Types of paper
Original research papers and brief research paper; letters commenting on recently published papers, on matters of general interest to readers, or on matters concerned with editorial policy.
Invited review papers related with current topics, or matters of general interest to readers.
You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details. Ensure that the following items are present:
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
• E-mail address
• Full postal address
All necessary files have been uploaded:
• Include keywords
• All figures (include relevant captions)
• All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)
• Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided
• Manuscript has been 'spell checked' and 'grammar checked'
• All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)
• A competing interests statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare
Manuscripts should be written clearly and concisely. Authors should be able to present their material within a single, well-structured concise manuscript. Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Main text, Acknowledgements, Appendix, References, Figure Captions and then Tables.
• Research papers should be no more than 15 single line spaced manuscript pages, including references, figures, tables.
• Brief research papers should be no more than 5 single line spaced manuscript pages, including references, figures, tables.
• Invited review papers should be no more than 25 single line spaced manuscript pages, including references, figures, tables.
Use double spacing and wide (2.5 cm) margins. (Avoid full justification, i.e., do not use a constant right-hand margin.) Ensure that each new paragraph is clearly indicated. Present tables and figure legends in main text. If possible, consult a recent issue of the journal to become familiar with layout and conventions. Number all pages consecutively, use 10 pt font size, single line space and standard fonts.
Subdivision - numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should not be numbered. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and methods
Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc.
Title, Abstract and Author information
• Title: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
• Abstract: A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. The abstract must be approximately 150 words, outlined in a single paragraph. Authors should add a maximum of five keywords in the manuscript.
• Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
• Corresponding author: Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address.
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.). Funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements should be written below:
This work was supported by the TUBITAK [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy] and Bartin University BAP [grant number zzzz].
It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.
If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
All measurements and data should be given in SI units, or if SI units do not exist, in an internationally accepted unit. If you use any symbol or unit that may not be generally recognized, please include an explanatory footnote the first time it is used, to help the referees, editors and readers.
Detailed mathematical discussion should be placed in an appendix. Equations and formulae should be typewritten wherever possible. Equations should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals in parentheses on the right hand side of the page. Type or mark mathematical equations exactly as they should appear in print.
Figure and Table captions
Ensure that each Figure and Table have a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title for both figures and tables and a description of the illustration. Provide english/turkish title for each figure and table in the text.
BAROFD Standard Reference Style Guide: American Psychological Association (APA 6th Ed.)
Please, click the link to download the APA references style guide.
Bartin Orman Fakultesi Dergisi Editorship,
Bartin University, Faculty of Forestry, Dean Floor No:106, Agdaci District, 74100 Bartin-Turkey.
Tel: +90 (378) 223 5094, Fax: +90 (378) 223 5062,