Ethics - Research Ethics

The following codes of conduct on research ethics contribute to the goals of research, uphold the values ​​necessary for collaboration, ensure the responsibility of researchers to the public, provide credibility with public support, and reinforce various moral and social values:

  1. The first rule is clarity. In other words, the researcher has to share the data, materials, equipment, resources and findings he/she uses with society. Be open to criticism and new ideas.
  2. Integrity and truth: The researcher should not fabricate, steal from, or misinterpret his findings. It should report results, methods, and procedures accurately and not mislead colleagues, sponsors and the public. If he is abusing research, this is also an act against scientific ethics.
  3. The researcher should not harm the object or subject he is interested in. Accordingly, the researcher should respect people's privacy and secrets and should not use personal names unless permitted in their research. In addition, the researcher should not hide his identity.
  4. Intellectual property: Patents, copyrights and other intellectual property must be respected. Unauthorized data, methods and results should not be used and the contributors must be cited.
  5. Confidentiality: Confidential communications, personnel records, trade and military secrets, and patient records must be protected.
  6. Being objective: Biased experimental design, data analysis and interpretation should be avoided.
  7. Integrity and consistency should be ensured.
  8. Errors and omissions due to carelessness should be prevented by serious scrutiny of the work from start to finish.
  9. Social responsibility: Research that may cause social damage should be avoided.
  10. Discrimination: There should be no discrimination by using gender, race, origin or other factors that are not related to scientific authority and integrity.
  11. Relevant laws must be known and followed.
  12. Taking care of animals: Animals used during the research should be given due attention and respect. Poorly designed and unnecessary animal experiments should not be done.
  13. Protecting people: Risk and harm should be minimized in research on humanitarian issues, and human dignity, privacy and autonomy should be protected. Special precautions should be taken in research involving children, with developmental or cognitive disabilities, nursing home residents, and homeless or vulnerable persons without legal status. The burden and benefits of research must be distributed fairly.
  14. The planning and implementation of research to be conducted in humans and animals, the framework of which has been drawn up by national and international regulations and regulations, are the most important topics of research ethics. Research ethics is a concept that is mostly used for medical research, but undoubtedly, research conducted in social sciences is also of interest to research ethics in a different dimension.

Last Update Time: 4/20/24, 2:49:20 PM

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