Johnson Space Center Oral Histories Project Web site: Accessed January 15, 2012 via http:/ …… / ……… www11.jsc.nasa.gov/history/oral_histories/oral_histories.htm.

Interview published in a printed environment:
Çelik, Z. (Interviewer) & AlSayyad, N. (Interviewee). (2012). On neoliberalism and urban inequalities [Interview transcription]. İdealKent. (7), 10-20.

Online lecture notes and presentation slides:
Roberts, K. F. (1998). Federal regulations of chemicals in the environment [PowerPoint slide]. Accessed January 15, 2012 via http://siri.uvm.edu/ppt/40hrenv/index.html.

Non-periodic web document, page, or report:
Author, A. A. (publication date). File name. Accessed January 15, 2012 via http://webaddress.

Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderland, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5). General format. Accessed January 15, 2012 via http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/.

Ethical Principles and Publication Policy

The publication processes implemented in the journal are the basis for the development and distribution of information in an impartial and respectable manner. The processes implemented in this sense are directly reflected in the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support the authors. Peer-reviewed studies are studies that embody and support the scientific method. At this point, it is important that all stakeholders of the process (authors, readers and researchers, publishers, referees and editors) comply with the standards for ethical principles. Within the scope of IJMA publication ethics, all stakeholders are expected to bear the following ethical responsibilities.
The following ethical duties and responsibilities are prepared by taking into account the guidelines and policies published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) as open access. The publication of an article in the peer-reviewed journal is a necessary building block in the development of a harmonious and respected information network. This is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutes that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and shape scientific methods. Therefore, reaching an agreement on the standards of expected ethical behavior is important for all parties involved in publishing, author, journal editor, referee and publisher institutions.

1. Authorship
• The references list must be complete.
• Plagiarism and fake data should not be included.
• The same research should not be attempted to be published in more than one journal, and it should comply with the ethics of scientific research and publication.

Actions contrary to the ethics of scientific research and publication include:
a) Plagiarism: Presenting the ideas, methods, data, applications, writings, shapes or works of others as if they were their own, in whole or in part, without referring to their owners in accordance with scientific rules,

b) Forgery: Producing data that is not based on research, editing or modifying the presented or published work based on unrealistic data, reporting or publishing them, making it look as if an undone research has been done,

c) Distortion: Falsifying research records and obtained data, making it look as if methods, devices and materials not used in the research, not evaluating data that is not in accordance with the research hypothesis, tampering with data and/or results to fit relevant theories or assumptions, falsifying or shaping research results in the interests of the persons and organizations supported,

ç) Repetitive Publication: Presenting multiple works containing the same results of a study as separate works in associate professorship exam evaluations and academic promotions,

d) Slicing: Presenting the results of a study as separate works in associate professorship exam evaluations and academic promotions by disassembling them inappropriately and making numerous publications without reference to each other, in a way that impairs the integrity of the research,

e) Unfair Authorship: Including people who do not have an active contribution among the authors, not including people who have active contributions among the authors, changing the author ranking in an unjustified and inappropriate way, removing the names of those who have active contributions from the work during publication or in subsequent editions, including their name among the authors using their influence even though they do not have an active contribution,

f) Other Types of Ethics Violations: Not stating the contributions of supporting persons, institutions or organizations in the publications of research carried out with support in an explicit manner, not complying with ethical rules in research on people and animals, not respecting patient rights in their publications, sharing the information contained in a work that is assigned to examine as an arbitrator with others before publication, using the resources, places, facilities and devices provided or allocated for scientific research for purposes. accusing persons of a completely baseless, unwarranted and deliberate violation of ethics.

2. Author's Responsibilities
• All authors should contribute significantly to research.
• All data in the article must be declared to be real and original.
• All authors must ensure the recall and correction of errors.

3. Responsibilities of Referees
• Assessments must be impartial.
• Referees should not be in conflict of interest with research, authors and/or research funders.
• Referees must specify the relevant works published but not cited.
• Checked articles should be kept confidential.

4. Editorial Responsibilities
• Editors have full responsibility and authority to accept or reject an article.
• Editors should not have a conflict of interest regarding the articles they accept or reject.
• Only articles that will contribute to the field should be accepted.
• When errors are found, they should support the publication or withdrawal of the correction.
• They should keep the name of the referees confidential and prevent plagiarism/fraudulent data.

The peer-review process is at the heart of the success of scientific publication. It is part of our commitment to maintaining and improving the arbitration process, and the IJMA has an obligation to assist the scientific community in any case involving publishing ethics, especially in case of suspicious, recurring publications or in cases of plagiarism.

Uncovering Plagiarism
Articles submitted to the journal for publication are subjected to double-sided blind peer-review evaluation by at least two referees. In addition, in the detection of plagiarism, it is declared by the authors that the articles have not been published before and do not contain plagiarism through TURNITIN or ITHENTICATE programs.

When the reader notices a significant error or inaccuracy in an article published in IJMA, or has any complaints about the content of the publication (plagiarism, recurring articles, etc.), s/he can make a complaint by emailing to ijma.tr@hotmail.com. 

In order to initiate the evaluation process of the articles submitted to the journal, $100 Submission Fee will be requested within the scope of digital printing and typesetting procedures. This price will be requested without the Acceptance/Rejection requirement of the article. The payment of this fee will not mean that the candidate article will be accepted, the process will be carried out by completely independent referees. Authors are not refunded for studies that are not suitable for publication as a result of the peer review.

Dergide aşağıdaki alanların kapsamına giren nitelikli çalışmalar yayımlanabilir;
Yönetim ve Organizasyon, İnsan Kaynakları Yönetimi, Örgütsel Davranış, Çalışma Psikolojisi, Dijital Yönetim, Stratejik Yönetim, Üretim Yönetimi, Pazarlama Yönetimi, Finansal Yönetim, Kamu Yönetimi, Ekonomi Yönetimi, Afet Yönetimi, Eğitim Yönetimi, Sağlık Yönetimi, Turizm Yönetimi, Havacılık Yönetimi, Denizcilik İşletmeleri Yönetimi, Mühendislik ve Teknoloji Yönetimi, Enerji Yönetimi, Lojistik Yönetimi, Bilgi, Çevre Yönetimi, İletişim Yönetimi, Yönetim Bilişim Sistemleri, Multidisipliner Yönetim Çalışmaları.

 IJMA is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.