Yıl 2020, Cilt 13 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 91 - 99 2020-01-21

Hastane enfeksiyonlarından izole edilen karbapenem dirençli Klebsiella pneumonia suşlarının fenotipik ve genotipik özelliklerinin incelenmesi
Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections

Sema ALAÇAM [1] , İrmak BARAN [2]


Amaç: Karbapenemlere dirençli Klebsiella pneumoniae (KDKP) önemli bir nosokomiyal patojendir. Bu bakterilerde karbapenem direncine neden olan en yaygın mekanizma karbapenemaz üretimidir. Bu çalışmada KDKP izolatlarının moleküler epidemiyolojisini ve karbapenem direncinin özelliklerini incelemeyi amaçladık.

Gereç ve Yöntem: Toplam 62 KDKP izolatının tanımlanması ve antibiyotik duyarlılık testleri Vitek-2 otomatik sistem ve E testi ile yapıldı. Karbapenemaz genleri multipleks PCR ile belirlendi. Genetik benzerlikleri rep-PCR ile araştırıldı.

Bulgular: Rep-PCR yöntemi ile, %95 veya daha fazla benzerliğe sahip 25 suş içeren sekiz küme tanımlandı. İzolatların %59.7'si (37/62), benzerlikleri %95'ten az ve ikiden fazla farklı bant içeren, “farklı” olarak belirlendi. BlaOXA-48 geni, izolatların %91.9’unda (57/62) tespit edildi. Modifiye Hodge testi, blaOXA-48 geni pozitif izolatlarının tamamında pozitifti. Karbapenemlerin (imipenem, meropenem ve ertapenem) direnç oranları Vitek-2 sistemi ve E-testi ile incelendi. En düşük direnç oranları meropenem için belirlendi (Vitek-2 %35, E-test %16). Bu izolatlarda direnç oranları ampisilin ve amoksisilin-klavulanik asit için %100, seftriakson için %90 bulundu.

Sonuç: KDKP izolatlarında OXA-48 oksasilinaz üretiminin karbapenemaz direncinden sorumlu olduğunu belirledik. Rep-PCR sonuçları, KDKP izolatları arasındaki genetik benzerliklerin yüksek olmadığını göstermiştir. Bu verilere dayanarak, K. pneumoniae suşlarında blaOXA-48 geninin, klonal yayılımdan ziyade bakteriler arasında horizontal geçiş özelliğinden kaynaklandığını ileri sürmekteyiz.

Purpose: Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is an important nosocomial pathogen. The most common mechanism that causes carbapenem resistance in these bacteria is carbapenemase production. We aimed to study the molecular epidemiology of these K. pneumoniae isolates and the characteristics of carbapenem resistance.

Materials and Methods: The diagnosis and antibiotic susceptibility tests of 62 CRKP isolates were performed with Vitek-2 automated system and E test. Carbapenemase genes were determined by multiplex PCR. The genetic relationships were detected by rep-PCR.

Results: Eight clusters containing 25 strains with 95% or more similarity were identified by Rep-PCR method. On the other hand, 59.7% (37/62) of these strains were identified as "different" with similarities of less than 95% and more than two different bands. The blaOXA-48 gene was detected in 57 of the 62 isolates (91.9%) and the modified Hodge test was positive in all of the blaOXA-48 gene positive isolates. The resistance rates of carbapenems (imipenem, meropenem and ertapenem) were examined by Vitek-2 system and E-test. The lowest resistance rates were observed for meropenem (Vitek-2 35%, E-test 16%).  Resistance rates in these isolates were 100% for ampicillin and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, 90% for ceftriaxone.

Conclusion: We found that OXA-48 oxacillinase production was responsible for carbapenemase resistance in CRKP. The rep-PCR results suggested that the genetic similarities between CRKP isolates were not high. We suggest that this was due to the characteristic of blaOXA-48 gene which is horizontal trasnferred rather. than clonal spread among bacteria. 

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Mikrobiyoloji
Yayımlanma Tarihi Ocak 2020
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-7957-2906
Yazar: Sema ALAÇAM (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Istanbul Education Research Hospital
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6729-948X
Yazar: İrmak BARAN
Kurum: Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 21 Ocak 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { patd621807, journal = {Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {1308-0865}, address = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Eğitim Blokları Kınıklı kampüsü 20070 Kınıklı, Denizli}, publisher = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {13}, pages = {91 - 99}, doi = {10.31362/patd.621807}, title = {Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections}, key = {cite}, author = {ALAÇAM, Sema and BARAN, İrmak} }
APA ALAÇAM, S , BARAN, İ . (2020). Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections. Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi , 13 (1) , 91-99 . DOI: 10.31362/patd.621807
MLA ALAÇAM, S , BARAN, İ . "Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections". Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 13 (2020 ): 91-99 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/patd/issue/51998/621807>
Chicago ALAÇAM, S , BARAN, İ . "Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections". Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 13 (2020 ): 91-99
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections AU - Sema ALAÇAM , İrmak BARAN Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.31362/patd.621807 DO - 10.31362/patd.621807 T2 - Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 91 EP - 99 VL - 13 IS - 1 SN - -1308-0865 M3 - doi: 10.31362/patd.621807 UR - https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.621807 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections %A Sema ALAÇAM , İrmak BARAN %T Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections %D 2020 %J Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi %P -1308-0865 %V 13 %N 1 %R doi: 10.31362/patd.621807 %U 10.31362/patd.621807
ISNAD ALAÇAM, Sema , BARAN, İrmak . "Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections". Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 13 / 1 (Ocak 2020): 91-99 . https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.621807
AMA ALAÇAM S , BARAN İ . Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections. Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi. 2020; 13(1): 91-99.
Vancouver ALAÇAM S , BARAN İ . Investigation of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from nosocomial infections. Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi. 2020; 13(1): 99-91.