Year 2019, Volume 3 , Issue 4, Pages 226 - 232 2019-12-24

Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia

Ahmet Şükrü DEMİRCİ [1] , İbrahim PALABIYIK [2] , Demet APAYDIN [3] , Tuncay GÜMÜŞ [4] , Mustafa MİRİK [5] , Muhammet ARICI [6]


Xanthan production capacity of local isolates X. hortorum pv. pelargonii and X. axonopodis pv. begonia were investigated by systematically changing fermentation conditions. Optimum yields were found as 11.19 g/L, 9.72 g/L and 9.65 g/L and for standard isolate X. campestris DSM 19000, X. hortorum pv. pelargonii and X. axonopodis pv. begonia, respectively. Optimum agitation rate and inoculum volume were found as 180 rpm and 5%. Moreover, better gel forming and thickening properties were obtained for xanthan gum from local isolates. Higher K value was observed for gum solutions of the local isolates at all concentration when Ostwald de Waele model was used. Activation energies changed between 4.85 and 25.43 kJ/mol and it is the highest for gum from standard isolate. Moreover, K’ and K values obtained from dynamic rheological analysis were higher for the local isolates than that of standard isolate. The results confirmed that the local isolates appeared to be suitable microorganisms for xanthan gum production. 
Xanthan gum, X. hortorum pv. pelargonii, X. axonopodis pv. begonia, Rheological behavior, Gum yield
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Primary Language en
Subjects Food Science and Technology, Agriculture, Horticulture, Agricultural, Engineering, Agriculture, Multidisciplinary
Published Date December 2019
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-5252-8307
Author: Ahmet Şükrü DEMİRCİ
Institution: Namik Kemal University, Department of Food Engineering
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8850-1819
Author: İbrahim PALABIYIK
Institution: Namik Kemal University, Department of Food Engineering

Orcid: 0000-0002-7769-849X
Author: Demet APAYDIN (Primary Author)
Institution: Hitit University, Department of Restaurant and Catering Services
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7635-5519
Author: Tuncay GÜMÜŞ
Institution: Namik Kemal University, Department of Food Engineering

Orcid: 0000-0002-5651-6597
Author: Mustafa MİRİK
Institution: Namik Kemal University, Department of Plant Protection

Orcid: 0000-0003-4126-200X
Author: Muhammet ARICI
Institution: Yıldız Technical University, Department of Food Engineering

Supporting Institution The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK)
Project Number TOVAG-114O429
Thanks We thank The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) for financial support (Project Number TOVAG-114O429)
Dates

Application Date : June 21, 2019
Acceptance Date : November 26, 2019
Publication Date : December 24, 2019

Bibtex @research article { jaefs580844, journal = {International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-5946}, address = {Dicle University Faculty of Agriculture Department of Horticulture, 21280 Diyarbakir / Turkey}, publisher = {Gültekin ÖZDEMİR}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {226 - 232}, doi = {10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.5}, title = {Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia}, key = {cite}, author = {DEMİRCİ, Ahmet Şükrü and PALABIYIK, İbrahim and APAYDIN, Demet and GÜMÜŞ, Tuncay and MİRİK, Mustafa and ARICI, Muhammet} }
APA DEMİRCİ, A , PALABIYIK, İ , APAYDIN, D , GÜMÜŞ, T , MİRİK, M , ARICI, M . (2019). Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences , 3 (4) , 226-232 . DOI: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.5
MLA DEMİRCİ, A , PALABIYIK, İ , APAYDIN, D , GÜMÜŞ, T , MİRİK, M , ARICI, M . "Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 226-232 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/jaefs/issue/50908/580844>
Chicago DEMİRCİ, A , PALABIYIK, İ , APAYDIN, D , GÜMÜŞ, T , MİRİK, M , ARICI, M . "Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 (2019 ): 226-232
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia AU - Ahmet Şükrü DEMİRCİ , İbrahim PALABIYIK , Demet APAYDIN , Tuncay GÜMÜŞ , Mustafa MİRİK , Muhammet ARICI Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.5 DO - 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.5 T2 - International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 226 EP - 232 VL - 3 IS - 4 SN - -2618-5946 M3 - doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.5 UR - https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.5 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia %A Ahmet Şükrü DEMİRCİ , İbrahim PALABIYIK , Demet APAYDIN , Tuncay GÜMÜŞ , Mustafa MİRİK , Muhammet ARICI %T Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia %D 2019 %J International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences %P -2618-5946 %V 3 %N 4 %R doi: 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.5 %U 10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.5
ISNAD DEMİRCİ, Ahmet Şükrü , PALABIYIK, İbrahim , APAYDIN, Demet , GÜMÜŞ, Tuncay , MİRİK, Mustafa , ARICI, Muhammet . "Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia". International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences 3 / 4 (December 2019): 226-232 . https://doi.org/10.31015/jaefs.2019.4.5
AMA DEMİRCİ A , PALABIYIK İ , APAYDIN D , GÜMÜŞ T , MİRİK M , ARICI M . Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia. int. j. agric. environ. food sci.. 2019; 3(4): 226-232.
Vancouver DEMİRCİ A , PALABIYIK İ , APAYDIN D , GÜMÜŞ T , MİRİK M , ARICI M . Rheological behaviour and yield characterization of gum from local isolates: Xanthomonas hortorum pv. pelargonii and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. begonia. International Journal of Agriculture Environment and Food Sciences. 2019; 3(4): 232-226.