Yıl 2021, Cilt 20 , Sayı 77, Sayfalar 494 - 507 2021-01-10

BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Feyyaz ZEREN [1] , Selim GÜNGÖR [2] , Süleyman Serdar KARACA [3]


Enerji, ülkelerin ekonomik sistemini oluşturan temel yapı taşlarından biridir. Enerji fiyatlarındaki dalgalanmalar, enerji kaynaklarındaki yetersizlik, küresel ısınma ve iklim değişikliği gibi ciddi çevresel problemler ülkeleri modern biyokütle enerjisi gibi alternatif enerji kaynaklarına yönlendirmiştir. Bu durumun bir sonucu olarak da ülkeler, doğrudan yabancı yatırımlar ve ekonomik büyüme gibi ekonomik sistemin yörüngesini oluşturan temel göstergelerin yapısını alternatif enerji kaynaklarına göre revize etmek zorunda kalmıştır. Bu çalışmada 1970-2017 dönemi için dünya bankası tarafından alt-orta, üst-orta ve yüksek gelir olarak sınıflandırılmış ülke gruplarındaki biyokütle enerjisi tüketimi ve doğrudan yabancı yatırım girişleri arasındaki nedensellik ilişkisi incelenmiştir. Elde edilen bulgulara göre, her üç ülke grubu içinde biyokütle enerjisi tüketiminden doğrudan yabancı yatırımlara doğru nedensellik tespit edilirken, doğrudan yabancı yatırımlardan biyokütle enerjisi tüketimine doğru nedenselliğin ise ülkelerin gelir düzeyleri arttıkça ortadan kaybolduğu anlaşılmaktadır. Bu bulgular, gelir düzeyi azaldıkça büyüme hipotezinden geri bildirim hipotezine doğru bir geçişin gerçekleştiğini ortaya koymaktadır.
Energy is one of the basic building blocks in the economic system of countries. Major environmental problems such as fluctuations in energy prices, insufficient energy resources, global warming and climate change have steered countries towards alternative energy sources like modern biomass energy. As a result, countries have been compelled to revise the structure of the basic macroeconomic indicators that constitute the trajectory of the economic system, such as foreign direct investments (FDI) and economic growth (EG) with regard to alternative energy sources. The causality relationship between biomass energy consumption (BEC) and FDI inflows in the country groups classified as lower-middle, upper-middle and high-income by the World Bank for the period 1970-2017 is examined in the study. According to the findings obtained, it is understood that causality from BEC to FDI in all three countries, whereas causality from FDI to BEC disappears as the income levels of the countries increase. This findings put forward that there is a transition from growth hypothesis to feedback hypothesis as income level decreases.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular İşletme Finans
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-0024-3518
Yazar: Feyyaz ZEREN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: YALOVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2997-1113
Yazar: Selim GÜNGÖR
Kurum: TOKAT GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5424-5359
Yazar: Süleyman Serdar KARACA
Kurum: TOKAT GAZİOSMANPAŞA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 14 Temmuz 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 5 Ocak 2021
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 10 Ocak 2021

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { esosder768925, journal = {Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {1304-0278}, address = {}, publisher = {Özel Akademi}, year = {2021}, volume = {20}, pages = {494 - 507}, doi = {10.17755/esosder.768925}, title = {BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES}, key = {cite}, author = {Zeren, Feyyaz and Güngör, Selim and Karaca, Süleyman Serdar} }
APA Zeren, F , Güngör, S , Karaca, S . (2021). BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES . Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 20 (77) , 494-507 . DOI: 10.17755/esosder.768925
MLA Zeren, F , Güngör, S , Karaca, S . "BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES" . Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 20 (2021 ): 494-507 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/esosder/issue/59256/768925>
Chicago Zeren, F , Güngör, S , Karaca, S . "BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES". Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 20 (2021 ): 494-507
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES AU - Feyyaz Zeren , Selim Güngör , Süleyman Serdar Karaca Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.17755/esosder.768925 DO - 10.17755/esosder.768925 T2 - Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 494 EP - 507 VL - 20 IS - 77 SN - 1304-0278- M3 - doi: 10.17755/esosder.768925 UR - https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.768925 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES %A Feyyaz Zeren , Selim Güngör , Süleyman Serdar Karaca %T BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES %D 2021 %J Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P 1304-0278- %V 20 %N 77 %R doi: 10.17755/esosder.768925 %U 10.17755/esosder.768925
ISNAD Zeren, Feyyaz , Güngör, Selim , Karaca, Süleyman Serdar . "BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES". Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 20 / 77 (Ocak 2021): 494-507 . https://doi.org/10.17755/esosder.768925
AMA Zeren F , Güngör S , Karaca S . BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. esosder. 2021; 20(77): 494-507.
Vancouver Zeren F , Güngör S , Karaca S . BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2021; 20(77): 494-507.
IEEE F. Zeren , S. Güngör ve S. Karaca , "BIOMASS ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES", Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, c. 20, sayı. 77, ss. 494-507, Oca. 2021, doi:10.17755/esosder.768925