Ethical Principles and Publication Policy

Our publication ethics and publication malpractice statement is mainly based on the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011). It is expected from all stakeholders of TUHED to adopt, embrace and follow the ethical principles below.

a) Editors' Responsibilities:

1. The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
2. The editor is responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the journal will be published. The editor will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decision will be based on the paper’s importance, originality, and clarity, the study’s validity, and its relevance to the journal's scope. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism should also be considered.
3. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the editor or the members of the editorial board for their research purposes without the author's explicit written consent

b) Reviewers' Responsibilities:
1. The peer-reviewing process assists the editor and the editorial board in making editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper.
2. Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.
3. Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
4. Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
5. Reviewers should identify cases in which relevant published work referred to in the paper has not been cited in the reference section. They should point out whether observations or arguments derived from other publications are accompanied by the respective source. Reviewers will notify the editor of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
6. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.

c) Authors' Responsibilities:
1. Authors are obliged to submit the Ethical Declaration Form, which declares that they comply with research ethics and copyright rules, and to obtain ethics committee approval from the relevant institutions for studies carried out on humans. (see ethical principles flowchart).
2. Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
3. Authors could be asked to provide the raw data of their study together with the paper for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available if practicable. In any event, authors should ensure accessibility of such data to other competent professionals for at least ten years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or other data center), provided that the confidentiality of the participants can be protected and legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.
4. Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited.
5. In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Manuscripts that have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be submitted. In addition, manuscripts under review by the journal should not be resubmitted to copyrighted publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the author(s) retains the rights to the published material. In case of publication, they permit the use of their work under a CC-BY license [http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/], which allows others to copy, distribute and transmit the work as well as to adapt the work and make commercial use of it.
6. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved persons are included in the author list. The corresponding author will also verify that all co-authors have approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
7. All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
8. When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum.

Plagiarism Policy:
Publishing a piece of work having similar or the same content as other studies without citing them is ethical misconduct as well as being an offense against the law. The editorial board has the right to act in accordance with COPE’s rules and regulations in case of any claim related to a manuscript having plagiarism, referencing manipulation, and/or data forgery. The authors are required to upload the similarity report of the manuscript to the system during the application stage. The manuscripts having correspondences with other studies over 25% will be sent back to their authors without the initiation of the peer-review policy. The authors may submit their manuscripts after ensuring that the correspondence report of their respective manuscripts shows less than 25% similarity.

Notification of Non-Ethic Practices:
In case the unethical situation is determined about an article in an early view or an evaluation process, which does not comply with ethical principles, please inform us by sending an e-mail to editortuhed@gmail.com. If it is determined that the data used in the article is manipulated or distorted this situation will be officially notified to the relevant institutions, and the article will be rejected, if published, it will be withdrawn. Our journal has the right to request raw data or analysis results from the authors according to the evaluation made by the editor and referees.

Copyright Policy:
Turkish History Education Journal (TUHED) site and its metadata are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License CC BY-NC. This license term allows readers to share, copy, redistribute the material in any medium or format, adapt, remix, transform, build upon the material as long as they give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. This license does not allow anyone to use the material for commercial purposes.
Authors retain the copyright for material published in the TUHED including but not limited to all rights to authorize subsequent publication or translation. The material appearing in the TUHED may be distributed freely by electronic or any other means provided that any such distribution is without charge and as long as the Journal is acknowledged as the source. However, no article may be reprinted in any publication without the explicit written permission of the author(s).
Authors warrant that the article contains no libelous or unlawful statements, they did not use any unlawful method or material during the research, they obtained all legal permissions pertaining to the research, and they adhered to ethical principles during the research.

Any factual inaccuracies or opinions expressed therein are the authors’ own and do not necessarily reflect the knowledge, views, or positions of the TUHED. Authors also warrant that “Turkish History Education Journal and the Journal Editors” will not be held liable against all copyright claims of any third party or in lawsuits that may be filed in the future, and that we will be the only person who will be liable in such case.

Conflict of Interests:
Matters in which persons or groups benefit economically or personally may also cause a conflict of interests. The reliability of scientific research and published papers is partly related to objectively handling the conflicts of interests in the processes of planning, applying, writing, assessing, revising, and publishing them.
Financial relations might include the most easily defined conflicts of interests, which may inevitably influence the reliability of the journal as well as the authors in a negative way. , These conflicts may arise from various issues including inter-personal relationships, academic competition, or intellectual approaches. The authors may want to avoid those sponsors, either commercial or non-profit ones, that may restrict access to all study data or propose to interfere with the processes of data analysis, interpretation, manuscript preparation, publication, etc.
To prevent conflict of interests, the editors may try not to assign certain people as reviewers of certain manuscripts submitted by certain authors The editor giving the final decision about a manuscript should ensure that she/he does not have a personal or financial relationship with the relevant author(s).
To make the reviewing processes independent of any unethical conduct, the authors are expected to inform the editorial board in case of a potential conflict of interests.
The editorial board of TUHED promises to consider all these possibilities and strive to make the reviewing process as objective as possible.

Open Access Policy:
Aiming to support the idea of accessing information most efficiently, TUHED adopts open access policy and supports the idea of requiring peer-reviewed journals to become open access appearing in the Budapest Open Access Initiative signed on September 12, 2012. Thus, the open-access policies adopted by TUHED can be found at http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/boai-10-recommendations.
Budapest Open Access Initiative defines the concept of “open access” as [peer reviewed works’] “… free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.” In thinking of sharing knowledge/information in the expansion of scientific developments, open-access policies promise a great potential for researchers and readers. Based on this perspective, TUHED invites its readers to freely access and use its published works by referring to their sources and authors. The readers do not need to obtain permission from the authors or the publisher.

Review and Publication Policy:
The reviewing process of the manuscripts sent to TUHED proceeds following these steps:

1- The manuscript is reviewed by the Editor to see whether its aims, subject, content, and style of writing fits the requirements of TUHED (Maximum 10 days). The manuscript is approved by the Editor and sent to Field Editor. Manuscripts which is not approved by the Editor are sent back to their authors/owners for revision and resubmission.
2- The examination/review of the Field Editor results in the decision of either sending the manuscript to reviewers or returning them to their authors/owners for revision (Maximum 10 days).
3- The selection processes of referees are based on expertise and experience in the relevant field. The referees are given 15 days to review a manuscript sent to them.
4- If a reviewer thinks that she/he cannot complete the reviewing process within the given time, she/he can ask the Editor for extra time or let the Editor know that she/he is not being able to review the manuscript due to various reasons, such as the shortage of time. Doing these things help the Editor assign new reviewers without losing too much time.
5- If a reviewer cannot review the manuscript assigned to her/him within the given scope of time, she/he is sent a reminder e-mail with an additional 10 days for completing the reviewing process. If she/he does not return the reviewed manuscripts within the additional time, that manuscript may withdraw from her/him. After then, it is assigned to another referee.
6- If there is a divergence of opinion between the two reviewers (one accepting the manuscript and the other rejecting it), the manuscript is assigned to a third reviewer.
7- The decision for a manuscript is supposed to be given within the first 45-60 days. Then the authors are informed about the decision. The accepted papers are to be published in the following issue of TUHED.

Publication Fee Policy (Free of Charge)
Turkish History Education Journal does not require any subscription, submission, evaluation, or publication (APC) fee or any other type of payment for accessing and/or using electronic information sources.  



References:

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Retrieved from:

http://publicationethics.org/files/Code_of_conduct_for_journal_editors_Mar11.pdf 



ANNOUNCEMENTS:

1- Ethics Committee Approval:

In accordance with the ULAKBİM decision of 25 February 2020, Ethics Committee Approval must be obtained for studies on people (without age restrictions), this approval must be specified in the Method section of the article and signed Ethics Committee Approval must be uploaded to the system. Applications that do not meet these requirements will not be considered for publication.

2- New Publication Policy 

Beginning from Spring 2021 issue TUHED will require all Turkish manuscripts to contain a full-text English translation. Manuscripts submitted in Turkish will be requested to have full-text English translation if they are accepted for publication after the review process. 

3- Online-first:

According to the TUHED's new publication policy, the articles which have completed the evaluation process will be published online-first.  It will no longer be necessary for manuscripts to wait until the “next issue”. Online-first articles will receive an international identification code (DOI), and identified page numbers. 



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