Year 2021, Volume 22 , Issue 2, Pages 176 - 191 2021-04-01


Murat CINAR [1] , Murat EKICI [2] , Omer DEMIR [3]

In the pandemic period we are currently in, online education has replaced face-to-face learning activities on a global scale. Institutions that pursue online education programs commonly assume that online learners are ready for this mode of learning. However, online education programs attract attention due to their remarkably high drop-out rates. This begs the question as to why some students are more able to benefit from online education, and demands to reveal the underlying reasons for such a situation. In this regard, the present study explores students’ e-readiness for the changeover phase to online education, and how this differs in terms of a range of variables. 428 volunteer undergraduate students from 59 departments across 33 universities in Turkey were recruited to the study. The data collection tools consist of a personal information form and an online education readiness scale. The results indicate that university students’ readiness levels for online education were above medium level of the scale. As for the factors which determine online education readiness, it was found that university students have a high level of internet self-efficacy, yet their motivation towards online education is considerably low. In addition, their online education readiness differs significantly in terms of personal computer ownership, internet connection at home, major, and daily internet usage duration, gender, and online education experience, whereas no statistically significant difference was identified in terms of grade year at the university. A significant interaction between gender and online education experience was ascertained as well.
Distance education, online education, readiness, undergraduate students, COVID-19 pandemic
  • Adnan, M. & Boz-Yaman, B. (2017). Profile of engineering undergraduates on readiness and satisfaction for e-learning. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education, 8(2), 218-243. doi:10.16949/ turkbilmat.280165.
  • Akaslan, D. & Law, E. L. C. (2011a). Measuring student e-learning readiness: A case about the subject of electricity in higher education institutions in Turkey. In H. Leung, E. Popescu, Y. Cao, R. W. H.
  • Lau, & W. Nejdl (Eds.), Advances in Web-Based Learning (ICWL 2011) (pp. 209-218). Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany: Springer Press.
  • Akaslan, D., & Law, E. L. C. (2011b, 4-6 April). Measuring teachers’ readiness for e-learning in higher education institutions associated with the subject of electricity in Turkey. Paper presented at the 2011 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON), Amman, Jordan.
  • Alsancak-Sirakaya, D. & Yurdugul, H. (2016). Investigation of online learning readiness level of teacher candidates: The sample of Ahi Evran University. Journal of Kirsehir Education Faculty, 17(1), 185- 200.
  • Asaari, M. H. A. H., & Karia, N. (2005). Adult learners and e-learning readiness: A case study. Paper presented at the European College Teaching & Learning Conference, Athens, Greece.
Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles

Author: Murat CINAR (Primary Author)
Institution: Borsa Istanbul Vocational and Technical Anatolian High School Republic of Turkey Ministry of National Education Adana, TURKEY
Country: Turkey

Author: Murat EKICI
Country: Turkey

Author: Omer DEMIR
Country: Turkey


Application Date : June 30, 2020
Acceptance Date : April 19, 2021
Publication Date : April 1, 2021

APA Cınar, M , Ekıcı, M , Demır, O . (2021). MEDICATION OR BAND-AID? REVISITING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ READINESS FOR ONLINE EDUCATION . Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 22 (2) , 176-191 . DOI: 10.17718/tojde.906848