Last Issue

Volume: 5 - Issue: 1, 7/30/22

Year: 2022

The main objective of the Turkish Journal of Landscape Research is to create an environment for transporting, accessing, and sharing information free of charge to all segments of the society with all dimensions of architecture such as scientific, artistic, ecological, social, economic, and technological, providing multi-dimensional added value as much as possible and providing international, high quality and make it a unique publishing platform.
The objectives stipulated in the Turkish Journal of Landscape Research are; in the context of producing livable and healthy spaces, protecting natural and cultural values and sustainability, production of scientific information, product, and technology development, encouraging collaboration with related disciplines to provide multi-dimensional added value and sharing multi-directional information.

The Turkish Journal of Landscape Research prioritizes scientific studies in the form of "original research articles" and "compilation" written on any subject related to theoretical and practical issues that may be related to spatial planning and design, protection, repair, management and economic etc. dimensions.

In addition, research articles on subjects of various disciplines such as Landscape Architecture, City and Regional Planning, Forest Engineering, Agricultural Engineering, Biology, Geography, Mining Engineering, Sociology, Archeology, Business Administration can be published in Turkish Journal of Landscape Research. 

ARTICLE WRITING RULES
• While preparing the articles, the "spelling rules" given below, "APA 6-Resource Guide" and International "abbreviations and unit symbols" should be taken into consideration for citing and referencing resources.
• The text should be written in plain language and expression, must comply with the Turkish spelling rules, third-person singular and passive verbs should be used and should not contain transpose sentences.
JASA should be prepared according to the Draft Format.
ARTICLE SECTION CONTENTS
Article title
• Article title should be written in capital letters, 16 font size, bold and “Calibri” font.
• Author Name Surname, Calibri and 13 font size must be written.
• ORCID number, Calibri and 10 font size must be written.
• Author contact information should be written in Calibri, italic and 10 font size.

Turkish and English Abstract

• Abstract should definitely not be more than 150 words.
• In essence, the subject discussed in the article should be briefly introduced, the methods used and the results achieved should be specified.
• The words (maximum 6 words) defining the subject should be given as "Keywords"
1. Introduction
• The importance, scope and purpose of the study should be stated.
Subject headings should be numbered as 1.1., 1.1.1.,

2. Material and Method
• The properties of the materials used in the article, the way they are used, etc. should be included.
• The method used should be described in detail in a clear and understandable way.

3. Research Findings (Research Findings and Discussion)
• This section can optionally be organized as "Research Findings" or "Research Findings and Discussion".

4. Conclusion and Suggestions (Discussion and Conclusion)
• This section can optionally be organized as Conclusion, "Conclusion and Suggestions" or "Discussion and Conclusion".

Thanks and Information
• Necessary information should be provided on articles produced from the graduate thesis or articles supported within the scope of the project, Ethics Committee Permission information, thanking people and institutions, etc. the responsibility lies with the author (s).

Resources
• APA 6 Rules should be applied as reference and use. “APA 6 - Guide to Resource”
• The list of references should be listed first in alphabetical order and then in chronological order.
• In the editing of the sources directory, the first line should be written left-justified, if any, the second and the next lines should be written with 1.00 cm indent.

GENERAL FORMAT AND WRITING PLAN

• 2 cm from the right in writing; 3 cm from the left; 2 cm from the top; 2 cm margin should be left from the bottom.
• Calibri should be used as font and written in 11 font size.
• Only Abstract and keywords should be written in Calibri font, 10 font size and italic. If it is deemed necessary in the tables and figures, the font size can be reduced to 8 points. The text should be in normal font and headings should be in bold font. The italic typeface can be used only when necessary (Latin name, abbreviations, theory / definition, etc.).
• Abstrac, the names and descriptions of the tables and figures in the text, footnotes, the texts in the tables, references and appendices are written using a single line spacing.
• In the main text writing (Abstract, Introduction, Material and Method, Research Findings (and Discussion) and Conclusion and Suggestions (Discussion and Conclusion) sections 1 (one) line spacing is used.
• The interval value before the paragraph (not the line spacing) should be 0 (zero) nk after the entire run, followed by the interval value 6 (six) nk.
• No spaces should be left after the headings and at the end of the paragraphs. Paragraph heads must be left-aligned.
• The text of the article should not exceed 18 pages with tables and figures. Page numbers should be written right aligned at the end of the page.
• In the first and second degree section titles, bold and the first letter of the words should be capitalized, and in the third sub-section titles, bold and the first letter of the first word should be capitalized and the others should be lowercase.
• Tables and figures should be placed immediately after the first sentence in which they are mentioned in the text, and the text must be the same as the typeface. The font size should not be less than 8 and not more than 11. Figure names should be written below the figure and table names should be written on the table. • In the names of figures and tables, the first letter of the sentence should be uppercase and the other letters should be lowercase. • Figure title should be short and descriptive. If there is any other information that needs to be added to the figure title, it can be added. Symbols, abbreviations, terms in the figure should be explained in this section. Tables and figures should be numbered sequentially from the very beginning (Table 1 and Figures 1). If figures and tables are taken from another source, the source must be shown.
• Equations should be written based on the left side of the page. Equations are numbered sequentially. These numbers should be written as (1), (2), (3) on the far right edge of the line. 1 line spacing must be left before and after equations.

References in the text (references)
• (Surname, 2020). or (Surname, 2020, p. 120).
• (Surname, Surname, Surname, Surname and Surname, 2014). or (Surname, Surname and Surname, 2014, p.12).
• (Surname et al., 2010). or (Surname et al., 2010, p.15).
• In a study conducted by Evans and Shaw (2008), ……………
• According to Fuller (1982) ………………………………………………
• ……………………………………………… .. (Küçük & Olcay, 2008).

In English studies, "and" should be used instead of "and" if reference is made to a Turkish source, and "and" should be used instead of "and" if reference is made to an English source in a Turkish study. In articles written in English, "and" conjunction or "&" sign are used in publications with two or more authors.

References (APA 6 - Guide to Resource)


Surname, A. A., Surname, B. B. and Surname, C. C. (2020). The title of the post. Title of Periodical Publication, Volume (number), s-s. doi:…., Access Address (12.12.2019): http: // www .....
Surname, A. (Year). Title of the doctoral or master's thesis (Master's thesis / Doctoral thesis). Institution name, Location information. …… Accessed from the database Access Address (12.12.2019): http: // ..........
Surname, A. (Year, Month). Paper or poster title. Paper or poster presented at the meeting of the Foundation Name, Location information.


EXAMPLES
Berndt, T. J. (2002). Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11 (3), 7-10. Online ISSN: ... Access Address (……….): Http: // .....

Gül, A., Örücü, Ö. K. and Karaca, O. (2006). An approach for Recreation Suitability Analysis to Recreation Planning in Gölcük Nature Park. Environmental Management, 37 (5), 606-625. Online ISSN:…. Access Address (….): Http: // ..................

Ören, T., Üney, T. and Çölkesen, R. (Ed.). (2006). Turkey informatics encyclopedia. Istanbul: Papatya Publishing.

Gül, A. and Bostan, Ç, (2019). Comparison and Examination of National and International Accreditation Criteria for Landscape Architecture Program. O. Uzun et al. (Ed.). Landscape Architecture Education and Teaching in its 50th Year. Düzce University Press (August 2019), No. 9. Faculty of Forestry Education Series; 1, Chapter 5. (p.401-413). ISBN:…. Ankara.

6th Regional Directorate of National Parks. (2019). Başpınar TP Development Plan. MP. 6th Regional Directorate, Isparta. Access Address (….): Http: // .......

ETHICAL PRINCIPLES and PUBLICATION POLICY

The publication processes applied in the Turkish Journal of Landscape Research (TJLR) constitute the basis for the development and sharing of information in an impartial and respectful manner. In this context, it is important that all stakeholders (authors, researchers, publishers, editors, boards, referees and readers) comply with ethical principles and standards.

All works published in the Turkish Journal of Landscape Research must comply with the provisions of the "YOK Scientific Research and Publication Ethics Directive" and the relevant legislation and the ethical principles published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) as open access. (Turkish Journal of Landscape Research General Ethics and Publication Rules Detail)

ETHICS COMMITTEE PERMISSION is mandatory for articles to be published for publications starting in 2020.

Whether an ETHICS COMMITTEE PERMIT and/or LEGAL / SPECIAL PERMISSION is required must be specified in the article. If these permissions are required, from which institution, on what date, and which decision or issue number should be submitted.

Turkish Journal of Landscape Research adopts the open access policy. It accepts the principles defined by the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI).

In accordance with the publication policy of the Turkish Journal of Landscape Research, no product processing fee and article submission fee are charged. The content of the journal can be accessed online at no cost.

The authors are responsible for published publications. Any Editorial Board of the journal is not responsible for published articles.

After an article is uploaded to the Turkish Journal of Landscape Research system, the evaluation process is carried out in 3 stages as 1. Pre-Control (2 weeks), 2. Evaluation (6 weeks) and 3. Editing (4 weeks) and at least 12 weeks. Articles can only request a withdrawal by the Authors during the Pre-check and Evaluation processes.
(TJLR Article Evaluation Process and Duration)

For all articles submitted, it should have a "Similarity Rate" of at most 20% using the TURNITIN program.

A Blind Reviewer Evaluation (at least two referees) is made for each published article.

"APA 6 - Reference Guide" and International "abbreviations and unit symbols" are taken into consideration for the article writing rules, usage and representation.

PUBLISH ETHICAL RULES

Publishing processes implemented in the Turkish Journal of Landscape Research (TJLR) form the basis for the development and distribution of information in a neutral and respected manner. The processes implemented in this direction are directly reflected in the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions supporting the authors. Reviewers are studies that embody and support the scientific method. At this point, it is important that all stakeholders of the process (authors, readers and researchers, publishers, referees and editors) comply with the standards for ethical standards. Our journal is expected to have the following ethical responsibilities in the context of publication ethics.

In the articles to be published in the Turkish Journal of Landscape Research (TJLR), the ETHICAL COMMITTEE PERMIT will be mandatory for the publications that started in 2020. In the articles to be published in the journal, the rules of Scientific Ethics and Publication Ethics must be strictly followed. It should be stated in the article whether it is necessary to obtain an ETHICAL BOARD PERMIT and / or LEGAL / SPECIAL PERMIT. If these permits are required, it should be clearly presented from which institution, on which date, with which decision or number, the permit was obtained.

Researches requiring Ethics Committee Permit;
• Any research carried out with qualitative or quantitative approaches requiring data collection from participants using survey, interview, focus group work, observation, experiment or interview techniques,
• Use of humans and animals (including material/data) for experimental or other scientific purposes,
• Clinical studies on humans,
• Research on animals,
• Retrospective studies in accordance with the Law on Protection of Personal Data,
• In the case reports, it was stated that the “Informed consent form” was taken,
• Obtaining and expressing permission from the owners for the use of scales, questionnaires and photographs belonging to others,
• Indicating that copyright regulations are observed for the ideas and works of art used.

The following ethical duties and responsibilities have been prepared by considering the guidelines and policies published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) as open access.

Authors' Ethical Responsibilities
Author(s) who submit their manuscript to the Turkish Journal of Landscape Research (TJLR) are expected to comply with the following ethical responsibilities:
• The manuscripts submitted by the author (s) are expected to be original. If the author (s) benefit from other studies or use other studies, they must cite or quote completely and accurately.
• People who do not contribute to the content intellectually in the creation of the study should not be specified as a writer.
• If there is a conflict of interest in all manuscripts submitted for publication their situations and relations that may constitute should be explained.
• Raw data about the articles can be requested from the author(s) within the framework of the evaluation processes. In such a case, the author(s) should be ready to present the expected data and information to the editorial board and the scientific board.
• The author(s) must have the right to use the data they use, have the necessary permissions regarding research/analysis, or have a document showing that the test subjects have obtained their consent.
• In the event that the author (s) notices a mistake or error regarding the published, early view, or evaluation phase, there is an obligation to inform the editor of the journal or the publisher, to cooperate with the editor in the correction or withdrawal.
• Authors cannot keep their manuscripts in the process of application of more than one journal at the same time. Each application can be started following the completion of the previous application. The article published in another journal cannot be sent to us.
• Changing author responsibilities (such as adding authors, changing author order, removing authors) of a study whose evaluation process has started cannot be offered.

Editors' Ethical Assignments and Responsibilities
JASA editors and field editors must have the following ethical duties and responsibilities based on the guidelines of "COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors" and "COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors" published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) as open access :
General Assignments and Responsibilities
Editors are responsible for every publication published in the journal. In the context of this responsibility, editors have the following roles and obligations:
• make efforts to meet the information needs of readers and authors,
• ensure the development of the journal on a continuous basis,
• carry out the processes for improving the quality of the articles published in the journal,
• support freedom of thought,
• provide academic integrity,
• continue their work processes without compromising intellectual property rights and ethical standards,
• show clarity and transparency in terms of publication on issues requiring correction and explanation.
Relations with The Reader
Editors should make a decision by considering the knowledge, skills and experience expectations of all readers, researchers and practitioners. The reader should pay attention to the fact that the published studies contribute to the reader, researcher, practitioner and scientific literature and be original. In addition, editors are obliged to take into account feedback from readers, researchers and practitioners and to provide explanatory and informative feedback.
Relationships with Authors
The assignments and responsibilities of the editors towards the authors are as follows:
• Editors should make a positive or negative decision based on the importance of the manuscript, its originality, validity, clarity of its expression, and the goals and objectives of the journal.
• The manuscripts that are suitable for publication should be taken to the preliminary evaluation stage unless they have a serious problem.
• Editors should not ignore the positive referee suggestions unless there is a serious problem with the manuscript.
• New editors should not change the decisions made by previous editors for the manuscript unless there is a serious problem.
• "Blind Review and Evaluation Process" must be published and editors must avoid any deviations that may occur in the defined processes.
• Editors should publish an "Author's Guide" that contains detailed information on each topic expected by the authors. These guides should be updated at specific time intervals.
• Editors should provide descriptive and informative notifications or feedbacks to the authors.
Relations with Reviewers
The assignments and responsibilities of the editors towards the reviewers are as follows:
• Editors should identify the reviewers in accordance with the subject of the manuscript.
• They are obliged to provide the information and guides that the reviewers will need during the evaluation phase.
• Editors must look for any conflict of interest among the authors and reviewers.
• Editors should keep the reviewers' credentials private for the blind review.
• They should encourage reviewers to evaluate the manuscript impartially, scientifically and objectively.
• They should evaluate the reviewers with criteria such as timely return and performance.
• Editors should determine practices and policies that increase the performance of the reviewers.
• They should take necessary steps to dynamically update the reviewer pool.
• They should prevent unkind and unscientific reviews.
• Editors must take steps to make the reviewer’s pool a wide range.
Relations with the Editorial Board
Editors should ensure that all editorial board members advance the processes in accordance with their editorial policies and guidelines. The editorial board should inform the members of the editorial policies and inform the developments. Editors should educate new editorial board members on editorial policies and provide the information they need.

In addition, editors;

• should ensure that editorial board members evaluate the manuscript impartially and independently.
• should identify new editorial board members who can contribute and have appropriate qualifications.
• should send the manuscripts that are suitable for the expertise of editorial board members for evaluation.
• should regularly interact with the editorial board.
• should hold meetings with the editorial board periodically for the development of editorial policies and the journal.

Relations with The Journal Owner and Publisher
The relationship between editors and publishers is based on the principle of editorial independence. As per the written agreement between the editors and the publisher, all decisions taken by the editors are independent of the publisher and the journal owner.
Editorial and Blind Review Processes
Editors are obliged to apply the "Blind Review and Evaluation Process" policies included in the journal's publication policies. In this context, editors ensure that each article is completed on time in a fair and impartial evaluation process.
Quality Assurance
Editors are responsible for publishing every article published in the journal in accordance with journal publishing policies and international standards.
Protection of Personal Data
Editors are obliged to ensure the protection of personal data related to the subjects or images included in the evaluated manuscripts. They are responsible for refusing to manuscript unless there is a document showing the consent of the individuals used in the works. Editors are also responsible for protecting the individual data of authors, reviewers and readers.
The ethics committee, Human and Animal Rights
Editors are obliged to ensure the protection of human and animal rights in the evaluated manuscripts. They are responsible for refusing to the manuscript when there is no ethics committee approval and permissions for experimental research for subjects used in the studies.

Measure Against Possible Abuse and Misconduct
Editors are obliged to take action against possible abuse and misconduct. In addition to conducting a rigorous and objective investigation regarding the identification and evaluation of complaints regarding this situation, sharing the findings on the subject is among the responsibilities of the editor.
Ensuring Academic Publication Integrity
Editors should ensure that articles with errors, inconsistencies, or misleading are quickly corrected.
Protection of Intellectual Property Rights
Editors are obliged to protect the intellectual property right of all published articles and to defend the rights of the journal and author(s) in possible violations. In addition, editors are obliged to take necessary precautions so that all published articles do not violate the intellectual property rights of other publications.
Positivity and Openness To Debate
Editors;

• should take into account persuasive criticism of the articles published in the journal and take a positive attitude towards these criticisms.
• should grant the right to reply to the author(s) of the criticized manuscripts.
• should not ignore or exclude studies with negative results.
Complaints
Editors are obliged to carefully examine complaints from the author, referee, or readers and respond in an illuminating and descriptive manner.
Political and Commercial Concerns
Journal owners, publishers, and no other political and commercial factors affect the editorial decision-making of editors.
Conflicts of Interest
Editors take into account conflicts of interest between authors, reviewers, and other editors, ensuring that the article is completed independently and impartially.
Ethical Responsibilities of Reviewers
• Evaluation of all studies with "Blind Review" directly affects the quality of the publication. This process provides confidence through the objective and independent evaluation of the publication. The evaluation process is carried out with the principle of double-blind peer review. The reviews cannot contact the authors directly, the reviews and comments are conveyed through the journal management system. In this process, the review forms and the reviewer's comments on the full texts are sent to the author (s) through the editor. In this context, reviewers evaluating manuscripts for our journal are expected to have the following ethical responsibilities:

• They should only agree to evaluate manuscripts related to their area of expertise.
• They should evaluate in neutrality and confidentiality.
• If the referees consider that they face a conflict of interest during the evaluation process, they should refuse to review the study, and inform the journal editor.
• They must destroy the manuscript they have reviewed in accordance with the principle of confidentiality after the evaluation process. They can only use the final versions of the studies they have studied only after their publication.
• They should perform the evaluation objectively only in relation to the content of the study. Reviewers should not allow nationality, gender, religious beliefs, political thoughts, and commercial concerns to influence evaluation.
• They should make the evaluation in a positive and courteous language. They should not make humiliating personal comments that include hostility, slander and insults.
• They should carry out the manuscript they accepted the evaluation on time and with the above ethical responsibilities.

Publisher's Ethical Responsibilities
The Journal Board of Directors acts with the awareness of the following ethical responsibilities:
• Editors are responsible for all processes of the manuscript submitted to the journal. In this framework, decision-makers are editors regardless of economic or political gains.
• They are committed to the creation of an independent editor's decision.
• JASA protects the property and copyright of every published article and undertakes to keep a record of every published copy.
• It has the responsibility to take all precautions against scientific abuse, improper citation and plagiarism.

If you encounter an Unethical Situation
If you find that our journal does not comply with the ethical responsibilities mentioned above and you encounter unethical behavior or content, please report it to omerorucu@sdu.edu.tr via e-mail.

Turkish Journal of Landscape Research (Türkiye Peyzaj Araştırmaları Dergisi) is an open access journal and the content of the journal can be accessed online free of charge.

Turkish Journal of Landscape Research (Türkiye Peyzaj Araştırmaları Dergisi) does not charge any arcticle processing fees or article submission fees.