The aim of this study was to develop a scale to measure the process of receiving and completing homework from the perspective of university students, and to conduct its validity and reliability analyses. Two different sample groups were formed in order to develop the Homework Process in Higher Education Scale (HPHES). Students studying in different faculties in four different universities in the 2019-2020 academic year were included in the sample. The sample consisted of 368 students for Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and 400 students for Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). In the EFA, it was determined that the scale had a five-factor structure with 28 items. This structure was evaluated using CFA. When the fit indices of the resulting model were examined, the following results were obtained: χ²/df = 2.36<4; CFI= 0.91; TL= 0.90; RMSEA= 0.05; SRMR = 0.05. The structure was confirmed using CFA. Cronbach's Alpha reliability coefficient results calculated for the scale were verified with composite reliability coefficients. The convergent validity was tested by calculating average variance extracted (AVE) of each factor. The results of validity and reliability study of the HPHES showed that it was a valid and reliable measurement tool with five factors and 28 items. The subject of homework in higher education can be examined in terms of different variables using the HPHES.
Homework, Scale, Higher Education, Validity, Reliability