Author Guidelines

Article Preparation Rules
1. Articles should be written in Turkish or English.
2. Article text and tables should be written in the MS-Word program.
3. The text should be written on A4 paper (210 x 297 mm), with 2-line spacing, Times News Roman font and 12 font size, with page margins 2.5 cm each from left, right, bottom and top.
4. The text should be aligned on both sides.
5. While preparing the text, the page number should be written on the bottom right except for the cover page; and line numbers should be provided on each page provided that they are restarted.
6. Abbreviations to be used in the works should be given as accepted internationally.
7. Abbreviations can be made for names that are frequently repeated in the text and are composed of many words, specific to the subject of the article. The name to be abbreviated should be clearly written in the place where it was first used, and its abbreviated form should be specified in parentheses. For later use, only the shortened version should be used.
8. A comma in the Turkish text and a dot in the English text should be used as the decimal separator for the rational numbers.
9. All titles in the article should be written in bold. First level main titles in the text should be centered and only the initials should be written in capital letters. Second level titles should be written left-justified, and only their initials should be capitalized. The third level title should be indented, and only the first word of the title should be capitalized. The fourth level titles should be indented, italic and only the first word of the title should be written in capital letters. All titles and sub titles should be given without numbers. Colon should not be placed at the end of the titles.
10. Latin names should be written in italic typeface. Apart from this, the use of italics should be avoided as much as possible.
11. All dimensions must be given according to SI (Systeme International).
12. Number of pages should not be less than 5 or more than 12, excluding resources (Increased number of pages can be made in articles with wide scope after the approval of the editorial board).
13. Footnotes should not be used to refer to the source in the text. Footnotes should be used only for additional explanatory information and should be numbered on the relevant page.
14. Numeric expressions are given as words when starting sentences (For example: Twenty-six of 45 examples…….).
15. Tables should be numbered according to the order of use, expressed in short titles, and should be cited in the text by giving the table number (e.g. Table 1). Writings in the tables should never be less than 9 points. Vertical lines should be avoided in the tables.
16. Photographs, graphics, maps, charts and drawings used in the text should be used in the text with the name of the figure. Figures should be numbered in order of use and should be expressed in short titles, and should be cited in the text by giving the figure number (e.g. Figure 1).
17. Table titles should be at the top of the table, figure titles should be under the figures. Titles should be written with a space after the table or figure number, and the initials should be capitalized and others should be small. Abbreviations and necessary explanations used in the table and figure should be given under the table and figure.
18. Tables and figures quoted from another source (not produced from the study) should be cited at the end of the table and figure title.
19. The page changes and shifts that may occur during the string should be taken into consideration when referring to the tables/figures in the text, and instead of expressions such as “above / below” or “in the table/figure on page X”, as in the example of “according to the data in Table 2/Figure 2 ...” table/figure numbers should be used.

The articles to be sent to the journal should consist of “Cover page”, “Main Text” and “Appendix” sections when necessary.

Cover Page
The cover page should contain the title of the article and the information of the authors (authors should be written one below the other, the institution, e-mail address, and ORCID number of each author should be specified), centered respectively; the name and contact information of the author responsible for correspondence should be specified separately.
If necessary, explanations about the article such as the thesis from which the article originated, the congress where it was presented, etc. should be written at the end of the cover page.

Main Text
Research articles are original articles based on scientific research, prepared on issues in the journal’s publication areas. It should consist of title, abstract, introduction, materials, and methods, findings, discussion, conclusion, and bibliography. There are no materials, methods, findings, and discussion sections in the compilation articles containing new and updated information about the field prepared by using scientific sources. Instead of these, general information is given as main and subtitles after the introduction.
The title should be clear and understandable to express the subject of the article; It should not exceed 12 words, only the first letter of the words must be uppercase. The entire title should be written in bold letters. If an explanation about the title is desired, explanation should be made at the end of the page by putting a “*” sign at the end of the title.

For articles prepared in Turkish, Turkish title and abstract should be written first. Then, the English title and summary (Abstract) of the article should be written. There is no requirement for a Turkish title and summary for works prepared in English. The fact that should be taken into consideration while preparing the abstract is to make the reader have a general idea about the content of the article by reading the abstract. The abstract should include the essential details (purpose, material and method, findings, and conclusion) and reflect the study in research articles. The number of words should not be less than 100 and should not exceed 150 in the abstract section. There should be no reference to paragraphs, footnotes, resources, figures, and tables. Keywords that can vary between 3-5 and are directly related to the study should be written one line under the Turkish and English abstracts. Internationally accepted abbreviations should be followed when choosing keywords.

The studies and publications related to the subject are examined by revealing the reason and importance of the study in this section. It should be noted that this section should not be less than half a page or more than two pages in research articles. The purpose of the study should be clearly stated at the end of the section. This section can be enriched by using middle title and subtitles in compilation articles.

Material and Methods
The materials and method(s) used in the article, the analyzes made and the statistical methods used in the study should be given in detail with appropriate references. It may be sufficient to cite the source by giving a brief explanation for known and accepted methods.

The data obtained in the study should be presented in a short, organized, and understandable way. The findings of other researchers should not be included in this section. Table and figure data should not be repeated in the text, important points should be emphasized and unnecessary repetitions should be avoided. Statistical evaluation results of the findings obtained in the study should be stated.

The findings obtained in the study are compared with the findings of other studies, similarities and contradictions are interpreted, and points that cannot be clarified are indicated. However, speculative comments should be avoided. It should definitely be stated how the study contributes to science and the original parts of the study should be emphasized in this section. Optionally, “Results” and “Discussion” sections can be written together.

Conclusions based on the research and investigation data should be written clearly and concisely; the result should be consistent with the purpose of the study; suggestions, if any, should be stated.

The authors can state their letters of appreciation to the supporting institutions and/or individuals who have contributed to their work in this section.

American Psychological Association (APA) style should be used in the references system and arrangement of references in articles sent to AYDIN GASTRONOMY.
All sources used in thesis text or tables / figures should be written in alphabetical order according to the initial letter of the first author’s last name.
All references cited in the text should be included in the bibliography, and all references in the bibliography should be referred in the text.
Other authors of publications with more than one author should also be mentioned.
Author names and publication year should be written in bold in the list of references.
If the bibliography has many sources of the same author, the sources are written in order from the past to the new date.
Sorting by letter is made in the resources of the same author with the same date. Barham, K. (2009a), Barham, K. (2009b).
For the authors with the same surname, the first letter of the name is indicated first in the bibliography that comes first alphabetically even if this person’s publication is older.
Journal names should be written clearly without any abbreviations. Abbreviations can be made according to the rule in very long journal names.
References should be written as follows:

a. If the reference is an article
Surnames of the authors and the first letter of their names should be written. Subsequently, the publication year of the article, the name of the article, the full name of the journal in which it was published, volume (if any), number and page numbers should be specified. If available, DOI number is added. Articles in online journals are also given a DOI number or URL at the end. The DOI address should be specified at the end of the article tag for articles accepted for publication and having a DOI number but not yet published.
Hafez, A.A. (2012). Physico-chemical and sensory properties of cakes supplemented with different concentration of marjoram. Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(13), 463-470.
Bordin, K., Kunitake, M. T., Aracava, K. K., Trindade, C. S. F. (2013). Changes in food caused by deep fat frying- A review. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion, 63, 5-13.

De Melo, L.L.M.M., Bolini, H.M.A., Efraim, P. (2009). Sensory profile, acceptability, and their relationship for diabetic/reduced calorie chocolates. Food Quality Preference, 20, 138-143.

Brock, J., Nogueira, M. R., Zakrzevski, C., Corazza, F. C., Corazza, M. L., Oliveira, J. V. (2008). Experimental measurements of viscosity and thermal conductivity of vegetable oils. Food Science and Technology, 28, 564–570. doi: 10.1590/S0101-20612008000300010

Okajima, K., Spence, C. (2011). Effects of visual food texture on taste perception. i- Perception, 2(8),966.
Marcet, I., Paredes, I., Díaz, M., (2014). Egg yolk granules as low-cholesterol replacer of whole egg yolk in the preparation of gluten-free muffins. LWT–Food Sci. Technol., in press.
If the articles in English are referred to an article that original language is Turkish, the name of the article should be given in square brackets with the English equivalent, if any.
Muştu, Ç. (2020). Yiyecek ve İçecek İşletmelerinde Ozon Uygulamaları [Ozone Applications in the Food Beverage Enterprises]. AYDIN GASTRONOMY, 2020, 4(1), 45-53

b. If the reference is a book
Surnames and first letters of names of the authors (or editor) should be written. Subsequently, the year of publication of the book, the title of the book, the place where it was published and the publishing house should be respectively specified. If the source is a section from the book, the name of the section, the surname of the editor (editors) and the first letter of the name, the name of the book from which the section was taken, the place where the page numbers, place of publication, the publisher or organization should be written, respectively after authors’ names of the section.
Lawless, H.T., Heymann, H. (2010). Sensory Evaluation of Food-Principles and Practice. NewYork: Springer.
Li-Chan, E.C.Y., Kim, H.O. (2008). Structure and chemical composition of eggs. In: Mine,Y. (Ed.), Egg Bioscience and Biotechnology (pp.1–96). New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons.

c. If the reference is a thesis
The surname of the person who wrote the thesis and the first letter of the name should be written in bold. The year of admission, the title of the thesis, the type of the thesis (master or doctorate), university / institute, and place should be specified.
Saraç, Y. (2015). İstanbul’da Satışa Sunulan İçme Sütlerinde Antibiyotik Kalıntı Düzeyleri Üzerine Bir Araştırma. Postgraduate Thesis, Istanbul Aydın University, Institute of Science and Technology, İstanbul

d. If the reference is a website
The surnames of the authors and the first letters of their names (If the name of the author is not available, the name of the website or source) are written. Then, the year, the name of the article and the internet address are indicated respectively.
García-del-Moral, R. (2009). On the Gastronomical Quality of Foie Gras.
National Institute of Health ( 2017). Dietary Supplement Label Database.

Food and Drug Administration (2012). Effect of the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals on pathogen load. Systematic review of the published literature.

e. If the reference is a paper presented at a scientific meeting
The year of the meeting, the title of the paper, the name of the meeting, the date of the meeting, the place of the meeting, the page number in the book of proceedings should be written respectively after the surnames and the first letters of the names of authors.
Bostan, K., Yilmaz, F., Muratoglu, K., Aydin, A. (2011). Changes in microbial population numbers during the cooking process of doner kebabs. 57th ICoMST International Congress of Meat Science and Technology. 7 – 12th August 2011, Ghent, Belgium. Abstracts book, s.230

f. Other
General citation format for official documents published in the Official Gazette such as law, regulation, decree law: Title. (Year, Day, Month). Official Gazette (Issue: xxx). Address: http://xxxx
Postgraduate Education and Training Regulation. (2016, April 20). Official Gazette (Number: 29690).
Reference (Graduate Education and Training, 2016)

Making a Reference Within a Text
It is sufficient to write (author’s surname, year), if there is a general reference in the text and reference is made to the whole text. Example: ….. by Barham (2005)
The name of the author and the year of publication should be indicated in parentheses when cited at the end of the sentence. Example: ... reported (Barham, 2005).
If a reference is made to a particular section, page of a resource, or to a certain shape, table or equation in that resource, the number of the item in question is indicated in the citation. While page information is given with the abbreviation p., no abbreviation for the others. Examples: (Doğan, 2018, p. 42), (Doğan, 2015, Section 2) (Doğan, 2012, Table 1)…
Citations to single author works include the author’s surname and date information. It should not include suffixes such as Jr. Example: ... (Doğan, 2018).
If a reference with two authors is cited in the text, the last name of the two authors is indicated each time. Examples: … by Brownell and Horgen (2009); ... (Brownell and Horgen, 2009).
When citing to publications with three, four and five authors, the surnames of all authors are given only in the first citation in the text. For other citations, the expression of others (et al) should be added next to the surname of the first author. Examples:
First citation (El Hafid, Blade, Hoyano, 2002)
Second or next citations (El Hafid et. al.,2004)
If the number of authors is six or more, only the surname of the first author and the expression of others (et al) should be added also in the first citation (Colombo et al., 2015).
If different publications by the same author will be given in the same parenthesis, the year order is followed from the past to the present, and the author’s last name is written once at the beginning of the citation. Example: ... (Doğan, 2000, 2004).
In case of publications by the same author(s) in the same year, each should be marked in lowercase letters, starting with the letter “a”. Examples: … (Barham, 2009a; Barham, 2009b).
If there are two different authors in the bibliography whose surnames and the first letters of their names are the same, the authors’ names must be given in square brackets in the tag (Example: Doğan, G. [Gözde]. (1996). ...; Doğan, G. [Güleda]. (2010). ...), citation should be made to the names and surnames of the authors. Example: (Gözde Doğan, 1996), …(Güleda Doğan, 2010).
In case of citation to more than one reference, it should be arranged first in alphabetical order and then chronological order, a semicolon should be placed between them. Examples: ... reported (Barham, 2005; Barham, 2006; Brownell & Horgen, 2009; Doyle et al., 2015; Nielsen & Engberg, 2006).

Secondary references can only be used in exceptional circumstances, such as the original (primary) source has been removed from printing, is not available from known sources, and its original language is not Turkish or English. Citations to the secondary source should be as shown in the example below. Examples: ….…. (Ress from Goffman, 2009); In Goffman’s study (cited in Ress, 2009) …. The secondary resource (ie. Ress, 2009) is included in the reference list with all the imprint information, the primary resource (ie. Goffman) does not.

Information based on personal conversations via e-mail, telephone, face-to-face or in other formats are shown in the text, but they are not written in the bibliography. For example: Aslı Baysal said …………………… (Aslı Baysal, personal conversations, 22 May 2019).

If a group / legal person (such as associations, companies, government agencies and other working groups) is mentioned as the author, the name information regarding this group should be given in a clear and understandable way in the text. If the group name is long, the abbreviation is clear to everyone, or there is an already known abbreviation for the name, both the open form and the abbreviation form can be used in the first use, and only the abbreviation can be used in the subsequent uses. Example:
The first citation (Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey [TUBİTAK], 2013),
the second and subsequent citations (TUBİTAK, 2013).
If the group name is short or its abbreviation is not understandable to everyone, the name is written clearly in all citations.

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