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Evaluation of the frequency of food allergy and disease severity in patients with atopic dermatitis

Yıl 2021, Cilt 14, Sayı 4, 878 - 885, 01.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.861596

Öz

Purpose Atopic dermatitis is the most common chronic inflammatory skin disease in childhood. Aim of this study is to investigate the effects of food allergy and other factors on severity of atopic dermatitis. Materials and methods Clinical, demographic characteristics and laboratory values of 130 patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) were evaluated. The patients were grouped according to disease severity as “mild” and “moderate/severe”. Food sensitivity was evaluated with skin test and specific-IgE levels. Food allergy was diagnosed with oral food challenge. Results Mean age was 20.9±16.3(2-70) months, 54.6% were male. The onset age of complaints was 5.7±5(0.5-34) months. According to the severity of AD, 37% of patients were mild, 37% moderate, and 26% severe. While 65.4% of patients had food and 13.8% mite sensitivity, food allergy was detected in 38.5%. Responsible foods were eggs (62%), cow's milk-eggs (22%), cow's milk (12%) and hazelnut (4%). Patients with food allergy were younger (p<0.01), had a higher rate of onset before 6 months of age (p=0.03), higher total IgE (p=0.04) and lower vitamin D levels (p=0.03). In moderate/severe AD, rates of symptoms in first 6 months and during exclusive breastfeeding (p=0.021, p=0.01, respectively), rates of atopy and food allergy (p=0.048, p<0.001, respectively), and total IgE levels (p<0.01) were higher than mild patients. Conclusion It should be taken into account that symptoms in moderate/severe AD often develop in early infancy, food allergy accompanies more frequently and total IgE is higher, and unnecessary diets should be avoided in mild AD patients without food allergy.

Kaynakça

  • Referans1. Leung AKC, Hon KLE, Robson WLM. Atopic dermatitis. Adv Pediatr 2007;54:241-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yapd.2007.03.013
  • Referans2. Williams HC. Clinical practice. Atopic dermatitis. N Engl J Med 2005;352:2314-2324. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcp042803
  • Referans3. Kay J, Gawkrodger DJ, Mortimer MJ, Jaron AG. The prevalance of childhood atopic eczema in general population. J Am Acad Dermatol 1994;30:35-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0190-9622(94)70004-4
  • Referans4. Cork MJ, Danby SG, Vasilopoulos Y, et al. Epidermal barrier disfunction in atopic dermatitis. J Invest Dermatol 2009;129:1892-1908. https://doi.org/10.1038 /jid.2009. 133
  • Referans5. Sapan N. Atopik dermatit. In: Şekerel BE, ed. Çocukluk çağında alerji astım immünoloji , İstanbul: Ada Basın Yayın, 2015;541-548.
  • Referans6. Hanifin JM, Rajka G. Diagnostic features of atopic dermatitis. Acta Derm Venereol (Stockh) 1980;92:44-47.
  • Referans7. Untersmayr E, Jensen Jarolim E. The effect of gastric digestion on food allergy. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2006;6:214-219. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.all.0000225163.06016.93
  • Referans8. Peroni DG, Piacentini GL, Bodini A, Rigotti E, Pigozzi E, Boner AL. Prevalence and risk factors for atopic dermatitis in preschool children. Br J Dermatol 2008;158:539-543. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2007.08344.x
  • Referans9. Schneider L, Tilles S, Lio P, et al. Atopic dermatitis: a practice parameter update 2012. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2013;131:295-299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2012.12.672
  • Referans10. Sicherer SH, Sampson HA. Food hypersensitivity and atopic dermatitis: pathophysiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and management. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;104:114-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0091-6749(99)70053-9
  • Referans11. Harmancı K. Atopik dermatit tanı ve tedavisine yaklaşım: Ulusal rehber 2018 ve ürtiker tanı ve tedavisi güncel durum raporu. Astım Allerji İmmünoloji 2018;16:1-95. https://doi:10.21911/aai.2018.2
  • Referans12. Eigenmann PA, Sicherer SH, Borkowski TA, Cohen BA, Sampson HA. Prevalence of IgE mediated food allergy among children with atopic dermatitis. Pediatrics 1998;101:E8. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.101.3.e8
  • Referans13. Severity scoring of atopic dermatitis: the SCORAD index. Consensus report of the European task force on atopic dermatitis. Dermatology 1993;186:23-31. https://doi.org/10.1159/000247298
  • Referans14. Holick MF, Binkley NC, Bischoff Ferrari HA, et al. Evaluation, treatment, and prevention of vitamin D deficiency: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2011;96:1911-1930. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2011-0385
  • Referans15.Bindslev Jensen C, Ballmer Weber BK, Bengtsson U, et al. Standardization of food challenges in patients with immediate reactions to foods position paper from the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology. Allergy 2004:59:690-697. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2004.00466.x
  • Referans16.Vandenplas Y, Koletzko S, Isolauri E, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of cow’s milk protein allergy in infants. Arch Dis Child 2007;92:902-908. https://doi.org/10.1136/adc.2006.110999
  • Referans17.Sampson HA, Gerth van Wijk R, Bindslev Jensen C, et al. Standardizing double-blind, placebo controlled oral food challenges: American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology-European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology PRACTALL consensus report. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2012;130:1260-1274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2012.10.017
  • Referans18.Bieber T. Atopic dermatitis. N Engl J Med 2008;358:1483-1494. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra074081
  • Referans19. Boguniewicz M, Leung DYM. Atopic dermatitis. In:Adkinson NF, Holgate ST, Bochner BS, Lemanske RF, Buse W, Simons FE, eds. Middleton’s allergy principles and practice. 7th ed. China:Elsevier, 2009;1083-1103.
  • Referans20.Roos TC, Geuer S, Roos S, Brost H. Recent advances in treatment strategies for atopic dermatitis. Drugs 2004;64:2639-2666. https://doi.org/10.2165/00003495-200464230-00003
  • Referans21. Ricci G, Patrizzi A, Baldi E, Menna G, Tabanelli M, Masi M. Long term follow up of atopic dermatitis: retrospective analysis of related risk factors and association with concomitant allergic diseases. J Am Acad Dermatol 2006;55:765-771. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2006.04.064
  • Referans22. Ekback M, Tedner M, Devenney I, et al. Severe eczema in ınfancy can predict asthma development a prospective study to the age of 10 years. PLoS One 2014;9(6):e99609. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099609
  • Referans23. Akdis CA, Akdis M, Bieber T, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of atopic dermatitis in children and adults: European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology/American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology/ PRACTALL Consensus Report. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2006;118:152-169. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.jaci.2006.03.045
  • Referans24. Tsakok T, Marss T, Mohsin M, et al. Does atopic dermatitis cause food allergy? A systematic review. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2016;137:1071-1078. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2015.10.049 Referans25. Eller E, Kjaer HF, Host A, Andersen KE, Bindslev Jensen C. Food allergy and food sensitization in early childhood: results from the DARC cohort. Allergy 2009;64:1023-1029. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.01952.x
  • Referans26. Hill DJ, Heine RG, Hosking CS, et al. IgE food sensitization in infants with eczema attending a dermatology department. J Pediatr 2007;151:359-363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2007.04.070 Referans27.Dibek Mısırlıoglu E, Güngör Ş, Nacaroğlu HT, et al. An evaluation of characteristics and concomitant allergic diseases in children with atopic dermatitis. Asthma Allergy Immunol 2014;12:97-103.
  • Referans28. Eigenmann PA, Calza AM. Diagnosis of IgE-mediated food allergy among Swiss children with atopic dermatitis. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2000;11:95-100. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3038.2000.00071.x
  • Referans29. Sampson HA. The immunopathogenic role of food hypersensitivity in atopic dermatitis. Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh) 1992;176:34-37.
  • Referans30. Niggemann B, Sielaff B, Beyer K, Binder C, Wahn U. Outcome of double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge tests in 107 children with atopic dermatitis. Clin Exp Allergy 1999;29:91-96. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2222.1999.00454.x
  • Referans31. Breuer K, Heratizadeh A, Wulf A, et al. Late eczematous reactions to food in children with atopic dermatitis. Clin Exp Allergy 2004;34:817-824. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2222.2004.1953.x
  • Referans32. Boyce JA, Assa'ad A, Burks AW, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy in the United States: report of the NIAID sponsored expert panel. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2010;126:1105-1118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2010.10.008
  • Referans33. Bergmann MM, Caubet JC, Boguniewicz M, Eigenmann PA. Evaluation of food allergy in patients with atopic dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2013;1:22-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2012.11.005
  • Referans34. Kim MJ, Kim SN, Lee YW, Choe YB, Ahn KJ. Vitamin D status and efficacy of vitamin D supplementation in atopic dermatitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrients 2016;8:789. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8120789

Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 14, Sayı 4, 878 - 885, 01.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.861596

Öz

Amaç: Atopik dermatit çocukluk çağının en sık görülen kronik enflamatuar deri hastalığıdır. Bu çalışmanın amacı atopik dermatitli çocuklarda besin alerjisi varlığının ve diğer faktörlerin atopik dermatit şiddeti üzerine etkisinin araştırılmasıdır.
Gereç ve yöntem: Çalışmada atopik dermatitli 130 hasta retrospektif olarak değerlendirildi; klinik, demografik özellikleri ve laboratuvar değerleri kaydedildi. Sonuçların karşılaştırılmasında hastalar, atopik dermatit şiddetine göre ‘hafif’ ve ‘orta veya ağır’ şiddette olmak üzere iki grupta değerlendirildi. Besin duyarlılığı varlığı deri prik testi ve besin spesifik IgE testi ile değerlendirildi. Besin alerjisi tanısı ise açık besin yükleme testi ile kondu.
Bulgular: Hastaların yaş ortalaması 20,9±16,3 (2-70) aydı, %54,6 (n=71)’si erkekti. Şikayet başlangıç zamanı 5,7±5 (0,5-34) aydı. Atopik dermatit şiddetine göre hastaların %37’si hafif, %37'si orta, %26'sı ağır idi. Hastaların %65,4’ünde besin, %13,8'inde akar duyarlılığı mevcuttu; %38,5 hastada besin alerjisi saptandı. Klinik ile ilişkili sorumlu besinler %62 yumurta, %22 inek sütü ve yumurta, %12 sadece inek sütü, %4 fındıktı. Besin alerjisi olan hastaların olmayanlara göre yaş ortalaması daha küçük (p<0,01), total IgE düzeyi daha yüksek (p=0,04), D vitamini düzeyleri daha düşük (p=0,03), şikayetlerin 6 aylıktan önce başlama oranı daha yüksekti (p=0,03). Orta/ağır atopik dermatitli hastalarda semptomların ilk 6 ayda ve sadece anne sütü ile beslenirken görülme oranları (sırasıyla, p=0,02 ve p=0,01), atopi ve besin alerjisi oranları (sırasıyla, p=0,04 ve p<0,001) ve Total IgE düzeyleri (p<0,01) hafif hastalardan daha yüksekti.
Sonuç: Orta/ağır şiddette atopik dermatitli çocuklarda semptomların sıklıkla erken süt çocukluğu döneminde geliştiği, besin alerjisinin daha sık eşlik ettiği ve Total IgE’nin daha yüksek olduğu göz önünde bulundurulmalı, hafif ve besin alerjisinin eşlik etmediği atopik dermatitli hastalarda gereksiz eliminasyon diyetinden kaçınılmalıdır.

Kaynakça

  • Referans1. Leung AKC, Hon KLE, Robson WLM. Atopic dermatitis. Adv Pediatr 2007;54:241-273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yapd.2007.03.013
  • Referans2. Williams HC. Clinical practice. Atopic dermatitis. N Engl J Med 2005;352:2314-2324. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcp042803
  • Referans3. Kay J, Gawkrodger DJ, Mortimer MJ, Jaron AG. The prevalance of childhood atopic eczema in general population. J Am Acad Dermatol 1994;30:35-39. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0190-9622(94)70004-4
  • Referans4. Cork MJ, Danby SG, Vasilopoulos Y, et al. Epidermal barrier disfunction in atopic dermatitis. J Invest Dermatol 2009;129:1892-1908. https://doi.org/10.1038 /jid.2009. 133
  • Referans5. Sapan N. Atopik dermatit. In: Şekerel BE, ed. Çocukluk çağında alerji astım immünoloji , İstanbul: Ada Basın Yayın, 2015;541-548.
  • Referans6. Hanifin JM, Rajka G. Diagnostic features of atopic dermatitis. Acta Derm Venereol (Stockh) 1980;92:44-47.
  • Referans7. Untersmayr E, Jensen Jarolim E. The effect of gastric digestion on food allergy. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol 2006;6:214-219. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.all.0000225163.06016.93
  • Referans8. Peroni DG, Piacentini GL, Bodini A, Rigotti E, Pigozzi E, Boner AL. Prevalence and risk factors for atopic dermatitis in preschool children. Br J Dermatol 2008;158:539-543. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2007.08344.x
  • Referans9. Schneider L, Tilles S, Lio P, et al. Atopic dermatitis: a practice parameter update 2012. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2013;131:295-299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2012.12.672
  • Referans10. Sicherer SH, Sampson HA. Food hypersensitivity and atopic dermatitis: pathophysiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, and management. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1999;104:114-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0091-6749(99)70053-9
  • Referans11. Harmancı K. Atopik dermatit tanı ve tedavisine yaklaşım: Ulusal rehber 2018 ve ürtiker tanı ve tedavisi güncel durum raporu. Astım Allerji İmmünoloji 2018;16:1-95. https://doi:10.21911/aai.2018.2
  • Referans12. Eigenmann PA, Sicherer SH, Borkowski TA, Cohen BA, Sampson HA. Prevalence of IgE mediated food allergy among children with atopic dermatitis. Pediatrics 1998;101:E8. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.101.3.e8
  • Referans13. Severity scoring of atopic dermatitis: the SCORAD index. Consensus report of the European task force on atopic dermatitis. Dermatology 1993;186:23-31. https://doi.org/10.1159/000247298
  • Referans14. Holick MF, Binkley NC, Bischoff Ferrari HA, et al. Evaluation, treatment, and prevention of vitamin D deficiency: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2011;96:1911-1930. https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2011-0385
  • Referans15.Bindslev Jensen C, Ballmer Weber BK, Bengtsson U, et al. Standardization of food challenges in patients with immediate reactions to foods position paper from the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology. Allergy 2004:59:690-697. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2004.00466.x
  • Referans16.Vandenplas Y, Koletzko S, Isolauri E, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of cow’s milk protein allergy in infants. Arch Dis Child 2007;92:902-908. https://doi.org/10.1136/adc.2006.110999
  • Referans17.Sampson HA, Gerth van Wijk R, Bindslev Jensen C, et al. Standardizing double-blind, placebo controlled oral food challenges: American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology-European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology PRACTALL consensus report. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2012;130:1260-1274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2012.10.017
  • Referans18.Bieber T. Atopic dermatitis. N Engl J Med 2008;358:1483-1494. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMra074081
  • Referans19. Boguniewicz M, Leung DYM. Atopic dermatitis. In:Adkinson NF, Holgate ST, Bochner BS, Lemanske RF, Buse W, Simons FE, eds. Middleton’s allergy principles and practice. 7th ed. China:Elsevier, 2009;1083-1103.
  • Referans20.Roos TC, Geuer S, Roos S, Brost H. Recent advances in treatment strategies for atopic dermatitis. Drugs 2004;64:2639-2666. https://doi.org/10.2165/00003495-200464230-00003
  • Referans21. Ricci G, Patrizzi A, Baldi E, Menna G, Tabanelli M, Masi M. Long term follow up of atopic dermatitis: retrospective analysis of related risk factors and association with concomitant allergic diseases. J Am Acad Dermatol 2006;55:765-771. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2006.04.064
  • Referans22. Ekback M, Tedner M, Devenney I, et al. Severe eczema in ınfancy can predict asthma development a prospective study to the age of 10 years. PLoS One 2014;9(6):e99609. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099609
  • Referans23. Akdis CA, Akdis M, Bieber T, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of atopic dermatitis in children and adults: European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology/American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology/ PRACTALL Consensus Report. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2006;118:152-169. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.jaci.2006.03.045
  • Referans24. Tsakok T, Marss T, Mohsin M, et al. Does atopic dermatitis cause food allergy? A systematic review. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2016;137:1071-1078. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2015.10.049 Referans25. Eller E, Kjaer HF, Host A, Andersen KE, Bindslev Jensen C. Food allergy and food sensitization in early childhood: results from the DARC cohort. Allergy 2009;64:1023-1029. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2009.01952.x
  • Referans26. Hill DJ, Heine RG, Hosking CS, et al. IgE food sensitization in infants with eczema attending a dermatology department. J Pediatr 2007;151:359-363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2007.04.070 Referans27.Dibek Mısırlıoglu E, Güngör Ş, Nacaroğlu HT, et al. An evaluation of characteristics and concomitant allergic diseases in children with atopic dermatitis. Asthma Allergy Immunol 2014;12:97-103.
  • Referans28. Eigenmann PA, Calza AM. Diagnosis of IgE-mediated food allergy among Swiss children with atopic dermatitis. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2000;11:95-100. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1399-3038.2000.00071.x
  • Referans29. Sampson HA. The immunopathogenic role of food hypersensitivity in atopic dermatitis. Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockh) 1992;176:34-37.
  • Referans30. Niggemann B, Sielaff B, Beyer K, Binder C, Wahn U. Outcome of double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge tests in 107 children with atopic dermatitis. Clin Exp Allergy 1999;29:91-96. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2222.1999.00454.x
  • Referans31. Breuer K, Heratizadeh A, Wulf A, et al. Late eczematous reactions to food in children with atopic dermatitis. Clin Exp Allergy 2004;34:817-824. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2222.2004.1953.x
  • Referans32. Boyce JA, Assa'ad A, Burks AW, et al. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of food allergy in the United States: report of the NIAID sponsored expert panel. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2010;126:1105-1118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2010.10.008
  • Referans33. Bergmann MM, Caubet JC, Boguniewicz M, Eigenmann PA. Evaluation of food allergy in patients with atopic dermatitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2013;1:22-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2012.11.005
  • Referans34. Kim MJ, Kim SN, Lee YW, Choe YB, Ahn KJ. Vitamin D status and efficacy of vitamin D supplementation in atopic dermatitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutrients 2016;8:789. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8120789

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Alerji
Yayınlanma Tarihi Ekim 2021
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Nurşen CİĞERCİ GÜNAYDIN (Sorumlu Yazar)
NAMIK KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-4059-829X
Türkiye


Şule GÜLER
NAMIK KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7044-8837
Türkiye


Özge YERLİOĞLU
NAMIK KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-0879-3300
Türkiye


Melis ÖZTÜRK Bu kişi benim
NAMIK KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-0269-7529
Türkiye


Berk DINLAMAZ Bu kişi benim
NAMIK KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-2175-1690
Türkiye


Nedim SAMANCI
NAMIK KEMAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-3947-3492
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ekim 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 14, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { patd861596, journal = {Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {1308-0865}, address = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Eğitim Blokları Kınıklı kampüsü 20070 Kınıklı, Denizli}, publisher = {Pamukkale Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {14}, pages = {878 - 885}, doi = {10.31362/patd.861596}, title = {Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Ciğerci Günaydın, Nurşen and Güler, Şule and Yerlioğlu, Özge and Öztürk, Melis and Dınlamaz, Berk and Samancı, Nedim} }
APA Ciğerci Günaydın, N. , Güler, Ş. , Yerlioğlu, Ö. , Öztürk, M. , Dınlamaz, B. & Samancı, N. (2021). Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi . Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi , 14 (4) , 878-885 . DOI: 10.31362/patd.861596
MLA Ciğerci Günaydın, N. , Güler, Ş. , Yerlioğlu, Ö. , Öztürk, M. , Dınlamaz, B. , Samancı, N. "Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi" . Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 14 (2021 ): 878-885 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/patd/issue/63191/861596>
Chicago Ciğerci Günaydın, N. , Güler, Ş. , Yerlioğlu, Ö. , Öztürk, M. , Dınlamaz, B. , Samancı, N. "Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi". Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 14 (2021 ): 878-885
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi AU - Nurşen Ciğerci Günaydın , Şule Güler , Özge Yerlioğlu , Melis Öztürk , Berk Dınlamaz , Nedim Samancı Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.31362/patd.861596 DO - 10.31362/patd.861596 T2 - Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 878 EP - 885 VL - 14 IS - 4 SN - -1308-0865 M3 - doi: 10.31362/patd.861596 UR - https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.861596 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi %A Nurşen Ciğerci Günaydın , Şule Güler , Özge Yerlioğlu , Melis Öztürk , Berk Dınlamaz , Nedim Samancı %T Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi %D 2021 %J Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi %P -1308-0865 %V 14 %N 4 %R doi: 10.31362/patd.861596 %U 10.31362/patd.861596
ISNAD Ciğerci Günaydın, Nurşen , Güler, Şule , Yerlioğlu, Özge , Öztürk, Melis , Dınlamaz, Berk , Samancı, Nedim . "Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi". Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi 14 / 4 (Ekim 2021): 878-885 . https://doi.org/10.31362/patd.861596
AMA Ciğerci Günaydın N. , Güler Ş. , Yerlioğlu Ö. , Öztürk M. , Dınlamaz B. , Samancı N. Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi. Pam Tıp Derg. 2021; 14(4): 878-885.
Vancouver Ciğerci Günaydın N. , Güler Ş. , Yerlioğlu Ö. , Öztürk M. , Dınlamaz B. , Samancı N. Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi. Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi. 2021; 14(4): 878-885.
IEEE N. Ciğerci Günaydın , Ş. Güler , Ö. Yerlioğlu , M. Öztürk , B. Dınlamaz ve N. Samancı , "Atopik dermatitli hastalarda besin alerjisi sıklığının ve hastalık şiddetinin değerlendirilmesi", Pamukkale Tıp Dergisi, c. 14, sayı. 4, ss. 878-885, Eki. 2021, doi:10.31362/patd.861596